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Interaction Possibilities in MOOCs
                                How Do They Actually Happen?



                                 Submission to the 3rd International
                                  Conference on Higher Education
                                            Development
                                "Future Visions for Higher Education
                                           Development"

                           Hanan Khalil
Instructional Technology Department , Faculty of Education ,Mansoura
                          University, Egypt
                           Martin Ebner
 Social Learning, Information Technology Services, Graz University of
         Technology, Steyrergasse 30, A-8010 Graz, Austria
M         Massive



MOOC       O     Open


           O    Online



       C       course
(MOOC) is an open online course offered for
free to anyone who wants to participate and to
learn about a specific topic
MOOCs attract millions of online learners from all over
the world given the possibility to easily study science,
engineering, and humanities subjects delivered by the
world’s best professors from Harvard, Stanford, or MIT
Without having to pay expensive tuition
Adapting MOOCs by Egyptian universities can be
 a further step in higher education. MOOCs can
 provide innovative solutions to problems such
 as

•   Over-crowded classrooms
•    High prices of traditional educational books
•    Transportation problem
•    Need for continued education and specialized
    training.

    MOOCs will bring teaching to multitudes of
                           wouldn’
    students who otherwise wouldn’t have access
    to it.
Why are MOOCs becoming popular?




The online experience is   The increasing costs of   MOOCs allow participants
constantly improving as    higher education force    to build professional and
technology continue to      some to look for less      personal skill sets in
         evolve            expensive alternatives         their own time
ra
            Famous MOOCs
     se
   ur
Co
Famous MOOCs
Edx
ity
          Famous MOOCs
  ac
Ud
m
     y   Famous MOOCs
U de
de
                 m
                     y   Famous MOOCs
          ca
     a nA
 h
K
One of the key components of good teaching in MOOCs
is the intellectually stimulating exchange of ideas,
those meaningful interactions that occur between
student and student, student and instructor, and
student and content
Though the importance of online interaction in MOOCs,
there are no recommended guidelines or overview for online
interaction in MOOCs. In addition, there is a lacking of
research on this topic. That's why the present study
addresses this research gap and gives apractical overview
of interaction in MOOCs
Research questions
three specific research questions are raised for this
  study:
• What are the interactions (discussions) in MOOCs
  about?
• How do the three types of interaction “students
  to student”, “student to instructor”, and
  “student to content” according to (Moore, 1989)
  take place in MOOCs?
• Which type of interaction is the most used one in
  MOOCs?
Results and discussions

What are the interactions (discussions) in
MOOCs about?

General
General
Discussion
Discussion




Study groups
Study groups
lectures
      lectures




  assignments
  assignments




technical feedback
 technical feedback
How do the three types of interaction “students to
student”, “student to instructor”, and “student to content”
    according to (Moore, 1989) take place in MOOCs?

  Student to student interaction
  Ways in which student to       Course  Course not   Percentage
  student interaction happened    using using           of usage

  Social networks                  30            0       100%

  Discussion group                 24            6         80%

  Meet up                            6         24         20%
Student to instructor interaction
Ways in which student to       Course  Course not   Percentage
student interaction happened    using using           of usage
Announcements                     12          18         30%
Guides                             6          24         20%
Participate in online              6          24         20%
discussion with students
Ask and answer questions           6          24         20%

Student to content interaction
Ways in which student to       Course  Course not   Percentage
student interaction happened    using using           of usage
Homework assignments              24           6         80%
Quizzes and tests                 18          12         60%
Activities and Submitting          6          24         20%
projects
Which type of interaction is the most used one
                 in MOOCs?
1
    2
        3
Since “student to instructor”
interaction is missed in MOOCs,
future studies should be carried
out to suggest more strategies
and instructional activities that
promote and enhance MOOCs
“student to instructor”
interactions.

In addition, future researches
should be done to employ using
MOOCs in Egyptian universities
in order to provide innovative
solutions to problems such as
over-crowded classrooms, high
prices of traditional educational
books, transportation problems,
need for continued education,
and specialized training.

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Interaction Possibilities in MOOCs – How Do They Actually Happen?

  • 1. Interaction Possibilities in MOOCs How Do They Actually Happen? Submission to the 3rd International Conference on Higher Education Development "Future Visions for Higher Education Development" Hanan Khalil Instructional Technology Department , Faculty of Education ,Mansoura University, Egypt Martin Ebner Social Learning, Information Technology Services, Graz University of Technology, Steyrergasse 30, A-8010 Graz, Austria
  • 2.
  • 3. M Massive MOOC O Open O Online C course
  • 4. (MOOC) is an open online course offered for free to anyone who wants to participate and to learn about a specific topic
  • 5. MOOCs attract millions of online learners from all over the world given the possibility to easily study science, engineering, and humanities subjects delivered by the world’s best professors from Harvard, Stanford, or MIT Without having to pay expensive tuition
  • 6. Adapting MOOCs by Egyptian universities can be a further step in higher education. MOOCs can provide innovative solutions to problems such as • Over-crowded classrooms • High prices of traditional educational books • Transportation problem • Need for continued education and specialized training. MOOCs will bring teaching to multitudes of wouldn’ students who otherwise wouldn’t have access to it.
  • 7. Why are MOOCs becoming popular? The online experience is The increasing costs of MOOCs allow participants constantly improving as higher education force to build professional and technology continue to some to look for less personal skill sets in evolve expensive alternatives their own time
  • 8. ra Famous MOOCs se ur Co
  • 10. ity Famous MOOCs ac Ud
  • 11. m y Famous MOOCs U de
  • 12. de m y Famous MOOCs ca a nA h K
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  • 27. One of the key components of good teaching in MOOCs is the intellectually stimulating exchange of ideas, those meaningful interactions that occur between student and student, student and instructor, and student and content
  • 28. Though the importance of online interaction in MOOCs, there are no recommended guidelines or overview for online interaction in MOOCs. In addition, there is a lacking of research on this topic. That's why the present study addresses this research gap and gives apractical overview of interaction in MOOCs
  • 29. Research questions three specific research questions are raised for this study: • What are the interactions (discussions) in MOOCs about? • How do the three types of interaction “students to student”, “student to instructor”, and “student to content” according to (Moore, 1989) take place in MOOCs? • Which type of interaction is the most used one in MOOCs?
  • 30. Results and discussions What are the interactions (discussions) in MOOCs about? General General Discussion Discussion Study groups Study groups
  • 31. lectures lectures assignments assignments technical feedback technical feedback
  • 32. How do the three types of interaction “students to student”, “student to instructor”, and “student to content” according to (Moore, 1989) take place in MOOCs? Student to student interaction Ways in which student to Course Course not Percentage student interaction happened using using of usage Social networks 30 0 100% Discussion group 24 6 80% Meet up 6 24 20%
  • 33. Student to instructor interaction Ways in which student to Course Course not Percentage student interaction happened using using of usage Announcements 12 18 30% Guides 6 24 20% Participate in online 6 24 20% discussion with students Ask and answer questions 6 24 20% Student to content interaction Ways in which student to Course Course not Percentage student interaction happened using using of usage Homework assignments 24 6 80% Quizzes and tests 18 12 60% Activities and Submitting 6 24 20% projects
  • 34. Which type of interaction is the most used one in MOOCs?
  • 35. 1 2 3
  • 36. Since “student to instructor” interaction is missed in MOOCs, future studies should be carried out to suggest more strategies and instructional activities that promote and enhance MOOCs “student to instructor” interactions. In addition, future researches should be done to employ using MOOCs in Egyptian universities in order to provide innovative solutions to problems such as over-crowded classrooms, high prices of traditional educational books, transportation problems, need for continued education, and specialized training.