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Poten$al 
of 
EPUB3 
for 
Digital 
Textbooks 
in 
Higher 
Educa$on 
Chris$an 
Gailer, 
Mar$n 
Ebner, 
Michael 
Kopp, 
Elke 
Lackner, 
Ins$tute 
for 
Informa$on 
Systems 
and 
Computer 
Media, 
Graz 
University 
of 
Technology 
Academy 
for 
New 
Media 
and 
Knowledge 
Transfer, 
University 
of 
Graz 
Introduc)on 
• The e-book market is currently in a strong upswing. 
• This research study deals with the question which practical uses 
the e-book format EPUB3 offers for (higher) education. 
• High quality content designed in an appropriate and didactically 
meaningful way is a precondition for effective learning as well 
as for teaching. 
Conclusion 
Michael 
Raunig, 
and 
Alexei 
Scerbakov 
Research 
Ques)ons 
• What are the potentials of the EPUB3 format? 
• Which contents are suitable for the format? 
• What are the strengths and weaknesses of the format? 
• What should the didactical and technical preparation process 
look like considering the field of (higher) education? 
Content 
Analysis 
Didactical concept 
• different learning styles and types 
• different levels of knowledge 
• four communicative language competences stated by the 
Common European Framework of Reference for Languages 
(CEFR) 
Technical concept 
• JavaScript was employed as the programming language to 
implement interactive exercises and contributes to interactivity 
in e-books. 
• The core of the system is patterned according to the Model- 
View-Controller (MVC) concept. 
• EPUB3 has the potential to play a significant role in supporting 
the teaching and learning process. 
• A wide range of content can be implemented. 
• The strength of the format was found to be the high level of 
interactivity with the user which results in a high level of 
motivation. 
• EPUB3 is supported by platforms and devices from different 
manufacturers, although not yet fully. 
• Crucial for the learning success is a well-planned selection and 
structuring of the content. 
• The benefit through the strategic use of media didactics 
compared to conventional textbooks should be taken into 
account. 
• The format is suitable for both children’s textbooks as well as 
textbooks in higher education. 
• According to the current state, extensive knowledge in the 
areas of HTML5, CSS3 and JavaScript, as well as EPUB 
specifications are necessary for the creation of EPUB3 
publications. 
References 
• Conboy, G., Garrish, M., Gylling, M., McCoy, W., Makoto, M., 
Weck, D. (Eds.): EPUB 3 Overview. IDPF Recommended 
Specification 11 October 2011, http://www.idpf.org/epub/30/ 
spec/epub30-overview.html (accessed February 2014) (2011) 
• Morgret, K., Weber, N., & Woo, L.: A Behaviorist Approach To 
Spelling. Learning. (2001) 
• Nagler, W.; Ebner, M.; Scerbakov, N. (2011), Reading and 
Learning with Any Device Uni-versity Content for E-Books and E-Readers. 
- in: World Conference on Educational Multi-media, 
Hypermedia and Telecommunications ; 2011, S. 1775 - 1782 
Implementa)on 
of 
a 
Prototype 
• One goal of this research work was the prototypical 
implementation of derived exercise types. 
• All of the exercise types were implemented into the e-book 
based on a model example. 
• Five main categories: drag and drop, text assignments, quizzes, 
selection tasks and media overlay. 
Evalua)on 
• The prototype was presented to a wider audience of language 
learners, teachers and non-language learners. 
• Feedback of teachers concerned additional wishes as for 
example regarding the lack of annotation possibilities. 
• For the language learners, it was important that the exercises 
were self-explanatory and easy to handle. 
• There were wishes expressed by learners: to be able to save the 
results and to continue their training process at a certain point 
and to communicate with each other or the language teachers.

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Potential of EPUB3 for Digital Textbooks in Higher Education

  • 1. Poten$al of EPUB3 for Digital Textbooks in Higher Educa$on Chris$an Gailer, Mar$n Ebner, Michael Kopp, Elke Lackner, Ins$tute for Informa$on Systems and Computer Media, Graz University of Technology Academy for New Media and Knowledge Transfer, University of Graz Introduc)on • The e-book market is currently in a strong upswing. • This research study deals with the question which practical uses the e-book format EPUB3 offers for (higher) education. • High quality content designed in an appropriate and didactically meaningful way is a precondition for effective learning as well as for teaching. Conclusion Michael Raunig, and Alexei Scerbakov Research Ques)ons • What are the potentials of the EPUB3 format? • Which contents are suitable for the format? • What are the strengths and weaknesses of the format? • What should the didactical and technical preparation process look like considering the field of (higher) education? Content Analysis Didactical concept • different learning styles and types • different levels of knowledge • four communicative language competences stated by the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) Technical concept • JavaScript was employed as the programming language to implement interactive exercises and contributes to interactivity in e-books. • The core of the system is patterned according to the Model- View-Controller (MVC) concept. • EPUB3 has the potential to play a significant role in supporting the teaching and learning process. • A wide range of content can be implemented. • The strength of the format was found to be the high level of interactivity with the user which results in a high level of motivation. • EPUB3 is supported by platforms and devices from different manufacturers, although not yet fully. • Crucial for the learning success is a well-planned selection and structuring of the content. • The benefit through the strategic use of media didactics compared to conventional textbooks should be taken into account. • The format is suitable for both children’s textbooks as well as textbooks in higher education. • According to the current state, extensive knowledge in the areas of HTML5, CSS3 and JavaScript, as well as EPUB specifications are necessary for the creation of EPUB3 publications. References • Conboy, G., Garrish, M., Gylling, M., McCoy, W., Makoto, M., Weck, D. (Eds.): EPUB 3 Overview. IDPF Recommended Specification 11 October 2011, http://www.idpf.org/epub/30/ spec/epub30-overview.html (accessed February 2014) (2011) • Morgret, K., Weber, N., & Woo, L.: A Behaviorist Approach To Spelling. Learning. (2001) • Nagler, W.; Ebner, M.; Scerbakov, N. (2011), Reading and Learning with Any Device Uni-versity Content for E-Books and E-Readers. - in: World Conference on Educational Multi-media, Hypermedia and Telecommunications ; 2011, S. 1775 - 1782 Implementa)on of a Prototype • One goal of this research work was the prototypical implementation of derived exercise types. • All of the exercise types were implemented into the e-book based on a model example. • Five main categories: drag and drop, text assignments, quizzes, selection tasks and media overlay. Evalua)on • The prototype was presented to a wider audience of language learners, teachers and non-language learners. • Feedback of teachers concerned additional wishes as for example regarding the lack of annotation possibilities. • For the language learners, it was important that the exercises were self-explanatory and easy to handle. • There were wishes expressed by learners: to be able to save the results and to continue their training process at a certain point and to communicate with each other or the language teachers.