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Positivity slideshow 1

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A short presentation on Positivity, and how important it is to keep it in our lives.

Veröffentlicht in: Bildung, Technologie, Gesundheit & Medizin
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Positivity slideshow 1

  1. 1. Positivity Barbara L. Fredrickson (2009) Website: www.positivityratio.com
  2. 2. What is positivity? <ul><li>pɒzɪˈtɪvɪtiShow Spelled[poz-i- tiv -i-tee] </li></ul><ul><li>– noun . </li></ul><ul><li>the state or character of being positive: a positivity that accepts the world as it is. (Dictionary.com) </li></ul>
  3. 3. What good are positive emotions? <ul><li>Positivity broadens and builds for the future </li></ul><ul><li>The experience of positive emotions opens our hearts and minds, making us more receptive and more creative </li></ul><ul><li>Consistently experienced, positivity can enable us to flourish/thrive . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ten forms of positivity / negativity <ul><li>Positivity </li></ul><ul><li>Joy, gratitude, serenity, interest, hope, pride, amusement, inspiration, awe and love. </li></ul><ul><li>Negativity </li></ul><ul><li>Anger, shame, contemptuousness, disgust, embarrassment, guilt, hate, sadness, scared, stressed </li></ul>
  5. 5. The value of negative emotions <ul><li>Negative emotions are very powerful and tend to feel more intense – negativity bias </li></ul><ul><li>They trigger tendencies toward specific actions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fear is linked with the urge to flee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anger with the urge to attack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disgust with the urge to expel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid physiological changes in our bodies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These actions worked best in getting us out of danger </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary negativity enables us to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remain grounded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Face facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move forward in a healthy and productive way </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The value of positivity <ul><li>Positivity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feels good to us and others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broadens minds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Builds resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuels resilience </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Positivity ratios above 3:1 (the ‘tipping point’) forecast flourishing </li></ul><ul><li>People can raise their positivity ratios </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Positivity Ratio (P/N) 3:1 <ul><li>People’s positivity ratios are subject to a tipping point . The same is true for teams. Research indicates the tipping point is a ratio of 3:1 or better. </li></ul><ul><li>Below 3:1, people can get pulled into a downward spiral fuelled by negativity. </li></ul><ul><li>At worst, behaviour becomes painfully predictable, even rigid. They feel burdened, even lifeless. </li></ul><ul><li>Above 3:1, people seem to take off, drawn along an upward spiral energised by positivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Their behaviour becomes less predictable and more creative. </li></ul><ul><li>They grow. They feel uplifted and alive. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Options for change to increase our positivity ratio (cont) <ul><li>Decrease negativity </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modify the situation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attend to different aspects of the situation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Change its meaning (e.g. a necessary trip to the dentist) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Dispute negative thinking. Examine the facts by retracing your path to action. By checking negative thoughts against reality, you dissolve them. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Decrease negativity (cont.) <ul><li>Break the grip of rumination (dwelling on negativity). Become aware of the rumination and seek healthy distraction , such as a physical activity that you enjoy (going for a walk, playing sport, gardening etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Become more mindful – focus on the moment. Ref. mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR), based on Buddhist meditation practices. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Increase positivity <ul><li>Be open – mindful awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Create high quality connections with people through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Respectful engagement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting what the other is doing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trust – show you can depend on the other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Playful interaction – joke, goof off </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cultivate kindness (showing and acknowledging) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop healthy distractions </li></ul><ul><li>Find nearby nature and spend time in it </li></ul><ul><li>Learn and apply your strengths </li></ul><ul><li>Visualise your future </li></ul>
  11. 11. Increasing team positivity <ul><li>Losada, M., & Heaphy, E. (2004): Studying the characteristics of high performing teams . </li></ul><ul><li>Through close observation and coding every statement made by team members, Losada et al tracked three dimensions of teams, including whether people’s statements were : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>positive or negative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>self-focused or other-focused , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on inquiry (asking questions) or advocacy (defending a point of view). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He also quantified connectivity – how attuned or responsive team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>members were to each other. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. High performing teams: <ul><li>Had unusually high positivity ratios, at about 6:1; (mixed performance teams had ratios of 2:1; low performing teams has ratios 1:1 or lower) </li></ul><ul><li>High performing teams had higher connectivity and an interesting balance in other dimensions. They asked questions (inquiry) as much as defending their own views (advocacy) and cast their attention outward (other focused) as much as inward (self focused). </li></ul><ul><li>The unfolding behaviour of these teams reflected a complex, non-linear dynamic system, commonly known as the ‘butterfly effect’ - seemingly trivial inputs can disproportionately determine later conditions elsewhere. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Wolf story (p.179) <ul><li>‘ One evening, an old Cherokee told his grandson about a battle that goes on inside people. He said, “My son, the battle is between two wolves inside us all. One is Evil. It is anger, jealousy, sorrow, regret, greed, arrogance, self-pity, guilt, resentment, inferiority, lies, false pride, superiority and ego. </li></ul><ul><li>The other is GOOD. It is joy, peace, love, hope, serenity, humility, kindness, benevolence, empathy, generosity, truth, compassion and faith.” </li></ul><ul><li>The grandson thought about it for a minute and then asked his grandfather, “Which one wins?” </li></ul><ul><li>The old Cherokee simply replied, “The one you feed.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(anonymous) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. References <ul><li>Fredrickson, B.L. (2009). Positivity . Three Rivers Press. New York. </li></ul><ul><li>Fredrickson, B. L., & Losada, M. (2005). Positive affect and the complex dynamics of human flourishing. American Psychologist, 60(7), 678-686. </li></ul><ul><li>Losada, M. (1999). The complex dynamics of high performance teams. Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 30(9-10), 179-192. </li></ul><ul><li>Losada, M., & Heaphy, E. (2004). The role of positivity and connectivity in the performance of business teams: A nonlinear dynamics model. American Behavioral Scientist, 47(6), 740-765. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.positivityratio.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://losada.socialpsychology.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://dictionary.reference.com </li></ul>

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