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Past Simple Past Continuous

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Past Simple Past Continuous

  1. 1. PAST SIMPLE or PAST CONTINUOUS
  2. 2. PAST SIMPLE <ul><li>Los verbos irregulares pueden ser: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>REGULARES: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I played tennis yesterday. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IRREGULARES (segunda columna de los verbos irregulares) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>She ate ice-cream in winter. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Forming the simple past tense (REGULAR VERBS) <ul><li>Para formar el pasado simple de los verbos regulares añadimos -ED al verbo: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>BOIL --- BOILED </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FILL --- FILLED </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Cambios a realizar: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Si acaba en –E: añadir –D </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LIVE --- LIVED </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DATE --- DATED </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Si acaba en consonante + Y: cambiar la Y a I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TRY --- TRIED </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CRY --- CRIED </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Si acaba en –L o –P duplicamos la conconante: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TRAVEL --- TRAVELLED </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WORSHIP --- WORSHIPPED </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Si acaba en una vocal + un a consonante (expecto W o Y): duplicar la consonante </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TAP --- TAPPED </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>COMMIT --- COMMITTED </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. PAST SIMPLE: affirmative, negative or interrogative <ul><li>AFIRMATIVA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He painted the wall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We woke up very early </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NEGATIVA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He didn’t paint the wall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We didn’t wake up very early </li></ul></ul><ul><li>INTERROGATIVA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did he paint the wall? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did we wake up very early? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. PAST CONTINUOUS <ul><li>Para formar el pasado continuo vamos a utilizar el verbo to be en pasado y un verbos en gerundio: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Was / were + verbo con –ING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He was playing golf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They were studying </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. PAST CONTINUOUS: affirmative, negative or interrogative <ul><li>AFIRMATIVA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He was painting the wall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We were waking up very early </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NEGATIVA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He wasn’t painting the wall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We weren’t waking up very early </li></ul></ul><ul><li>INTERROGATIVA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Was he painting the wall? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Were we waking up very early? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. PAST SIMPLE OR PAST CONTINUOUS EXPRESA UNA ACCIÓN LARGA O INCOMPLETA EN EL PASADO: &quot;I was going to spend the day at the beach but I've decided to go on an excursion instead.” PARA DESCRIBIR UNA ACCIÓN LARGA INTERRUMPIDA POR OTRA CORTA: “ I was having a beautiful dream when the alarm clock rang.“ PARA DESCRIBIR EL CONTEXTO EN QUE SE DESARROLLA UNA ACCIÓN: “ It was getting dark. The prince was walking silently around the hall...” <ul><li>PARA HABLAR DE UNA ACCIÓN ACABADA EN UN TIEMPO ANTES DE AHORA EN UN MOMENTO DETERMINADO . </li></ul><ul><li>John Cabot sailed to America in 1498. </li></ul><ul><li>EXPRESIONES DE PASADO SIMPLE: </li></ul><ul><li>frecuencia : often, sometimes, always; </li></ul><ul><li>un punto determinado en el tiempo: last week, when I was a child, yesterday, six weeks ago. </li></ul><ul><li>un punto no determinado en el tiempo : the other day, ages ago, a long time ago etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Ejemplos: </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday , I arrived in Geneva. </li></ul><ul><li>She always played the piano when she was a child . </li></ul>PAST CONTINUOUS PAST SIMPLE
  8. 8. Construcciones con el pasado simple y el pasado continuo juntos <ul><li>WHEN + la acción breve en pasado simple , que es la que interrumpe a la larga en pasado continuo . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John was watching TV when his friend arrived . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WHILE + la acción larga en pasado continuo , que es la que fue interrumpida por la corta en pasado simple . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>While / as I was talking on the phone, the dorrbell rang . </li></ul></ul>

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