WHY TEST GRAMMAR?
-Grammatical ability or the lack of it sets limits to
what can be achieved in other skills.
-It is useful to diagnose what gaps exist in the
repertoire of students.
-It is helpful to inform teachers and learners to
take responsability for filling the existing gaps.
Achievement tests Placement tests
Specification on content Specifications will
should be straightforward include all the structures
SAMPLING: will reflect the selection of the
It is important to be written in gramatically correct
TECHNIQUES FOR TESTING GRAMMAR:
1. Gap filling
2. Paraphrase Production
4. Multiple choice Recognition
1. Gap filling
He arrived late, _______was a surprise.(which)
He displayed the wide, bright smile_______had
charmed so many people before.(which, that).
Computers have had the ability to play chess for many
2. Paraphrase: equivalent meaning
When we arrived, a policeman was questioning the bank clerk.
When we arrived, the bank clerk _____________
3. Completion: test a variety of structures
-Mr Gilbert: And when…………..?
+Mr Cole: In 1972, at the end of the summer term.
4. Multiple choice: useful when gap filling does not test what
we really want.
Example: use of could
A. They left at seven. They ____ be home by now.
B. Yes, but we can’t count on it, can we?
a. Can b. could c. will d.must
SCORING PRODUCTION GRAMMAR TESTS
- Gap filling and multiple choice: items should cause
We should take into account…
-If we focus on one element we have to reward just on
-Two elements are test: points may be assigned for each
WHY TEST VOCABULARY?
- Essential when using a language, so is important to test it.
- Is supported with the inclusion of grammar.
Problem and solution in testing vocabulary
- Apparently usefulness of vocabulary test are not as much
as in grammar test.
- One alternative is to use published test of vocabulary or
construct one for our group of students.
Achievement tests Placement &proficiency
All the items should Important to make reference
be included to one of the published
SAMPLING: Words can be grouped according to their
frequency and usefulness
1. Testing recognition ability
a) Recognise synonyms
b) Recognise definitions multiple
c) Recognise appropriate word for context choice
2. Testing production ability
b)Definitions achievement test
11. a) Recognise synonims
Choose the alternative (a, b, c or d) which is closest in meaning to the word
on the left on the page.
Gleam a) Gather b) shine c)welcome d) clean
b) Recognise definitions
a)Dislike intensely c) Search carefully
b) Become seriously ill d) Looks very angry
c) Recognise appropriate words in context
The strong wind _____ the man’s efforts to put up the tent.
a)Disabled b)hampered c)deranged d)regaled
a) Pictures : the main difficulty in testing productive
lexical ability is the need to limit the candidate to the
lexical item that we have in mind. The best way to solve
this is using pictures. (achievement test)
Each of the objects below has a letter against it. Write down
the names of the objects:
b) Definitions: It is important to be careful when
selecting a word, because it can be ambiguous
………….. is frozen water
c) Gap filling
Because of the snow, the football match was________
until the following week.