Space Science as a creative commons?Marco Trovatello, DLR German Aerospace Center
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tUSA – NASA: Status quoUnited States government agency for aeronautics and spaceStill and moving im...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tNASA: Hypothesis & QuestionsNASA is not just that popular because of the Apollo and SpaceShuttle h...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_t
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tAnswer by NASA Office of Communications 1/2„We take our lead in the public sharing of imagery and ...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tAnswer by NASA Office of Communications 2/2„I have three commandments as a communicator and I beli...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_t-> Vortrag > Autor • Dokumentname > Datum-www.DLR.de •Folie 7
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA – European Space Agency – status quoImage and Multimedia material usage Guidelines„COPYRIGHT N...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_t
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA – European Space Agency – the future ?Image and Multimedia material usage GuidelinesQuestion t...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA – European Space Agency – the future ?Image and Multimedia material usage GuidelinesAnswer„ESA...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA & DLR: DataExample: Mars ExpressEuropean mission to MarsMapping the red planet in 3DHigh Resol...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_t
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA/DLR: DataExample: Mars Express Ref: http://www.rssd.esa.int/index.php?project=PSA&page=mex
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA – European Space AgencyExample: Earth Observation Data„(...)full and open access approachestab...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA – European Space Agency - dataData of Planck SpaceTelescopeAs of March 21st 2013,the PLA provi...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tDLR German Aerospace Center - DataExample: TanDEM-X – mapping the Earth in hi-res & 3D
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tDLR German Aerospace Center - DataExample: TanDEM-X – Mount Etna in 3D
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tImage & multimediaImage and Multimedia content usage GuidelinesPoint of Departure at DLR: All Righ...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tAnalysis & conclusion-custom-made, anachronistic terms of use-Sharing and thus dissemination of co...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tCredit: DLR, CC-BY 3.0
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_t- Credit: DLR, CC-BY 3.0
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tLegal assessment by DLR Legal Affairs Department"In our opinion, the use of CC licences for media ...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tImplementation: gradual.- Beginning of 2008: First contents published under CC licences- July 2011...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_t- Credit: DLR, CC-BY 3.0
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tWhy Creative Commons?Supporting the vision of Creative Commons:„Our vision is nothing less than re...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_t- „We abandon our copyrights“- „No control of content and the way it is used“- „No hold if usage g...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tThe storm of enthusiasm
Space Science as a creative commons?Discussion basisStatus Quo with regard to space media & data usage:Much achieved or st...
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tMany thanks!@marco_t@DLR_de@DLR_enfacebook.com/marco.trovatellolinkedin.com/in/mtrovatellowww.DLR.de
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Space science as a creative commons?

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Space science as a creative commons?

  1. 1. Space Science as a creative commons?Marco Trovatello, DLR German Aerospace Center
  2. 2. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tUSA – NASA: Status quoUnited States government agency for aeronautics and spaceStill and moving images not copyrighted, thus in public domainCopyright in US differs from european/german copyright(„Urheberrecht“)Tax-funded so-called government works" are excluded fromcopyright law.References:http://1.usa.gov/18sa79 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_domain#Government_workshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright
  3. 3. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tNASA: Hypothesis & QuestionsNASA is not just that popular because of the Apollo and SpaceShuttle heritage, but also because of its liberal and opencommunications and knowledge sharing approach.My questions to NASA‘s Office ofCommunications:In how far is NASAs liberal approach with regard to usage andsharing of images, multimedia and data part of the agencysoverall communication strategy?Did NASA and other U.S. government agencies start off with thisapproach in the past just because US law required them to doso, and only later discovered the benefits of the so-calledattention economy?
  4. 4. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_t
  5. 5. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tAnswer by NASA Office of Communications 1/2„We take our lead in the public sharing of imagery and data directlyfrom the original 1958 Space Act that founded NASA. Remember, the then-Soviets had a military space program that was hidden from public. PresidentDwight D. Eisenhower decided to create a civilian space agency that wouldconduct its work in full view of the public, both the triumphs and tragedies.“Specifically:Sec. 203. (a) The Administration, in order to carry out the purpose of this Act,shall-- (3) provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination ofinformation concerning its activities and the results thereof.Reference:http://history.nasa.gov/spaceact.html
  6. 6. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tAnswer by NASA Office of Communications 2/2„I have three commandments as a communicator and I believe NASA hashistorically benefited from generally adhering to them.1) News doesn’t get better with age.2) Tell your own bad news.3) If you don’t tell your own story someone else will do it for you“Bob Jacobs, Deputy Associate Administrator, NASA Office of Communications
  7. 7. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_t-> Vortrag > Autor • Dokumentname > Datum-www.DLR.de •Folie 7
  8. 8. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA – European Space Agency – status quoImage and Multimedia material usage Guidelines„COPYRIGHT NOTICE IMAGES“„You may use ESA images or videos for educational or informational purposes.The publicly released ESA images may be reproduced without fee, on thefollowing conditions:- Credit ESA as the source of the images.- ESA images may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by ESA or anyESA employee of a commercial product, process or service, or used in anyother manner that might mislead.- (...)- If ESA images are to be used in advertising or any commercial promotion,layout and copy must be submitted to ESA beforehand for approval to:spaceinimages@esa.int- For any enquiries concerning use of ESA images, please contact: (...)Reference: http://spaceinimages.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Copyright_Notice_Images?img=1
  9. 9. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_t
  10. 10. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA – European Space Agency – the future ?Image and Multimedia material usage GuidelinesQuestion to ESA Communication DepartmentCan you provide a statement whether ESA is considering a revision of its imageusage policy with regard to Creative Commons or other, more liberal licensingoptions?
  11. 11. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA – European Space Agency – the future ?Image and Multimedia material usage GuidelinesAnswer„ESA is aware that the more open its copyright policy would be, the morechances it would have to connect, directly and indirectly, with its main target,the general public;However, this is a complex exercise for an inter-governmental organisation likeESA, with 20 member States and which benefits from a set of internationalprivileges and immunities;This complexity is further increased by the fact that, in many cases, ESA is notthe unique owner of the images delivered by its missions;In spite of the above, ESA is aiming at gradually adopting the Creative Commonspolicy for all its visual material.“Fernando Doblas, Head of ESA Communication Department
  12. 12. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA & DLR: DataExample: Mars ExpressEuropean mission to MarsMapping the red planet in 3DHigh Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC)developed and operated by DLRAfter blocking period of six months, datais freely available over the web
  13. 13. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_t
  14. 14. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA/DLR: DataExample: Mars Express Ref: http://www.rssd.esa.int/index.php?project=PSA&page=mex
  15. 15. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA – European Space AgencyExample: Earth Observation Data„(...)full and open access approachestablished in the Sentinel DataPolicy“Free online access to manydatasetsReferences:https://earth.esa.int/web/guest/data-access/how-to-access-eo-data/earth-observation-data-distributed-by-esahttps://earth.esa.int/web/guest/data-access/how-to-access-eo-data/how-to-access-earth-observation-data-distr
  16. 16. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA – European Space Agency - dataData of Planck SpaceTelescopeAs of March 21st 2013,the PLA providespublic data productsfrom the first 15.5months of Planckoperations.References:http://www.sciops.esa.int/index.php?project=planckhttp://www.sciops.esa.int/index.php?project=planck&page=Planck_Collaboration
  17. 17. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tDLR German Aerospace Center - DataExample: TanDEM-X – mapping the Earth in hi-res & 3D
  18. 18. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tDLR German Aerospace Center - DataExample: TanDEM-X – Mount Etna in 3D
  19. 19. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tImage & multimediaImage and Multimedia content usage GuidelinesPoint of Departure at DLR: All Rights reserved. (1/2)“If not identified otherwise, all images or animations on the DLR Portal arecopyright © DLR. All rights reserved. Images and animations on the DLRPortal may be used free of charge by press and media, or for personalinformation or educational purposes. Commercial use is subject to DLRpermission. If DLR images are to be used in advertising or commercialpromotion, please contact DLR beforehand (...)Reference: www.DLR.de, Imprint / legal disclaimer (before adoption ofCreative Commons licensing)
  20. 20. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tAnalysis & conclusion-custom-made, anachronistic terms of use-Sharing and thus dissemination of content to general public and media toocomplicated-Legal uncertainty of users led to many inquiries-Urgent need for actionDLR German Aerospace CenterPoint of Departure at DLR: All Rights reserved. (2/2)
  21. 21. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tCredit: DLR, CC-BY 3.0
  22. 22. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_t- Credit: DLR, CC-BY 3.0
  23. 23. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tLegal assessment by DLR Legal Affairs Department"In our opinion, the use of CC licences for media owned by DLR is legallypermissible; in particular, it does not conflict with DLR’s statutory obligationto publish its research results ‘through appropriate measures’ , cf. section 1,subsection 2, last sentence of the DLR charter..“"In our opinion, a CC licence is suitable to every case set out above. Thepurpose underlying the regulation in the charter is (over) fulfilled because,through the use of a CC licence, additional usage rights are granted andthus, a higher degree of dissemination of the published media contentowned by DLR will mostly be achieved. (...) Granting a simple usage right islegally common and is, in my view, coherent with DLRs licensing policy.“Ref.: www.dlr.de/en/cc„No fundamental legal concerns “ – but enhancedlicence management
  24. 24. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tImplementation: gradual.- Beginning of 2008: First contents published under CC licences- July 2011- With relaunch of DLR‘s web portal conversion of automated credit linefor DLR‘s own content to „Credit: DLR (CC-BY 3.0)“- Conversion of all multimedia content published on social mediachannels Youtube, Flickr, Facebook & Google+ to CC-BY- Beginning of 2012: Official implementation of General web portal contentterms of use to Creative Commons- Solely content of which DLR is the single owner of rights is licenced underCC- No usage of CC licences on content which DLR has jointly prepared withpartners who licence differently
  25. 25. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_t- Credit: DLR, CC-BY 3.0
  26. 26. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tWhy Creative Commons?Supporting the vision of Creative Commons:„Our vision is nothing less than realizing the full potential of the Internet —universal access to research and education, full participation in culture — todrive a new era of development, growth, and productivity.“achieving the desired greater dissemination of contentFacilitating Use, Re-Use, Remix, Sharing, Distribution of Content by thegeneral public and mediaConsiderable use by Wikipedia, educational sector, Arts, cultural sectorLegal certainty for creators and usersRef.: www.dlr.de/en/cc
  27. 27. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_t- „We abandon our copyrights“- „No control of content and the way it is used“- „No hold if usage guidelines are violated“- „Everything is for free and without request“- „Violation of existing agreements“Assumed worst-case scenariosBad Experiences to date: None.
  28. 28. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tThe storm of enthusiasm
  29. 29. Space Science as a creative commons?Discussion basisStatus Quo with regard to space media & data usage:Much achieved or still much to do in Europe?General public / tax payers:How would you like to use Space Data & Media? What would be ideal for you?Wikipedia and Wikimedia Commons:How can space agencies allow for an even broader usage of their products?Public Domain & Creative Commons licences:How do they work together with regard to international collaboration?How do you rate DLR goes CC? Just a drop in the ocean or quite an achievement?Will more public research centres /gov agencies follow the DLR example? If yes, how?With regard to space science data & media, how can we provide for more legal certainty?
  30. 30. @DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tMany thanks!@marco_t@DLR_de@DLR_enfacebook.com/marco.trovatellolinkedin.com/in/mtrovatellowww.DLR.de

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