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Space Science as a creative commons?Marco Trovatello, DLR German Aerospace Center
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tUSA – NASA: Status quoUnited States government agency for aeronautics and spaceStill and moving images not copyrighted, thus in public domainCopyright in US differs from european/german copyright(„Urheberrecht“)Tax-funded so-called government works" are excluded fromcopyright law.References:http://1.usa.gov/18sa79 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_domain#Government_workshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tNASA: Hypothesis & QuestionsNASA is not just that popular because of the Apollo and SpaceShuttle heritage, but also because of its liberal and opencommunications and knowledge sharing approach.My questions to NASA‘s Office ofCommunications:In how far is NASAs liberal approach with regard to usage andsharing of images, multimedia and data part of the agencysoverall communication strategy?Did NASA and other U.S. government agencies start off with thisapproach in the past just because US law required them to doso, and only later discovered the benefits of the so-calledattention economy?
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tAnswer by NASA Office of Communications 1/2„We take our lead in the public sharing of imagery and data directlyfrom the original 1958 Space Act that founded NASA. Remember, the then-Soviets had a military space program that was hidden from public. PresidentDwight D. Eisenhower decided to create a civilian space agency that wouldconduct its work in full view of the public, both the triumphs and tragedies.“Specifically:Sec. 203. (a) The Administration, in order to carry out the purpose of this Act,shall-- (3) provide for the widest practicable and appropriate dissemination ofinformation concerning its activities and the results thereof.Reference:http://history.nasa.gov/spaceact.html
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tAnswer by NASA Office of Communications 2/2„I have three commandments as a communicator and I believe NASA hashistorically benefited from generally adhering to them.1) News doesn’t get better with age.2) Tell your own bad news.3) If you don’t tell your own story someone else will do it for you“Bob Jacobs, Deputy Associate Administrator, NASA Office of Communications
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA – European Space Agency – status quoImage and Multimedia material usage Guidelines„COPYRIGHT NOTICE IMAGES“„You may use ESA images or videos for educational or informational purposes.The publicly released ESA images may be reproduced without fee, on thefollowing conditions:- Credit ESA as the source of the images.- ESA images may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by ESA or anyESA employee of a commercial product, process or service, or used in anyother manner that might mislead.- (...)- If ESA images are to be used in advertising or any commercial promotion,layout and copy must be submitted to ESA beforehand for approval to:email@example.com- For any enquiries concerning use of ESA images, please contact: (...)Reference: http://spaceinimages.esa.int/ESA_Multimedia/Copyright_Notice_Images?img=1
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA – European Space Agency – the future ?Image and Multimedia material usage GuidelinesQuestion to ESA Communication DepartmentCan you provide a statement whether ESA is considering a revision of its imageusage policy with regard to Creative Commons or other, more liberal licensingoptions?
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA – European Space Agency – the future ?Image and Multimedia material usage GuidelinesAnswer„ESA is aware that the more open its copyright policy would be, the morechances it would have to connect, directly and indirectly, with its main target,the general public;However, this is a complex exercise for an inter-governmental organisation likeESA, with 20 member States and which benefits from a set of internationalprivileges and immunities;This complexity is further increased by the fact that, in many cases, ESA is notthe unique owner of the images delivered by its missions;In spite of the above, ESA is aiming at gradually adopting the Creative Commonspolicy for all its visual material.“Fernando Doblas, Head of ESA Communication Department
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA & DLR: DataExample: Mars ExpressEuropean mission to MarsMapping the red planet in 3DHigh Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC)developed and operated by DLRAfter blocking period of six months, datais freely available over the web
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA/DLR: DataExample: Mars Express Ref: http://www.rssd.esa.int/index.php?project=PSA&page=mex
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA – European Space AgencyExample: Earth Observation Data„(...)full and open access approachestablished in the Sentinel DataPolicy“Free online access to manydatasetsReferences:https://earth.esa.int/web/guest/data-access/how-to-access-eo-data/earth-observation-data-distributed-by-esahttps://earth.esa.int/web/guest/data-access/how-to-access-eo-data/how-to-access-earth-observation-data-distr
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tESA – European Space Agency - dataData of Planck SpaceTelescopeAs of March 21st 2013,the PLA providespublic data productsfrom the first 15.5months of Planckoperations.References:http://www.sciops.esa.int/index.php?project=planckhttp://www.sciops.esa.int/index.php?project=planck&page=Planck_Collaboration
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tDLR German Aerospace Center - DataExample: TanDEM-X – mapping the Earth in hi-res & 3D
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tDLR German Aerospace Center - DataExample: TanDEM-X – Mount Etna in 3D
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tLegal assessment by DLR Legal Affairs Department"In our opinion, the use of CC licences for media owned by DLR is legallypermissible; in particular, it does not conflict with DLR’s statutory obligationto publish its research results ‘through appropriate measures’ , cf. section 1,subsection 2, last sentence of the DLR charter..“"In our opinion, a CC licence is suitable to every case set out above. Thepurpose underlying the regulation in the charter is (over) fulfilled because,through the use of a CC licence, additional usage rights are granted andthus, a higher degree of dissemination of the published media contentowned by DLR will mostly be achieved. (...) Granting a simple usage right islegally common and is, in my view, coherent with DLRs licensing policy.“Ref.: www.dlr.de/en/cc„No fundamental legal concerns “ – but enhancedlicence management
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tWhy Creative Commons?Supporting the vision of Creative Commons:„Our vision is nothing less than realizing the full potential of the Internet —universal access to research and education, full participation in culture — todrive a new era of development, growth, and productivity.“achieving the desired greater dissemination of contentFacilitating Use, Re-Use, Remix, Sharing, Distribution of Content by thegeneral public and mediaConsiderable use by Wikipedia, educational sector, Arts, cultural sectorLegal certainty for creators and usersRef.: www.dlr.de/en/cc
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_t- „We abandon our copyrights“- „No control of content and the way it is used“- „No hold if usage guidelines are violated“- „Everything is for free and without request“- „Violation of existing agreements“Assumed worst-case scenariosBad Experiences to date: None.
@DLR_de @DLR_en @marco_tThe storm of enthusiasm
Space Science as a creative commons?Discussion basisStatus Quo with regard to space media & data usage:Much achieved or still much to do in Europe?General public / tax payers:How would you like to use Space Data & Media? What would be ideal for you?Wikipedia and Wikimedia Commons:How can space agencies allow for an even broader usage of their products?Public Domain & Creative Commons licences:How do they work together with regard to international collaboration?How do you rate DLR goes CC? Just a drop in the ocean or quite an achievement?Will more public research centres /gov agencies follow the DLR example? If yes, how?With regard to space science data & media, how can we provide for more legal certainty?