Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.
Introduction to      Law
   
I.     IntroductionII.    Evolution of Cambodian law       A. Ancient period       B. Modern periodIII.   ConclusionIV.   ...
 Law plays very important role in Cambodian society.     Without law, the society would be:o chaotic,o undeveloped,o Dif...
A. Ancient period        Funan        Chenla       Angkor
Funan                   (1st to 6th century)Funan was strongly influenced by India in term of:       Religion       Poli...
   Judicial system:     o Civil servants accepted the lawsuit from citizens     o King acted as a judge    o Prison did n...
Chenla                       (6th to 9th century)Political system remained the same since Funan era.      King held absol...
Angkor                        (9th to 15th century)   India was still strongly influential in Angkor era.       Manu law...
   Legislation power was on the king.        HOWEVER, he could not make law that contradict with        norm and traditio...
Post-Angkor                      Colonial period                   Kingdom of Cambodia &                       Khmer Repub...
Post-Angkor                    (15th century to 1863)   Cambodian laws existed even before the arrival of French    colon...
   Cambodian law system has changed very much after the    Angkor period.   Cambodian laws had first been made in 1620 b...
   Since 1853, King Ang Doung decided to review all the laws    until his death in 1860.     Those laws were mainly made...
Colonial period (1863-1953)        Among 52 laws, 39 were spread out by France in King         Norodom’s time in 1881.   ...
   Since 1911, France begun to introduce modern laws into    Kingdom of Cambodia.   The First two laws coming into force...
   In 1920, new law was adopted regarding civil matters.   It contained 1365 articles.
Kingdom of Cambodia and Khmer republic                  (1954 -1975)   Further development of Cambodia law was active aft...
   The discussion of law among law people were published on the    news for ordinary people to catch up.   Numbers of th...
Democratic of Kampuchea                    (1975-1979) Laws and various institutions in the previous time were  abolished...
 Judicial branch: The people’s count   Two kinds of punishment:   1.   Serious punishment for any acts against and threat...
People’s Republic of Kampuchea                 (1979-1989) The new constitution was based on socialism. The national ass...
   Some of private laws were eliminated.        Ex: law on private ownership for commercial activities   Laws were used ...
Kingdom of Cambodia                        (1993-present) The constitution of kingdom of Cambodia was promulgated in 1993...
 There are three levels of court:         Supreme court          Appeal court          First instance              court
 Many new laws appear:      Corruption law      NGO law (not yet adopted)      Monogamy law …etc.
   
Constitutional council of Cambodia. (n.d.). Retrieved on February 20, 2013,         from http://www.ccc.gov.kh/english/his...
Thanks for YourAttention !!!                   Any              Questions?
Nächste SlideShare
Wird geladen in …5
×

Evolution of cambodian law

  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

Evolution of cambodian law

  1. 1. Introduction to Law
  2. 2.  
  3. 3. I. IntroductionII. Evolution of Cambodian law A. Ancient period B. Modern periodIII. ConclusionIV. References
  4. 4.  Law plays very important role in Cambodian society.  Without law, the society would be:o chaotic,o undeveloped,o Difficult to live in.
  5. 5. A. Ancient period Funan Chenla Angkor
  6. 6. Funan (1st to 6th century)Funan was strongly influenced by India in term of: Religion Politics Economic system LawsLaw was mainly based on religion and norm.
  7. 7.  Judicial system: o Civil servants accepted the lawsuit from citizens o King acted as a judge o Prison did not exist. o There were two types of punishment. Less serious Serious The practice of Devaraja
  8. 8. Chenla (6th to 9th century)Political system remained the same since Funan era.  King held absolute power.  Civil servants had the authority to monitor and punished those who were against the state.  Devaraja was still practiced.
  9. 9. Angkor (9th to 15th century) India was still strongly influential in Angkor era.  Manu law: dealt with the relation between individual and individual and was used to solve conflict between them.  Royal command: King had to consult with the Brahmans in decision making process.
  10. 10.  Legislation power was on the king. HOWEVER, he could not make law that contradict with norm and tradition of the society. Judiciary branch was under control of the king. o Two kind of punishment (serious and less serious)
  11. 11. Post-Angkor Colonial period Kingdom of Cambodia & Khmer RepublicB. Modern period Democratic of Kampuchea People’s Republic of Kampuchea Kingdom of Cambodia
  12. 12. Post-Angkor (15th century to 1863) Cambodian laws existed even before the arrival of French colony, BUT they were different from laws in modern time. Stone inscriptions showed that people, at that time, must obey all the rules and policies; otherwise, they would be punished.
  13. 13.  Cambodian law system has changed very much after the Angkor period. Cambodian laws had first been made in 1620 by king Chey Jadtha (1618-1624). This plan was canceled because of Siam invasion, but a year later after the King’s death, 24 laws were adopted.
  14. 14.  Since 1853, King Ang Doung decided to review all the laws until his death in 1860.  Those laws were mainly made based on Buddhism, and the punishments seemed to be less serious. When the process had been finished, those laws were disseminated to the public by the French colony.
  15. 15. Colonial period (1863-1953)  Among 52 laws, 39 were spread out by France in King Norodom’s time in 1881.  Many premises showed that those laws were not involved with ordinary people but for elite group. Those laws were more like the collection of king’s decisions that were prepared and corrected by King, royal official…etc.
  16. 16.  Since 1911, France begun to introduce modern laws into Kingdom of Cambodia. The First two laws coming into force in 1912 were: o Criminal code o Code of criminal procedure & court organization, This marked the adoption of C i v i l L a w s y s t e m in Cambodia.
  17. 17.  In 1920, new law was adopted regarding civil matters. It contained 1365 articles.
  18. 18. Kingdom of Cambodia and Khmer republic (1954 -1975) Further development of Cambodia law was active after the independence. From 1947 to 1956, several laws were adopted. Civil law Business law Criminal law
  19. 19.  The discussion of law among law people were published on the news for ordinary people to catch up. Numbers of thesis was written and defended by Cambodia lawyers, and to fulfill in researching of law, many expert magazines of law were published. Khmer republic regime and civil war in Cambodia were the period that ended the Cambodian law development.
  20. 20. Democratic of Kampuchea (1975-1979) Laws and various institutions in the previous time were abolished. The new constitution was promulgated in 1976.  Legislation branch: The people’s representatives assembly  Executive branch: Government hold absolute power
  21. 21.  Judicial branch: The people’s count Two kinds of punishment: 1. Serious punishment for any acts against and threaten the state and Cambodian citizens 2. Less serious punishment for other actsIn reality, people had no power, only the state.
  22. 22. People’s Republic of Kampuchea (1979-1989) The new constitution was based on socialism. The national assembly:  Amend the constitution  Oversee the government People supreme court is the highest court.
  23. 23.  Some of private laws were eliminated. Ex: law on private ownership for commercial activities Laws were used as a mean toward socialist state. Why did Cambodia favor socialist?  Vietnam influence  Development purpose
  24. 24. Kingdom of Cambodia (1993-present) The constitution of kingdom of Cambodia was promulgated in 1993. It has been amended for 6 times. Some laws made in previous time were still in effect.  UNTAC laws  PRK laws/SOC Laws
  25. 25.  There are three levels of court: Supreme court Appeal court First instance court
  26. 26.  Many new laws appear: Corruption law NGO law (not yet adopted) Monogamy law …etc.
  27. 27.  
  28. 28. Constitutional council of Cambodia. (n.d.). Retrieved on February 20, 2013, from http://www.ccc.gov.kh/english/history.phpHistorical development of Cambodia. (n.d.). Retrieved on February 20, 2013, from http://leapheanghour.wordpress.com/history-of-cambodian- constitution/RULE ដដ ដដ-ដដដដដ ដដដ ដដដ ដដដដដដដដដដដដដ ដដ ដដ ដដ ដដ ដ ដដដ ដដដដ ដដដដដដដដដដដដ ដដដដដ ដដដដ ដដដដដដដដដដដ ដដដដដដដដដដដដដដ ដដដដដដដដដដដ ដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដ ដដដដដ ដដដ ដ ដដដ ដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដ ដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដដ -Rendall, M. (1999). The constitution and government of Cambodia.
  29. 29. Thanks for YourAttention !!! Any Questions?

×