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SYMBOLISM
Symbolic Representation of time-
Leach
Huma Ayaz Khan
Syeda Rabia Zia
Nimra Mumtaz
Sumra Iqbal
Sman Asim
SYMBOLISM
• Symbolism is something which stand for or
represent something.
• Symbolism is using of symbols to signify idea...
Kinds of Symbolization
• The most important kinds of symbolization is
• LANGUAGE
• RELIGION
• LANGUAGE AND SYMBOLS
• 8000 ...
CONT….
• Symbols occur in different form verbal and
non verbal, written and unwritten, explicit and
implicit
• Our ancesto...
Religion and symbols
• Religious symbols is an iconic representation
intended to represent a specific religion, or a
speci...
Conti…
• Clifford Geertz point out that religious
symbols both
• Models of reality
• Models for reality
• Models of realit...
Symbolic Representation of Time
Edmund R. Leach
Leach’s two short essays appeared in the
Toronto University publication Ex...
What is TIME?
• What is the nature of time?
• Notion of Repetition
• Notion of non-Repetition
• Whithead says, ‘’Time is t...
GREEK MYTHOLOGY
Explaining Time
Symbolic representation of time
Greekmythology
Cronus was regarded as a symbol for time
• Cronus KINGS OF TITAN
• Cronus was youngest of
the titans
• He spouse his own s...
Cont…
• Zeus overthrow his
father
• Cronus vomit out his
devour five kids
• Zeus and Cronus fought
for ten year
• Zeus bec...
Time back again
• One day the age of Zeus will come to end
• Age of Cronus no women
• There was no women no strife
• Time ...
Cronus an appropriate symbol of time
• Interrelated concept of time
• Endless continuum from past to future
• Born, Swallo...
Greek ideas about time
• Ideas about times underwent considerable
development
• Active and inactive
• Good and bad
• Empty...
Cont…
• According to leach third elements which
oscillate this third element is in concrete form
which is semen
• Rain zeu...
• Last symbolic elemnt “phallus”
• Which distinghuish female from male
• Connect this phallus symbol with time
• Cronus my...
The myth is the creation of myth not story of
beginning of world but the story of beginning of
time beginning of becoming
Radcliffe-brown & Levis Strauss
• Rad cliffe doctrine Concerning with the
identification of alternating generation tend to...
Abstract Algebraic Forms
• A.1
B.1
A.2
B.2
Cont…
• In Radcliffe brown argument the As and Bs are
opposed but linked
• In levis Strauss the As and Bs are the males of...
EdumanR. LeachArugument
• Greek tended to conceptualized the time
process as a zigzag of this same type
• In a structural ...
Time and False Noses
Introduction :
In this topic it is said in all over the world people mark
calendars by mean of festiv...
TIME
• How we observe and recognize time ?
we experiences time ,but not with our senses .we don’t see it,
touch it,smell,i...
From all these facts it is declared that time is
not an intrinsic but this is man made
projection fits into environment fo...
Why shouldn’t time slow down and stop occasionally ,or
even go into reverse n the basis of experiences suggest
that time m...
Direction of time flow
• The direction of time flow is man made. It is
ordered by the societies which participate in
festa...
Direction of time flow
Phase B Phase C
Phase A
Phase D
Sacred
Profane
Phase A:
The phase is called as rite of sacralization. It
means that a person is transferred from profane world
to the sac...
Types of behavior
• The types of behavior which we encounter on
ritual occasions are:
• Formality
• Masquerade
• Role reve...
Types of behavior
Formality:
The type of behavior in which formality is increased ,
men adopt formal uniform , differences...
Cont…
Role reversal:
This behavior is in very few instance. The behavior
is an extreme form of celebrations in which the
p...
Cont…
These behaviors are conceptually distinct but
they are in practice closely associated. It means
the rite which start...
• Formality and masquerade are therefore
contrasted opposites in term of diagram to
contrast between phase A and phase C. ...
AnyQUESTIONS?
THANKYOU!
SYMBOLISM--Symbolic Representation of time
SYMBOLISM--Symbolic Representation of time
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SYMBOLISM-- Symbolic Representation of time

  1. 1. SYMBOLISM Symbolic Representation of time- Leach Huma Ayaz Khan Syeda Rabia Zia Nimra Mumtaz Sumra Iqbal Sman Asim
  2. 2. SYMBOLISM • Symbolism is something which stand for or represent something. • Symbolism is using of symbols to signify ideas and qualities by giving them symbolic meaning that are different from their literal sense • It is an object to represent other to give it different meaning that is much deeper and significant
  3. 3. Kinds of Symbolization • The most important kinds of symbolization is • LANGUAGE • RELIGION • LANGUAGE AND SYMBOLS • 8000 year ago human were using symbols to represent words and concepts
  4. 4. CONT…. • Symbols occur in different form verbal and non verbal, written and unwritten, explicit and implicit • Our ancestors represent their groups by • Cloths • Colors • Symbols are cultural representation of reality
  5. 5. Religion and symbols • Religious symbols is an iconic representation intended to represent a specific religion, or a specific concept within a religion • The Christian cross has traditionally been a symbol representing Christendom as whole • Religious symbols are sacred or holy • Both intellectual and emotional significance to the people who hold them
  6. 6. Conti… • Clifford Geertz point out that religious symbols both • Models of reality • Models for reality • Models of reality express the culturally defined conception of the way the is actually organized and models for reality represent the way it should organized as man can influence it.
  7. 7. Symbolic Representation of Time Edmund R. Leach Leach’s two short essays appeared in the Toronto University publication Explorations. a) CRONUS AND CHRONOS b) TIME AND FALSE NOSES
  8. 8. What is TIME? • What is the nature of time? • Notion of Repetition • Notion of non-Repetition • Whithead says, ‘’Time is the sheer succession of epochal duration’’ • Oscillations
  9. 9. GREEK MYTHOLOGY Explaining Time
  10. 10. Symbolic representation of time Greekmythology
  11. 11. Cronus was regarded as a symbol for time • Cronus KINGS OF TITAN • Cronus was youngest of the titans • He spouse his own sister rhea • Cronus kill his father • Scared of being by their own kids • He devour his kids • One kid zeus remain alive
  12. 12. Cont… • Zeus overthrow his father • Cronus vomit out his devour five kids • Zeus and Cronus fought for ten year • Zeus become supreme god
  13. 13. Time back again • One day the age of Zeus will come to end • Age of Cronus no women • There was no women no strife • Time will repeat again • Rituals of Cronus
  14. 14. Cronus an appropriate symbol of time • Interrelated concept of time • Endless continuum from past to future • Born, Swallowed, Vomited up Frazer & Jane Harrison • Corn spirits and year spirits • Harvest is logically end of sequence of time • symbolized by Reversal of social roles
  15. 15. Greek ideas about time • Ideas about times underwent considerable development • Active and inactive • Good and bad • Empty time and period of active time
  16. 16. Cont… • According to leach third elements which oscillate this third element is in concrete form which is semen • Rain zeus • Fire hepheastos
  17. 17. • Last symbolic elemnt “phallus” • Which distinghuish female from male • Connect this phallus symbol with time • Cronus myth does “make him creator of time
  18. 18. The myth is the creation of myth not story of beginning of world but the story of beginning of time beginning of becoming
  19. 19. Radcliffe-brown & Levis Strauss • Rad cliffe doctrine Concerning with the identification of alternating generation tend to exhibits “solidarity” in opposition of intervening father • Levis staruss place upon marriage as a symbol of alliance
  20. 20. Abstract Algebraic Forms • A.1 B.1 A.2 B.2
  21. 21. Cont… • In Radcliffe brown argument the As and Bs are opposed but linked • In levis Strauss the As and Bs are the males of contending kin groups allied by interchange of women
  22. 22. EdumanR. LeachArugument • Greek tended to conceptualized the time process as a zigzag of this same type • In a structural sense Cronus myth represent separation of A from B • Beginning of life also beginning of death • Leach said all primitive people necessarily think about time in way “kachin” (women are root of all evil)
  23. 23. Time and False Noses Introduction : In this topic it is said in all over the world people mark calendars by mean of festivals. Everyone having variety of festivals Some are same and some are curiously contradict People dress up differently some dress up in uniform ,in funny clothes etc and showing special behavior Mark individuals social development with festivals, symbols and rituals Then writer further asked a question why should we demarcate time in this way ?
  24. 24. TIME • How we observe and recognize time ? we experiences time ,but not with our senses .we don’t see it, touch it,smell,it taste it , hear it … how then ? we experience time in three ways 1) We recognize repetition time is defined here with intervals , time intervals duration always begin and end with same thing 2) We recognize aging , we recognize time as it never repeat itself , time is irreversible. 3) Thirdly time concern the rate at which time passes the rate of time varies at in different stages of life , time is having irregular flow
  25. 25. From all these facts it is declared that time is not an intrinsic but this is man made projection fits into environment for own purposes. Primitive people measures time like years round itself ,annual sequence of economic activities etc. Considered astrology as erratic even you can never know what stars are going to get up next.
  26. 26. Why shouldn’t time slow down and stop occasionally ,or even go into reverse n the basis of experiences suggest that time must necessarily flow past a even go into constant speed , why? Time is going on process Some people take time as going on and on. Going round and round And some of people take it as going back and forth. Resembling it as pendulum With pendulum view of time sequence of things is discontinuous ,intervals are distinguished as repeated opposites , tick tock tick tock ,day night ,hot cold, wet dry.
  27. 27. Direction of time flow • The direction of time flow is man made. It is ordered by the societies which participate in festal rites. These rites are sacrificial in nature, these rites are the techniques for changing the status of person from profane to sacred or from sacred to profane. • In the diagram there are four phases of a moral person.
  28. 28. Direction of time flow Phase B Phase C Phase A Phase D Sacred Profane
  29. 29. Phase A: The phase is called as rite of sacralization. It means that a person is transferred from profane world to the sacred world, he “dies” Phase B: The state in which the person is in the sacred condition. The man social life has stopped. Phase C: The rite of desacralization. The person is brought back from sacred to profane, it means the person is reborn his secular time starts. Phase D: This is the state of normal secular life.
  30. 30. Types of behavior • The types of behavior which we encounter on ritual occasions are: • Formality • Masquerade • Role reversal
  31. 31. Types of behavior Formality: The type of behavior in which formality is increased , men adopt formal uniform , differences of status are defined by dress and etiquette ,moral rues are obeyed. Examples: An English Sunday, The Church Ceremony, University Degree Taking Ceremonies ….etc. Masquerade : Masquerade means pretend to be something or someone that you are not. In this the individual , instead of emphasizing his social personality and official status , he seeks to cover it. The world goes in a mask , the formal rules are forgotten. Example : Fancy Dress Party
  32. 32. Cont… Role reversal: This behavior is in very few instance. The behavior is an extreme form of celebrations in which the participants play-act at being the opposite to what they really are. In these festivals the normal social life is played in reverse. Examples: Men act as women , women act as men, servants act as masters, kings act as beggars.
  33. 33. Cont… These behaviors are conceptually distinct but they are in practice closely associated. It means the rite which starts from formality is likely to ends in masquerade (e.g. A Wedding) or the rite which starts from masquerade is likely to end in formality(e.g. New Year’s Eve)
  34. 34. • Formality and masquerade are therefore contrasted opposites in term of diagram to contrast between phase A and phase C. It is symbolic of a complete transfer from profane to sacred , normal life has stopped , sacred time is played in reverse , death is converted into birth. • The role reversal behavior is not common in our societies but is common enough in ethnographic literature and in Medieval Europe . Such behaviors are associated with funerals, rite de passage or with year’s end.
  35. 35. AnyQUESTIONS? THANKYOU!

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