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
 Religion
 Function of religion
 Psychological Function Of Religion
Topic

Bibi MaRyaM
Aroosa Hajira
Mahnoor Nisar
Presented by
By
Bibi MaRyaM

 A set of belief in supernatural forces that function to
provide meaning, peace of mind and a sense of
control over une...

Problems of defining
Religion
1. Origin of religion
 Neanderthal
 Archeologist
 Animism
( polytheism & monotheism)

Religion
Social
structur
e
economi
c
political
Kinship
2) Defining the phenomenon
of religious and non-religious

3) Different society have different ways to
define religion ( natural & supernatural )
 Western society
 Black magic
...

 4) Use religion as a tool
 Mix culture with religion
 5) Modern problems
 Modern problem about which the as nothing...
By
Aroosa Hajira

 Religious system are universal it meet a number of
important need at both societal and personal level.

Social Function of
Religion
Social Control
Reinforment of
Group Solidarity
Conflict
resolution

Social Control
 One very important function of religion is that it use as
mechanism of social control
 Religion tend t...

Conflict resolution
•Religion play important role in reducing stress and
frustration that often lead to social conflict....

Reinforcement of Group Solidarity
 Third function of religion is to intensify group solidarity
 Enable people to expre...

Rites of solidarity
 Ceremonies performed for the sake of enhancing social
integration among groups is called rites of ...

Sisala belief(culture of north
Ghana)
Sisala believed that ancestor-ghost are guidence of the
moral oder.
All member of ...
By
Mahnoor Nisar
 Religion function psychologicaly for
benifits of the individual.
2 Types of psychological function.
 Cognitive Function...
Cognitive Function
Cognitive function of religion is psychologically
comforting ..
1)It help us explain the unexplainable....
Emotional Function.
Emotional function of religion is to help individual
cope with the anxieties that often a company
illn...
Rites of passage
Ceremonies that mark a change in a person's social
position.These ceremonies which have religious
signifi...
Arnold Van Gennep
(1960)
Three ritual phases:
 Separation.
 Transition.
 Incorporation.

Separation
Separation is characterized by the stripping away of the old
status.
Transition
In transition the individual ...

Incorporation
 In this final phase the ritual incorporation of the individual
into the new status.
Examples...
 Kikuyu...

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Religion, Function of religion , and Psychological Function Of Religion

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Religion

Function of religion
religion , function of religion and
Psychological Function Of Religion

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Religion, Function of religion , and Psychological Function Of Religion

  1. 1.   Religion  Function of religion  Psychological Function Of Religion Topic
  2. 2.  Bibi MaRyaM Aroosa Hajira Mahnoor Nisar Presented by
  3. 3. By Bibi MaRyaM
  4. 4.   A set of belief in supernatural forces that function to provide meaning, peace of mind and a sense of control over unexplainable phenomena.
  5. 5.  Problems of defining Religion 1. Origin of religion  Neanderthal  Archeologist  Animism ( polytheism & monotheism)
  6. 6.  Religion Social structur e economi c political Kinship 2) Defining the phenomenon of religious and non-religious
  7. 7.  3) Different society have different ways to define religion ( natural & supernatural )  Western society  Black magic  Not Scientifically prove Example: Nyoro Society
  8. 8.   4) Use religion as a tool  Mix culture with religion  5) Modern problems  Modern problem about which the as nothing to say or address  Example: scientific invention & biological experiment
  9. 9. By Aroosa Hajira
  10. 10.   Religious system are universal it meet a number of important need at both societal and personal level.
  11. 11.  Social Function of Religion Social Control Reinforment of Group Solidarity Conflict resolution
  12. 12.  Social Control  One very important function of religion is that it use as mechanism of social control  Religion tend to maintain social Oder by encouraging socially acceptable behaviour and discouraging inappropriate behaviour.  For example:Hindu in india belived that voiliting caste expectations will destroy their future reincarnation(recreation)  In Islam, al'quran provides a framework and rules for daily living, and how an individual should behave, in almost every respect
  13. 13.  Conflict resolution •Religion play important role in reducing stress and frustration that often lead to social conflict. Powerless people in the startified societies somtime use religion as way of diffusing anger and hostility A case study of South Africa (1961) Show how small group of black south Africa recently systematically exclude from power structure creat illusion of power by manipulating own religious symbol and form own unique churches breakaway Christian church to reduce conflict
  14. 14.  Reinforcement of Group Solidarity  Third function of religion is to intensify group solidarity  Enable people to express common identity  Strengthned group identity and belonging.  People come together with common religious experiences often engage in non religious activities which also strengthned group solidarity  The role of organized religion in creating and maintaining group solidarity is important in imigrant population.  E.g in America the church is major and central institution for imigrant society.
  15. 15.  Rites of solidarity  Ceremonies performed for the sake of enhancing social integration among groups is called rites of solidarity.  Communal cult is direct toward welfare of community rather than welfare of individual  For Example:A good example of cult that foster group solidarity is ancestral cult .  It is base on asumption that after death person soul continue to interact and effect her /his decendents  In other word when people died they are not buried and forgettten rather are elevate to status of ancestor-ghost or ancestor-god
  16. 16.  Sisala belief(culture of north Ghana) Sisala believed that ancestor-ghost are guidence of the moral oder. All member of lineage are subject to autority of lineage elders. Elder are most important person of the lineage and responsible to oversee the hormony and intrest of entire group. Sisala belief in power of the ancestor-ghost to protect moral oder
  17. 17. By Mahnoor Nisar
  18. 18.  Religion function psychologicaly for benifits of the individual. 2 Types of psychological function.  Cognitive Function.  Emotional Function.
  19. 19. Cognitive Function Cognitive function of religion is psychologically comforting .. 1)It help us explain the unexplainable. 2)Deals with un answerable Questions. 3)Provide Satisfying answers of Questions(Medical Pathologist). 4)World is meaningful,events happen for some reasons.
  20. 20. Emotional Function. Emotional function of religion is to help individual cope with the anxieties that often a company illness,accident and death. Supernatural beings to control the forces which they feel they have no control. Example: Trobriand Islanders, Games. (Act with confidence = major psychological function of religion).
  21. 21. Rites of passage Ceremonies that mark a change in a person's social position.These ceremonies which have religious significance,help individual as well as society to dael with the important life changes,such as birth,puberty,marriage.
  22. 22. Arnold Van Gennep (1960) Three ritual phases:  Separation.  Transition.  Incorporation.
  23. 23.  Separation Separation is characterized by the stripping away of the old status. Transition In transition the individual in a transitional stage,cut of from the old status but not yet integrated into the new status.
  24. 24.  Incorporation  In this final phase the ritual incorporation of the individual into the new status. Examples...  Kikuyu of Kenya (East African societies).  Initiation ceremonies
  25. 25.

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