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Presented BY:Arosa Hajira
• silent features of
• Merits of presidential
• Demerits of
• A presidential system is
a system of government
where a head of
government is also head
of state and leads and
executive branch that is
separate from legislative
In Presidential form there is the separation of power between
the branches of government (executive and judiciary).
Executive authority president who is head of state as well
as head of government
Legislature perform function independent of control or
guidance of executive
President has free hand to exercise power
Presidential system exist in America and Latin America
Silent feature of presidential system
Election of chief executive:
chief executive directly elected by people.
In America president is elected indirectly by electoral college.
Tenure: tenure of president is fixed and he can not remove
from office prior to expiry of that period.
Separation of Power:
There is separation of power between executive and
President wield executive power in respect to administrative
Legislature perform law making function
Position of minister:
Office of president is regarded as solidarity executive
President elect ministers from the among the person who
are not the member of legislature.
He free hand to choice of his subordinates.
In America they are called secretaries who are incharge
of different administrative deparment.
Check and balance:
There is complete separation of power
between the branches of government a
system of check and balance is also
President share some extend in legislation
while legislature exercise some control over
Merits of presidential and demerits of
Merits:Chief executive is fixed in presidential form.
Stability in government enable president to initiate long term
planning and give full attention to administrative affair
Demerits: While in cabinet form of government is dependent on
In countries having multi party system government are
comparatively weak and instable
Due to this there is discontinuity in policies
(2)Appointment of talent:
Merits:In presidential system all administrative power are
concentrated in chief executive who assign administrative duties
to the most competent person
Membership of legislature is not necessary
Demerits:While in parliamentary system only such person can
include in ministry who are member of legislature irrespective
of their ability
(3)Separation of power:
Merits:There is division 0f legislative and adminstrative
power between two deparments
The executive is not overburden due to absence of legislative
business and concentrate on adminstrative affair
The legislature concentrate on legislation.Goverment is not
involve in passing over bill
Demerits:While in parlimentary system cabinet may assume
the role of dictator it can control legislative effectively
Real function of legislature is to provide support to cabinet
Due to this parlimentarian lose all intrest in legislation
Merits:In presidential system incharge of different portfolios
can concentrate their attention on adminstrative affairs
They do not waste their time on legislative process.due to this
maximum output gain.
Demerits:While in Parlimentary system adminstrative polices
generally reflect political expediencies
It is base on political bargainings.
The cabinet remain under constant stress and pressure for
keeping support to majority group in parliment
Under presidential system
president is directly or
indirectly elected by a
But in parlimentary system
the real executive is
appointed by parliment.
The electorate elect the
member of parliment.
American political parties are more loosely organized than those in
American political system has edge over the parliamentary system
in respect to its stability.
There is a separation of power between branches of government.
President has free hand to exercise power.