SlideShare ist ein Scribd-Unternehmen logo
1 von 18
1.2. Town alteration: Brief history and commentary on several cases.
a)  The first towns The town model appears during the Neolithic revolution. When the people have settled down and discovered agriculture, the surplus permits to develop professions which are not directly related with food obtaining, such as craftwork, trading or administration. The first city centers appear around the year 3000 b.C.  and are located in the valleys of big rivers in Asia and Africa:  The River Nile (Egypt) 1.2.1. Antiquity
Eufrates and Tigris (Iran, Irak and Siria) Indo (Pakistan)
Typology of the first towns : Working-class towns Plan of the remains of the city of Kahun (Egypt) The city of Kahun (Egypt) Is built to house workers of the pyramid for Sesostris II (1897-1879 b.C.) Little houses in rectangular blocks. Houses separated by very narrow streets (dirty water draining and access to houses) Tiny rooms around a closed patio.  Difference between the workers’ houses and the civil servants’ .
Temple-cities - Monumental avenues and big squares. - The building adapts to the ground to create a stage which will be used in religious ceremonies or the public appearances of the monarchs. The city of Tebas was the capital of the Middle Empire and the New Egyptian Empire. It has a necropolis  (El Valle de los Reyes) and several religious ensembles.  The Temple of Hatshepsut (Deir el Bahari, opposite the Tebas)
 
Fortress-cities Babilonia was an old town in Lower Mesopotamia. It became the capital of a big Empire under the reign of Hammurabi (XVIII b. C.) In 6th Century b.C. it was a huge city.  It took up the two banks of the River Euphrates.  A bridge connected both sides of the city.  Inside there were religious buildings, houses, palaces and gardens. Chaotic layout of the streets.  It was strongly fortified. Imaginary view of Babilonia Plan of the city
b)  Ancient Greece The state cities of the Ancient Greece, heirs to the  Mycenaean   culture, used to follow a more organized plan, especially when they were new founded. A big colonial expansion along the Mediterranean Sea from XIX to VIII b. C. allowed them to rise up a great many cities from scratch. For that reason, they could follow a town plan in advance. As a result of all this, we have the first town planner,  Hipodamo de Mileto  (c. 498 a.C.-?) a Greek architect, philosopher and mathematician who established revolutionary rules to build up cities, such as his distribution from an almost perfect grid. Hipodamo de Mileto was the inventor of the hipodamic plan  or hipodamic tracing. This tracing searched for symmetry and order in the structure of the city. It also intended to find a fast way of building cities in new Greek colonies.   Plan of the city of Mileto. We don’t have any works by Hipodamo de Mileto but it is suspected that alterations on Mileto could have been made by him after a Persian attack.
In general terms, there were two big areas in the Greek cities. Present view of the acropolis of Athens (Greece). The Acropolis: City of Gods. It was located in the highest part of the city and all the religious buildings were there.
The Agora: The main public buildings, like the market, were there. With the time, the agora became the center of the polis from different points of view: Economic and commercial: Political market: meeting place for citizens to discuss the problems of the community and take collective decisions about laws. This way and around it there appeared public buildings to hold all these activities. The squares of the Greek cities were related to one another in a balanced way and many times the agora was a bit separated from the busy streets. Present view of the Agora in Athens (to the North-East of the Partenon)
 
c) ROMAN EMPIRE
Rome  was the first large city in the history and it expanded its dominions for nearly all the world which was known at that time.  The big amount of taxes coming from the East and the West, as long as the work of many slaves, led to a spectacular town development in a city which reached 1 million inhabitants. A titanic crowd for that time. The development of town planning in Rome was gradual. City life was promoted by all the emperors of the 1st C a.C., especially by Augustus and Claudius.  Augustus consolidated Rome as an empire thanks to the aristocratic families and the rich traders.  The old noble families could put the figure of the emperor at risk (especially the republican ones) but the emperor leaned on the civil servants of the empire, the army, the traders and the families of  libertos . They were social classes which had spread and achieved power in the city.
 
ROMAN TOWN PLANNING THE  CITY , ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CENTER OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE TOWN INFRASTRUCTURE (solve the problems of  living in the city) water supply sewer system  public transport defense forums: squares and  public   spaces markets THE  PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT  impress the rest of the world, which they  feel they own FAVOR THE HUMAN AND  MATERIAL COLONIZATION OF THE EMPIRE  AND MAKE ITS POLITICAL  DOMINATION POSSIBLE TOWN  FOUNDATION PAVED ROADS SYSTEM
The forum   was the center of the city (inspired in the Greek agora). It gathered the political, economic, administrative, social and religious activities. The most magnificent and relevant buildings were made.  There isn’t a Roman city without its forum. The important cities also had theaters and amphitheaters. The biggest cities could have circus and stadiums. Plano del Foro de Roma.
LA ORGANIZACIÓN DEL ESPACIO URBANO DIBUJO DE UN  CAMPAMENTO  ROMANO EJE AXIAL CARDO (N-S) EJE AXIAL DECUMANO  (O-E) FORO PLANO EN CUADRÍCULA
THE PLAN OF THE ROMAN CITY COMES FROM THE MILITARY TRADITION AND THE GREEK BASIS ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],plano de la ciudad de Timgad, en Numidia (Argelia),

Weitere ähnliche Inhalte

Was ist angesagt?

Town planning in Athens
Town planning in AthensTown planning in Athens
Town planning in AthensAnkit Singhal
 
13 Roman cities
13 Roman cities13 Roman cities
13 Roman citiesEACT_COEP
 
Roman Civilization
Roman CivilizationRoman Civilization
Roman Civilizationjberneche
 
Patterns of neighbourhood structure in history -final
Patterns of neighbourhood structure in history -finalPatterns of neighbourhood structure in history -final
Patterns of neighbourhood structure in history -finalAmit Pokharel
 
6.5 Rome And The Roots Of Western Civilization
6.5   Rome And The Roots Of Western Civilization6.5   Rome And The Roots Of Western Civilization
6.5 Rome And The Roots Of Western CivilizationDan Ewert
 
City planing of medieval europe
City planing of medieval europeCity planing of medieval europe
City planing of medieval europeUzairIqbal27
 
Basic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek Cities
Basic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek CitiesBasic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek Cities
Basic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek CitiesRajat Katarne
 
Why art matters module 3
Why art matters   module 3Why art matters   module 3
Why art matters module 3PetrutaLipan
 
Roman Achievements & Fall of the Empire
Roman Achievements & Fall of the EmpireRoman Achievements & Fall of the Empire
Roman Achievements & Fall of the Empirejauntingjen
 

Was ist angesagt? (19)

Rome (Italy)
Rome (Italy)Rome (Italy)
Rome (Italy)
 
Unit 5. Roman Civilisation
Unit 5. Roman CivilisationUnit 5. Roman Civilisation
Unit 5. Roman Civilisation
 
The Medieval Town
The Medieval TownThe Medieval Town
The Medieval Town
 
Town planning in Athens
Town planning in AthensTown planning in Athens
Town planning in Athens
 
Foundations of Rome
Foundations of RomeFoundations of Rome
Foundations of Rome
 
Roman urbanism
Roman urbanismRoman urbanism
Roman urbanism
 
Timgad
TimgadTimgad
Timgad
 
Welcome to the city of Rome
Welcome to the city of RomeWelcome to the city of Rome
Welcome to the city of Rome
 
Medival europe
Medival europeMedival europe
Medival europe
 
13 Roman cities
13 Roman cities13 Roman cities
13 Roman cities
 
Roman Civilization
Roman CivilizationRoman Civilization
Roman Civilization
 
Roman empire
Roman empireRoman empire
Roman empire
 
Patterns of neighbourhood structure in history -final
Patterns of neighbourhood structure in history -finalPatterns of neighbourhood structure in history -final
Patterns of neighbourhood structure in history -final
 
6.5 Rome And The Roots Of Western Civilization
6.5   Rome And The Roots Of Western Civilization6.5   Rome And The Roots Of Western Civilization
6.5 Rome And The Roots Of Western Civilization
 
City planing of medieval europe
City planing of medieval europeCity planing of medieval europe
City planing of medieval europe
 
Greece
GreeceGreece
Greece
 
Basic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek Cities
Basic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek CitiesBasic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek Cities
Basic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek Cities
 
Why art matters module 3
Why art matters   module 3Why art matters   module 3
Why art matters module 3
 
Roman Achievements & Fall of the Empire
Roman Achievements & Fall of the EmpireRoman Achievements & Fall of the Empire
Roman Achievements & Fall of the Empire
 

Andere mochten auch

Presentation july
Presentation julyPresentation july
Presentation julyHome
 
2 paleocristiano inglés
2 paleocristiano inglés2 paleocristiano inglés
2 paleocristiano inglésHome
 
Gaudí 1 english
Gaudí 1 englishGaudí 1 english
Gaudí 1 englishHome
 
Surrealism just
Surrealism justSurrealism just
Surrealism justHome
 
Punto 1 introducción ingles
Punto 1 introducción inglesPunto 1 introducción ingles
Punto 1 introducción inglesHome
 
Surrealismo intro
Surrealismo introSurrealismo intro
Surrealismo introHome
 
Dossier text
Dossier textDossier text
Dossier textHome
 
Picasso periodo azul
Picasso periodo azulPicasso periodo azul
Picasso periodo azulHome
 
Dali 2 (castellano)
Dali 2 (castellano)Dali 2 (castellano)
Dali 2 (castellano)Home
 
Picasso perodo rosa
Picasso perodo rosaPicasso perodo rosa
Picasso perodo rosaHome
 
Famous 20th century artists presentation eng
Famous 20th century artists presentation engFamous 20th century artists presentation eng
Famous 20th century artists presentation engHome
 
Picasso comienzos 1881 1895
Picasso comienzos 1881 1895Picasso comienzos 1881 1895
Picasso comienzos 1881 1895Home
 
Picasso en barcelona
Picasso en barcelonaPicasso en barcelona
Picasso en barcelonaHome
 
Punto 1 mundo moderno barroco inglés
Punto 1 mundo moderno barroco inglésPunto 1 mundo moderno barroco inglés
Punto 1 mundo moderno barroco inglésHome
 
Punto 1 edad media inglés
Punto 1 edad media inglésPunto 1 edad media inglés
Punto 1 edad media inglésHome
 
Salvador dalí and pop art
Salvador dalí and pop artSalvador dalí and pop art
Salvador dalí and pop artHome
 
Picasso periodo azul
Picasso periodo azulPicasso periodo azul
Picasso periodo azulHome
 
1 fundación barcino romana 1 inglés
1 fundación barcino romana 1 inglés1 fundación barcino romana 1 inglés
1 fundación barcino romana 1 inglésHome
 
Picasso y el cubismo version inglesa
Picasso y el cubismo version inglesaPicasso y el cubismo version inglesa
Picasso y el cubismo version inglesaHome
 
Presentaciónarchitecture inglés
Presentaciónarchitecture inglésPresentaciónarchitecture inglés
Presentaciónarchitecture inglésHome
 

Andere mochten auch (20)

Presentation july
Presentation julyPresentation july
Presentation july
 
2 paleocristiano inglés
2 paleocristiano inglés2 paleocristiano inglés
2 paleocristiano inglés
 
Gaudí 1 english
Gaudí 1 englishGaudí 1 english
Gaudí 1 english
 
Surrealism just
Surrealism justSurrealism just
Surrealism just
 
Punto 1 introducción ingles
Punto 1 introducción inglesPunto 1 introducción ingles
Punto 1 introducción ingles
 
Surrealismo intro
Surrealismo introSurrealismo intro
Surrealismo intro
 
Dossier text
Dossier textDossier text
Dossier text
 
Picasso periodo azul
Picasso periodo azulPicasso periodo azul
Picasso periodo azul
 
Dali 2 (castellano)
Dali 2 (castellano)Dali 2 (castellano)
Dali 2 (castellano)
 
Picasso perodo rosa
Picasso perodo rosaPicasso perodo rosa
Picasso perodo rosa
 
Famous 20th century artists presentation eng
Famous 20th century artists presentation engFamous 20th century artists presentation eng
Famous 20th century artists presentation eng
 
Picasso comienzos 1881 1895
Picasso comienzos 1881 1895Picasso comienzos 1881 1895
Picasso comienzos 1881 1895
 
Picasso en barcelona
Picasso en barcelonaPicasso en barcelona
Picasso en barcelona
 
Punto 1 mundo moderno barroco inglés
Punto 1 mundo moderno barroco inglésPunto 1 mundo moderno barroco inglés
Punto 1 mundo moderno barroco inglés
 
Punto 1 edad media inglés
Punto 1 edad media inglésPunto 1 edad media inglés
Punto 1 edad media inglés
 
Salvador dalí and pop art
Salvador dalí and pop artSalvador dalí and pop art
Salvador dalí and pop art
 
Picasso periodo azul
Picasso periodo azulPicasso periodo azul
Picasso periodo azul
 
1 fundación barcino romana 1 inglés
1 fundación barcino romana 1 inglés1 fundación barcino romana 1 inglés
1 fundación barcino romana 1 inglés
 
Picasso y el cubismo version inglesa
Picasso y el cubismo version inglesaPicasso y el cubismo version inglesa
Picasso y el cubismo version inglesa
 
Presentaciónarchitecture inglés
Presentaciónarchitecture inglésPresentaciónarchitecture inglés
Presentaciónarchitecture inglés
 

Ähnlich wie Brief history and commentary on ancient town alterations

1.2 town planning greek and roman culture
1.2 town planning greek and roman culture1.2 town planning greek and roman culture
1.2 town planning greek and roman cultureSachin PatiL
 
1. Definition of urbanization (size, density, proportion of popul.docx
1. Definition of urbanization (size, density, proportion of popul.docx1. Definition of urbanization (size, density, proportion of popul.docx
1. Definition of urbanization (size, density, proportion of popul.docxSONU61709
 
1 Urban Planning and Urban Design Urban Planning ( PDFDrive ).pdf
1 Urban Planning and Urban Design Urban Planning ( PDFDrive ).pdf1 Urban Planning and Urban Design Urban Planning ( PDFDrive ).pdf
1 Urban Planning and Urban Design Urban Planning ( PDFDrive ).pdfSEANROMMEL
 
Architecture for change
Architecture for changeArchitecture for change
Architecture for changedeziner77
 
1.1_ INTRODUCTION - URBAN THEORY AND HISTORY.pdf
1.1_ INTRODUCTION - URBAN THEORY AND HISTORY.pdf1.1_ INTRODUCTION - URBAN THEORY AND HISTORY.pdf
1.1_ INTRODUCTION - URBAN THEORY AND HISTORY.pdfJaelaurenceCDiosana
 
Cities in histroy
Cities in histroyCities in histroy
Cities in histroyKABITASutar
 
History of Urban Planning- Introduction to urban planning
History of Urban Planning- Introduction to urban planningHistory of Urban Planning- Introduction to urban planning
History of Urban Planning- Introduction to urban planningarananeust
 
History of civil engineering
History of civil engineeringHistory of civil engineering
History of civil engineeringINDRANIL BANERJEE
 
Greek Architecture And Their Impacts Of Roman And Roman...
Greek Architecture And Their Impacts Of Roman And Roman...Greek Architecture And Their Impacts Of Roman And Roman...
Greek Architecture And Their Impacts Of Roman And Roman...Erin Torres
 
URBAN DESIGN AR3901 URBANISM IN HISTORY CHAPTER 2
URBAN DESIGN AR3901 URBANISM IN HISTORY CHAPTER 2URBAN DESIGN AR3901 URBANISM IN HISTORY CHAPTER 2
URBAN DESIGN AR3901 URBANISM IN HISTORY CHAPTER 2Niveditha Mani Sasidharan
 
Origin of urban planning
Origin of urban planningOrigin of urban planning
Origin of urban planningjadabmunda
 
Basic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek Cities
Basic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek CitiesBasic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek Cities
Basic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek CitiesRajat Katarne
 
Ch21
Ch21Ch21
Ch21jespi
 
02 fundamentals of planning
02 fundamentals of planning02 fundamentals of planning
02 fundamentals of planningPrimum Nocere
 
Ancient Cities and Planning.pptx
Ancient Cities and Planning.pptxAncient Cities and Planning.pptx
Ancient Cities and Planning.pptxBishwodevBhattarai2
 
Ancient Greek Urban form essay
Ancient Greek Urban form essayAncient Greek Urban form essay
Ancient Greek Urban form essaySongkiat Srisawang
 

Ähnlich wie Brief history and commentary on ancient town alterations (20)

1.2 town planning greek and roman culture
1.2 town planning greek and roman culture1.2 town planning greek and roman culture
1.2 town planning greek and roman culture
 
1. Definition of urbanization (size, density, proportion of popul.docx
1. Definition of urbanization (size, density, proportion of popul.docx1. Definition of urbanization (size, density, proportion of popul.docx
1. Definition of urbanization (size, density, proportion of popul.docx
 
1 Urban Planning and Urban Design Urban Planning ( PDFDrive ).pdf
1 Urban Planning and Urban Design Urban Planning ( PDFDrive ).pdf1 Urban Planning and Urban Design Urban Planning ( PDFDrive ).pdf
1 Urban Planning and Urban Design Urban Planning ( PDFDrive ).pdf
 
Planning acc
Planning accPlanning acc
Planning acc
 
Architecture for change
Architecture for changeArchitecture for change
Architecture for change
 
1.1_ INTRODUCTION - URBAN THEORY AND HISTORY.pdf
1.1_ INTRODUCTION - URBAN THEORY AND HISTORY.pdf1.1_ INTRODUCTION - URBAN THEORY AND HISTORY.pdf
1.1_ INTRODUCTION - URBAN THEORY AND HISTORY.pdf
 
Cities in histroy
Cities in histroyCities in histroy
Cities in histroy
 
History of Urban Planning- Introduction to urban planning
History of Urban Planning- Introduction to urban planningHistory of Urban Planning- Introduction to urban planning
History of Urban Planning- Introduction to urban planning
 
History of civil engineering
History of civil engineeringHistory of civil engineering
History of civil engineering
 
Greek Architecture And Their Impacts Of Roman And Roman...
Greek Architecture And Their Impacts Of Roman And Roman...Greek Architecture And Their Impacts Of Roman And Roman...
Greek Architecture And Their Impacts Of Roman And Roman...
 
URBAN DESIGN AR3901 URBANISM IN HISTORY CHAPTER 2
URBAN DESIGN AR3901 URBANISM IN HISTORY CHAPTER 2URBAN DESIGN AR3901 URBANISM IN HISTORY CHAPTER 2
URBAN DESIGN AR3901 URBANISM IN HISTORY CHAPTER 2
 
Origin of urban planning
Origin of urban planningOrigin of urban planning
Origin of urban planning
 
Basic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek Cities
Basic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek CitiesBasic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek Cities
Basic Planning Principles Of Assyrian, Egyptian, Roman and Greek Cities
 
Ch21
Ch21Ch21
Ch21
 
urbanDESIGN.pdf
urbanDESIGN.pdfurbanDESIGN.pdf
urbanDESIGN.pdf
 
02 fundamentals of planning
02 fundamentals of planning02 fundamentals of planning
02 fundamentals of planning
 
Ancient Cities and Planning.pptx
Ancient Cities and Planning.pptxAncient Cities and Planning.pptx
Ancient Cities and Planning.pptx
 
Romans2
Romans2Romans2
Romans2
 
Unit 4. Ancient Rome
Unit 4. Ancient Rome   Unit 4. Ancient Rome
Unit 4. Ancient Rome
 
Ancient Greek Urban form essay
Ancient Greek Urban form essayAncient Greek Urban form essay
Ancient Greek Urban form essay
 

Mehr von Home

Famous 20th century artists presentation eng
Famous 20th century artists presentation engFamous 20th century artists presentation eng
Famous 20th century artists presentation engHome
 
Gaudí 2 english
Gaudí 2 englishGaudí 2 english
Gaudí 2 englishHome
 
Domenech + puig
Domenech + puigDomenech + puig
Domenech + puigHome
 
Gaudí 2 castellano
Gaudí 2 castellanoGaudí 2 castellano
Gaudí 2 castellanoHome
 
Gaudí 1 castellano
Gaudí 1 castellanoGaudí 1 castellano
Gaudí 1 castellanoHome
 
Plán c erdà
Plán c erdàPlán c erdà
Plán c erdàHome
 
Pla cerdà (english)
Pla cerdà (english)Pla cerdà (english)
Pla cerdà (english)Home
 
Plán c erdà
Plán c erdàPlán c erdà
Plán c erdàHome
 
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglés
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglés3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglés
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglésHome
 
3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglés
3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglés3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglés
3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglésHome
 
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà español
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà español3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà español
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà españolHome
 
3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglés
3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglés3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglés
3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglésHome
 
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglés
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglés3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglés
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglésHome
 
3.1+portada. estilos arquitectónicos europeos inglés
3.1+portada. estilos arquitectónicos europeos inglés3.1+portada. estilos arquitectónicos europeos inglés
3.1+portada. estilos arquitectónicos europeos inglésHome
 
3.2. cataluña fábrica de españa castellano
3.2. cataluña fábrica de españa castellano3.2. cataluña fábrica de españa castellano
3.2. cataluña fábrica de españa castellanoHome
 
3.1. estilos arquitectónicos europeos castellano
3.1. estilos arquitectónicos europeos castellano3.1. estilos arquitectónicos europeos castellano
3.1. estilos arquitectónicos europeos castellanoHome
 
5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión 2 inglés
5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión 2 inglés5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión 2 inglés
5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión 2 inglésHome
 
5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión inglés
5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión inglés5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión inglés
5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión inglésHome
 
Presentación1
Presentación1Presentación1
Presentación1Home
 
Presentación2
Presentación2Presentación2
Presentación2Home
 

Mehr von Home (20)

Famous 20th century artists presentation eng
Famous 20th century artists presentation engFamous 20th century artists presentation eng
Famous 20th century artists presentation eng
 
Gaudí 2 english
Gaudí 2 englishGaudí 2 english
Gaudí 2 english
 
Domenech + puig
Domenech + puigDomenech + puig
Domenech + puig
 
Gaudí 2 castellano
Gaudí 2 castellanoGaudí 2 castellano
Gaudí 2 castellano
 
Gaudí 1 castellano
Gaudí 1 castellanoGaudí 1 castellano
Gaudí 1 castellano
 
Plán c erdà
Plán c erdàPlán c erdà
Plán c erdà
 
Pla cerdà (english)
Pla cerdà (english)Pla cerdà (english)
Pla cerdà (english)
 
Plán c erdà
Plán c erdàPlán c erdà
Plán c erdà
 
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglés
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglés3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglés
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglés
 
3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglés
3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglés3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglés
3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglés
 
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà español
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà español3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà español
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà español
 
3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglés
3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglés3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglés
3.2. barcelona fábrica de españa inglés
 
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglés
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglés3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglés
3.3. demolición de las murallas y plan cerdà inglés
 
3.1+portada. estilos arquitectónicos europeos inglés
3.1+portada. estilos arquitectónicos europeos inglés3.1+portada. estilos arquitectónicos europeos inglés
3.1+portada. estilos arquitectónicos europeos inglés
 
3.2. cataluña fábrica de españa castellano
3.2. cataluña fábrica de españa castellano3.2. cataluña fábrica de españa castellano
3.2. cataluña fábrica de españa castellano
 
3.1. estilos arquitectónicos europeos castellano
3.1. estilos arquitectónicos europeos castellano3.1. estilos arquitectónicos europeos castellano
3.1. estilos arquitectónicos europeos castellano
 
5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión 2 inglés
5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión 2 inglés5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión 2 inglés
5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión 2 inglés
 
5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión inglés
5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión inglés5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión inglés
5 edad moderna y guerra de sucesión inglés
 
Presentación1
Presentación1Presentación1
Presentación1
 
Presentación2
Presentación2Presentación2
Presentación2
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen

ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfVanessa Camilleri
 
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxkarenfajardo43
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemChristalin Nelson
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)lakshayb543
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxlancelewisportillo
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parentsnavabharathschool99
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvRicaMaeCastro1
 
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptxmary850239
 
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptxmary850239
 
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmStan Meyer
 
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young mindsMental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young mindsPooky Knightsmith
 
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptxweek 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptxJonalynLegaspi2
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4JOYLYNSAMANIEGO
 
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea DevelopmentUsing Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Developmentchesterberbo7
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationdeepaannamalai16
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONHumphrey A Beña
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen (20)

ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
 
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptxGrade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
Grade Three -ELLNA-REVIEWER-ENGLISH.pptx
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management System
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
 
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptxINCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
 
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
4.11.24 Mass Incarceration and the New Jim Crow.pptx
 
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
 
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor HISPOL Quiz-6th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and FilmOppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
Oppenheimer Film Discussion for Philosophy and Film
 
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young mindsMental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
Mental Health Awareness - a toolkit for supporting young minds
 
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptxweek 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptx
 
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTAParadigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
 
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Professionprashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
 
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
 
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea DevelopmentUsing Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
 
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONTHEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
THEORIES OF ORGANIZATION-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
 

Brief history and commentary on ancient town alterations

  • 1. 1.2. Town alteration: Brief history and commentary on several cases.
  • 2. a) The first towns The town model appears during the Neolithic revolution. When the people have settled down and discovered agriculture, the surplus permits to develop professions which are not directly related with food obtaining, such as craftwork, trading or administration. The first city centers appear around the year 3000 b.C. and are located in the valleys of big rivers in Asia and Africa: The River Nile (Egypt) 1.2.1. Antiquity
  • 3. Eufrates and Tigris (Iran, Irak and Siria) Indo (Pakistan)
  • 4. Typology of the first towns : Working-class towns Plan of the remains of the city of Kahun (Egypt) The city of Kahun (Egypt) Is built to house workers of the pyramid for Sesostris II (1897-1879 b.C.) Little houses in rectangular blocks. Houses separated by very narrow streets (dirty water draining and access to houses) Tiny rooms around a closed patio. Difference between the workers’ houses and the civil servants’ .
  • 5. Temple-cities - Monumental avenues and big squares. - The building adapts to the ground to create a stage which will be used in religious ceremonies or the public appearances of the monarchs. The city of Tebas was the capital of the Middle Empire and the New Egyptian Empire. It has a necropolis (El Valle de los Reyes) and several religious ensembles. The Temple of Hatshepsut (Deir el Bahari, opposite the Tebas)
  • 6.  
  • 7. Fortress-cities Babilonia was an old town in Lower Mesopotamia. It became the capital of a big Empire under the reign of Hammurabi (XVIII b. C.) In 6th Century b.C. it was a huge city. It took up the two banks of the River Euphrates. A bridge connected both sides of the city. Inside there were religious buildings, houses, palaces and gardens. Chaotic layout of the streets. It was strongly fortified. Imaginary view of Babilonia Plan of the city
  • 8. b) Ancient Greece The state cities of the Ancient Greece, heirs to the Mycenaean culture, used to follow a more organized plan, especially when they were new founded. A big colonial expansion along the Mediterranean Sea from XIX to VIII b. C. allowed them to rise up a great many cities from scratch. For that reason, they could follow a town plan in advance. As a result of all this, we have the first town planner,  Hipodamo de Mileto  (c. 498 a.C.-?) a Greek architect, philosopher and mathematician who established revolutionary rules to build up cities, such as his distribution from an almost perfect grid. Hipodamo de Mileto was the inventor of the hipodamic plan or hipodamic tracing. This tracing searched for symmetry and order in the structure of the city. It also intended to find a fast way of building cities in new Greek colonies. Plan of the city of Mileto. We don’t have any works by Hipodamo de Mileto but it is suspected that alterations on Mileto could have been made by him after a Persian attack.
  • 9. In general terms, there were two big areas in the Greek cities. Present view of the acropolis of Athens (Greece). The Acropolis: City of Gods. It was located in the highest part of the city and all the religious buildings were there.
  • 10. The Agora: The main public buildings, like the market, were there. With the time, the agora became the center of the polis from different points of view: Economic and commercial: Political market: meeting place for citizens to discuss the problems of the community and take collective decisions about laws. This way and around it there appeared public buildings to hold all these activities. The squares of the Greek cities were related to one another in a balanced way and many times the agora was a bit separated from the busy streets. Present view of the Agora in Athens (to the North-East of the Partenon)
  • 11.  
  • 13. Rome was the first large city in the history and it expanded its dominions for nearly all the world which was known at that time. The big amount of taxes coming from the East and the West, as long as the work of many slaves, led to a spectacular town development in a city which reached 1 million inhabitants. A titanic crowd for that time. The development of town planning in Rome was gradual. City life was promoted by all the emperors of the 1st C a.C., especially by Augustus and Claudius. Augustus consolidated Rome as an empire thanks to the aristocratic families and the rich traders. The old noble families could put the figure of the emperor at risk (especially the republican ones) but the emperor leaned on the civil servants of the empire, the army, the traders and the families of libertos . They were social classes which had spread and achieved power in the city.
  • 14.  
  • 15. ROMAN TOWN PLANNING THE CITY , ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CENTER OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE TOWN INFRASTRUCTURE (solve the problems of living in the city) water supply sewer system public transport defense forums: squares and public spaces markets THE PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECT impress the rest of the world, which they feel they own FAVOR THE HUMAN AND MATERIAL COLONIZATION OF THE EMPIRE AND MAKE ITS POLITICAL DOMINATION POSSIBLE TOWN FOUNDATION PAVED ROADS SYSTEM
  • 16. The forum was the center of the city (inspired in the Greek agora). It gathered the political, economic, administrative, social and religious activities. The most magnificent and relevant buildings were made. There isn’t a Roman city without its forum. The important cities also had theaters and amphitheaters. The biggest cities could have circus and stadiums. Plano del Foro de Roma.
  • 17. LA ORGANIZACIÓN DEL ESPACIO URBANO DIBUJO DE UN CAMPAMENTO ROMANO EJE AXIAL CARDO (N-S) EJE AXIAL DECUMANO (O-E) FORO PLANO EN CUADRÍCULA
  • 18.