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Corporate social responsibility

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Corporate social responsibility

  1. 1. Corporate Social Responsibility Module-7
  2. 2. Lecture Outline:  Corporate Social responsibility.  Types and nature of social responsibilities.  CSR principles and strategies.  Models of CSR.  Best practices of CSR.  Need of CSR.  Arguments for and against CSR.
  3. 3.  Person going from one side of the canyon to the other… a lot of clouds like fog. The point is going from one way of doing business to another is very tough. There’s a lot uncertainty. It takes a lot of skill, but we have to lift ourselves beyond that, above the fog, and that’s not going to be a simple exercise. CSR is about seeing the forest, the fog, and seeing how we can get on the other side, and how we can be well- equipped for doing that. So probably we need to develop additional skills, knowledge, and understanding.”
  4. 4. The message is that whatever we do today will have an impact on future generations. We should not hope that the walls we build to protect ourselves will be tall enough to protect our children. Only with very conscious effort we can make the world for them a better place to live…even if we address our most selfish needs we have to address the needs of the next generation. That’s what CSR is about.”
  5. 5. Meaning:  Corporate social responsibility is a gesture of showing the company’s concern & commitment towards society’s sustainability & development.  CSR is the ethical behaviour of a company towards society.
  6. 6. WBCSD (World Business Council for Sustainable Development) “The continuing commitment by business to behave ethically and contribute to sustainable economic development while improving the quality of life of the workforce and their families as well as of the local community and society.”
  7. 7. Basic Constituents of CSR Contribute towards a sustainable economic development Make desirable social changes Improvement of social environment Towards Business & Society
  8. 8. Types of Social Responsibility
  9. 9. Responsibility towards Society  Carrying on business with moral& ethical standards.  Prevention of environmental pollution.  Minimizing ecological imbalance.  Contributing towards the development of social health, education  Making use of appropriate technology.  Overall development of locality.
  10. 10. Responsibility towards Government  Obey rules & regulations.  Regular payment of taxes.  Cooperating with the Govt to promote social values.  Not to take advantage of loopholes in business laws.  Cooperating with the Govt for economic growth & development.
  11. 11. Responsibility towards Shareholders  To ensure a reasonable rate of return over time.  To work for the survival & the growth of the concern.  To build reputation & goodwill of the company.  To remain transparent & accountable.
  12. 12. Responsibility towards Employee  To provide a healthy working environment.  To grant regular & fair wages.  To provide welfare services.  To provide training & promotion facilities.  To provide reasonable working standard & norms.  To provide efficient mechanism to redress worker’s grievances.  Proper recognition of efficiency & hard work.
  13. 13. Responsibility towards consumers  Supplying socially harmless products.  Supplying the quality, standards, as promised.  Adopt fair pricing.  Provide after sales services.  Resisting black-marketing & profiteering.  Maintaining consumer’s grievances cell.  Fair competition.
  14. 14. Nature of social responsibility  CSR is normative in nature.  CSR is a relative concept.  CSR may be started as a proactive or reactive.  All firms do not follow the same patterns of CSR.  Legal & socially responsible.  Legal but socially irresponsible.  Illegal but socially responsible.  Illegal & socially irresponsible.
  15. 15. CSR Principles & Strategies.  Respect for human rights.  Respect for the differences of views.  Diversity & non-discrimination should be the guiding principle.  Make some social contribution.  Enter into e dialogue  Self-realization & creativity.  Fair dealings & collaboration.  Feedback from the community.  Positive value- added  Long term economic & social development.
  16. 16. Models of corporate social responsibility  Friedman model  Ackerman Model  Carroll Model  Environmental Integrity & Community Model.  Corporate Citizenship Model.  Stockholders & Stakeholders Model.  New Model of CSR.
  17. 17. Friedman Model(1962-73)  A businessmen should perform his duty well, he is performing a social as well as a moral duty.  A businessmen has no other social responsibility to perform except to serve his shareholders & stockholders.
  18. 18. Ackerman Model (1976)  The model has emphasized on the internal policy goals & their relation to the CSR.  Four stages involved in CSR.  Managers of the company get to know the most common social problem & then express a willingness to take a particular project which will solve some social problems.  Intensive study of the problem by hiring experts & getting their suggestions to make it operational.  Managers take up the project actively & work hard.  Evaluating of the project by addressing the issues.
  19. 19. Contd….  Six Strategies in the adoption of CSR.  Rejection strategy  Adversary strategy  Resistance strategy  Compliance strategy  Accommodation strategy  Proactive strategy
  20. 20. Carroll Model(1991)
  21. 21.  Philanthropic requirements: Donation, gifts, helping the poor. It ensure goodwill & social welfare.  Ethical responsibility: Follow moral & ethical values to deal with all the stakeholders.  Economic responsibility: Maximize the shareholders value by paying good return.  Legal responsibility: Abiding the laws of the land. Carroll Model(1991)
  22. 22. Environmental Integrity & Community Health Model.  This model developed by Redman.  Many corporate in US adopted this model.  Corporate contribution towards environmental integrity & human health, there will be greater expansion opportunities.  Healthy people can work more & earn more.  CSR is beneficial for the corporate sector.  CSR in a particular form is welcome.
  23. 23. Corporate Citizenship Model  To be a corporate citizen, a corporate firm has to satisfy four conditions:  Consistently satisfactory  Sustainable economic performance  Ethical actions  Behaviour.  A particular firm’s commitment to corporate citizenship requires the fulfillment of certain social responsibilty.
  24. 24. Stockholders & Stakeholders Model 1 Productivism 2 Progressivism 3 Philanthropy 4 Ethical Idealism Self Duty Interest Stakeholder Model Stockholders Model Moral ORIENTATION MOTIVES
  25. 25. Contd………….  Productvists believe that the only mission of a firm is to maximize the profit.  Philanthropists who entertain the stockholders. CSR is dominated by moral obligations & not self-interest.  Progressivists believes the corporate behaviour basically motivated by self interest & should have ability to transform the society for good.  Ethical Idealism concern with sharing of corporate profits for humanitarian activities.
  26. 26. New Model of CSR CSR (+) CSR(-) CSR(-) CSR(-) Ethical Rooting FinancialCapability Strong Poor StrongPoor
  27. 27. Best Practices of CSR  To set a feasible, Viable & measureable goal.  Build a long lasting relationship with the community.  Retain the community core values.  The impact of the CSR needs to be assessed.  Reporting the impact.  Create community awareness.
  28. 28. Need for Corporate Social Responsibility  To reduce the social cost.  To enhance the performance of employees.  It a type of investment.  It leads to industrial peace.  It improves the public image.  Can generate more profit.  To provide moral justification.  It satisfies the stakeholders.  Helps to avoid government regulations & control.  Enhance the health by non polluting measures.
  29. 29. Arguments for & against the CSR  Corporate should have some moral & social obligations to undertake for the welfare of the society.  Proper use of resources, capability & competence.  The expenditure on CSR is a sort of investment.  Company can avoid many legal complications.  It create a better impression.  Corporate should return a part of wealth.
  30. 30.  Fundamental principles of business gets violated.  It vey expensive for business houses.  CSR projects will not be successful.  There are not the special areas of any business.  CSR is to induce them to steal away the shareholders money. Arguments against the CSR
  31. 31. Indian Perspective.  The Sachar committee was appointed in 1978 to look into corporate social responsibility issues concerning Indian companies .  The company must behave & function as a responsible member of society.  Committee suggests openness in corporate affairs & behaviour.  Some business houses have established social institutions like Schools, colleges, charitable hospitals etc.  Corporate sectors have not made significant contributions. (Polluting Environment).
  32. 32. CSR EXAMPLES  IBM UK - Reinventing Education Partnership programme Interactions and sharing of knowledge through a web-based technology - the “Learning Village” software. Culture of openness and sharing of good practice  AVON - a partnership with Breakthrough Breast Cancer, and its Breast Cancer Crusade has raised over 10 million pounds since its launch 12 years ago  TOI’s Lead India campaign, campaign for contribution towards educating the poor
  33. 33. Companies in trouble  Dasani mineral water (part of Coca-Cola).  Coke’s sale was banned as the result of tests, including those by the Indian government, which found high concentrations of pesticides.  Communities in India , around Coca-Cola's bottling operations are facing severe shortages of water as a result of the cola major sucking huge amounts of water from the common groundwater source.
  34. 34. Issues at NIKE  Nike Inc producer of footwear, clothing, equipment and accessory products for the sports and athletic market.  Selling to approximately 19,000 retail accounts in the US, and approximately 140 countries around the world.  Manufactures in China, Taiwan, Korea, Indonesia , Mexico as well as in the US and in Italy.  People working - 58% young adults between 20 and 24 years old, 83% - women.  Few have work-related skills when they arrive at the factory.  Issue- unhealthy work environment – debates heated arguments, verbal abuse , 7.8% of workers reported receiving unwelcome sexual comments, and 3.3% reported being physically abused. In addition, sexual trade practices in recruitment and promotion were reported
  35. 35. Case Study Jack Cohen founded Tesco in 1919 when he began to sell surplus groceries from a stall in the East End of London.The Tesco brand first appeared in 1924. The name came about after Jack Cohen bought a shipment of tea from T.E. Stockwell. He made new labels using the first three letters of the supplier's name (TES), and the first two letters of his surname (CO), forming the word TESCO. The first Tesco store was opened in 1929 in Burnt Oak, Edgware, Middlesex. Tesco was floated on the London Stock Exchange in 1947 as Tesco Stores (Holdings) Limited.
  36. 36. Corporate Social Responsibility of Tesco  Tesco has made a commitment to corporate social responsibility, in the form of contributions of 1.87% in 2006 of its pre-tax profits to charities/local community organisations.  In 1992 Tesco started a "computers for schools scheme", offering computers in return for schools and hospitals getting vouchers from people who shopped at Tesco. Until 2004, £92 million of equipment went to these organisations. The scheme has been also implemented in Poland.  Starting during the 2005/2006 football season the company now sponsors the Tesco Cup, a football competition for young players throughout the UK. The cup now runs a boy's competition at Under 13 level and two girl's cups at Under 14 level and Under 16 level. Over 40,000 boys alone took part in the 2007/08 competitions.  In 2009 Tesco used “Change for Good” as advertising, which is trade marked by Unicef for charity usage but is not trademarked for commercial or retail use which prompted the agency to say "it is the first time in Unicef’s history that a commercial entity has purposely set out to capitalise on one of our campaigns and subsequently damage an income stream which several of our programmes for children are dependent on”.
  37. 37. Vodafone promised to cut down their carbon dioxide emissions in half by 2020 through improving the energy efficiency of its global mobile -phone networks. Additional points for Vodafone on CSR because they are constantly updating us with the results of the campaign; no matter whether it’s going well or not. Future promises includes pledging to recycle 95% of network equipment waste and plans to reduce work-related accidents that cause lost time by 10%. On top of that, Vodafone is a leading business in socially responsible products such as the text-to-speech software for blind people and easy-to-use handsets for the elderly.
  38. 38. The bank’s head of corporate sustainability, Teresa Au, has said that despite the economic situation, HSBC would continue to support its sustainability campaign. Initiatives include providing small businesses with sustainability insurance options and developing an index for climate change. The business has also boosted its management of ethical and socially responsible investing funds by 60% over the last two years. HSBC has an American unit that is dedicated to assisting local communities by promoting affordable homeownership, among other goals.

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • Social involvement: Legal & socially responsible Wipro, Infosys etc.Social obligation : legal but socially irresponsible private, small scale industries.Social reaction: Illegal but socially responsible Coca cola. Satyam computers.Social obstruction Illegal & socially irresponsible : Liquor shops.
  • Rejection strategy: reluctance to adopt any social work or project.Adversary strategy: Adopt CSR project only when pressure comes from external sources.Resistance Strategy: Adopt the CSR when pressurized by the government.Compliance Strategy: CSR is accepted & tries to finish the project.Accommodation Strategy: Accommodate the request of the shareholders or government in fulfilling the CSR.Proactive Strategy: self interest of the firm to adopt the CSR voluntarily.
  • CASE I – CSR undertaken because both are strong.CASE II – Rooting strong but capability is poor CSR is not undertaken.CASEIII- Rooting poor CSR Not undertaken.CASEIV – Both poor CSR Not undertaken.
  • Internet facility in rural areas to help farmers to sell their crops directly to ITC – e- choupal