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University libraryDiscovery tools: a rearguard action?Lukas KosterLibrary Systems CoordinatorLibrary of the University of ...
YESMay 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   2
Disclaimer               It’s just meMay 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   3
Discovery?                                                  Columbus discovers AmericaMay 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a re...
Discover!      The Free Dictionary:                               Determine the existence, presence, or fact of something ...
Unknown unknowns“There are known knowns; there are things we know weknow.We also know there are known unknowns; that is to...
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/22116/22116-h/22116-h.htmColumbus was looking for:NOT India           known known         ...
Discovery is relative                 Context is importantMay 18, 2012       Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012...
Library Discovery ToolsProduct                   Vendor                  Open       Software +     Shared index         So...
Library Discovery ToolsEx Libris Primo: “is a one-stop solution for the discovery and delivery of local and remoteresource...
Library Discovery ToolsEx Libris Primo: “is a one-stop solution for the discovery and delivery of local and remoteresource...
Library Discovery ToolsEx Libris Primo: “is a one-stop solution for the discovery and delivery of local and remoteresource...
Library Discovery ToolsEx Libris Primo: “is a one-stop solution for the discovery and delivery of local and remoteresource...
Library Discovery ToolsEx Libris Primo: “is a one-stop solution for the discovery and delivery of local and remoteresource...
Library Discovery ToolsEnd user functionality      Content types              Content sourcesone-stop                    b...
Library Discovery ToolsA one-stop single-search-box web based solution for searching, browsing, discovery anddelivery of p...
Library Discovery Tools   Parties involved                                                     Commercial                 ...
Content  Library                     Catalogues                      Institutional          Journals                      ...
Content                                                                              System Library                       ...
Content                                                               System Library                                      ...
Libraries think they buy access to articles and information     Library                              Publisher            ...
Dave Pattern ...can you really see us renewing the subscription for this database?   http://www.daveyp.com/blog/archives/1...
Content discovery?  Same content types as before: publications                                                            ...
Discovery?        No new, unexpected, accidental findings                          No discoveryExcept that libraries disco...
New silos                 Primo Central                                                                            Summon ...
End user functionality                     One unified front end                         Setting context  Before the searc...
Known item searchBook, article Known known       I know the book is in the library   Known unknown       I know the articl...
May 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   28
May 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   29
Subject/discipline searchDiscovery: find new stuff within subject areaRequires uniform classification by subject of each i...
Scoping searches to disciplines mapped to the individual item levelMay 18, 2012                  Discovery tools: a reargu...
May 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   32
May 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   33
The reality is:                 One to one topics from data source “as is”May 18, 2012              Discovery tools: a rea...
Scoped search                                         Limit search context in advance                         Catalogues  ...
May 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   36
May 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   37
May 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   38
Broad searchDefault: search ‘everything’    No limit of search context in advance    No tabs, no locations, no collections...
May 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   40
May 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   41
Related information  Find related results while browsing results list By same author       Unknown unknowns From same peri...
Related information       Recommender systems       Based on analysing usage statistics       Loans       DownloadsMay 18,...
May 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   44
May 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   45
One unified front end     All individual library search front ends replaced     by one institutional front endMay 18, 2012...
One unified front end     Focus on               The Library as the place to find all you need               Local Collect...
One unified front end    Customers don’t care where they find stuff    Institutional affiliation is only needed for delive...
Slide from Tony Hirsts "A105 - Visionary Views" session at ILI2010Dave Pattern                                            ...
BruceMay 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012                                 50     Heterick         ...
What’s new?    Response time: fast    Unlimited search scope (within limited set)May 18, 2012         Discovery tools: a r...
What’s old?    No unified multilingual subject search    No unified unambiguous author search    Limited setMay 18, 2012  ...
?               Time for the Big QuestionMay 18, 2012         Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   53
Bibliotekssystem som begrepp - är det       yesterday’s news?       • Är det t.o.m så att det                       ” The ...
May 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   55
Rearguard action?                Rückzugsgefecht                       achterhoedegevecht                               co...
Rearguard action:      The Free Dictionary:      rearguard [‘rɪə,gɑːd]      n      1. (Military) a detachment detailed to ...
Rearguard actions                                       Content providers                                                 ...
Rearguard actions    Content providers, publishers, aggregators          Protect commercial position          Business mod...
Rearguard actions    Libraries          Promote local physical collection          Protect organisational position        ...
Rearguard actions    Library system vendors          Protect commercial position          Dependent on content providers a...
Rearguard actions    Customers          Conditioned by existing situation          Publications: go to the library        ...
Rearguard actions               Open acces                      Linked open data                        Nanopublications  ...
Forward!      The Web…the Final Frontier…      To explore strange new worlds…      To boldly go where no one has gone befo...
May 18, 2012   Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   65
Examples!    New Bibliographic Framework    Webscale Next Generation ILS    Research informationMay 18, 2012        Discov...
New Bibliographic Framework                                  http://www.loc.gov/marc/transition/news/framework-103111.html...
New Bibliographic FrameworkNo local data sources for bibliographic data                                                   ...
Webscale Next Generation ILSMay 18, 2012    Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   69
Webscale Next Generation ILS    Same old business model    Same old content    Same old silo structure               New t...
Same old silos                 Alma                                                                    IntotaSuper silosLo...
Webscale Next Generation ILS  Should be focusing on new Bibliographic FrameworkMay 18, 2012       Discovery tools: a rearg...
Research information                     Person  Publication                                                              ...
Research information                                           http://twitter.com/jamestoon/statuses/195423498649346048Jam...
Informal assessment ofthe need for a discoverytool, January 2012  May 18, 2012         Discovery tools: a rearguard action...
Assessment Outcomes      Two different use cases:      Research staff: one unified interface      General public: promote ...
Solutions                                             http://www.slideshare.net/wilbanks/wilbanks-nfaisJohn Wilbanks @wilb...
Solutions      Front end tools:      Semantic/linked data search      Search ‘trusted’ global data sources      Resolve st...
Google Knowledge Graph                               http://googleblog.blogspot.in/2012/05/introducing-knowledge-graph-thi...
All library data                           No silos                           All scholarly publications                  ...
Open up!May 18, 2012    Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012   81
Publishers               Open access, share data Libraries               Shift focus to information, curation System devel...
Real discovery is not a frontend issue,             it’s an infrastructure issue                                          ...
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Discovery tools: a rearguard action?

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Discovery tools: a rearguard action?

  1. 1. University libraryDiscovery tools: a rearguard action?Lukas KosterLibrary Systems CoordinatorLibrary of the University of Amsterdam@lukask – l.koster@uva.nlELAG2012, Palma de Mallorca, May 18, 2012
  2. 2. YESMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 2
  3. 3. Disclaimer It’s just meMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 3
  4. 4. Discovery? Columbus discovers AmericaMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 4
  5. 5. Discover! The Free Dictionary: Determine the existence, presence, or fact of something Become aware of something, usually accidentally, find unexpectedly Make a new finding, see for the first time Serendipityhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/monkeymyshkin/2331128659/ http://freedictionary.org/?Query=discoverMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 5
  6. 6. Unknown unknowns“There are known knowns; there are things we know weknow.We also know there are known unknowns; that is to say weknow there are some things we do not know.But there are also unknown unknowns – there are things wedo not know we dont know.”Donald Rumsfeld, February 12, 2002 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/There_are_known_knowns http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jtkUO8NpI84Unknown knowns http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GiPe1OiKQuk“The things that we know, but are unaware of knowing”Slavoj Žižek http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unknown_known Things we could have known, but don’t know Things that others know, but we don’t know (Lukas Koster)May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 6
  7. 7. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/22116/22116-h/22116-h.htmColumbus was looking for:NOT India known known Continent was NOT new:a new route to India known unknown As old as Europe Known to inhabitants unknown known He found: Found before by Chinese, Vikings, Turks,…. A ‘new’ continent unknown unknown Became aware only later Named after someone else! May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 7
  8. 8. Discovery is relative Context is importantMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 8
  9. 9. Library Discovery ToolsProduct Vendor Open Software + Shared index Software + Local Hosted API Source local index Shared indexPrimo/Primo Central Ex Libris x (Primo) x (Primo Central) x x x xWorldCat Local OCLC x x xSummon SerialsSolutions x x xAquabrowser SerialsSolutions x x x xEDS EBSCO x x xEncore Innovative x xEndeca Endeca x x ?VuFind OS x x xLibHub SemperTool OS/Sub x x x x xMeresco Seecr OS x x xeXtensible Catalog OS x x x http://www.librarytechnology.org/discovery.pl https://sites.google.com/site/urd2comparison May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 9
  10. 10. Library Discovery ToolsEx Libris Primo: “is a one-stop solution for the discovery and delivery of local and remoteresources, such as books, journal articles, and digital objects.”OCLC WorldCat Local: “delivers single-search-box access to more than 922 million itemsfrom your library and the worlds library collections. It connects people to all your librarysmaterials—electronic and digital and physical—as well as to the delivery services that getthem what they need.”EBSCO EDS: “creates a unified, customized index of an institution’s information resources,and an easy, yet powerful means of accessing all of that content from a single search box.”SerialsSolutions SUMMON: “enables a familiar web-searching experience of the fullbreadth of content found in library collections—from books and videos to e-resources suchas articles.”VuFind: “search and browse through all of your librarys resources by replacing thetraditional OPAC to include: Catalog Records, Locally Cached Journals, Digital Library Items,Institutional Repository, Institutional Bibliography, Other Library Collections and Resources ”GoogleScholar: “provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From oneplace, you can search across many disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstractsand court opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories,universities and other web sites ” May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 10
  11. 11. Library Discovery ToolsEx Libris Primo: “is a one-stop solution for the discovery and delivery of local and remoteresources, such as books, journal articles, and digital objects.”OCLC WorldCat Local: “delivers single-search-box access to more than 922 million itemsfrom your library and the worlds library collections. It connects people to all your librarysmaterials—electronic and digital and physical—as well as to the delivery services that getthem what they need.”EBSCO EDS: “creates a unified, customized index of an institution’s information resources,and an easy, yet powerful means of accessing all of that content from a single search box.”SerialsSolutions SUMMON: “enables a familiar web-searching experience of the fullbreadth of content found in library collections—from books and videos to e-resources suchas articles.”VuFind: “search and browse through all of your librarys resources by replacing thetraditional OPAC to include: Catalog Records, Locally Cached Journals, Digital Library Items,Institutional Repository, Institutional Bibliography, Other Library Collections and Resources ”GoogleScholar: “provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From oneplace, you can search across many disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstractsand court opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories,universities and other web sites ” May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 11
  12. 12. Library Discovery ToolsEx Libris Primo: “is a one-stop solution for the discovery and delivery of local and remoteresources, such as books, journal articles, and digital objects.”OCLC WorldCat Local: “delivers single-search-box access to more than 922 million itemsfrom your library and the worlds library collections. It connects people to all your librarysmaterials—electronic and digital and physical—as well as to the delivery services that getthem what they need.”EBSCO EDS: “creates a unified, customized index of an institution’s information resources,and an easy, yet powerful means of accessing all of that content from a single search box.”SerialsSolutions SUMMON: “enables a familiar web-searching experience of the fullbreadth of content found in library collections—from books and videos to e-resources suchas articles.”VuFind: “search and browse through all of your librarys resources by replacing thetraditional OPAC to include: Catalog Records, Locally Cached Journals, Digital Library Items,Institutional Repository, Institutional Bibliography, Other Library Collections and Resources ”GoogleScholar: “provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From oneplace, you can search across many disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstractsand court opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories,universities and other web sites ” May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 12
  13. 13. Library Discovery ToolsEx Libris Primo: “is a one-stop solution for the discovery and delivery of local and remoteresources, such as books, journal articles, and digital objects.”OCLC WorldCat Local: “delivers single-search-box access to more than 922 million itemsfrom your library and the worlds library collections. It connects people to all your librarysmaterials—electronic and digital and physical—as well as to the delivery services that getthem what they need.”EBSCO EDS: “creates a unified, customized index of an institution’s information resources,and an easy, yet powerful means of accessing all of that content from a single search box.”SerialsSolutions SUMMON: “enables a familiar web-searching experience of the fullbreadth of content found in library collections—from books and videos to e-resources suchas articles.”VuFind: “search and browse through all of your librarys resources by replacing thetraditional OPAC to include: Catalog Records, Locally Cached Journals, Digital Library Items,Institutional Repository, Institutional Bibliography, Other Library Collections and Resources ”GoogleScholar: “provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From oneplace, you can search across many disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstractsand court opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories,universities and other web sites ” May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 13
  14. 14. Library Discovery ToolsEx Libris Primo: “is a one-stop solution for the discovery and delivery of local and remoteresources, such as books, journal articles, and digital objects.”OCLC WorldCat Local: “delivers single-search-box access to more than 922 million itemsfrom your library and the worlds library collections. It connects people to all your librarysmaterials—electronic and digital and physical—as well as to the delivery services that getthem what they need.”EBSCO EDS: “creates a unified, customized index of an institution’s information resources,and an easy, yet powerful means of accessing all of that content from a single search box.”SerialsSolutions SUMMON: “enables a familiar web-searching experience of the fullbreadth of content found in library collections—from books and videos to e-resources suchas articles.”VuFind: “search and browse through all of your librarys resources by replacing thetraditional OPAC to include: Catalog Records, Locally Cached Journals, Digital Library Items,Institutional Repository, Institutional Bibliography, Other Library Collections and Resources ”GoogleScholar: “provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From oneplace, you can search across many disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstractsand court opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories,universities and other web sites ” May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 14
  15. 15. Library Discovery ToolsEnd user functionality Content types Content sourcesone-stop books items from your librarydiscovery journal articles the worlds library collectionsdelivery digital objects all your librarys materialssingle-search-box videos an institution’s information resourcesunified, customized index articles full breadth of content found in libraryaccessing catalog records collectionsweb-searching journals your librarys resourcessearch digital library items institutional repositorybrowse scholarly literature institutional bibliography theses scholarly literature abstracts academic publishers court opinions professional societies online repositories universities web sites May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 15
  16. 16. Library Discovery ToolsA one-stop single-search-box web based solution for searching, browsing, discovery anddelivery of print and digital publications and objects available from library collections,institutional resources and academic publishers, using a unified index One-stop Discovery and Delivery Unified index Publications Library and institutional resources Academic publishersMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 16
  17. 17. Library Discovery Tools Parties involved Commercial Public ‘Not (so) commercial’ Academic System Open source Research vendor Library Content Creator provider Publisher Aggregator CustomerMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 17
  18. 18. Content Library Catalogues Institutional Journals repositories Databases Institutional databasesSame old content Content provider Nothing new, nothing unexpected here Nothing to discover May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 18
  19. 19. Content System Library vendor Catalogues Institutional Journals repositories Contract Databases Institutional “Local” index databases “Shared” index Content providerMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 19
  20. 20. Content System Library vendor Journals Contract Databases “Shared” index System Content vendor providerMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 20
  21. 21. Libraries think they buy access to articles and information Library Publisher Publishers only sell them services
  22. 22. Dave Pattern ...can you really see us renewing the subscription for this database? http://www.daveyp.com/blog/archives/1722
  23. 23. Content discovery? Same content types as before: publications Known knowns Same content sources as before: catalogues, databases, journals Less content: technical, political, commercial obstacles Unknown knowns Known unknownsMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 23
  24. 24. Discovery? No new, unexpected, accidental findings No discoveryExcept that libraries discover: There are lots of errors in their own data Their workflows are not fit for unified indexing Publishers don’t care about libraries, science, knowledgeMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 24
  25. 25. New silos Primo Central Summon IndexSuper silosLocal silos Primo 1 Primo 2 Summon 1 Summon 2 May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 25
  26. 26. End user functionality One unified front end Setting context Before the search After the search Subject/discipline search Refine search results Scoped search Drill down FacetsMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 26
  27. 27. Known item searchBook, article Known known I know the book is in the library Known unknown I know the article, but not where it’s available Unknown known? No discovery desired! Search on Title , Title + AuthorMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 27
  28. 28. May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 28
  29. 29. May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 29
  30. 30. Subject/discipline searchDiscovery: find new stuff within subject areaRequires uniform classification by subject of each item In Local and Shared index Problematic Not widely available Highly desired by subject librarians!May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 30
  31. 31. Scoping searches to disciplines mapped to the individual item levelMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 31
  32. 32. May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 32
  33. 33. May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 33
  34. 34. The reality is: One to one topics from data source “as is”May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 34
  35. 35. Scoped search Limit search context in advance Catalogues Institutional Journals “Local” index repositories Databases “Shared” index Institutional databasesLocations Collections Local or Shared indexMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 35
  36. 36. May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 36
  37. 37. May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 37
  38. 38. May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 38
  39. 39. Broad searchDefault: search ‘everything’ No limit of search context in advance No tabs, no locations, no collections prefilterLimit results afterwards Drill down Facets Largest chance of finding something unexpectedMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 39
  40. 40. May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 40
  41. 41. May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 41
  42. 42. Related information Find related results while browsing results list By same author Unknown unknowns From same period Unknown knowns About similar subjectsBooks and articles are a huge obstacle to findrelated information.You actually have to read them to findpointers to other useful information sources.May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 42
  43. 43. Related information Recommender systems Based on analysing usage statistics Loans DownloadsMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 43
  44. 44. May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 44
  45. 45. May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 45
  46. 46. One unified front end All individual library search front ends replaced by one institutional front endMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 46
  47. 47. One unified front end Focus on The Library as the place to find all you need Local Collections, subscriptions Introverted perspective lat ion = iso ion eg rat IntMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 47
  48. 48. One unified front end Customers don’t care where they find stuff Institutional affiliation is only needed for delivery…. The ModelMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 48
  49. 49. Slide from Tony Hirsts "A105 - Visionary Views" session at ILI2010Dave Pattern http://www.daveyp.com/blog/archives/1722
  50. 50. BruceMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 50 Heterick http://www.casalini.it/retreat/2012_docs/heterick.pdf
  51. 51. What’s new? Response time: fast Unlimited search scope (within limited set)May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 51
  52. 52. What’s old? No unified multilingual subject search No unified unambiguous author search Limited setMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 52
  53. 53. ? Time for the Big QuestionMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 53
  54. 54. Bibliotekssystem som begrepp - är det yesterday’s news? • Är det t.o.m så att det ” The Big Question here is: do we need discovery systems based on börjar bli dags (på riktigt) centuries old physical library and att luckra upp innehållet i publishing practices? våra isolerade bibliotekssystem (på riktigt) Or do libraries need to really go and och låta vår data interagera look elsewhere and make use of new med omvärldens data (på online information sources and riktigt)? linked open data technology? [Lukas Koster]Kristin Olofsson, March 27 2012 http://www.kb.se/dokument/Libris/inspirationsnm%C3%B6ten/Front%20till%20librisinsp.pdf
  55. 55. May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 55
  56. 56. Rearguard action? Rückzugsgefecht achterhoedegevecht combat d’arrière-garde reträttstrid azione di retroguardia accion de retaguardia baktroppen handling týlovou akciMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 56
  57. 57. Rearguard action: The Free Dictionary: rearguard [‘rɪə,gɑːd] n 1. (Military) a detachment detailed to protect the rear of a military formation, esp in retreat 2. an entrenched or conservative element, as in a political party rearguard action a. an action fought by a rearguard b. a defensive action undertaken to try to stop something happening or continuing http://www.thefreedictionary.com/rearguardMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 57
  58. 58. Rearguard actions Content providers Libraries System vendors CustomersMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 58
  59. 59. Rearguard actions Content providers, publishers, aggregators Protect commercial position Business model based on 19th century conditions Peer reviewMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 59
  60. 60. Rearguard actions Libraries Promote local physical collection Protect organisational position Focused on publicationsMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 60
  61. 61. Rearguard actions Library system vendors Protect commercial position Dependent on content providers and librariesMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 61
  62. 62. Rearguard actions Customers Conditioned by existing situation Publications: go to the library Anything else: go to Google, YouTube, FaceBookMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 62
  63. 63. Rearguard actions Open acces Linked open data Nanopublications Social media Web Customer Collaboratories Datasets Libraries Publishers Vendors Information New Bibliographic FrameworkMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 63
  64. 64. Forward! The Web…the Final Frontier… To explore strange new worlds… To boldly go where no one has gone before Unknown unknownsMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 64
  65. 65. May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 65
  66. 66. Examples! New Bibliographic Framework Webscale Next Generation ILS Research informationMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 66
  67. 67. New Bibliographic Framework http://www.loc.gov/marc/transition/news/framework-103111.htmlMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 67
  68. 68. New Bibliographic FrameworkNo local data sources for bibliographic data Summon 2 Primo 1 Summon 1 Primo 2 Discovery tools need to work with shared linked data sources May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 68
  69. 69. Webscale Next Generation ILSMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 69
  70. 70. Webscale Next Generation ILS Same old business model Same old content Same old silo structure New technical infrastructure Shared cataloguing (new??) Integration of print and electronic Back office workflowsMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 70
  71. 71. Same old silos Alma IntotaSuper silosLocal silos Primo 1 Primo 2 Summon 1 Summon 2 May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 71
  72. 72. Webscale Next Generation ILS Should be focusing on new Bibliographic FrameworkMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 72
  73. 73. Research information Person Publication Person Research project Review Organisation Publication DatasetDiscovery tool, OPAC Research information systemMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 73
  74. 74. Research information http://twitter.com/jamestoon/statuses/195423498649346048James Toon @jamestoon May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 74
  75. 75. Informal assessment ofthe need for a discoverytool, January 2012 May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 75
  76. 76. Assessment Outcomes Two different use cases: Research staff: one unified interface General public: promote KNAW collections Research staff : Needed: Subject area prefilter OR: Just use Web of Science/Google Scholar, etc.No real return on investment No need for organisation-wide discovery tool right nowMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 76
  77. 77. Solutions http://www.slideshare.net/wilbanks/wilbanks-nfaisJohn Wilbanks @wilbanks May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 77
  78. 78. Solutions Front end tools: Semantic/linked data search Search ‘trusted’ global data sources Resolve stored URIs on the fly Process metadata schemas Infrastructure: Publish Linked Open Data Add links Use persistent URIsMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 78
  79. 79. Google Knowledge Graph http://googleblog.blogspot.in/2012/05/introducing-knowledge-graph-things-not.htmlMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 79
  80. 80. All library data No silos All scholarly publications ? ? Primo 1 Primo 2 Summon 1 Summon 2May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 80
  81. 81. Open up!May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 81
  82. 82. Publishers Open access, share data Libraries Shift focus to information, curation System developers/vendors Provide general linked Information systemsMay 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 82
  83. 83. Real discovery is not a frontend issue, it’s an infrastructure issue http://www.flickr.com/photos/distillated/4019168148/May 18, 2012 Discovery tools: a rearguard action? ELAG2012 83

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