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Where and when this began?
After Germany lost the First World War, the Kaiser
fled and a new democratic government of Germany
was declared in February 1919 at the small town of
Weimar. It was too dangerous to make a declaration
in Berlin where there had just been a revolt by a
Communist group called the Spartacists. The
Weimar Republic was a genuine attempt to create a
perfect democratic country.
After the war…
World War I, which was, to the generation of the
1920s and ‘30s finished, gave birth to the first
German democracy, called the Weimar Republic.
The Treaty of Versailles, which officially ended the
war, contribute All Germans, no matter their
political beliefs, regarded the treaty as unjust. It
would remain a festering sore on the body of the new
Republic.ted to the humiliation Germans felt.
The history of the Weimar Republic (1919-1933) illuminates
one of the most creative and crucial periods in the twentieth
century and serves as a significant case study of the critical
issues of our own time.
Citizens and leaders of the Weimar Republic had to wrestle
with the problems of a newly developing democracy: the
creation of a new constitution and political culture and the
need for institutional reform particularly of the judiciary, the
police, and the educational system.
The Weimar Republic experienced hyper-inflation and
depression, gender and generational conflict, political
violence and terrorism, conflicts dealing with the relationship
between church and state, and racist anti-Semitism.
The fourteen years of the Weimar Republic were a way station
on the road to genocide.
Death of Weimar Republic
The Nazis strongly capitalised on the despair of the
Depression. In 1928, the Nazi Party held 12 seats in the
Reichstag out of a total of 491 seats. By 1930 this number
had increased to 107 (out of 577), which more than
doubled to 288 (out of 647) only three years later.
In 1932, feeling as though he had a chance at being
elected as president, Hitler ran for election against World
War I veteran General Paul von Hindenburg. Despite
Hitler losing, he accounted for 37 percent of the vote.
Later that year, realising that Hitler and the Nazi Party
had risen to such great power that it was only wise to
include him in the government.
Who took Germany out of the crisis..?
Gustav Stresemann and Charles Dawes
In 1923, the Weimar Republic was on the verge of
collapse, but, surprisingly, the crisis was the start of
a period of stability and success. The period 1923-
1929 was a time when the economy boomed and
cultural life flourished in Germany.
This dramatic turnabout happened because Germany
was saved by two people - Gustav Stresemann and