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Plongeur Niveau 4 - Briefing

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Cours sur le briefing d'anvant plongée destiné aux plongeurs préparant le diplôme de Guide de Palanquée FFESSM (N4)

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Plongeur Niveau 4 - Briefing

  1. 1. Formation Niveau 4 – Saison 2014/2015 Briefing et Débriefing Le Briefing et le Débriefing du Guide de Palanquée Philippe Jourdren philippe.jourdren@laposte.net
  2. 2. Formation Niveau 4 – Saison 2014/2015 Briefing et Débriefing Plan du cours • Introduction • Déroulé du briefing et du débriefing • Le Briefing • Le Débriefing • Outils utiles • Conclusion
  3. 3. Formation Niveau 4 – Saison 2014/2015 Briefing et Débriefing Introduction Pourquoi un cours sur le briefing ? • Faire en sorte que cet « exercice » devienne un automatisme • Savoir avec qui on plonge • Mettre en confiance les plongeurs encadrés • Aider les plongeurs encadrés à progresser dans leur pratique • Garantir la sécurité de la palanquée Assurer pleinement son rôle d’encadrant
  4. 4. Formation Niveau 4 – Saison 2014/2015 Briefing et Débriefing Déroulé du briefing et du débriefing • Le briefing – Composé de 6 points • Présentation • Mise à l’eau • Immersion • Parcours au fond • Remontée et décompression • Retour au bateau – Durée de 5 à 7 minutes (pas plus !) – Pas de redite ni de contradiction avec le briefing du Directeur de Plongée – Doit raconter le déroulé de la plongée qu’on va faire – Doit être compréhensible par tous !
  5. 5. Formation Niveau 4 – Saison 2014/2015 Briefing et Débriefing Déroulé du briefing et du débriefing • Le débriefing – Dialogue – Observations effectuées – Conseils pour progresser • Le débriefing doit être bref – Peut se faire pendant la phase de déséquipement – Positiver sur les difficultés pour aider les plongeurs – Féliciter et encourager
  6. 6. Formation Niveau 4 – Saison 2014/2015 Briefing et Débriefing Le Briefing (1/3) • Présentation – Accueillir et se présenter brièvement (et humblement) – Faire parler les plongeurs encadrés pour connaître leur expérience, leurs souhaits, leurs craintes ou leurs angoisses – Rappeler que vous êtes là pour les aider et leur faire faire une belle plongée • Mise à l’eau – Expliquer la technique de mise à l’eau employée, ainsi que l’ordre de mise à l’eau – Rappeler la vérification du lestage – Intégrer les éléments contextuels (plongée du bord, en eau froide, …)
  7. 7. Formation Niveau 4 – Saison 2014/2015 Briefing et Débriefing Le Briefing (2/3) • Immersion et descente – Rappeler le check à 3 mètres – Equilibrer les oreilles (en faisant le geste !) tout au long de la descente – Expliquer la façon dont la descente vers le fond s’effectuera (le long du mouillage, dans le bleu, …) – Positionner les plongeurs pendant la descente (toujours au-dessus du GP) – Gonfler régulièrement le gilet pour ne pas descendre comme un boulet (en faisant le signe !) – Si plongée profonde, effectuer un check à 20 mètres et à 30 mètres • Parcours au fond – Rappeler les consignes de sécurité : mi-pression, réserve (en faisant le signe !) – Donner des consignes en cas d’événement imprévu : perte de palanquée, givrage de détendeur, … – Positionner les plongeurs par rapport à soi
  8. 8. Formation Niveau 4 – Saison 2014/2015 Briefing et Débriefing Le Briefing (3/3) • Remontée et décompression – Montrer le signe déclenchant la fin de plongée et le début de remontée – Rappeler les règles de sécurité pour la remontée • Plongeurs positionnés un peu en-dessous du GP • Purge régulière du gilet (en faisant le signe !) – Expliquer éventuellement l’envoi du parachute – Montrer les signes pour le ou les paliers à effectuer • Retour au bateau – Rappeler de bien rester groupés – Palmer vers l’avant du bateau – Ne pas forcer et ne pas s’essouffler (si on est loin, le bateau viendra toujours nous chercher)
  9. 9. Formation Niveau 4 – Saison 2014/2015 Briefing et Débriefing Le Débriefing • Le dialogue d’après plongée – « Ca vous a plu ? » • Quelles observations ont été effectuées – Organismes vivants : faune fixée, poissons, crustacés, mollusques – Rappel du parcours effectué • Donner des conseils pour progresser – Ceux-ci doivent être issus des observations que vous avez effectuées sur votre palanquée • Leur équipement • Leur posture sous l’eau • Leur ventilation (rappeler de forcer sur l’expiration entre autres) • Leur palmage – Mais ne soyez pas « donneur de leçon » !
  10. 10. Formation Niveau 4 – Saison 2014/2015 Briefing et Débriefing Outils utiles pour le GP • Tablette immergeable – Accrochée à votre stab ou fixée à votre bras – C’est un pense-bête – C’est un outil de communication supplémentaire • Plomb pédagogique – Utile si un plongeur a du mal à tenir son palier ! • Planches faune – Facilite le débriefing ! • Et tout ce que vous jugerez utile ! – Thermos – Fruits, Petits gâteaux – Photo… – Bonne humeur
  11. 11. Formation Niveau 4 – Saison 2014/2015 Briefing et Débriefing Conclusion • Un bon briefing est un élément qui va vous permettre de « verrouiller » un certain nombre de choses • Il doit permettre aux plongeurs encadrés de partir avec le sentiment qu’ils vont faire une belle plongée • Il doit être bref, concis, précis et aborder les points de sécurité nécessaires • Le débriefing va donner envie aux plongeurs de revenir plonger avec vous ! • Bonnes plongées !
  12. 12. Formation Niveau 4 – Saison 2014/2015 Briefing et Débriefing Questions / Réponses
  13. 13. Formation Niveau 4 – Saison 2014/2015 Briefing et Débriefing Merci pour votre attention Certains schémas de cette présentation sont extraits de Illustra-Pack 3 de Alain Foret Retrouvez-moi sur http://www.philjourdren.fr http://fr.slideshare.net/lizard2802 Twitter : @PhilJourdren

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