SlideShare ist ein Scribd-Unternehmen logo
1 von 50
http://www.open.ac.uk/library/digital-archive/image/image:000000000094
The road ahead 4:
Challenges and opportunities for academic libraries
Lorcan Dempsey, OCLC
@LorcanD
The Future of Academic Libraries: A Symposium on provision for online
& distance learning students
The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK, 17 March 2016
The library should not provide an argument for a particular case, but
demonstrate that there is always another case to be made. The notion that the
library is a place that has no agenda other than allowing people to invent
their own agendas is what makes it an indispensable resource for a
democracy. It is where we can learn not just to be readers, but to be the
authors of our own destiny. Fintan O’Toole
Dublin City Public Libraries, Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/dublincitypubliclibraries/6029467474/in/set-72157594513778442
http://orweblog.oclc.org/defining-the-library-reflexively/
People should think not so much of the books that have gone into the National
Library but rather of the books that have come out of it. Seán O’Faoláin
My professional mission as a librarian is this:
Help people build their own libraries.
That’s it. That’s all I care about. Dan Chudnov
Because the purpose and result of absorbing information is always finally to
produce further information, i.e., to continue the conversation, the function of
the library must be understood as one that assists members of the
community both in taking particular positions and in recognizing and
assessing the positions taken by others.
Ross Atkinson
A scholar is just a library’s way of making another library. Daniel Dennett
http://orweblog.oclc.org/defining-the-library-reflexively/
Not an end in itself:
The library in its context
http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2014/10/not-your-mothers-library/381119/
20 years ago I was
in the libraries business.
Today I am in the
Columbus business.
Pat Losinski, CML
… to be vital to the academic enterprise, the Libraries must
position itself as an active, engaged participant in solving
university-level problems (Looking outside ourselves); …
Look to where teaching and research within the academic
disciplines and cultural acquisition are moving, and you will
see the Libraries skating to the same puck, sometimes as
partner, sometimes as leader, always engaged.
Damon Jaggars, The Ohio State University
http://www.yourlightingbrand.com/portfolio-posts/ohio-state-library/
https://library.osu.edu/blogs/osulstaff/2016/02/29/from-the-director-february-29-2016-drinking-from-the-fire-hose
Challenge and opportunity
The University
Service reconfiguration
Technology
Between institutional isomorphism
and distinctiveness:
The University
Managerialism, which the
rankings attempt to feed,
sees students as “revenue
units” or “customers” and
academic staff as “cost
centres” or “full-time
equivalent costs” that get
in the way of the true
mission of the institution –
obtaining more research
revenue and international
kudos via the league
tables.
Sean Barrett
http://www.universitytimes.ie/2016/03/rankings-are-the-latest-assault-on-the-university/
Overall, this process is
designed to
encourage higher-
education institutions
to act strategically, to
prioritise and to
differentiate their offer.
In this way they are
more likely to be in a
position to respond to
national needs in an
uncertain future.
http://www.irishtimes.com/news/education/tom-boland-we-finally-know-for-sure-how-our-colleges-are-
faring-1.2567762
“Tom Boland: We
finally know for
sure how our
colleges are faring”
“Rankings are the
Latest Assault on
the University”
Two different perspectives
appearing in the Irish media in
the same week.
Colleges have three
basic business models
for attracting and
keeping students. Two
will continue to work in
the next decade, and
one almost certainly will
not. Chronicle of Higher
Education
Werf, Martin van der, and Grant Sabatier. The college of 2020:
students. [Washington, D.C.]: Chronicle Research Services (2009).
One US perspective
1. Research/elite (Strong brand, connected to international network of
science and scholarship; educate many of the political and business elite;
flagship),
2. Convenience (community colleges, for-profit providers, career-focused -
preparation for further education or for a career).
3. Struggling middle (broad education. Not kept up with distance and
convenience agendas, high overhead, limited research funding).
While strong public funding, a systemwide perspective and regional agendas
may mitigate this division in other countries, in particular sustaining a diverse
‘middle’, general trends support it: these include internationalization, the
recent historic growth in numbers participating in third level education,
economic pressures, and a focus on comparative international evaluation.
(vocabulary adapted - LD)
Institutional
Isomorphism
Is big ….
Institutional isomorphism
Rankings
Prestige
Distinctiveness
Research
Career/convenience
Values based
International
Regional
Institutional isomorphism is the tendency of institutions in a field
to come to resemble each other over time, shaped by coercive
(mandated) or normative (professional) influences. In the higher
education field, Michael Crow and William Dabars have coined
the terms ‘Harvardization or Berkeley envy’ for a historical trend
they observe: universities have aspired to those institutions as
common models of excellence.
Institutional isomorphism
Rankings
Prestige
Distinctiveness
Research
Career/convenience
Values based
International
Regional
Library? What role
does it play?
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/10/opinion/joe-nocera-college-for-a-new-age.html
“You don’t need
libraries and research
infrastructure and
football teams and this
insane race for status,”
[Carey] says. “If you only
have to pay for the things
that you actually need,
education doesn’t cost
$60,000 a year.”
J. Nocera, New York Times, 3 March 2015
Creating value for our host systems always
involves three things:
Librarians must understand their host
systems;
they must understand the source of their
claim to being a legitimate part of their
system;
and they must do their work well so the
system is better because they are there.
It’s usually far more a matter of asking and
listening than it is of telling and pleading.
Eleanor Joe Rodger
What is the focus of the
‘demonstrating value/ROI’
discussion in a changing
environment?
… understand and
communicate …
18
Challenge and opportunity
Universities are repositioning.
Libraries need to connect their story to the university
story.
A note on the OU
Enterprising
Non-isomorphic!
19
What is valuable?
A service reconfiguration
A PRINT LOGIC A NETWORK LOGIC
The user in the life of the library The library in the life of the user
Value relates to locally assembled
collection.
Value relates to ability to efficiently meet
a variety of research and learning needs.
http://www.xkcd.com/917/
Owned Facilitated
22
A PRINT LOGIC A NETWORK LOGIC
The user in the life of the library The library in the life of the user
Manage and interpret the products
of research (books, articles, …)
Make the whole process of research and
learning more productive.
Value relates to locally assembled
collection.
Value relates to ability to efficiently meet
a variety of research and learning needs.
http://www.xkcd.com/917/
Product. Consume Process. Create
Owned Facilitated
Outside in Inside out
24
Impact/reputation management
25
An inside out perspective
Discovery at network
level
Support for research/creation Local collectionsPlace
Place Support for research/creationLocal collections Student success
Research support
Student success
Selective management of
the scholarly and cultural
record
• Build confidence with research skills
• Connection to performance
- analytics
• Engagement and community
– improve retention
• Teaching
Collections Just in case Facilitated
Expertise Subject,
process
Partner in
research and
learning,
creation, …
Systems Back office Workflow,
digital
scholarship,
shared
systems
Space Configured
around
collections
Configured
around user
experiences
34
Challenge and opportunity
Understand sources of value and reconfigure services
around them.
From technology to sociotechnical:
the entanglement of tools
and behavior
Citation management
So in a relatively short time, a solitary and manual
function has evolved into a workflow enacted in a
social and digital environment. In addition to
functional value, this change has added network
value, as individual users benefit from the community
of use. People can make connections and find new
work, and the network generates analytics which may
be used for recommendations or scholarly metrics. In
this way, for some people, citation management has
evolved from being a single function in a broader
workflow into a workflow manager, discovery engine,
and social network.
Dempsey & Walter, 2014
http://crl.acrl.org/content/75/6/760.full.pdf+html
Identity > workflow > content
Provide and promote reference manager
products.
Support – and help shape - emerging
practices around citation management,
research networking and profiles.
This:
And this:
Institutional repository > workflow is the new content
In a well-known article, Salo (2008) offers a variety of
reasons as to why they have not been as heavily used
as anticipated. These include a lack of attention to
faculty incentives (‘prestige’) and to campus
workflows. She concludes that IRs will not be
successful unless developed as a part of “systematic,
broad-based, well-supported data-stewardship,
scholarly-communication, or digital-preservation
program”.
Providing technology as artifact >
Supporting emerging practices
http://minds.wisconsin.edu/handle/1793/22088
http://www.slideshare.net/repofringe/e-prints42y
EPrints Update, Les Carr, University
of Southampton, Repository Fringe, 2014
1
2
3
2
3
1
Framing the Scholarly Record …
In practice …
Scholarly
publishing
Expertise
profiling
Research data
management
CRIS/Research
information
management
Institutional
repository
http://innoscholcomm.silk.co/
Support - and help shape - emerging
practices around the complete research
life cycle.
Provide system to manage
documentary research outputs.
This:
And this:
48
Challenge and opportunity
Be an active partner in improving research and
learning workflows.
Her view is that publishers are
here to make the scientific
research process more
effective by helping them keep
up to date, find colleagues, plan
experiments, and then share
their results. After they have
published, the processes
continues with gaining a
reputation, obtaining funds,
finding collaborators, and even
finding a new job. What can
we as publishers do to
address some of scientists’
pain points?
Annette Thomas,
CEO of Macmillan
Publishers
(now Chief Scientific Officer
Springer Nature)
A
publisher’s
new job
description
http://www.against-the-grain.com/2012/11/a-publishers-new-job-description/
Think of the library in the life of the user.
Connect the library story to the university story.
Understand sources of value and
reconfigure services around them.
Be an active partner in helping improve
research and learning workflows.
Some challenges and opportunities

Weitere ähnliche Inhalte

Was ist angesagt?

Collection evaluation
Collection evaluationCollection evaluation
Collection evaluation
Johan Koren
 
International federation of library associations and institutions
International federation of library associations and institutionsInternational federation of library associations and institutions
International federation of library associations and institutions
Zainuddin Ibrahim
 

Was ist angesagt? (20)

Library Networks
Library NetworksLibrary Networks
Library Networks
 
NISCAIR by Jaya Singh
NISCAIR by Jaya SinghNISCAIR by Jaya Singh
NISCAIR by Jaya Singh
 
Role of Library in Modern Society.pptx
Role of Library in Modern Society.pptxRole of Library in Modern Society.pptx
Role of Library in Modern Society.pptx
 
University library system
University library systemUniversity library system
University library system
 
Library orientation 2012 ppt
Library orientation 2012 pptLibrary orientation 2012 ppt
Library orientation 2012 ppt
 
Collection evaluation
Collection evaluationCollection evaluation
Collection evaluation
 
PPT ON LIBRARY AND INFORMATION CENTER SERVICES IN THE COLLEGE
PPT ON LIBRARY AND INFORMATION CENTER  SERVICES IN THE COLLEGEPPT ON LIBRARY AND INFORMATION CENTER  SERVICES IN THE COLLEGE
PPT ON LIBRARY AND INFORMATION CENTER SERVICES IN THE COLLEGE
 
Current Trends in Libraries
Current Trends in LibrariesCurrent Trends in Libraries
Current Trends in Libraries
 
National Education Policy and role of Libraries
National Education Policy and role of LibrariesNational Education Policy and role of Libraries
National Education Policy and role of Libraries
 
International federation of library associations and institutions
International federation of library associations and institutionsInternational federation of library associations and institutions
International federation of library associations and institutions
 
Collection development
Collection developmentCollection development
Collection development
 
IASLIC.pptx
IASLIC.pptxIASLIC.pptx
IASLIC.pptx
 
User education in Libraries
User education in Libraries User education in Libraries
User education in Libraries
 
Library and information science: an evolving profession
Library and information science: an evolving professionLibrary and information science: an evolving profession
Library and information science: an evolving profession
 
Innovative Services in Libraries: Trends, Issues and Challenges
Innovative Services in Libraries: Trends, Issues and ChallengesInnovative Services in Libraries: Trends, Issues and Challenges
Innovative Services in Libraries: Trends, Issues and Challenges
 
Library Automation in Circulation
Library Automation in Circulation Library Automation in Circulation
Library Automation in Circulation
 
library professional assocation.pptx
library professional assocation.pptxlibrary professional assocation.pptx
library professional assocation.pptx
 
Library science
Library science Library science
Library science
 
Librarianship as a profession
Librarianship as a professionLibrarianship as a profession
Librarianship as a profession
 
Academic library
Academic libraryAcademic library
Academic library
 

Ähnlich wie Challenges and opportunities for academic libraries

Rightscaling, engagement, learning: reconfiguring the library for a network e...
Rightscaling, engagement, learning: reconfiguring the library for a network e...Rightscaling, engagement, learning: reconfiguring the library for a network e...
Rightscaling, engagement, learning: reconfiguring the library for a network e...
lisld
 
MichalkoLibrary Collaboration iSchoolShareable-1
MichalkoLibrary Collaboration iSchoolShareable-1MichalkoLibrary Collaboration iSchoolShareable-1
MichalkoLibrary Collaboration iSchoolShareable-1
MRJPM
 

Ähnlich wie Challenges and opportunities for academic libraries (20)

The library in the life of the user
The library in the life of the userThe library in the life of the user
The library in the life of the user
 
Library futures: converging and diverging directions for public and academic ...
Library futures: converging and diverging directions for public and academic ...Library futures: converging and diverging directions for public and academic ...
Library futures: converging and diverging directions for public and academic ...
 
On Competition for Catalogers
On Competition for CatalogersOn Competition for Catalogers
On Competition for Catalogers
 
Innovations in E-Resources
Innovations in E-ResourcesInnovations in E-Resources
Innovations in E-Resources
 
The Library in the Life of the User: Two Collection Directions
The Library in the Life of the User: Two Collection DirectionsThe Library in the Life of the User: Two Collection Directions
The Library in the Life of the User: Two Collection Directions
 
Networking Repositories, Optimizing Impact: Georgia Knowledge Repository Meeting
Networking Repositories, Optimizing Impact: Georgia Knowledge Repository MeetingNetworking Repositories, Optimizing Impact: Georgia Knowledge Repository Meeting
Networking Repositories, Optimizing Impact: Georgia Knowledge Repository Meeting
 
Infrastructure, engagement, innovation: library directions
Infrastructure, engagement, innovation: library directionsInfrastructure, engagement, innovation: library directions
Infrastructure, engagement, innovation: library directions
 
Open educational resources and Libraries
Open educational resources and LibrariesOpen educational resources and Libraries
Open educational resources and Libraries
 
Towards collaboration at scale: Libraries, the social and the technical
Towards collaboration at scale:  Libraries, the social and the technicalTowards collaboration at scale:  Libraries, the social and the technical
Towards collaboration at scale: Libraries, the social and the technical
 
Toward a Library Renaissance
Toward a Library RenaissanceToward a Library Renaissance
Toward a Library Renaissance
 
The library and the network: scale, engagement, innovation
The library and the network: scale, engagement, innovationThe library and the network: scale, engagement, innovation
The library and the network: scale, engagement, innovation
 
Digital Collection Development Presentation #1
Digital Collection Development Presentation #1Digital Collection Development Presentation #1
Digital Collection Development Presentation #1
 
Rightscaling, engagement, learning: reconfiguring the library for a network e...
Rightscaling, engagement, learning: reconfiguring the library for a network e...Rightscaling, engagement, learning: reconfiguring the library for a network e...
Rightscaling, engagement, learning: reconfiguring the library for a network e...
 
Digital colldevel pt1
Digital colldevel pt1Digital colldevel pt1
Digital colldevel pt1
 
What do academic libraries have to do with open educational resources
What do academic libraries have to do with open educational resourcesWhat do academic libraries have to do with open educational resources
What do academic libraries have to do with open educational resources
 
Revitalizing the Library in the University Knowledge Community
Revitalizing the Library in the University Knowledge CommunityRevitalizing the Library in the University Knowledge Community
Revitalizing the Library in the University Knowledge Community
 
Thinking about technology .... differently
Thinking about technology .... differentlyThinking about technology .... differently
Thinking about technology .... differently
 
Reawakening the people's university
Reawakening the people's universityReawakening the people's university
Reawakening the people's university
 
What/Where/How is Digital Scholarship?
What/Where/How is Digital Scholarship?What/Where/How is Digital Scholarship?
What/Where/How is Digital Scholarship?
 
MichalkoLibrary Collaboration iSchoolShareable-1
MichalkoLibrary Collaboration iSchoolShareable-1MichalkoLibrary Collaboration iSchoolShareable-1
MichalkoLibrary Collaboration iSchoolShareable-1
 

Mehr von lisld

College, consortium, collaboration, collective collection
College, consortium, collaboration, collective collectionCollege, consortium, collaboration, collective collection
College, consortium, collaboration, collective collection
lisld
 
Libraries, library users and collections
Libraries, library users and collectionsLibraries, library users and collections
Libraries, library users and collections
lisld
 

Mehr von lisld (20)

Rediscoverying discovery: three general examples
Rediscoverying discovery: three general examplesRediscoverying discovery: three general examples
Rediscoverying discovery: three general examples
 
College, consortium, collaboration, collective collection
College, consortium, collaboration, collective collectionCollege, consortium, collaboration, collective collection
College, consortium, collaboration, collective collection
 
The powers of consortia: scaling capacity, learning, innovation and influence
The powers of consortia: scaling capacity, learning, innovation and influenceThe powers of consortia: scaling capacity, learning, innovation and influence
The powers of consortia: scaling capacity, learning, innovation and influence
 
Libraries, library users and collections
Libraries, library users and collectionsLibraries, library users and collections
Libraries, library users and collections
 
The network reshapes the research library collection
The network reshapes the research library collectionThe network reshapes the research library collection
The network reshapes the research library collection
 
The Irish presence in the global published record
The Irish presence in the global published recordThe Irish presence in the global published record
The Irish presence in the global published record
 
Working collaboratively: scaling infrastructure, services, learning and innov...
Working collaboratively: scaling infrastructure, services, learning and innov...Working collaboratively: scaling infrastructure, services, learning and innov...
Working collaboratively: scaling infrastructure, services, learning and innov...
 
Looking at Libraries, collections & technology
Looking at Libraries, collections & technologyLooking at Libraries, collections & technology
Looking at Libraries, collections & technology
 
Irish Studies - making library data work harder
Irish Studies - making library data work harderIrish Studies - making library data work harder
Irish Studies - making library data work harder
 
Libraries, collections, technology: presented at Pennylvania State University...
Libraries, collections, technology: presented at Pennylvania State University...Libraries, collections, technology: presented at Pennylvania State University...
Libraries, collections, technology: presented at Pennylvania State University...
 
Library collections and the emerging scholarly record
Library collections and the emerging scholarly recordLibrary collections and the emerging scholarly record
Library collections and the emerging scholarly record
 
The facilitated collection: collections and collecting in a network environment
The facilitated collection: collections and collecting in a network environmentThe facilitated collection: collections and collecting in a network environment
The facilitated collection: collections and collecting in a network environment
 
Collections unbound: collection directions and the RLUK collective collection
Collections unbound: collection directions and the RLUK collective collectionCollections unbound: collection directions and the RLUK collective collection
Collections unbound: collection directions and the RLUK collective collection
 
Environmental trends and OCLC Research, a presentation at the University of N...
Environmental trends and OCLC Research, a presentation at the University of N...Environmental trends and OCLC Research, a presentation at the University of N...
Environmental trends and OCLC Research, a presentation at the University of N...
 
Libraries: technology as artifact and technology in practice
Libraries: technology as artifact and technology in practiceLibraries: technology as artifact and technology in practice
Libraries: technology as artifact and technology in practice
 
From local infrastructure to engagement - thinking about the library in the l...
From local infrastructure to engagement - thinking about the library in the l...From local infrastructure to engagement - thinking about the library in the l...
From local infrastructure to engagement - thinking about the library in the l...
 
Research in context. OCLC Research and environmental trends. Lorcan Dempsey
Research in context. OCLC Research and environmental trends. Lorcan DempseyResearch in context. OCLC Research and environmental trends. Lorcan Dempsey
Research in context. OCLC Research and environmental trends. Lorcan Dempsey
 
Evolving collection directions, ALCTS, ALA.
Evolving collection directions, ALCTS, ALA. Evolving collection directions, ALCTS, ALA.
Evolving collection directions, ALCTS, ALA.
 
Collection directions - towards collective collections
Collection directions - towards collective collectionsCollection directions - towards collective collections
Collection directions - towards collective collections
 
Library discovery: past, present and some futures
Library discovery: past, present and some futuresLibrary discovery: past, present and some futures
Library discovery: past, present and some futures
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen

Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
EADTU
 
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code ExamplesSPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code Examples
Peter Brusilovsky
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen (20)

Đề tieng anh thpt 2024 danh cho cac ban hoc sinh
Đề tieng anh thpt 2024 danh cho cac ban hoc sinhĐề tieng anh thpt 2024 danh cho cac ban hoc sinh
Đề tieng anh thpt 2024 danh cho cac ban hoc sinh
 
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
Mattingly "AI and Prompt Design: LLMs with NER"
 
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptxHow to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
How to Manage Website in Odoo 17 Studio App.pptx
 
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
 
Supporting Newcomer Multilingual Learners
Supporting Newcomer  Multilingual LearnersSupporting Newcomer  Multilingual Learners
Supporting Newcomer Multilingual Learners
 
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
Transparency, Recognition and the role of eSealing - Ildiko Mazar and Koen No...
 
The Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDF
The Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDFThe Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDF
The Story of Village Palampur Class 9 Free Study Material PDF
 
Book Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
Book Review of Run For Your Life PowerpointBook Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
Book Review of Run For Your Life Powerpoint
 
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code ExamplesSPLICE Working Group:Reusable Code Examples
SPLICE Working Group: Reusable Code Examples
 
8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management
8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management
8 Tips for Effective Working Capital Management
 
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
BỘ LUYỆN NGHE TIẾNG ANH 8 GLOBAL SUCCESS CẢ NĂM (GỒM 12 UNITS, MỖI UNIT GỒM 3...
 
The Liver & Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
The Liver &  Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptxThe Liver &  Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
The Liver & Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TOÁN 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯỜNG...
 
An overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in HinduismAn overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
 
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptxObserving-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
Observing-Correct-Grammar-in-Making-Definitions.pptx
 
ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH FORM 50 CÂU TRẮC NGHI...
ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH FORM 50 CÂU TRẮC NGHI...ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH FORM 50 CÂU TRẮC NGHI...
ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH FORM 50 CÂU TRẮC NGHI...
 
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopale-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
e-Sealing at EADTU by Kamakshi Rajagopal
 
male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................male presentation...pdf.................
male presentation...pdf.................
 
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
24 ĐỀ THAM KHẢO KÌ THI TUYỂN SINH VÀO LỚP 10 MÔN TIẾNG ANH SỞ GIÁO DỤC HẢI DƯ...
 
ANTI PARKISON DRUGS.pptx
ANTI         PARKISON          DRUGS.pptxANTI         PARKISON          DRUGS.pptx
ANTI PARKISON DRUGS.pptx
 

Challenges and opportunities for academic libraries

  • 1. http://www.open.ac.uk/library/digital-archive/image/image:000000000094 The road ahead 4: Challenges and opportunities for academic libraries Lorcan Dempsey, OCLC @LorcanD The Future of Academic Libraries: A Symposium on provision for online & distance learning students The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK, 17 March 2016
  • 2. The library should not provide an argument for a particular case, but demonstrate that there is always another case to be made. The notion that the library is a place that has no agenda other than allowing people to invent their own agendas is what makes it an indispensable resource for a democracy. It is where we can learn not just to be readers, but to be the authors of our own destiny. Fintan O’Toole Dublin City Public Libraries, Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/dublincitypubliclibraries/6029467474/in/set-72157594513778442 http://orweblog.oclc.org/defining-the-library-reflexively/
  • 3. People should think not so much of the books that have gone into the National Library but rather of the books that have come out of it. Seán O’Faoláin My professional mission as a librarian is this: Help people build their own libraries. That’s it. That’s all I care about. Dan Chudnov Because the purpose and result of absorbing information is always finally to produce further information, i.e., to continue the conversation, the function of the library must be understood as one that assists members of the community both in taking particular positions and in recognizing and assessing the positions taken by others. Ross Atkinson A scholar is just a library’s way of making another library. Daniel Dennett http://orweblog.oclc.org/defining-the-library-reflexively/
  • 4. Not an end in itself: The library in its context
  • 5. http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2014/10/not-your-mothers-library/381119/ 20 years ago I was in the libraries business. Today I am in the Columbus business. Pat Losinski, CML
  • 6. … to be vital to the academic enterprise, the Libraries must position itself as an active, engaged participant in solving university-level problems (Looking outside ourselves); … Look to where teaching and research within the academic disciplines and cultural acquisition are moving, and you will see the Libraries skating to the same puck, sometimes as partner, sometimes as leader, always engaged. Damon Jaggars, The Ohio State University http://www.yourlightingbrand.com/portfolio-posts/ohio-state-library/ https://library.osu.edu/blogs/osulstaff/2016/02/29/from-the-director-february-29-2016-drinking-from-the-fire-hose
  • 9. Between institutional isomorphism and distinctiveness: The University
  • 10. Managerialism, which the rankings attempt to feed, sees students as “revenue units” or “customers” and academic staff as “cost centres” or “full-time equivalent costs” that get in the way of the true mission of the institution – obtaining more research revenue and international kudos via the league tables. Sean Barrett http://www.universitytimes.ie/2016/03/rankings-are-the-latest-assault-on-the-university/ Overall, this process is designed to encourage higher- education institutions to act strategically, to prioritise and to differentiate their offer. In this way they are more likely to be in a position to respond to national needs in an uncertain future. http://www.irishtimes.com/news/education/tom-boland-we-finally-know-for-sure-how-our-colleges-are- faring-1.2567762 “Tom Boland: We finally know for sure how our colleges are faring” “Rankings are the Latest Assault on the University” Two different perspectives appearing in the Irish media in the same week.
  • 11. Colleges have three basic business models for attracting and keeping students. Two will continue to work in the next decade, and one almost certainly will not. Chronicle of Higher Education Werf, Martin van der, and Grant Sabatier. The college of 2020: students. [Washington, D.C.]: Chronicle Research Services (2009). One US perspective
  • 12. 1. Research/elite (Strong brand, connected to international network of science and scholarship; educate many of the political and business elite; flagship), 2. Convenience (community colleges, for-profit providers, career-focused - preparation for further education or for a career). 3. Struggling middle (broad education. Not kept up with distance and convenience agendas, high overhead, limited research funding). While strong public funding, a systemwide perspective and regional agendas may mitigate this division in other countries, in particular sustaining a diverse ‘middle’, general trends support it: these include internationalization, the recent historic growth in numbers participating in third level education, economic pressures, and a focus on comparative international evaluation. (vocabulary adapted - LD)
  • 14. Institutional isomorphism Rankings Prestige Distinctiveness Research Career/convenience Values based International Regional Institutional isomorphism is the tendency of institutions in a field to come to resemble each other over time, shaped by coercive (mandated) or normative (professional) influences. In the higher education field, Michael Crow and William Dabars have coined the terms ‘Harvardization or Berkeley envy’ for a historical trend they observe: universities have aspired to those institutions as common models of excellence.
  • 16. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/10/opinion/joe-nocera-college-for-a-new-age.html “You don’t need libraries and research infrastructure and football teams and this insane race for status,” [Carey] says. “If you only have to pay for the things that you actually need, education doesn’t cost $60,000 a year.” J. Nocera, New York Times, 3 March 2015
  • 17. Creating value for our host systems always involves three things: Librarians must understand their host systems; they must understand the source of their claim to being a legitimate part of their system; and they must do their work well so the system is better because they are there. It’s usually far more a matter of asking and listening than it is of telling and pleading. Eleanor Joe Rodger What is the focus of the ‘demonstrating value/ROI’ discussion in a changing environment? … understand and communicate …
  • 18. 18 Challenge and opportunity Universities are repositioning. Libraries need to connect their story to the university story. A note on the OU Enterprising Non-isomorphic!
  • 19. 19
  • 20. What is valuable? A service reconfiguration
  • 21. A PRINT LOGIC A NETWORK LOGIC The user in the life of the library The library in the life of the user Value relates to locally assembled collection. Value relates to ability to efficiently meet a variety of research and learning needs. http://www.xkcd.com/917/ Owned Facilitated
  • 22. 22
  • 23. A PRINT LOGIC A NETWORK LOGIC The user in the life of the library The library in the life of the user Manage and interpret the products of research (books, articles, …) Make the whole process of research and learning more productive. Value relates to locally assembled collection. Value relates to ability to efficiently meet a variety of research and learning needs. http://www.xkcd.com/917/ Product. Consume Process. Create Owned Facilitated Outside in Inside out
  • 25. 25 An inside out perspective
  • 26. Discovery at network level Support for research/creation Local collectionsPlace
  • 27. Place Support for research/creationLocal collections Student success
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30.
  • 31.
  • 32. Research support Student success Selective management of the scholarly and cultural record • Build confidence with research skills • Connection to performance - analytics • Engagement and community – improve retention • Teaching
  • 33. Collections Just in case Facilitated Expertise Subject, process Partner in research and learning, creation, … Systems Back office Workflow, digital scholarship, shared systems Space Configured around collections Configured around user experiences
  • 34. 34 Challenge and opportunity Understand sources of value and reconfigure services around them.
  • 35. From technology to sociotechnical: the entanglement of tools and behavior
  • 37. So in a relatively short time, a solitary and manual function has evolved into a workflow enacted in a social and digital environment. In addition to functional value, this change has added network value, as individual users benefit from the community of use. People can make connections and find new work, and the network generates analytics which may be used for recommendations or scholarly metrics. In this way, for some people, citation management has evolved from being a single function in a broader workflow into a workflow manager, discovery engine, and social network. Dempsey & Walter, 2014 http://crl.acrl.org/content/75/6/760.full.pdf+html
  • 38. Identity > workflow > content
  • 39. Provide and promote reference manager products. Support – and help shape - emerging practices around citation management, research networking and profiles. This: And this:
  • 40. Institutional repository > workflow is the new content
  • 41. In a well-known article, Salo (2008) offers a variety of reasons as to why they have not been as heavily used as anticipated. These include a lack of attention to faculty incentives (‘prestige’) and to campus workflows. She concludes that IRs will not be successful unless developed as a part of “systematic, broad-based, well-supported data-stewardship, scholarly-communication, or digital-preservation program”. Providing technology as artifact > Supporting emerging practices http://minds.wisconsin.edu/handle/1793/22088
  • 42. http://www.slideshare.net/repofringe/e-prints42y EPrints Update, Les Carr, University of Southampton, Repository Fringe, 2014 1 2 3 2 3 1
  • 43. Framing the Scholarly Record …
  • 47. Support - and help shape - emerging practices around the complete research life cycle. Provide system to manage documentary research outputs. This: And this:
  • 48. 48 Challenge and opportunity Be an active partner in improving research and learning workflows.
  • 49. Her view is that publishers are here to make the scientific research process more effective by helping them keep up to date, find colleagues, plan experiments, and then share their results. After they have published, the processes continues with gaining a reputation, obtaining funds, finding collaborators, and even finding a new job. What can we as publishers do to address some of scientists’ pain points? Annette Thomas, CEO of Macmillan Publishers (now Chief Scientific Officer Springer Nature) A publisher’s new job description http://www.against-the-grain.com/2012/11/a-publishers-new-job-description/
  • 50. Think of the library in the life of the user. Connect the library story to the university story. Understand sources of value and reconfigure services around them. Be an active partner in helping improve research and learning workflows. Some challenges and opportunities

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. I like reflexive definitions of the library. The library is a generative component of research and learning life-cycles.
  2. Personal communication.
  3. I was struck by these contrasting views which appeared within a few days of each other in the Irish media.
  4. Sees traditional academic library as part of outmoded understanding of HE infrastructure GW campus and library viewed as a pastiche of traditional iconography of a great university (Bologna, Harvard) Places blame (in part) on elective system promoted at Harvard which requires proliferation of infrastructure to support a ‘university of everything’
  5. http://global.oup.com/uk/orc/busecon/economics/carlin/