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Why Cloud Computing has to go the FOSS way

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Why Cloud Computing has to go the FOSS way

  1. 1. Why Cloud Computing has to go the FOSS way By: Ahmed Mekkawy Founder | CTO – Spirula Systems ahmed.mekkawy@spirulasystems.com
  2. 2. ● Ahmed Mekkawy AKA linuxawy. ● Free Software Foundation (FSF) member. ● Egypt GNU/Linux Users Group (EGLUG) admin. ● ArabTechies member. ● Co-founder of OpenEgypt (under establishment). ● Independent consultant for MCIT. ● Founder | CTO of Spirula Systems. About the Presenter
  3. 3. Freedom, openness, and the cloud
  4. 4. Credit: Opensoft
  5. 5. The cloud
  6. 6. What is cloud? ● IaaS, PaaS, SaaS. ● Wait a minute.. we had these already!! ● "The interesting thing about cloud computing is that we've redefined cloud computing to include everything that we already do," he said. "The computer industry is the only industry that is more fashion-driven than women's fashion." RMS – Sep 2008 ● The important in cloud is the “aaS” part.
  7. 7. As a Service? ● Agility. ● Flexibility. ● Customizability. ● Pay as you go. ● Don't mess with reliability, please.
  8. 8. How it all started?
  9. 9. CERN - 1993 http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html
  10. 10. Open Internet? ● The “Open Internet” is the Internet as we know it. It’s open because it uses free, publicly available standards that anyone can access and build to. www.fcc.gov
  11. 11. Sorry, I meant GNU - 1983
  12. 12. GNU ● The GNU Project is a free software, mass collaboration project. Its aim is to give computer users freedom and control in their use of their computers and computing devices, by collaboratively developing and providing software that is based on the following freedom rights: users are free to run the software, share it (copy, distribute), study it and modify it. GNU software guarantees these freedom-rights legally (via its license), and is therefore free software; the use of the word "free" always being taken to refer to freedom. - Wikipedia
  13. 13. No really, it was IBM – 60's
  14. 14. IBM Virtualization ● The first stake in the ground was CP-40, an operating system for the System/360 mainframe that IBM's Robert Creasy and Les Comeau started developing in 1964 to create VMs within the mainframe. It was quickly replaced by CP-67, the second version of IBM's hypervisor. The early hypervisor gave each mainframe user what was called a conversational monitor system (CSM), essentially a single-user operating system.
  15. 15. What have we been doing? ● Some people say “everything is a game”. So let's see what gamers say about it. ● Let's assume a multi-player strategy game, aimed for building, not killing your enemies/competitors.
  16. 16. Games ● Start all alike ● Differentiate, innovate, be unpredictable some times. ● When the world is becoming mature, take the same actions with your competitors.
  17. 17. What about innovation? ● You can innovate, just tell the others what is the good things you are doing so you can all help each other (you do want that to happen).
  18. 18. What's the relation? ● Mainframes + terminals. ● PCs, lots of them. ● Cloud, and mobility.
  19. 19. So, what about Software? ● Software was free/libre. ● An open letter to hobbyists. ● Proprietary software. ● Breaking free.
  20. 20. Innovation in FOSS? ● “The intrinsic parallelism and free idea exchange in OSS has benefits that are not replicable with our current licensing model.” Microsoft - Halloween Document I (1998)
  21. 21. Why Open Clouds? Dell currently says: As an introduction to the topic of open source cloud computing I thought I would put out some common reasons for why open source matters in cloud computing: ● Customers want greater cloud choice/flexibility without vendor lock-in ● Establish global, public/open cloud standards ● (Initial) pricing is lower with no licensing fees ● Open source provides cloud operators the ability to customize the solution to meet their existing customers’ needs while also having the ability to push the code back into the main project ● Hypervisor flexibility – leverage existing investments in technology while expanding the opportunity to leverage new and possibly open solutions http://en.community.dell.com/techcenter/cloud/w/wiki/3447.open-source-cloud-computing.aspx
  22. 22. Patents? http://tsdr.uspto.gov/#caseNumber=77139082&caseType=SERIAL_NO&searchType=statusSearch
  23. 23. OpenStack ● Started by NASA and Rackspace. ● Currently, collaboration for huge number of big enterprises, the kind of guys which take such move for their own benefit. ● Why? Simply none of them can do this alone, while they all need it.
  24. 24. OpenStack – Cont'd ● “OpenStack is a global collaboration of developers and cloud computing technologists producing the ubiquitous open source cloud computing platform for public and private clouds.” OpenStack.org
  25. 25. OpenStack – Cont'd ● “Why open matters: All of the code for OpenStack is freely available under the Apache 2.0 license. Anyone can run it, build on it, or submit changes back to the project. We strongly believe that an open development model is the only way to foster badly-needed cloud standards, remove the fear of proprietary lock-in for cloud customers, and create a large ecosystem that spans cloud providers.” OpenStack.org
  26. 26. User Perspective ● It's sad but true, but usually the user (especially if it's a business not an individual) doesn't care about the used technology, rather cares about features. Most of you don't care that this is LibreOffice no M$-Office. You only care about the content. ● Cloud is no different. Give me what I need, don't care if it's a Xen or a KVM as long as it's working - except when it comes to financials, capacity,etc.
  27. 27. User Perspective – Cont'd ● The good thing in cloud, is that the user is aware of his need for freedom as well as flexibility. ● Especially vendor lock-in is hardly accepted by the user. Interoperability is essential in the cloud world. ● Open Standards.
  28. 28. The Inevitable cloud ● "Somebody is saying this is inevitable, and whenever you hear somebody saying that, it's very likely to be a set of businesses campaigning to make it true." RMS - Sep 2008 ● I don't have issues with that, as long as they are making it true, the FOSS way.
  29. 29. The Inevitable
  30. 30. The inevitable Freedom ● Open Source Software. ● Open Standards. ● Open Internet. ● Open Hardware ● Open Data. ● In short, Users Freedom.
  31. 31. ahmed.mekkawy@spirulasystems.com This presentation is made using 100% FLOSS LibreOffice - Cinnamon DE - Debian jessie GNU/Linux These slides will be available on: http://www.slideshare.net/linuxawy http://www.spirulasystems.com No Clouds have been hurt while preparing this presentation Questions?