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Reading Strategies

Improve reading comprehension with these simple research based strategies

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Reading Strategies

  1. 1. Reading Discovery Using Non-fiction Strategies Effectively
  2. 2. Before You Read <ul><li>This is the preparation stage </li></ul><ul><li>Time and care taken before reading will make the actual reading experience easier </li></ul>
  3. 3. Set A Purpose <ul><li>Decide why you are reading this information </li></ul><ul><li>To make a decision? </li></ul><ul><li>To create something? </li></ul><ul><li>To help you? </li></ul><ul><li>For school? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Preview <ul><li>Read headlines and subtitles </li></ul><ul><li>Look at pictures and other graphics; read captions </li></ul><ul><li>Skim side bars </li></ul><ul><li>Read section outline in textbooks and articles </li></ul>
  5. 5. Activate Prior Knowledge <ul><li>consider what you already know about the subject </li></ul><ul><li>think about connections to other knowledge you possess </li></ul>
  6. 6. Write Questions <ul><li>make predictions about information you expect to find </li></ul><ul><li>write down things you wondered while previewing </li></ul><ul><li>create questions you think might be answered by the text </li></ul>
  7. 7. Set a Reading Speed <ul><li>Good readers adjust their reading rate to fit the text and purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Think about WHY you are reading and WHAT you are reading </li></ul><ul><li>Then pick a speed </li></ul>
  8. 8. First Gear <ul><li>Slow, thoughtful reading </li></ul><ul><li>Use when the text is complex or difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Use when you are reading to remember important information </li></ul><ul><li>Use when you are going to take action </li></ul>
  9. 9. Second Gear <ul><li>Relaxed reading </li></ul><ul><li>Use when reading for pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>Use when the text is fairly simple for you </li></ul><ul><li>Example: reading a novel or magazine </li></ul>
  10. 10. Third Gear <ul><li>Skimming the text </li></ul><ul><li>Use when you need basic answers or information quickly </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t have to read every word, until you locate the information you need </li></ul>
  11. 11. Fourth Gear <ul><li>Scanning the text rapidly </li></ul><ul><li>Use when looking for a particular word or concept </li></ul><ul><li>Your eyes move quickly over the page until you find what you are looking for </li></ul>
  12. 12. Before Reading <ul><li>P review </li></ul><ul><li>A ctivate prior knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>W rite down wonders </li></ul><ul><li>S et a speed </li></ul>
  13. 13. During Reading <ul><li>Now that you have prepared your brain, you are ready to read </li></ul><ul><li>Remember: “READING IS THINKING” </li></ul><ul><li>Use effective strategies to help you make sense of what you are reading </li></ul>
  14. 14. Visualize <ul><li>Use illustrations to help you create mental pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Add in images from your own experiences so that you create a “Mental Movie” </li></ul>
  15. 15. Predict <ul><li>Pay attention to section headings and subtitles to help you know what is coming up </li></ul><ul><li>Create questions, then search for answers as you read </li></ul>