Sharing Economy between Commons and Commodification

688 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

Talk given the international Conference 
"A Great Transformation? Global Perspectives on Contemporary Capitalisms", 
January 10-13, 2017, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria

Veröffentlicht in: Bildung
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

  • Gehören Sie zu den Ersten, denen das gefällt!

Sharing Economy between Commons and Commodification

  1. 1. Sharing Economy between 
 Commons and Commodification Leonhard Dobusch
 University of Innsbruck International Conference 
 "A Great Transformation? Global Perspectives on Contemporary Capitalisms", 
 January 10-13, 2017, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria This work is licensed under a
 Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
  2. 2. Two Stories of the 'Sharing Economy' Two Types of 'Sharing Economy' A Polanyian double movement?
  3. 3. Two Stories of the 'Sharing Economy'
  4. 4. <1>
 'Sharing is caring'
  5. 5. “Imagine a world in which every single human being can freely share in the sum of all knowledge.”
  6. 6. <2>
 Sharing as a business model
  7. 7. Two Types of 'Sharing Economy'
  8. 8. <0>
 Commonalities
  9. 9. Collaborative use of assets
  10. 10. Platform connects users Platform
  11. 11. Governance by platform-based rules Bild: http://blog.apptopia.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/better-camera-2.png
  12. 12. <1>
 Commons-based 'Sharing Economy'
  13. 13. Common-pool 
 resource 
 (platform) No directly reciprocal 
 exchange of benefits
  14. 14. hospitality on Couchsurfing is free. A host should never ask a guest to pay for their lodging, and a guest should not offer. “
  15. 15. Open access Open licenses Open formats
  16. 16. Bilder: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Encyclopedia_Britannica_series.JPG?uselang=de / http://coverlib.com/pub/Archiv/01910000/01909138.JPG Revenue Reach, scope, 
 quality (?)
  17. 17. <2>
 Market-based Sharing Economy
 („collaborative consumption“, „pseudo-sharing“)
  18. 18. Platform reciprocal exchange of benefits (mediates exchanges)
  19. 19. Quelle: http://www.airbnbvsberlin.de/, CC-BY AirBnB in Berlin:
  20. 20. Estimates of emission effects for Car2Go in Ulm: Source: Firnkorn, J., Müller, M. (2011): What will be the environmental effects of new free-floating car-sharing systems? The case of car2go in Ulm. Ecological Economics, 70, 1519-1528. 3.1), but as this effect is unlikely to be significant in Ulm in the period under review until 2014, vehicles other than cars are excluded from the analysis. Table 4 Forecast of changing emission effects per average car2go user [kg CO2/year] (N=256). Best case Most likely case Worst case Total emissions in 2009 (EM_total_2009) 2786 2787 2790 CO2 car2go +318 +392 +484 CO2 public transportation −16 −16 −16 CO2 borrowed car −149 −149 −149 CO2 private car −466 −466 −466 Total emissions in 2014 (EM_total_2014)a 2474 2549 2644 Net change (EM_delta_abs) −312 −238 −146 a Calculated on exact figures without rounding.
  21. 21. Estimate of potential to reduce car ownership: Source: Firnkorn, J., Müller, M. (2011): What will be the environmental effects of new free-floating car-sharing systems? The case of car2go in Ulm. Ecological Economics, 70, 1519-1528. n d e size of 2.5 in the considered area corresponds to −232 kg CO2/year per person (Martin and Shaheen, 2010). However, even though the results . Table 5 Potential to reduce private vehicle ownership. Applies strongly Does not apply at all 1 2 3 4 5 If car2go proves itself in the next 5 years in Ulm, I could image forgoing the purchase of a car or of a replacement car in the future. (n=307) 14% 15% 14% 11% 46% If car2go proves itself in the next 5 years in Ulm, a car which I currently borrow is likely to be dispensed with, for example by a friend or family member. (n=294) 8% 11% 14% 12% 55% ~50%
  22. 22. A Polanyian double movement?
  23. 23. <1>
 Expansion of Market Logics
  24. 24. Commodification of trust Making non-marketed goods marketable
  25. 25. <2>
 Non-market-based Production
  26. 26. Commons-based 
 de-commodification Commons based on private property and regulation
  27. 27. Two countervailing sharing economies Resemble double movement dynamic Double movement plays out in parallel and in a sphere of private governance Conclusion
  28. 28. Contacts E-Mail: 
 Leonhard.Dobusch@uibk.ac.at " Twitter: @leonidobusch " Web:
 bit.ly/LD_UIBK (University of Innsbruck)
 dobusch.net " Research blogs:
 governancexborders.com 
 osconjunction.net

×