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Facilitating 21st century learning by leilani c. avila
Issues on Learner-Centered Teaching
by LEILANI C. AVILA
TALOMO NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
TALOMO, DAVAO CITY
What is 21st
The world of teachers and students is expected
to continue to change dramatically where a
paradigm shift in the way teaching and learning
Critical Attributes of the 21st
Century Schools (2011)
• Integrated and Interdisciplinary
• Technologies and Multimedia
• Global Classrooms
• Creating/Adapting to Constant Personal and Social
Change, and Lifelong Learning
• Project-Based and Research Driven
• Relevant, Rigorous and Real World
New Parameters for Teaching and Learning in the 21st
The changes and developments in the 21st
Century Education fall
into the following key categories (Zhou, 2006):
1. New environment of learning
-innovative and modern ways of teaching and learning
using technology as teaching tool.
2. New content of learning
Traditional Learning Content 21st
Century Learning Content
• teacher-centered • learner-centered
• emphasis on subject knowledge • focus on intellectual abilities
• supply driven • demand-driven
• individual learning • cooperative learning
• mastery of itemized information or
• focus on acquisition of learning
• heavy emphasis on core subjects • balance
• technical and vocational learning
relegated to the background
• balance on general vs vocational
3.New Process of Learning
In the 21st century, there are other ways to gain
knowledge aside from formal academic settings such as
schools and universities.
4. New Types of Learners
Teaching in the 21st century has to evolve and adapt to
the changing needs of our new generation of learners
5. New Spaces/Dimensions of Learning
The 21st century also allows the exploration of learning
outside the four walls of the classroom. While most
traditional classes are held in the confines of the classroom,
modern-day classes are now also being held in such places as
parks, school yards, museums, workplaces, homes, and other
venues to enhance the real life experience of learners.
as a Facilitator of
Curriculum reforms are in
the offing for the 21st
schools as we depart from the
chalk-and –talk schooling of the
Schools are slowly
transforming into “nerve
centers” where teachers
students, & the community
are interconnected with one
another and the rest of the
world via the World Wide
What is Facilitative Teaching?
Facilitative teaching is teaching that
guides, instigates, and motivates
students to learn.
Facilitative teaching uses learner-
centered, teaching-learning practices,
instead of teacher-centered.
As a teacher , you are a facilitator
rather than the sole source of learning
that uses appropriate instructional
strategies and creates positive learning
Let us try
Answer all nine questions found in the
Teaching Style Self Evaluation by Jennifer Stein in
What is your dominant teaching style?
Count the number of times you circled each
letter and write the frequency counts on the table
below the questions. For example if you answered
“A” in for of the nine questions in the list, write
four. Do the same procedure to the rest of your
- tend to focus on content and
is generally teacher-centered style.
Demonstrator or Personal Model
- tend to act as model, then as
a coach/guide in helping students
develop and apply their skills.
- tend to focus on activities, and
there is much more responsibility placed on
students to take the initiative for meeting
the demands of various learning tasks.
- tend to place much control and
responsibility for learning on learners,
which often give students the choice in
designing and implementing their own
complex learning projects.
Century Teacher as a
Who is a classroom manager?
The classroom manager is responsible for
providing a conducive learning environment for 21st
century teaching and learning.
Classroom management is the primary task of
a teacher, and very difficult one, too.
Traditional View of Classroom Management
Management is focus on creating and
implementing classroom rules and procedures to
control students’ behavior.
New Perspective of Classroom
Emphasis is on students’
engagement in learning through active
participation and teamwork in learning
task and activities. These are known
as collaborative learning and active
Let’s Think About This
You must have realized that in the first two
classrooms, you have to work independently in order to
meet the criteria for a free ticket. Let us analyze.
If you are a weak student in Mr. Suresh’s class,
you stand a very slim chance in securing one of the 4
If you are an average student in Ms. Edith’s
class, you might double up your effort to be rewarded
with the ticket.
If you are in Mrs. Adilah’s class, your going to
the concert is largely concerted effort, and that if
you work hard individually and collectively your group
might get the tickets.
Which of the following situations promote
Classroom Management Skills
1. Verbal Skills
-speak at their level of comprehension
- emphasize key words
- check for understanding
- vary your voice tone
2. Listening Skills
- maintain good eye contact
- synthesize your students statement
- give feedback
- observe, listen more than you speak
3. Non-verbal Communication Skills
- facial expression
Let us review the four classroom scenarios.
1. Which of the 4 classrooms are quiet and orderly?
2. Which of the 4 classrooms are active and noisy?
3. Who among the teachers is the best classroom manager?
Let us analyze
Yes Mr. Argus’s and Mr. Kulwant’s classrooms belong to the first
categories, while Mrs. Solomon’s and Ms. Chan’s are in the second
However, activity and noise levels are not good indicators for
quantifying students’ learning.
Obviously, Mr. Argu’s students are learning in his quiet and
orderly classroom, and so are Ms. Chan’s in her seemingly “unruly”
Unfortunately , none of Mrs. Solomon’s students are learning in
the chaotic battleground of her classroom, or Mr. Kulwant’s in the
apparent harmonious but dictatorial atmosphere of his classroom.
Let us reflect
To whom can you relate?
Classroom Management: Promotes a Conducive
Classroom Management can be understood as creating and
maintaining a classroom environment that is conducive to learning and
The first and most important step in designing your
personalized classroom management plan is to construct a framework
upon which to develop it.
Classroom Management Plan Framework
Component Leading Questions
Rules and Procedures • What rules and procedures will my
students and I jointly create and agree
• Will the agreed rules and procedures be
verbally told or posted?
• Where are my students and I placed in the
• When will the seating position and
physical arrangement of the class be
•What are some constructive intervension for
managing misbehavior in the classroom?
• How can I be creative with my interventions?
• How can I maximize teachable moments with
positive interventions to distract off-task
Classroom Safety • Why is classroom safety important?
• Who should take responsibility for classroom safety?
• How will I handle emergencies in the classroom?
• Do I have to contact numbers to calll, in the event of
Student Celebration • How will I give recognition to my students?
• What are my beliefs about managing my life and
• Do I have the will and courage to design
comprehensive and practical plan?
• How should my students behave in my classroom?
• How will I handle and inform student misbehavior
or off-task behavior in my classroom?
“There are two
kinds of teachers:
the kind that fill
you with so much
quail shot that you
can't move, and
the kind that just
gives you a little
prod behind and you
jump to the
Jun. 26, 2021
Apr. 15, 2021
Oct. 14, 2020
Oct. 3, 2020
Aug. 3, 2019
Jul. 16, 2019
Jan. 15, 2019
Sep. 16, 2018
Aug. 23, 2018
Apr. 30, 2018
Nov. 24, 2017
Nov. 4, 2017
Oct. 9, 2017
May. 3, 2017
Dec. 10, 2016
Oct. 9, 2016
Oct. 15, 2015
ppt presentation on how 21st century learning is facilitated
a lecture presented during MPRE 2014