Kirsten Engel Water Presentation LD18 5-23-23.pptx
26. May 2023•0 gefällt mir•61 views
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Kirsten Engel, CD6 Congressional candidate and former AZ Senator, called out the Republican incumbent for his hypocrisy and failure in office. She also detailed Arizona's water crisis and her solutions for the drought.
2. The Water Crisis in Arizona is the
result of many long-standing problems
• We live in a desert, but refuse to accept the reality
of what a desert is – a place of little water!
• Climate change is driving our current drought and
will only get worse.
• Pie-in-the-sky proposals to pipe water across the
U.S. will not solve our water crisis. We need to
adopt practical solutions – many exist!
7. Colorado River Crisis
Arizona is now in a 20+ year drought driven by climate change which will only get worse.
The water and power of 40 million people reliant on the Colorado River is at risk.
The federal govt has asked states to reduce 2-4 million acre ft of water – so far they haven’t
9. Some critical numbers and dates:
• 1922 Compact among the basin states - the upper
(Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, New Mexico) and the lower
(Nevada, Arizona, California)
• 7.5 million acre feet (MAF) per year for upper basin
• 7.5 million acre feet (MAF) per year for lower basin
• In 1968, Congress further divided to: 4.4 to CA; 2.8 to AZ; 300,000
• 1944 Treaty with Mexico
• 1.5 MAF per year
• Total allocated: 16.5 million acre feet per year
• Doesn’t account for claims by all Colorado River tribes
(only half have had claims settled)
• River’s average flow since 2000? 12.3 MAF. Woah!
10. Current Colorado River Shortage
Arizona’s cuts: 592,000 million acre ft, or 20% of Arizona’s total water allocation.
11. Colorado River Options
• Feds want to reduce water use by all basin states by 2-4 million
acre feet (or 15-30 percent) in next year.
• States had failed to generate plan to do so… so….
• April 2023: Feds proposed 2 main options:
• Impose cuts across basin states based on seniority
(most beneficial to California which has most senior rights)
• Impose equal percentage cuts upon all states
(hardest on California as California has the biggest allocation)
• 2 days ago! Lower Basin states (AZ, CA, NV) came up with plan to
reduce 3 million acre ft by 2026 (and 1.5 MAF by 2024), most of
these reductions being compensated with Inflation Reduction $$.
13. Groundwater being sucked dry!
Source: Bruce Babbitt and Robert
Lane, Saudi Firm has Pumped
Arizona Groundwater for years
without paying. Time to pony up.
15. Arizona’s surface waters are in
• Surface waters provide drinking
water, wildlife habitat, flood
control, groundwater recharge,
recreational opportunities (Az has
a $20 bill/yr tourist economy)
• Thirty-five percent of Arizona’s
natural perennial flowing rivers ha
ve been altered or lost altogether
as a result of dams, diversions, and
groundwater pumping. - The
• Over 90 percent of Arizona’s wet
areas are ”ephemeral” washes
that flow only in response to
rainfall and are not clearly subject
to federal or state regulations
preventing unauthorized pollutant
discharges or filling.
17. Solutions (a partial list!)s
• Reduce agricultural water use by:
• Installing drip irrigation
• Switching to low water-use crops
• Increase water reclamation and re-use
• Build water storage facilities/ build and fix infrastructure
• Conserve water
• Achieve net zero water use in new construction
• Complete tribal water settlements
• Protect and monitor groundwater use across entire state!!!
Hinweis der Redaktion
Colorado River Compact of 1922 – Nov. 24, 1922
First agreement to legally connect the states that share the Colorado River water supply
Designated the Upper and Lower Colorado River Basins, allocating 7.5 MAF/year to each
Defined Upper Division States and Lower Division States
Required the Upper Division States to deliver to the Lower Division States not less than 75,000,000 acre-feet over each consecutive rolling 10-year period, plus one-half of the Mexico Treaty delivery obligation.
Arizona refused to ratify the Compact until 1944
Boulder Canyon Project Act of 1928 – Dec. 21, 1928
Authorized construction of Hoover Dam
Apportioned Colorado River water among the Lower Basin states: 2.8 MAF/year to Arizona; 4.4 MAF to California; 300,000 acre-feet to Nevada
Posterchild – Fondomente, Saudi company.
The San Pedro River's cottonwood-shaded corridor provides critical stopover habitat for millions of migrating birds each year. It is one of only two major rivers that flow north out of Mexico into the United States and is one of the last large undammed rivers in the Southwest.
San Pedro River, the Southwest's last free-flowing major desert river. It boasts the region's healthiest remaining riparian habitat and is home to about 80 different mammals, including coatimundi and badgers, and 350 to 400 bird species. Four million people a year visit the San Pedro,
The San Pedro River basin is home to 84 species of mammals, 14 species of fish and 41 species of reptiles and amphibians. Species such as the jaguar and black bear stalk the region’s forested mountains while the Mexican gray wolf and black-tailed prairie dog reside in the expansive grasslands.
Now, parts of the San Pedro are no longer perennially flowing.
Consequently, native streamside plants like cottonwoods are crowded out as adaptable invasive species (such as tamarisk) with deeper root systems thrive. Animal species, particularly birds, suffer as water is drawn deeper underground.