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Digital Magical Mystery Tour - British Library

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Digital Magical Mystery Tour - British Library

  1. 1. 1 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk http://www.bl.uk/projects/british-library-labs Funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the British Library Running since March 2013 Introduction to the British Library’s Digital Collections & how they are used for inspirational projects Mahendra Mahey, Manager of BL Labs, British Library, London, UK. Thursday 1300 – 1340, 2 May, 2019 Location of Talk: British Library Conference Centre, British Library, Boston Spa, Wetherby, West Yorkshire, Leeds, LS23 7BQ
  2. 2. 2 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk http://bl.uk For research, inspiration and enjoyment for everyone!
  3. 3. 3 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Living Knowledge Vision (2015 – 2023) Custodianship Research Business Culture Learning International To make our intellectual heritage accessible to everyone, for research, inspiration and enjoyment and be the most open, creative and innovative institution of its kind by 2023 (50 year anniversary). Document:http://goo.gl/h41wW7 Speech:https://goo.gl/Py9uHK Roly Keating (Chief Executive Officer of the British Library) To make our intellectual heritage accessible to everyone, for research, inspiration and enjoyment and be the most open, creative and innovative institution of its kind by 2023 (50 year anniversary).
  4. 4. 4 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Living Knowledge Network comprises over 20 public library services across the UK, primarily based in major cities and towns. Many of the partners within the network are also home to British Library Business & IP Centres.
  5. 5. 5 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk The British Library or ‘BL’ Inside the British Library Space for 1200 readers, around 500,000 visitors per year Building 37 uses low oxygen and robots Reading room and delivery to London Many items stored at Document Supply and Storage centre 48 hours away Stockton-on-Tees Author right to payment each time their books are borrowed from public libraries St Pancras, London, UK Many books are stored 4 stories below the building UK Legal Deposit Library – Reference only Founded in 1973 though origins stem back to British Museum Library 1753 Boston-Spa https://youtu.be/gJLIiF15wjQ?t=49
  6. 6. 6 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Becoming a reader at Boston Spa • Any one in the world, usually over 18 (special requests for shorter passes for younger people) • Photo ID (passport, driving license) • Household bill within the last 3 months (bank statement, gas bill etc.) • You can join here at in registration room at Boston Spa and request items in the reading room. • Good to pre-register online first
  7. 7. 7 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Collections – not just books! > 180*million items > 0.8* m serial titles > 8* m stamps > 14* m books > 6* m sound recordings > 4* m maps > 1.6* m musical scores > 0.3* m manuscripts > 60* m patents King’s Library *Estimates
  8. 8. 8 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Have you got X? https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/Real_wuerzburg.jpg Looking for Physical Content in the British Library
  9. 9. 9 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk #bldigital 3 %* digitised * estimate Digital Partnerships Commercial & Other Organisations Bias in digitisation Sample Generator 724 Digitisation / Born Digital Projects 15 %* Openly Licensed – most online 85 %* Available onsite only at the moment Digitisation / Curating Born Digital costs money, time, resources http://www.turing.ac.uk https://www.turing.ac.uk/research/research-projects/living-machines Research driven digitisation Heritage Made Digital Born Digital http://www.webarchive.org.uk/ukwa/ https://github.com/BL-Labs/sample_generator_datatools What percentage/proportion of our physical collections are digitised?
  10. 10. 10 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Have you got X digitised / in digital form? http://www.yorkmix.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/mr-simms-sweet-shoppe-york.jpg Looking for Digitised / Digital Content in the BL
  11. 11. 11 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Finding Open British Library Cultural Heritage Datasets Collection Guides (236 as of 02/05/2019) https://www.bl.uk/collection-guides/ Datasets about our collections Bibliographic datasets relating to our published and archival holdings Datasets for content mining Content suitable for use in text and data mining research Datasets for image analysis Image collections suitable for large-scale image-analysis-based research Datasets from UK Web Archive Data and API services available for accessing UK Web Archive Digital mapping Geospatial data, cartographic applications, digital aerial photography and scanned historic map materials https://data.bl.uk Download collections as zips, no API Each dataset has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) can be referenced for research Over 130 datasets available, some derived Transitioning to Repository Platform
  12. 12. 12 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk British Library Research Repository https://bl.oar.bl.uk/ (in development) download data / digital collections
  13. 13. 13 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Playbills, Books, Newspapers (includes OCR) British Library Digital collections & Datasets British National Bibliography http://bnb.data.bl.uk http://sounds.bl.uk http://dml.city.ac.uk/ Music (Recordings & Sheet) & Sounds http://goo.gl/frSMJtBroadcast News (TV and Radio) http://goo.gl/cwThHw http://goo.gl/pBkisZhttp://goo.gl/E8aRyQ Usage dataImages, Manuscripts & Maps http://www.qdl.qa/ Qatar Digital Library http://idp.bl.uk/ International Dunhuang Project Maps http://www.bl.uk/maps/ Hebrew Manuscripts http://goo.gl/4sbCp9 Flickr & Wikimedia Commons https://goo.gl/LZRmaZ
  14. 14. 14 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk The Story of the Digital Collection… Digital Collection Curator Who paid for the digitisation? Who did the digitisation? Technology used Born digital? Published Unpublished Where is it? Access / API? Can it still be accessed? Generates income Reputational risk in using? Legalities / Ethics / Morality Politics when digitised, e.g. Brexit? Personalities involved Surprises (e.g. gaps) Descriptive information Old format not supported What media was the digitisation done from? Is there any background documentation? No Descriptive information Inconsistent descriptive information Still there? Good to know the background ‘story’ of a Digital Collection if you want to use it for projects …
  15. 15. 15 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Competition Awards Projects Tell us your ideas of what to do with our digital content (2013-) Show us what you have already done with our digital content in research, artistic, commercial, learning and teaching, staff categories Talk to us about working on collaborative projects Tell us your ideas of what to do with our digital content Labs Need Engagement! • Roadshows • Events • Meetings • Conversations New! Digital Research Support How @ BL Labs?
  16. 16. 16 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Who does BL Labs work with? Researchers https://goo.gl/WutNyi Artists http://goo.gl/nNKhQ2 Librarians Curators https://goo.gl/9NWZUW Software Developers https://goo.gl/7QQ5Tf Archivists https://goo.gl/x7b4tg Educators https://goo.gl/qh01Mi Working and Communicating Entrepreneurs https://goo.gl/Fx8RG7
  17. 17. 17 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk https://goo.gl/qpCLlk https://goo.gl/wMTS3Z • Dialogue typically: – you are ‘lucky’ & we have the digital content / data relevant to your project – we don’t have exactly what your looking for, but is there anything of interest? Let’s talk… – engagement can be hard work and it’s constantly required to maintain interest in our digital collections! • We also tend to attract projects with ‘fuzzier’ boundaries and possibly open to more interdisciplinary / collaborative research • Artists / Creatives find this dialogue easier… What engagement does the BL have with people wanting use our digital content?
  18. 18. 18 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Our Audience and Collections Audience research & Digital interests Digital collections we have This is where Labs works It starts with making connections, engagement, talking to people! GLAMs need to invest in this!
  19. 19. 19 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Phases of interaction at BL Labs Submit idea for support Ideas always change, once people experience the data and culture of the organisation! We use computational methods where appropriate
  20. 20. 20 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk The British Library's Digital Scholarship team Our mission is to enable the use of the British Library’s digital collections for research, inspiration, creativity, and enjoyment. Digital Research Team Living with Machines BL Labs Connect and share Support digital scholars Agents for change Invest in our staff Innovate and collaborate
  21. 21. 21 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk How do we think about Digital Scholarship? "Digital scholarship allows research areas to be investigated in new ways, using new tools, leading to new discoveries and analysis to generate new understanding." Dr Adam Farquhar Head of Digital Scholarship British Library Scale Perspective Speed Combines methodologies from the humanities & social science disciplines with computational tools provided by computing disciplines
  22. 22. 22 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Digital Scholarship methods Visualisations Using Application Programming Interfaces for datasets e.g. Metadata, Images Transcribing Annotation Location based searching & Geo-tagging Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence Crowdsourcing Human Computation Corpus analysis, Text Mining & Natural Language Processing
  23. 23. 23 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Examples of using our Digital Collections for projects BL Labs has over 160 examples on our website of use of BL Data Will take you on a journey of: • Research • Independent researchers / public • Entrepreneurs (Commercial) • Educational (Learning and Teaching) • Staff • Artistic
  24. 24. 24 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Research
  25. 25. 25 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Example of pattern of research • Finding invisible / well hidden things in ‘messy’ historical data • Unearthing / unlocking hidden histories & data to stimulate new research • Celebrating hidden histories / data creatively through events, art & performance https://goo.gl/vJ291F https://goo.gl/mcpa8B https://goo.gl/Ql0Bwz Not the British Library!
  26. 26. 26 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk A large-scale comparison of world music corpora with computational tools Digitised traditional world music
  27. 27. 27 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Construct a suicide corpus from 19th century digitised British Library newspaper collection using R stats software Digitised 19th Century Newspapers
  28. 28. 28 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk The Delius Catalogue of Works Joanna Bullivant, Daniel Grimley, David Lewis and Kevin Page University of Oxford https://delius.music.ox.ac.uk/catalogue/welcome.html Music Catalogues
  29. 29. 29 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk http://victorianhumour.tubmblr.com Victorian Meme Machine https://goo.gl/HMqDt3 Bob Nicholson http://victorianhumour.tumblr.com/ Bob Nicholson interviewed on BBC Radio 4 Making History Programme: http://goo.gl/fmV9ep And telling jokes to the public: http://goo.gl/xIDRhz Bob obtained further funding from his university Looking for more collaborations https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-GRgj7Q5OM0 Rob Walker, Victorian Mother-in-law Jokes Victorian Comedy Night, 7 Nov 2016 Digitised 19th Century Newspapers & Books
  30. 30. 30 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Political Meetings Mapper http://politicalmeetingsmapper.co.uk https://goo.gl/Qq78Oa Labs Symposium 2015 https://goo.gl/BSA3be Interview 2015 The Chartist Newspaper http://goo.gl/vOLSnH Chartist Monster Meeting Chartists Walking Tour and Re-enactment London Digitised 19th Century Newspapers
  31. 31. 31 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Black Abolitionist Performances & their Presence in Britain Frederick Douglass Ellen Craft Josiah Henson Ida B Wells A Performance by Joe Williams & Martelle Edinborough http://frederickdouglassinbritain.com/ Digitised 19th Century Newspapers
  32. 32. 32 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk 19th Century Newspaper Image Analytics https://goo.gl/6NBeAi Paul Fyfe & Qian Ge Digitised 19th Century Newspapers
  33. 33. 33 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Scissors and Paste Melodee Beals https://osf.io/nm2rq/ Digitised 19th Century Newspapers
  34. 34. 34 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk British Library Flickr Commons – 1 million Images from scanned books collection
  35. 35. 35 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Tagging a million images Iterative Crowdsourcing http://goo.gl/j6fxac Cardiff University’s Lost Visions Project http://www.metadatagames.org/ Metadata Games James Heald Mario Klingemann Chico 45 Use computational methods Human Tagger Top British Library Flickr Commons Taggers 18 hard core taggers How to reward and keep motivated? Average for ‘crowd’ is 1 tag per person Mobile games for ‘Ships’, ‘Covers’ and ‘Portraits’ Interface for tagging 1 million images from scanned books
  36. 36. 36 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Crowdsource Arcade http://goo.gl/LBfJ4W http://goo.gl/OH9pOZ https://goo.gl/7z0j8p 30 mins talk Labs Symposium (2015) https://goo.gl/SSRsdd 5 min interview (2015) http://goo.gl/0APpE8 Game Jam Using Arcade Games to help Tag images 1 million images from scanned books
  37. 37. 37 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk SherlockNet Using Convolutional Neural Networks to Automatically Tag and Caption the British Library Flickr Commons 1 million Image Collection 12 categories >15.5 million tags added >100,000 captions bit.ly/sherlocknet Pooled surrounding OCR text on page from similar images Used Microsoft COCO (photographs) & British Museum Prints and Drawings collections as training sets. Tags Captions 1 million images from scanned books
  38. 38. 38 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Wikimedia and Map work https://goo.gl/WYZCB2 http://goo.gl/HNQq5e https://goo.gl/VPgffL https://commons.wikimedia.org/ https://goo.gl/djtm1b Labs Symposium (2015)Geotagging maps 50,000 Maps Found in Flickr 1 million Human & Computational Tagging & Community engagement Geo-referencing work 1 million images from scanned books
  39. 39. 39 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Independent Researchers
  40. 40. 40 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk British Library Georeferencer Project Geotagged over 40,000 Maps Maurice Nicholson http://www.bl.uk/maps 1 million images from scanned books
  41. 41. 41 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk The History of Reffley Spring The Pleasures of Reffley Andrew Clapham www.reffleyspring.co.uk British Newspaper Archive
  42. 42. 42 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk My website, "Netley Abbey Matters” Brenda Findlay Independent Researcher www.netleyabbeymatters.co.uk British Newspaper Archive
  43. 43. 43 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Using the British Newspaper Archive Site for Family and Social History Research Keith Gregson Historian & author British Newspaper Archive
  44. 44. 44 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Commercial
  45. 45. 45 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk The 19th century “British Classics” Collection on Library Wall by Artefacto http://www.artefacto.org.uk/content/north-londons-first- outdoor-digital-bookshelf/ 65,000 Public Domain digitised 19th Century Books
  46. 46. 46 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Redesigning Alice: Etsy and the British Library joint project by Dina Malkova https://www.etsy.com/shop/DinaMalkova Digitised Book Cover
  47. 47. 47 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Movable Type: The Card Game https://goo.gl/nPZ9wt 1 million images from scanned books
  48. 48. 48 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Badgical Kingdom http://www.badgicalkingdom.co.uk 1 million images from scanned books
  49. 49. 49 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Poetic Places http://www.poeticplaces.uk/ See it in the Foyer! Sarah Cole 1 million images from scanned books 65,000 Public Domain digitised 19th Century Books
  50. 50. 50 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Exhibit http://gamehugger.com/exhibit/ 1 million images from scanned books
  51. 51. 51 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Fashion Presentation @ London Fashion Week Nabil Nayal SS19: The Library Collection Digitised Elizabethan Manuscript Images
  52. 52. 52 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk The Seder Oneg Shabbos Bentsher David Zvi Kalman University of Pennsylvania Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations Digitised Hebrew Manuscript Images
  53. 53. 53 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Learning and Teaching
  54. 54. 54 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Vittoria’s World of Stories https://goo.gl/mYw7UM 1 million images from scanned books
  55. 55. 55 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Pocahontas and After Michael Walling Lucy Dunkerley John Cobb https://goo.gl/sMN4Qs Digitised Canadian Photographs
  56. 56. 56 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Pocket Miscellanies Jonah Coman Glasgow School of Art https://goo.gl/UC2wV1 Digitised Medieval Manuscripts
  57. 57. 57 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Pocket MiscellanyCreation of Adam Creation of Eve Temptation by the Devil Medieval sexual imaginationSodom (homosexuality) Medieval racism Medieval disability People of colour Mobility - pocket-sized radical teaching materials - Trans* and intersex bodies
  58. 58. 58 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Staff
  59. 59. 59 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Evolving English: VoiceBank Jonnie Robinson (Lead Curator Spoken English Collection, Sound and Vision) https://goo.gl/S5Eg8w
  60. 60. 60 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk British Library Time Lapse Films Digitisation of Maps KAR The Klencke Atlas 1660 The Building of Shakespeare in Ten Acts Digitisation of ADD 11831 The Book of Ester 17th Century Wet cleaning of PDP/F 1069 Silk Colours of the Royal East India Volunteers dating from 1777-1779 Creating the Tempest Tangut fragment conservation Painted Silk Sutra Wrapper IOL.MSS.KHOT.S.46 https://goo.gl/Q3NJXh Elizabeth Hunter and Carl Norman Senior Imaging Technicians, St Pancras Studios
  61. 61. 61 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Picturing Canada and Interactive Map https://goo.gl/o6nphi Phil Hatfield, Lead Curator Digital Map Collections, Contemporary British Joan Francis - Administration Officer, Contemporary British Published Collections https://goo.gl/2FTRCT
  62. 62. 62 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Web Archiving Week June 2017 http://netpreserve.org/wac2017/Olga Holownia Programme and Communications Officer for the International Internet Preservation Consortium Andrew Jackson - Web Archiving Technical Lead 3 collaborative events: Datathon with Archives Unleashed Conference with RESAW Digital Conversations with BL Digital Scholarship RESAW.EU Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web WAC & RESAW: 76 conference papers (RESAW + WAC) 2 workshops 108 contributors GA 2017, LAChttp://netpreserve.org/WAC2017/
  63. 63. 63 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Two Centuries of Indian Print https://www.bl.uk/projects/two-centuries-of-indian-print Layli Uddin, Priyanka Basu, Tom Derrick, Megan O’Looney, Alia Carter, Nora McGregor, Nur Sobers khan, Laurence Roger
  64. 64. 64 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Sound Tours - Unlocking Our Sound Heritage Led by Chandan Mahal and Mary Stewart Korantema Anyimadu, Amelia Francis, Ayomide Oluyemi and Shani Page-Muir
  65. 65. 65 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk The Foundling An animation by Leo Crane www.figuration.co/foundling
  66. 66. 66 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Artistic
  67. 67. 67 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk David Normal – Artist Crossroads of Curiosity – Collage Paintings https://youtu.be/Q3SBxO34Zlc ‘It was beyond my wildest dreams’ Crossroads of Curiosity @ Burning Man 2014 Crossroads of Curiosity @ British Library 2015 1 million images from scanned books
  68. 68. 68 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk http://goo.gl/dM8ieA Tragic Looking Women 44 Men who Look 44 (Notice the direction faces) A Hat on the Ground Spells trouble Mario Klingemann – Code Artist Our first Artistic Award winner! 1 million images from scanned books
  69. 69. 69 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Mario Klingemann – AI Portraits The Butcher’s Son 2018 LUMEN Prize winner https://lumenprize.com/a-i-portrait-scoops-gold/ https://goo.gl/ggpw1n
  70. 70. 70 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Hey there Young Sailor Ling Low 2016 – Hey there Young Sailor https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bcOP1E5bRE0 VIMEO.COM/SWEETANDLOWFILMS @SWEETNLOWFILMS ON INSTAGRAM @SWEETNLOWLING ON TWITTER The Impatient Sisters 1 million images from scanned books
  71. 71. 71 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Realmland: The Imaginary Kingdom of Maynard Tate https://goo.gl/x0DE8R Paul Rand Pierce 1 million images from scanned books
  72. 72. 72 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Fashion Utopias http://goo.gl/bNxGZZ https://vimeo.com/174946933 https://vine.co/v/i1Xij2VjwzP https://vine.co/v/i1XbU7xQzXg https://vine.co/v/i1Xe5aJX39M See it in the Foyer! Kris Hofmann & Claudia Rosa Lukas 1 million images from scanned books
  73. 73. 73 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Kestral Moon Studios https://goo.gl/QmkHR9 See it in the Foyer! Jiayi Chong 1 million images from scanned books
  74. 74. 74 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk https://goo.gl/UCNiGf Nick Cave The Evolution of Six Second History Social Media Animations 1 million images from scanned books
  75. 75. 75 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Phantom Tomes https://goo.gl/nx4wd1 1 million images from scanned books
  76. 76. 76 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk A poster per day https://goo.gl/TVAzWU 1 million images from scanned books
  77. 77. 77 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk British Library face swap https://vimeo.com/237769058 1 million images from scanned books
  78. 78. 78 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk ELASTIC SYSTEM Thomas Watts Basement Staff at St Pancras Image made of book spines http://elasticsystem.net/ Books can be taken out to ‘reveal’ another image in the background Richard Wright #elasticsystem See it in the Foyer!
  79. 79. 79 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Nomad Abira Hussein Sophie Dixon Edward Silverton https://nomad-project.co.uk Digitised Somali sound recordings
  80. 80. 80 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Another Intelligence Sings Amanda Baum Rose Leahy Rob Walker https://goo.gl/nndhdk Digitised environmental sound recordings
  81. 81. 81 @BL_Labs @mahendra_mahey @britishlibrary @BLdigifest #LeedsDigi19 labs@bl.uk Imaginary Cities Exhibition – 5 April to 14 July 2019 Michael Takeo Magruder

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • I have always loved Libraries. They are places to time travel, to get lost and captivated. They take us on adventures in our minds and give us an experience that the web simply cannot give. The digital cannot replicate the tactile and physical experience of touching a book or looking at a manuscript for instance.
    They allow us explore vast stores of information that are not simply available on the web and national libraries in some way have a responsibility to capture our nations’ memories when we are long gone and turned to dust. They hold the creative potential to inspire us. They can change us, and they can change our world as well as future generations to come.
    The British Library’s mission is to support research, to inspire and enable enjoyment for everyone in the world.
  • Roly Keating our CEO, launched his vision for the Library in 2015. Whilst most people understand the Library’s role is as a custodian of knowledge it is also one of the largest research library’s on the planet and we carry out our own research. Our vision states our purpose is to make our intellectual heritage accessible to everyone for research, inspiration and enjoyment for everyone and be the most open, creative and innovative institution of its kind by it’s 50th anniversary.
    To achieve this, we also help Businesses grow through a national network of Business and Intellectual Property centres (BIPC) offering IP advice, access to huge amounts of resources such as business intelligence, patents as well as events and training, we also engage in significant commercial activity through our commercial services.

    We are also a cultural heritage organisation and have an ambitious programme of cultural activities to include exhibitions such as Harry Potter: History of Magic and host spectacular events during the day and when the library is closed concerts, performances, and soon even an Algorave, look it up!

    We have a range of activities to support learning such as onsite and online courses for school children to adults and other activities around the local community in London as well as UK regionally.

    Finally, we work with partners internationally on a range of projects to advance knowledge and mutual understanding.

    The key to working with us on collaborative projects is to understand the way we see the world. In fact, we try to ensure that our requests for collaboration are prioritised and closely aligned to our vision. I would encourage you to delve deeper into our vision, especially if you would like to collaborate with us, it’s actually really fascinating read and it has helped me really understand the complex place where I work.
  • The origins of the British Library stem back to the beginnings of the British museum in 1753, and it’s Library forms the foundations of our vast collection today. It would take another 200 years and an act of parliament before the British Library was born legally in 1973 and then another 24 years before our London collection was transferred from the British Museum to its current building at St Pancras which you can see, where around 20% of our physical items are stored.
    Designed by Colin St John Wilson, part of it is designed to look like a ship. In fact, many have said the Library represents a ship of knowledge sailing though a gothic landscape perhaps provided by the backdrop of the St Pancras Renaissance hotel.
    Incidentally, the hotel is a place of history itself. This where the Spice girls, ‘wannabe video’ was filmed, a song incidentally that is one of the most instantly recognisable studies have shown, back then it was called the St Pancras Grand.

    The Library is one of 5 legal deposit reference libraries in the UK, it’s not a lending library. Whilst we acquire items through purchase or gifts, much of the collection has been built up through legal deposit. That is, by law, a copy of every UK and Ireland publication must be given to the British Library automatically with around 3 million physical items added each year. In 2013, legal deposit was extended to cover non-print material which means by law we take in digitally published items as well. This includes regular mass crawls of the entire UK web domain as well as ebooks, ejournals etc which means our digital content is rapidly beginning to out grow our physical collections as our digital items number billions of webpages for example.

    The building in London can sit 1,200 researchers at any one time across 5 reading rooms, we get around half a million visitors per year.
    Medium and long term requested items are held at Boston Spa in Yorkshire in a low oxygen warehouse, using robot to retrieve items. Boston Spa also has a reading room too where you can request items. In total, the library has nearly 1000 km of shelving, growing by 12 km every year.
    The British Library manages the UK public lending right, that is a living author’s right to payment/royalty each time their books are borrowed from public libraries.
  • The picture you can see is inside the main building in London, it’s the King’s Library – King George the Third’s personal library, Mad King George! Sometimes known as the ‘stack’, I walk past this everyday and it gives me a sense of awe and reminds that the collections the British Library have are truly staggering and almost impossible to comprehend.
    We currently estimate them to exceed <click>180 million items, representing every age of written civilisation and every known language. Our archives now contain the earliest surviving printed book in the world, the Diamond Sutra, written in Chinese and dating from 868 AD….only around 8% of our collections are books and as you can see we have so much more, please note the numbers are only really guesses as to exactly what we do have. If you saw 5 items a day it would take you over 80,000 years to see the whole collection.
  • For me, this is what it is like trying to find a physical item at the Library. It feels like a huge hypermarket, or perhaps even a factory or warehouse. It stocks a random assortment of things and if you ask the assistants they can tell you about things that are simply not visible on the shelves in huge storage facilities.
  • Moving on to our digital collections which is where my work largely sits. What percentage/proportion of our physical collections are digitised?
    What surprises many people is that only an estimated 3% of our physical holding are digitised. This is because digitisation costs time and money and we have to achieve this through partnerships with commercial and other philanthropic organisations.
    Through one of the first BL Labs project, ‘Sample Generator’ we discovered that our digital collections are not truly representative of our physical collections. There will be all sorts of reasons why certain items get digitised and others do not. In reality, all our collections be them digital or physical have selection biases. Our collections are hundreds of years of decisions made by people as to which items to buy, keep and which ones to discard.
    In terms of licensing and using/reusing digital collections, a Lab like ours has further challenges. Out of our over 720 digital collections, only around 15% have an open license. The remainder are only available onsite at the moment. This is in part because many legacy digitisation projects didn’t always consider licensing when items were digitised. Trying to retrospectively establish rights and licensing on previously digitised collections costs time and money.
    As a National Library, we have been collecting born digital items for over many decades. We are the home of the UK Web Archive that periodically captures billions of UK websites to keep for posterity and research and we are the home of the Alan Turing institute centre for AI and data science where we are an active research partner. For example, Living with Machines is a five-year £9.2 million research project that will take a fresh look at the well-known history of the Industrial Revolution using data-driven approaches.
    A new digitisation programme Heritage Made Digital is trying to learn from past digitisation projects, especially on digitising collections based on research demand.
  • It can often feel like this…It’s much smaller, we have some free stuff, some can only be consumed on site, some you need to buy. If you speak to shop keeper, they may be able to get you to see what’s under the counter, because they couldn’t display it. You might be able to get special permission to get a look in the warehouse at the back of the shop which has even more goodies there. If you are looking for vegetables you have come to the wrong shop!
  • How do you find our open cultural heritage collections? On way is to use our collection guides which offer subject pathways into our collections, each guide will have a section non what’s available digitally if at all.
  • I haven’t got time to go into all our digital collections. Here is a small snap shot, which you are welcome to explore at your leisure at a later date, there are lots of links on this slide. The important thing to note is that it’s not just digitised books we have. It’s also playbills, magazines, newspapers, images, manuscripts, maps, usage data, catalogue data, broadcast news on TV and radio, sounds, music, sheet music.
  • What’s important to understand is that if you really want to work with our digital collections, it sometimes pays to learn the ‘back story’ of how the collection came about, this was a really early and important lesson I learned. Knowing it, can have a significant impact on what you might want to do with it. On the screen you can see many factors. I simply haven’t got time to go into them all, but perhaps the most important one is the last one. Is there a human being around in the organisation who can tell you about the collection, as communicating with them may be the quickest way to learn more about the digital collection you want to work with. Often, they will have access to important information that isn’t written down.
  • I haven’t got time to go into detail about this is slide, but these are the kinds of things we were hoping researchers would do with our digital collections, especially things that would be very difficult to do manually!
  • The comparative analysis of world music cultures has been the focus of several ethnomusicological studies in the last century. With the advances of Music Information Retrieval and the increased accessibility of sound archives, large-scale analysis of world music with computational tools is today feasible. We combine music recordings from two archives, the Smithsonian Folkways Recordings and British Library Sound Archive, to create one of the largest world music corpora studied so far. Our aim is to explore relationships of music similarity and dissimilarity between different geographical areas of the world.
  • The speaker (--probably Joanna Bullivant) will not use slides.
    Please just CLICK the link on this slide to go to their website, and they will talk about the catalogue.
    (They have FIVE MINUTES to talk about their project)
  • ‘Nineteenth-Century Newspaper Analytics’ by Paul Fyfe, Associate Professor of English and Qian Ge, PhD Candidate in Electrical and Computer Engineering, both at North Carolina State University. The project represents an innovative partnership between researchers in English literature, Electrical & Computer Engineering, and data analytics in pursuit of the research question: How can computer vision and image processing techniques be adapted for large-scale interpretation of historical illustrations?
  • Scissors & Paste by Melodee Beals, Lecturer in Digital History at Loughborough University. Melodee’s project utilises the British Library Newspapers, Part I: 1800-1900 collection to explore the possibilities of mining large-scale newspaper databases for reprinted and repurposed news content. It addresses several key questions, including ‘How much material was it acceptable to reprint in the 19th century with or without attribution?
  • Maurice Nicholson is a volunteer georeferencer who has worked on the BL Georeferencer project since 2012 and is our top Georeferencer! The Georeferencer project has identified more than 50,000 maps within the BL’s Flickr 1 million collection, of which 20,000+ to date have been physically located, tagged and are available online.
  • Andrew Clapham, independent researcher and local historian, has used the Library’s online British Newspaper Archive to research the local history of Reffley Spring, in the eyes of those reporting on it at the time (rather than from our contemporary perspective).
    As well as producing pamphlets which are for sale at the local museum, he has produced a website to show the findings of the research and to reach a wider audience. You can follow the link on here to view it for yourself.
  • This is a website dedicated to the history of the village of Netley which is located just South East of Southampton. It was produced by the local historian and independent researcher, Brenda Findlay. The majority of her research draws on newspaper archives which have been digitised at the British Library.
    Brenda will also undertake local family history research relating to Netley, with any donations from happy ‘customers’ going to the Alzheimer’s Society.
  • “Using the British Newspaper Archive Site to Family and Social Historians”.
    Keith Gregson, historian and author, has made extensive use of the digital British Newspaper Archive to research a number of projects including family genealogy, village cricket, a Victorian house, rugby players for Sunderland Rugby Football Club etc., resulting in 2 online books and several publications.
  • Artefacto was founded by Sara and Kate to work with cultural and heritage
    organisations to provide new, creative ways for audiences to engage with collections.
  • Handmade and bespoke bow ties inspired by an illustration from Alice’s Adventures Under Ground manuscript https://www.etsy.com/shop/DinaMalkova

    Dina used a fragment of the original book illustration for Alices’s Adventures Under Ground to create new fabric for her handmade bow ties.
    A commercial venture in response to the Redesign Alice competition by Etsy UK and the British Library to mark 150th anniversary of the Alice manuscript at the Library and of which Dina was one of the winners. The winning products from the competition are on sale in the BL Pop Up Shop to accompany the Alice exhibition. The Shop will be open until Christmas.
    The competition wanted to see how contemporary designers are inspired by the 150 year old story. As a result of the competition selected design-makers won the chance to stock their products in the British Library Alice Pop-Up Shop to accompany the Alice exhibition and have received hands-on professional development support from our award-winning Business & IP Centre.
    Dina’s Alice inspired designs were
    I have been inspired by the original Alice's Adventures Under Ground with fantastic illustrations by Lewis Carroll and thought of creating the range of bow ties and other gift products to celebrate the 150th anniversary of Alice! A fragment of the original book illustration was used to create the fabric to make bow ties, ties, cuff links and pocket squares.
    URL for Entry: https://www.etsy.com/shop/DinaMalkova
  • Entry by Robin O’Keefe from Uncanny cardboard who is here today and you can play the game in the Foyer. Movable Type is a social word game, for families, friends and word nuts. It is a physical game, played with a custom deck of 72 cards. Each card features a different letter and players use them to build the highest scoring words. The cards are all illustrated with artwork (initial capitals) from illuminated manuscripts found in the British Library online resources (Flickr).
  • Entry by Sarah Cole who has made badges with Public Domain images and is selling them in Foyer.
  • Poetic Places is a free app for iOS and Android devices which was launched in March 2016. Is has been created by Sarah Cole of TIME/IMAGE whilst Creative Entrepreneur-in-Residence at the British Library, funded by CreativeWorks London. (UK Entry) Poetic Places brings poetic depictions of places into the everyday world, helping users to encounter poems in the locations described by the literature, accompanied by contextualising historical narratives and relevant audiovisual materials. These materials are primarily drawn from open archive collections, including the British Library Flickr collection. Please come Sarah. Sarah get’s her award and speaks for 2-3 minutes.
  • Senad Čauš is a game developer and graphic artist from Croatia. He developed ‘Exhibit’ a picture puzzle game in 2016, with rotating rings based on the British Library Flickr Commons images. If this entry looks familiar it’s because he entered it last year and has subsequently added more levels to it, it will be released in 2018
  • Jennifer Davis will collect the prize on Nabil’s behalf. She will say a few words and show a video of one of his fashion shows.

    (A fashion collection inspired by digitised Elizabethan-era manuscripts from the British Library, culminating in several fashion shows/events/commissions including one at the British Library)
  • The Seder Oneg Shabbos Bentsher.
    David Zvi Kalman’s VIDEO of thanks, / acceptance speech will play here.

    Allotted time: 2 minutes

    (A contemporary take on the Jewish bentsher (grace after meals) book using content from archives including the British Library’s digitised Hebrew Manuscripts collection and images from the BL’s 19th century digitised books collection on Flickr Commons.)
  • Vittoria’s World of Stories is led by parents at Vittoria Primary School through the PTA, with the support of school staff. The aim of the project is to collect and share traditional tales from around the world and creative work by current pupils through workshops, the production of a book, school assemblies, readings and performances, and via the creation of audio, text and images for the school website during the current academic year. The illustrations for the project are drawn from the British Library’s Flickr collection which are displayed alongside pupils’ artwork.
    Mention that Jonah will have samples of his zines in the Foyer.
  • Jonnie Robinson has been nominated for a project that few years ago crowd-sourced a digital audio collection of circa 10,000 international voices, accents of English created by members of the public in ‘VoiceBank’ booths located in the Paccar Gallery at St Pancras and in 6 Libraries in Newcastle, Leeds, Liverpool, Norwich, Birmingham and Plymouth or through online submission from all over the world.

    One of the challenges was to find a text that was easy to read, accessible to all ages, levels of education and language, culturally neutral and most importantly contained all the English vowel and consonant phonemes. Mr Snow from the Mr Men series by Roger Hargreaves was an early front runner because it ticked nearly all the boxes, except culturally perhaps the idea and experience of ‘Snowmen’’ is not known universally around the world. MrTickle won the Mr Men ‘battle’ by adding an additional sentence at the beginning in the BL version.

    Another part of the project was that users could also ‘donate’ a word they felt was special in their variety of English i.e. examples of local dialect, slang and nonce-words.
    <35 seconds>
  • Elizabeth Hunter and Carol Norman were approached two years ago by the Textile conservator to make a time-lapse film about the conservation processes involved in restoring two 18th century flags. Since then, six films have been published around conservation or setting up of the Shakespeare in 10 Acts exhibition in the Library. The most popular video being the digitisation of the Klenke Atlas, with over 30,000 views on YouTube. All the videos have an accompanying ‘chirpy’ sound track and endeavour to tell a story in around one minute, of incredible work that takes place behind the scenes of the British Library, giving viewers a window into the skilled and often painstaking work that is carried out every day.

    <39 seconds>
  • Phil Hatfield and Joan Francis, developed this project from previous work on the digitisation and access to a collection of Colonial Copyright photographs deposited from Canada on Wikimedia Commons. The output is an interactive map that enables access to the collection by location, providing users with metadata and where possible, access to the rights cleared (public domain) images held on the Library's Wikimedia site. Picturing Canada project received no external funding, and in a short period of time was able to transform access and understanding of a large collection demonstrating how the BL can provide non-text access points to our collections.
    <46 Seconds>
  • Olga (who has the longest job title in BL) co-organised a major international event with Professor Jane Winters, called Web Arching Week in June 2017, in partnership with several organisation. It bought the British Library Web Archive collections and expertise, alongside other national and international collections, organisations and researchers to create a week-long series of events. It included a data hackathon hosted by the BL, with 45 participants form all over the world to dig in to Webarchiving data. There was also a 3-day conference and a Digital Conversations public event on fake news and the web archive. The project showcased not just collections but new tools and methods, research methodologies across disciplines and a critical eye on current events. Andrew Jackson was one of the key contributors to the whole week participating in the hackathon, several presentations through the conference and represented the BL on the Digital Conversation panel. All presentation.

    <45 seconds>
  • This pilot project is digitising 3,000 rare Bengali printed books and is enhancing our catalogue records to automate searching and aid discovery by researchers. It has also been doing some ground-breaking work around Optical Character Recognition of Bengali text organising a competition in the summer to test different technologies.
  • “Sound Tours - Unlocking Our Sound Heritage” – a project led by Chandan Mahal and Mary Stewart.
    A group of four young Black women were invited to curate site specific sound tours at the British Library using material from the sound collection. Taking their inspiration from the Windrush: Sounds in a Strange Land exhibition, they explored the digitised oral history recordings focusing on how key individuals have talked about their experience of coming to the UK and establishing themselves here. The team - Korantema Anyimadu, Amelia Francis, Ayomide Oluyemi and Shani Page-Muir - developed their research skills, learnt how to edit digital sound recordings and devised tours that were delivered to staff and members of the public.
  • “The Foundling” by Leo Crane. Hand-drawn animation, using recordings of the goldfinch, chaffinch, wren, and gold-ringed parakeet held at the British Library as part of its soundtrack. It is one of seven films commissioned for Untold Tales, part of the celebration of British Animation led by Film Hub Wales and BFI Film Audience Network.

    Play the video (1 minute) (password:foundling)
  • Paul Rand Pierce is a Freelance Graphic Artist from the United States of America. He has created a graphic novel posted in excerpts on Facebook and illustrated by images originally derived and reworked from the BL Flickr Commons collection. The result is a work that combines the qualities of comic books, art books and short story compilations.
  • Animation director Kristina Hofmann and Curator Claudia Rosa Lukas from Austria worked together to create an 80 second and 5 smaller animations to accompany the Austrian contribution to the International Fashion Showcase London, for two weeks in February 2016 (parallel to London Fashion Week). This was exhibited at Somerset House and themed ‘Fashion Utopias’. They used over 500 images from the British Library’s Flickr Commons collection. You can see their entry on the display wall in the foyer.
  • Jiayi Chong from the United States of America was a former Technical Director at the Pixar Animation Studio and now founder of Kestrel Moon Studio. He has developed an animation software tool to animate 2D images. He took some British Library Flickr Commons Images and animated them to create a fictional scene using painted people and animals to bring them to life using the tool in 2015. The characters exhibit realistic movement, with cloth and hair that sways naturally with motion/wind. You can see his entry on the display wall in the foyer.
  • Nick Cave is the owner of AniTatoes Animations based in Birmingham in England. Last year he created 25 6 second 3D animated videos released on instagram which contain images from the BL Flickr Commons collection, Nick continues to create animations and has since been commissioned to
  • Phantom Tomes is a lovely collaboration with Giles Lane, an artist and designer, and founder of the creative studio, Proboscis and his daughter Clara Angus Lane a student at Elizabeth Garret Anderson School in Islington. It is based on games of the imagination and invention they have played together on walks though London for many years. Inspired by authors such as Edward Gorey, they have invented absurd and ridiculous book titles and imagined their stories as a form of word play and learning.The transformed covers match design and typography of the originals. Using the self-publishing platform bookleteer.com that Giles has developed, the transformed titles can easily be clicked back to the original scanned covers. Giles is here today (stand up Giles) and you can see his work in the foyer.

    <43 seconds>
  • Kayan Kwok is an artist, art director based in Hong Kong and has been working with different media in her art pieces such as oil painting, water colour, digital collage, video, projection installation and interactive installation. She has been working on a project called ‘A poster per day for 365 days’. She used several sources of images, many of which have been taken from the British Library Flickr Commons collection. She is particularly interested in vintage, retro, pin up, surrealist collages, as characterized by her Banana Posters, the first 6 days you have seen on the screen.
  • An application that uses a video camera attached to a computer to scan for faces and when it finds any matches, substitutes them for faces taken from the BL's public domain images on Flickr. It also displays the title of the image(s) and a scrolling list of thumbnails of the full image from which the face was taken.
  • Richard Wright is an Artist from England who worked in residence at the British Library on an Arts and Humanities Research Council’s Internet of Cultural Things project this year. His final work entitled The Elastic System is artwork in the form of a database portrait of the British Library librarian Thomas Watts who invented his innovative “elastic system” of storage in order to deal with the enormous growth of the British Library's holdings that was threatening to overwhelm them. You can see Richard’s work in the foyer.