Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Die SlideShare-Präsentation wird heruntergeladen. ×

British Library Labs Roadshow - Open University

Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Wird geladen in …3
×

Hier ansehen

1 von 87 Anzeige

British Library Labs Roadshow - Open University

Herunterladen, um offline zu lesen

Talk given by Mahendra Mahey, Manager of BL labs at the Open University in Milton Keynes, 3 May 2017 as part of the BL Labs Roadshow 2017

Talk given by Mahendra Mahey, Manager of BL labs at the Open University in Milton Keynes, 3 May 2017 as part of the BL Labs Roadshow 2017

Anzeige
Anzeige

Weitere Verwandte Inhalte

Diashows für Sie (20)

Ähnlich wie British Library Labs Roadshow - Open University (20)

Anzeige

Weitere von labsbl (20)

Aktuellste (20)

Anzeige

British Library Labs Roadshow - Open University

  1. 1. 1 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW British Library Labs What is British Library Labs and what have we learned over the last four years? 1330 – 1430 and 1610-1630, 3 May 2017 Learning the Lessons of working with the British Library’s Digital Content and Data for your research British Library data and collections and discussions and feedback on ideas, challenges and issues Open University, Milton Keynes https://goo.gl/9giuQW Mahendra Mahey, Manager of British Library Labs @BL_Labs and @mahendra_mahey mahendra.mahey@bl.uk
  2. 2. 4 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW The British Library Inside the British Library Space for 1200 readers, around 400,000 visitors per year Uses low oxygen and robots Reading room and delivery to London Document Supply and Storage at Boston Spa Stockton-on-Tees Author right to payment each time their books are borrowed from public libraries. St Pancras, London, UK Many books are stored 4 stories below the building Legal Deposit Library – Reference only
  3. 3. 5 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Living Knowledge Vision (2015 – 2023) Custodianship Research Business Culture Learning International To make our intellectual heritage accessible to everyone, for research, inspiration and enjoyment and be the most open, creative and innovative institution of its kind by 2023. Document:http://goo.gl/h41wW7 Speech:https://goo.gl/Py9uHK Roly Keating (Chief Executive Officer of the British Library) To make our intellectual heritage accessible to everyone, for research, inspiration and enjoyment and be the most open, creative and innovative institution of its kind by 2023.
  4. 4. 6 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Collections – not just books! > 180*million items > 0.8* m serial titles > 8* m stamps > 14* m books > 3* m sound recordings > 4* m maps > 1.6* m musical scores > 0.3* m manuscripts > 60* m patents King’s Library *Estimates
  5. 5. 7 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW http://www.bl.uk/projects/british-library-labs Funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
  6. 6. 8 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW http://www.bl.uk/projects/british-library-labs Funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
  7. 7. 9 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Wider…not just Researchers Researchers https://goo.gl/WutNyi Artists http://goo.gl/nNKhQ2 Librarians Curators https://goo.gl/9NWZUW Software Developers https://goo.gl/7QQ5Tf Archivists https://goo.gl/x7b4tg Educators https://goo.gl/qh01Mi
  8. 8. 10 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Digital research methods Visualisations Application Programming Interfaces for datasets e.g. Metadata, Images Transcribing Annotation Location based searching & Geo-tagging Corpus analysis, Text Mining & Natural Language Processing Crowdsourcing Human Computation
  9. 9. 11 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW How are we doing this?
  10. 10. 12 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Competition Awards Projects Tell us your ideas of what to do with our digital content Show us what you have already done with our digital content in research, artistic, commercial and learning and teaching categories Talk to us about working on collaborative projects
  11. 11. 13 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Why are we doing this?
  12. 12. 14 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Why are doing this? • Working closely with and listening to those who want use our digital collections and data for their work • We can learn how we are and should be supporting them: – Access to digital collections? – Advice, guidance, technical support, training – Services, Tools and Processes? – Many more reasons… • Where are the gaps between what users want and what we can give? • How do we build the bridges to overcome the gaps?
  13. 13. 15 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Born digital Data all around us! / Knowledge Quarter London 55 knowledge organisations within 1 mile radius of Kings Cross, http://www.knowledgequarter.london http://www.turing.ac.uk (Headquartered at the British Library) UK Web Archive and e-legal deposit http://www.webarchive.org.uk/ukwa/ https://goo.gl/pGO7QY Born digital Data all around us!
  14. 14. 16 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW #bldigital 1-2 %* digitised * estimate Digitisation Partnerships Commercial & Other Organisations Amount increasing rapidly Bias in digitisation http://goo.gl/bR9UJL Sample Generator
  15. 15. 17 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Playbills, Books, Newspapers (includes OCR) Digital collections and Datasets British National Bibliography http://bnb.data.bl.uk http://sounds.bl.ukhttp://dml.city.ac.uk/ Music (Recordings & Sheet) & Sounds http://goo.gl/frSMJt Broadcast News (TV and Radio) http://goo.gl/cwThHw http://goo.gl/pBkisZhttp://goo.gl/E8aRyQ Usage data EtHOS Web Archive Images, Manuscripts & Maps http://www.qdl.qa/ Qatar Digital Library http://idp.bl.uk/ International Dunhuang Project Maps http://www.bl.uk/maps/ Hebrew Manuscripts http://goo.gl/4sbCp9 Flickr & Wikimedia Commons https://goo.gl/LZRmaZ
  16. 16. 18 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Open Cultural Heritage Datasets Collection Guides Datasets about our collections Bibliographic datasets relating to our published and archival holdings Datasets for content mining Content suitable for use in text and data mining research Datasets for image analysis Image collections suitable for large-scale image- analysis-based research Datasets from UK Web Archive Data and API services available for accessing UK Web Archive Digital mapping Geospatial data, cartographic applications, digital aerial photography and scanned historic map materials https://data.bl.uk Discussion list: http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/CULTURAL-HERITAGE-DATASETS
  17. 17. 19 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW What did people actually do?
  18. 18. 20 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Typical pattern of research for Labs •Finding invisible things in ‘messy’ historical data •Unearthing / unlocking hidden histories and data to stimulate new research •Celebrating hidden histories / data creatively through events, art and performance
  19. 19. 21 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Finding things in messy OCR text Mrs Folly • Clean up some manually • Get human ‘ground truth’ • Write code to find things reliably in it automatically • Try code on messy content • Tweak if necessary • Digital ‘lasso’ around content • Human sift through Mrs Folly
  20. 20. 22 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Code: Machine Learning / Reading • Analogies to how humans read / learn • Machines acquire ‘knowledge’ / data and use that knowledge / data to make sense / identify patterns • Labs doing this on a case by case basis so methods can vary • Need computational AND human effort • Legalities of this process being ‘ironed’ out with publishers, • Often a misunderstood area… • Computers look for ‘patterns’ or the ‘essence’ of something
  21. 21. 23 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Smell of soup & Machine Learning Thanks to Memo Akten (@memotv on twitter) for the inspiration! https://goo.gl/toq4Bo Nasreddin, 13th Century Turkish Sufi http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/reading/smell1.htm
  22. 22. 24 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW http://victorianhumour.tubmblr.com Victorian Meme Machine (2014) https://goo.gl/HMqDt3 Bob Nicholson http://victorianhumour.tumblr.com/ Bob Nicholson interviewed on BBC Radio 4 Making History Programme: http://goo.gl/fmV9ep And telling jokes to the public: http://goo.gl/xIDRhz Bob obtained further funding from his university Looking for more collaborations https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-GRgj7Q5OM0 Rob Walker, Victorian Mother-in-law Jokes Victorian Comedy Night, 7 Nov 2016
  23. 23. 25 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Katrina Navickas (2015) Political Meetings Mapper http://politicalmeetingsmapper.co.uk https://goo.gl/Qq78Oa Labs Symposium 2015 https://goo.gl/BSA3be Interview 2015 The Chartist Newspaper http://goo.gl/vOLSnH Chartist Monster Meeting Chartists Walking Tour and Re-enactment London
  24. 24. 26 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Black Abolitionist Performances & their Presence in Britain (2016) – Hannah-Rose Murray Frederick Douglass Ellen Craft Josiah Henson Ida B Wells A Performance by Joe Williams & Martelle Edinborough http://frederickdouglassinbritain.com/
  25. 25. 27 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Data-mining verse in 18th Century newspapers BL Labs Project 16-17, Jennifer Batt https://goo.gl/5Akthd Slides courtesy Jennifer BattJennifer Batt @ the BL on World Poetry Day
  26. 26. 28 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW What thoj' among ourrelves, with too much Heat, or t W: fweutimes.wongle, wvhen we Ihould debate, W – (A confequential Ill which Freedom drawvs, fl t A bad Efficf, but from a noble Caufe) t We can with univeifal Zcal advance, to To cutb the faithlefs Arrogancccof V rance. hi Dublin Journal 10-14 September, 1745 Slides courtesy Jennifer Batt
  27. 27. 29 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Verse: 81% lines begin with initial capital Prose: 52% lines begin with initial capital Westminster Journal 3 March 1745 Slides courtesy Jennifer Batt
  28. 28. 30 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Psychiatrist’s Journey into 19th Century Newspapers • Dr Surendra P Singh, Consultant Psychiatrist, Black Country Partnership NHS Foundation Trust, Hon Reader in Mental Health, University of Wolverhampton • To identify weekly, monthly, yearly and longitudinal trends in suicide reporting in terms of gender, status, sites, locations and health in OCR text of 19th Century Newspapers • Used ‘R’ Open Source Stats Package to collect ‘Suicide’ corpus • Looking for collaborators to work on this dataset
  29. 29. 31 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Use of Overproof / OCR Correction? Re-OCR with ABBY FineReader? https://www.abbyy.com/en-gb/ http://overproof.projectcomputing.com/
  30. 30. 32 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Virtual Infrastructure for OCR text OCR text scraped from digitised newspapers and in cloud Jupyter notebook Write python code and results in browser http://jupyter.org Access available for researchers ‘in residence’
  31. 31. 33 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Other experiments with images
  32. 32. 34 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Worked better for female faces than men’s Press http://mechanicalcurator.tumblr.com Posts image every 30 minutes http://www.flickr.com/photos/britishlibrary/ 1,020,418 images need tagging! Creative uses of images Face recognition Mechanical Curator http://goo.gl/qPPgxX Flickr Snipping out images from 65,000 Digitised Books* >600,000,000 views >20,000,000 tags https://goo.gl/FgZ4HM Work @ BL by Ben O’Steen, Labs and Digital Research Team*Matt Prior - http://goo.gl/j29Tnx Since Dec 2013 Tumblr
  33. 33. 35 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Using other platforms to host BL collections Links back to Library & community engagement You can purchase a ‘High Res’ Copy View in the Library Item Viewer Download .pdf All illustrations in book Other illustrations in books Published in same year View the item in the Library Catalogue Tags auto generated User generated Tag Grouping for image Same on Wikimedia commons British Library Flickr Commons Tags
  34. 34. 36 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Tagging, Tagging, Tagging…
  35. 35. 37 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Tagging a million images Iterative Crowdsourcing http://goo.gl/j6fxac Cardiff University’s Lost Visions Project http://www.metadatagames.org/ Metadata Games James Heald Mario Klingemann Chico 45 Use computational methods Human Tagger Top British Library Flickr Commons Taggers
  36. 36. 38 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Special Jury’s Prize (2015) James Heald – Wikimedia and Map work https://goo.gl/WYZCB2 http://goo.gl/HNQq5e https://goo.gl/VPgffL https://commons.wikimedia.org/ https://goo.gl/djtm1b Labs Symposium (2015)Geotagging maps 54,000 Maps Found in Flickr 1 million Human & Computational Tagging & Community engagement
  37. 37. 39 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Adam Crymble (2015) Crowdsource Arcade http://goo.gl/LBfJ4W http://goo.gl/OH9pOZ https://goo.gl/7z0j8p 30 mins talk Labs Symposium (2015) https://goo.gl/SSRsdd 5 min interview (2015) http://goo.gl/0APpE8 Game Jam Using Arcade Games to help Tag images
  38. 38. 40 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW SherlockNet: Competition Winner 2016 Karen Wang, Luda Zhao and Brian Do Using Convolutional Neural Networks to Automatically Tag and Caption the British Library Flickr Commons 1 million Image Collection 12 categories >20 million tags added >100,000 captions bit.ly/sherlocknet Pooled surrounding OCR text on page from similar images Used Microsoft COCO (photographs) & British Museum Prints and Drawings collections as training sets. Tags Captions
  39. 39. 41 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Artistic / Creative Works http://goo.gl/dM8ieA Mario Klingeman (2015) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q3SBxO34Zlc David Normal 2014 and 2015 http://goo.gl/bNxGZZ Kris Hoffman (2016) https://goo.gl/QilqqT Jiayi Chong 2016 https://www.facebook.com/RealmlandStory/ Paul Rand Pierce 2016 A Hat on the Ground Spells trouble Tragic Looking Women 44 Men who Look 44 (Notice the direction faces)
  40. 40. 42 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Mario Klingemann 2016 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xgnxnmqnR7Y Google Arts and Culture Lab – Experiments with Machine Learning https://artsexperiments.withgoogle.com/
  41. 41. 43 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Imaginary Cities – BL Labs Project 16-17 Michael Takeo Magruder https://goo.gl/4ARwTy An artistic exploration seeking to create provocative fictional cityscapes for the Information Age from the British Library’s digital collection of historic urban maps
  42. 42. 44 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW #bldigital 1-2 %* digitised * estimate Digitisation Partnerships Commercial & Other Organisations Amount increasing rapidly Bias in digitisation http://goo.gl/bR9UJL Sample Generator
  43. 43. 45 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Have you got X? https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/Real_wuerzburg.jpg Looking for Physical Content in the British Library
  44. 44. 46 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Have you got X digitised? http://www.yorkmix.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/mr-simms-sweet-shoppe-york.jpg Looking for Digitised Content in the BL
  45. 45. 47 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW So little digitised? • Digitisation costs time and resources… • Still…over 650 Digital Collections but not all found through Google or even online • Dialogue is either: – you are ‘lucky’ and we have the digital content relevant to your research – we don’t have exactly what your looking for, but is there anything of interest? Let’s talk… • Artists find this dialogue easier and we tend to attract researchers with ‘fuzzier’ research boundaries • Access easier for openly licensed content • More challenging for on-site and in-copyright contemporary material
  46. 46. 48 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW only in Reading Rooms due to © only on site due to © or ethical etc not online / available – various storage devices, personal data online and open British Library online behind paywall Challenges of access to Digital Collections
  47. 47. 49 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW The Story of the Digital Collection… Digital Collection Curator Who paid for the digitisation? Who did the digitisation? Technology used Born digital? Published Unpublished Where is it? Can it still be accessed? Generates income Reputational Risk Legalities Political Ego Surprises Metadata Old format not supported What media was the digitisation done from? Documentation No Metadata Messy Metadata Still there? Good to know the background of a Digital collection if you want to use it for research…
  48. 48. 50 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Open Licensed Digital Content? 15% Openly Licensed Around 10%* available online Working through Breakdown by collection* Manuscripts 59% Books 9% Maps and Views 7% Newspapers 3% Archives and Records 3% Paintings, Prints and Drawings 2% *Based on digitisation projects Largest proportion of funding Public / Private Partnership 15%* Openly Licensed 85%* Available onsite *Estimates
  49. 49. 51 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW How do we give access to onsite-only Digital Collections (85% of our Digital Collections)?
  50. 50. 52 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW READING ROOM ON SITE NOT ONLINE OPEN British Library £ Labs Residency Model Challenges of access to Digital Collections
  51. 51. 53 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digital collections onsite OPEN £ • Have to be ‘onsite’ • Need to be security cleared for some collections – Hence ‘Researcher in Residence Model’ • Permission required (depending on ‘story’ of collection) • Content on various media formats • 5-20 % re-use of material for non commercial research for some collections • We are learning ‘pathways’ so that this becomes ‘everyday’ to provide onsite access in the future
  52. 52. 54 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Lessons Learned & Challenges…(1) • Start with a conversation (external and internal), our data isn’t all on Google (yet!) & not easy to find, need to create and embrace serendipity and opportunities for use by talking! • Need to have several conversations with several stakeholders and tap into their tacit knowledge that isn’t always written down sometimes to progress ideas. • Often misunderstandings because of jargon & different meaning of words. • Learn the story of the collection • Expectations change when researchers actually see the data, systems and experience the ‘culture’ of the organisation. • Opening collections requires some to need to let go of the emotional and psychological connection to them
  53. 53. 55 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Lessons Learned & Challenges…(2) • Embrace dirty data, it may never be perfect! • We tend to work with researchers who can be ‘flexible’ with their research questions and are willing to embrace challenges. • Many researchers have the domain knowledge but lack the technical / digital skills to use Digital Research methods. Should they be teamed up with those that want to solve problems (computer science) or get trained? • Identifying / bridging gaps for researchers to use data, help them ‘navigate’ through the Library to get the data they want (sometimes). • Huge appetite to use digital content & data (e.g. Flickr Commons stats). • Stimulate the imagination, work fast, give it energy
  54. 54. 56 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Labs mindset… 1. Start a conversation and try to support ideas 2. Start with small experiments, but think big! 3. Fail faster (don’t be afraid) 4. Reject perfectionism 5. Good enough is sometimes Good enough 6. Celebrate the uses of collections
  55. 55. 57 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW The Magic of Openness! •If digitised / digital collections are not used, what is the point of digitising / keeping them? •Opening up our digital collections offers new ways for the Library’s content to be remixed and re- imagined •Opening up our digital collections ‘re-energises’ them and the Library •Generates plenty of examples to inspire use by others
  56. 56. 58 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Artistic / Creative Works Ling Low 2016 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bcOP1E5bRE0
  57. 57. 59 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW The Future of BL Labs •Continue to engage with researchers, learn what they want to do and collect evidence of demand •Develop Business Model and Support process to make ‘Business as Usual’ at the British Library •Help to create pathway to developing a Digital Research Suite at the British Library
  58. 58. 60 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Taking a peek at our Open Data A digitised book…
  59. 59. 61 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW 002819694
  60. 60. 62 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW
  61. 61. 63 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW
  62. 62. 64 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Optically Character Recognised (OCR) generated Text Scanned Page Image on Flickr Commons https://goo.gl/AC43vs
  63. 63. 65 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW OCR XML Generated by ABBY Fine Reader
  64. 64. 66 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Taking a peek at our on-site only accessible data A digitised newspaper
  65. 65. 67 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL 1 Windows 7 External access possible through Citrix Server Results of digitisation exist on Windows file shares!
  66. 66. 68 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL (JISC 1) 2 12 Volumes, each with terabytes of data
  67. 67. 69 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL 3
  68. 68. 70 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL 4
  69. 69. 71 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL 5
  70. 70. 72 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL 6
  71. 71. 73 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL 7
  72. 72. 74 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL 8
  73. 73. 75 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL 9
  74. 74. 76 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL 10
  75. 75. 77 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL 11
  76. 76. 78 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL 12
  77. 77. 79 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL 13 Accessing original ‘master’ image (not cropped or post processed) Or ‘service’ copy (post processed) and results of OCR available as ALTO XML
  78. 78. 80 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL 14a Accessing original ‘master’ image (not cropped or post processed) in .TIFF format
  79. 79. 81 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL Accessing original ‘master’ image (not cropped or post processed) 14b
  80. 80. 82 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL 15a Accessing ‘service’ Copy (post processed) and results of OCR available as ALTO XML
  81. 81. 83 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL Accessing ‘service’ Copy (post processed) 15b
  82. 82. 84 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers onsite at the BL 15c Accessing OCR as ALTO XML
  83. 83. 85 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers through Gale Interface (subscription) 1
  84. 84. 86 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Accessing digitised newspapers through Gale Interface (subscription) 2
  85. 85. 87 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW It’s all about you… Please complete / correct sheet that is going round
  86. 86. 88 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Explore or Imagine Our Data! • CSV of Metadata https://data.bl.uk/digbks/dig19cbooks-mdata-csv.csv • 19th Century Books - Book Metadata - 01/09/2013. https://data.bl.uk/digbks/db21.html • Digitised Books - Flickr Tag History - Dec 2013 to March 2016. TSV https://data.bl.uk/digbks/db15.html • Digitised Hebrew Manuscripts - Metadata https://data.bl.uk/hebrewmanuscripts/heb1.html • Digitised Hebrew Manuscripts: Or 2210 - Or 2364 https://data.bl.uk/hebrewmanuscripts/heb8.html • Theatrical playbills from Britain and Ireland (OCR text only) https://data.bl.uk/playbills/pb2.html • Portraits of actors, views of theatres and playbills (covering 1750 - 1821 in a single volume) https://data.bl.uk/singlesheet/por1.html • Volumes of Lysons Collectanea (Amusements), comprising broadsides, cuttings, advertisements on amusements.1660- 1840. https://data.bl.uk/singlesheet/ad1.html https://data.bl.uk • Have a look at the data. • Data Quality • Issues Or an idea you have thought of what to do with the data! http://labs.bl.uk/Ideas+for+Labs Smaller datasets
  87. 87. 89 @mahendra_mahey @BL_Labs @BL_DigiSchol #bldigital https://goo.gl/9giuQW Contact us Mahendra Mahey Manager of BL Labs mahendra.mahey@bl.uk labs@bl.uk

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • 25 Seconds (68 Words)
    My name is Mahendra Mahey and I work on a project called British Library Labs. We are based at the British Library in London, in the Digital Scholarship department and we work closely with the Digital Research team there. It’s been running for three years now and is funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
  • 140 seconds

    The British Library is the national library of the UK and one of the largest research libraries in the world . The Library moved to a new purpose built building in 1997 <click> the largest of it’s kind that was built in the UK in the 20th century. Many frequently used items are stored 5 stories below the main building at St Pancras in London and many might not know that part of the building is meant to look like a ship on a journey to discovery!<click>. <click to switch off>

    The building can sit 1,200 researchers at any one time across 5 reading rooms.

    <click>Medium and long term requested items are held at Boston Spa in Yorkshire in a low oxygen warehouse, using robot to retrieve items. In total, the library has 625 km of shelving, growing by 12 km every year.
    Whilst we acquire items through purchase or gifts, much of the collection has been built up through legal deposit. That is, by law, a copy of every UK and Ireland print publication must be given to the British Library by its publishers. Around 3 million items are added per year. In 2013, legal deposit was extended to cover non-print material which means by law we take in digitally published items as well, which means regular mass crawls of the entire UK web domain as well as ebooks, ejournals etc.
  • 85 seconds

    The picture you can see is inside the main building in London, it’s the King’s Library – King George the Third’s personal library! Sometimes known as the ‘stack’, I walk past this everyday and I sometimes forget that the collections the British Library have are truly staggering! We currently estimate them to exceed <click>150 million items, representing every age of written civilisation and every known language. Our archives now contain the earliest surviving printed book in the world, the Diamond Sutra, written in Chinese and dating from 868 AD….
    So some big numbers…
    Over …<click>14 million books
    <click>60 million patents
    <click>8 million stamps
    <click>4 million maps
    <click>3 million sound recordings
    <click>1.6 million music scores
    <click>over .3 million manuscripts
    <click>0.8 million serials titles (which are of course made up of many many volumes/editions), this is where a lot of our content is, just in case you thought the numbers didn’t add up!
  • 33 Seconds (100 Words)
    In a nutshell the project encourages researchers, artists, entrepreneurs, educators and anyone else,
    <Click>
    to ‘experiment’ with our digital collections and data. We are particularly interested in those who have questions which focus on the potential to find and create NEW things through access to the digital content. For example, being able to ask a question across thousands of digitised books or newspapers using computational techniques would not feasible using manual methods. Let’s look at a clear example.
    <Click>

  • 33 Seconds (100 Words)
    In a nutshell the project encourages researchers, artists, entrepreneurs, educators and anyone else,
    <Click>
    to ‘experiment’ with our digital collections and data. We are particularly interested in those who have questions which focus on the potential to find and create NEW things through access to the digital content. For example, being able to ask a question across thousands of digitised books or newspapers using computational techniques would not feasible using manual methods. Let’s look at a clear example.
    <Click>

  • https://goo.gl/WutNyi
    http://goo.gl/nNKhQ2
    https://goo.gl/9NWZUW
    https://goo.gl/7QQ5Tf
    https://goo.gl/x7b4tg

    https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a2/Interactive_whiteboard_at_CeBIT_2007.jpg
  • Get clearer annotation image and transcription (perhaps TILT)



  • 6 Seconds (20 Words)
    So <Click> ‘how’ do we try and engage those who might be interested in the BL’s digital collections and data? <Click>
  • 17 Seconds (53 Words)

    <Click>The British Library is one of the largest Library’s in the world <Click> with an estimated 180 million physical items, with only a small proportion being digitised. <Click>We estimate this is around 1-2%, but no one really knows exactly how much. However, increasingly more items are being stored as ‘born’ digital, such as the UK Web Archive<Click>
  • Have balance of Multimedia
    Broadcast news and radio, sounds asave our sounds
    Books and newspapers
    Images
    BNB
    Qatar Digital library
    Hebrew manuscripts
  • 21 Seconds (65 Words)
    Katrina Navickas was particularly interested in the <Click>Chartist Movement who were a group who were campaigning for the vote for working people. <Click>They were the biggest popular movement for democracy in 19th century British history, just as this is early picture shows a huge monster meeting at Kennington Common<Click>She wanted to use a combination of manual and computational methods to explore our Digitised Newspapers to find out when and where they met and plot them on map. <Click>and hopefully unearthing new history.
  • 970 files from a selection of 19th century newspaper titles from the BL corpus for us to correct using the overProof post-OCR correction software

    The best way to measure the improvement made by the correction process is to compare the OCR'ed text and the automatically corrected text with a perfect correction made by a human (known as the "ground truth").

    Hannah-Rose's 5 small human-corrected samples are show as green dots. These are not only smaller than the other files, but their raw error rate is much lower at 13.3%. OverProof was measured as reducing this to 5.4%, a removal of almost 60% of errors.

    The red dotted-line indicates the correction "break-even" point: the further under the line, the better the quality of the document after correction.

    In the graph below, the grey line shows distribution of files across error rates before correction and the green line after correction.


  • Posts small illustrations taken almost at random from the digitised book corpus to a Tumblr blog.
    This experiment with undirected engagement was a by-product of work to uncover the hidden wealth of illustrations within the digitised pages.
  • 50 seconds

    Here is the anatomy of a Flickr record, importantly we have created links to many of the Library’s services <click>some of this lovely traffic is going back to the Library and hopefully generating more interest in our services, from downloading a pdf of the book to purchasing a high res scan of the image.

    <click>Tags are added from the original book record, including the approximate page number the image came from<click>users of Flickr can add their own tags, and I have mentioned they have already started doing it.
  • 18 Seconds (56 Words)
    Indexing BL the 1 million & Mapping the Maps – was led by James Heald and collaboration with others <Click>They produced an index of 1 million 'Mechanical Curator collection' images on <Click>Wikimedia Commons from a collection of largely un-described images. <Click>This gave rise to finding 50,000 maps within the collection partially through a map-tag-a-thon <Click>These are now being geo-referenced. <Click>
  • 27 Seconds (82 Words)
    Adam Crymble <Click>wanted to harness the power of playing fun games on arcade machines to help with crowdsourcing the tagging of un-described images. He particularly wanted to engage a younger audience into crowdsourcing .<Click>On the right you can see a replica 1980’s arcade machine we built and <Click>and on the bottom left some tagging games that were developed through a ‘Games Jam’ for the machine. <Click>. Let’s take a closer look at two of the games…<Click>
  • 17 Seconds (53 Words)

    <Click>The British Library is one of the largest Library’s in the world <Click> with an estimated 180 million physical items, with only a small proportion being digitised. <Click>We estimate this is around 1-2%, but no one really knows exactly how much. However, increasingly more items are being stored as ‘born’ digital, such as the UK Web Archive<Click>
  • <click>The British Library faces many challenges of access to our Digital collections!

    <click> Sometimes digital content is only available onsite due to license restrictions,

    <click>or even only on a specific computer in a reading room! Technically there are very few reasons why digital content can’t be online

    <click> though it might be too big or hasn’t been transferred from other digital storage media.

    <click>Sometimes access is through a paywall. Finally,

    <click>some content is in the happy sunny place, online, open and freely available.

    The real reasons why there are challenges to accessing digital content are of course human. They require different approaches from the Library and may often involve an honest, open dialogue and negotiation with the publishers.

    The Labs project has tried to address this problem my creating a ‘residency model’ for researchers to work intensively with a digital collection on-site, so as to not infringe access conditions, I will say more about this later.
  • <click>The British Library faces many challenges of access to our Digital collections!

    <click> Sometimes digital content is only available onsite due to license restrictions,

    <click>or even only on a specific computer in a reading room! Technically there are very few reasons why digital content can’t be online

    <click> though it might be too big or hasn’t been transferred from other digital storage media.

    <click>Sometimes access is through a paywall. Finally,

    <click>some content is in the happy sunny place, online, open and freely available.

    The real reasons why there are challenges to accessing digital content are of course human. They require different approaches from the Library and may often involve an honest, open dialogue and negotiation with the publishers.

    The Labs project has tried to address this problem my creating a ‘residency model’ for researchers to work intensively with a digital collection on-site, so as to not infringe access conditions, I will say more about this later.

×