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Film studies week 2

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Film studies week 2

  1. 1. Film Studies Week 2 Editing Relationships There are four different areas to consider when editing, they are as follows: Graphical – This concerns the transitionsbetween scenes and their appearance Rhythmic – As it sounds, rhythmic is the focus on editing shots together to create a sense of rhythm Temporal – The use of editing to displaythe passage of time, either past or future. Spatial – Utilising space to establish shots and or sustain continuity Cinematography Cinematographyrefers to the visual aspect of a films language i.e. what a shot is and what its purpose is to the audience,story etc. Types of Shot Bird’s Eye View – Filmed from the top down
  2. 2. High Angle – Filmed as though we are looking down on the subject. Low Angle – Opposite of high angle meaning we are looking up at the subject Dutch Tilt – Twisted and distorted scene Rack Focus – More of a techniqueas appose to a shot, when a scene pulls focus to a different focal point
  3. 3. Extreme Long Shot – A shot that sees our subject filmed for a rather long way away (mainly used for establishment) Long Shot – Seeing all of our focal point in the shot Mid Shot – Seeing our subject at a medium distance, half of the person
  4. 4. Close Up – Shot close up to a subject, face taking up majority of frame Extreme Close Up – A shot focusing on certain body parts taking up the full frame Point of View (POV) – Shot through the eyes of a subject Camera Movements Pan – the camera moves across the scene in order to establish it.
  5. 5. Tilt – When the camera is tilted on its axis in order to capture a subject from the top to bottom or vice versa. Tracking – Followinga subject for a shot either via a steadicam or dolly Crane – A shot in which the camera is mounted on a crane and raised into the air
  6. 6. Rear Window and Mise –en-Scene The followingare notes made on the opening long take of Rear Window: -Everything in the shot is intentional and hassome sort of meaning -Hitchcock was a master at Mise-en-Scene -Pans are used for establishingthe films setting -We see photographyrelated items, the most prominent being the negative that confirms that our protagonist is a photographer without the use of dialogue. Transitions Cut – The simplest of transitions, literallyfrom one scene to the next. Wipes – The followingscene will swipe across the screen thus removing the previousscene. Most prominentlyused in Star Wars. Dissolves – Shot A is superimposed over the start of Shot B Atonement The followingis notes made on the long take used in Atonement: -A clear contrast is made between the civiliansand military by the clothing (the military are a lot more formal while
  7. 7. civiliansare not) and by means of power (military is seen somewhat bullyingcivilians) -Scenes are incrediblybusy meaning there is a vast amount of symbolism to be observed, -The entire shot is one take from the solders perspective making it very immersive, we see no establishment of the locationuntil the very final scene making us buildit up in our heads. -We frequently move in and out of dialogue. Context Understanding context of a film means understandingits meaning by reading into its productionaspects such as year, target audienceetc. There is also the context of watching a film to look into which is as it sounds, why someone would watch a film, for this you need to look at their age, locationetc. However some aspects may not be that important depending on the film. Spaced Episode 5 We then watched episode 5 of Spaced in its entirety, the following are my notes from the screening: Spaced is directed by Edgar Wright who is known for his use of visual comedy which means he creates humour using framing, shots etc.
  8. 8. -The flat is lit in yellow and blue in order to create an aura of mystery -Fred begins to become rather philosophicalandwe see him sport a white background which gives open and somewhat holy imagery while Simon Pegg and Nick Frost’s characters are in a much more natural human-likelight despite their nonsensicalrambling. -During the scenes in which we see two separate plansbeing mapped out we see two very different representationsfor each plan:The first planis incrediblysimple therefore it is only portrayed through fast paced comic-like stills while the second planis filmed all with live action. -A temporal relationshipis present when a plan in selected, the coin is flippedin the air and then multiplecoins hit a bar leaving us to assume that the second plan has been selected. -We see different characters in different lighting for symbolism: Blue for sadness and emptiness and open yellows to suggest happiness. -We see an encounter between Simon Pegg and a boy in a toilet to which the 180 degree line is used as they have a conversation, during which dramatic music is used when the boy speaks in order to make him seem intimidatingdespite him being the complete opposite. -False intimidation isa recurring technique
  9. 9. -Close ups of villainsaccompaniedby over the top and comical noises to create humourdue to the seeming somewhat intimidating. -We see the “heroes” and villainshave a “shootout” by making gun signs with their handsand “shooting” each other which also happenedat the beginningof the episode bringing it full cycle -We see an uneventful credit roll however it does have meaning as we see in the previous scene that the marijuana has been cooked into the stew.