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  2. 2. Presentation outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Global production and consumption of fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>Indian fertilizer industry </li></ul><ul><li>Indian production ,consumption & import trend. </li></ul><ul><li>Major companies </li></ul><ul><li>Policies (subsidies & regulations) </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies for industry expansion </li></ul>
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>India is the third largest producer and consumer of fertilizer in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian fertilizer industry started in 1906 with SSP production facility at Ranipet near Chennai </li></ul><ul><li>Started operating in a big scale since 1940s, when the Fertilizer & Chemicals Travancore of India Ltd. and the Fertilizers Corporation of India were set up in Kerala and Bihar </li></ul><ul><li>The private sector produced 44.73 % of nitrogenous fertilizers and 62.08 % of phosphatic fertilizers in 2006-07. </li></ul><ul><li>Total production of fertilizers in india-206.5mt . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Contd…. <ul><li>The production of urea in India has reached near self-sufficiency. The requirement of the nitrogenous fertilizers is met through the indigenous industry </li></ul><ul><li>In the case of phosphatic fertilizers, the raw materials and intermediates are imported in large scale. </li></ul><ul><li>. The requirement of potash (K) is met entirely through imports. No fertilizer unit of India has any reserve of potash. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Global production & consumption of fertilizers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 8. Indian fertilizer industry <ul><li>65 large-sized fertilizer plants in India . </li></ul><ul><li>32 units-urea </li></ul><ul><li>20 units-DAP & complex fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>13 units-ammonium phosphate & CAN </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrogenous fertilizers-88% urea ,10% DAP & 2% ammonium fertilizers. </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indian production, consumption & import trend </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 11. Fertilizer use and crop production in India source-FAI(2008)
  9. 12. Source: fertiliser statistics,2005-06,The ferliliser association of india
  11. 15. SOURCE-FAI
  12. 16. SOURCE-FAI(G.O.I.)
  13. 17. S0URCE-FAI(2008)
  14. 18. source-FAI(INDIA)
  15. 20. MAJOR PLAYERS: <ul><li>The public sector companies in Indian fertilizer market are listed below: </li></ul><ul><li>· Fertilizer Corporation of India Limited (FCIL) </li></ul><ul><li>· Hindustan Fertilizer Corporation Limited (HFC) </li></ul><ul><li>· Pyrites, Phosphates & Chemicals Limited </li></ul><ul><li>· Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilizers Limited (RCF) </li></ul><ul><li>· National Fertilizers Limited (NFL) </li></ul><ul><li>· Projects &Development India Limited (PDIL) </li></ul><ul><li>· The Fertilizers and Chemicals Travancore Limited (FACT) </li></ul><ul><li>· Madras Fertilizers Limited (MFL) </li></ul><ul><li>· FCI Aravali Gypsum & Minerals India Limited, Jodhpur </li></ul>
  16. 22. Some Private fertilizer Companies <ul><li>The Scientific Fertilizer Co Pvt Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>Coromandel Fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>Deepak Fertilizers and Petrochemicals Corporation Limited </li></ul><ul><li>Apratim International </li></ul><ul><li>Aries AgroVet </li></ul><ul><li>Devidayal Agro Chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>DSCL </li></ul><ul><li>Gujarat State Fertilizers &Chemicals Limited </li></ul><ul><li>Tata Chemicals Limited </li></ul><ul><li>Chambal Fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>Nagarjuna Fertilizers and chemicals limited </li></ul><ul><li>Godavari Fertilizers and Chemicals limited </li></ul><ul><li>Zuari Industries limited </li></ul>
  17. 24. CHALLENGES IN FERTILISER INDUSTRY <ul><li>Gap between demand and supply </li></ul><ul><li>Greater dependency of country on imports( also feedstock) </li></ul><ul><li>Unable reduce burden of government in subsidiary rates </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructural bottlenecks </li></ul><ul><li>Uncertainties in government policies </li></ul><ul><li>Small size of older plants </li></ul>
  18. 25. CURRENT SCENERIO <ul><li>Most companies are expecting approval for their huge capital expenditure plans from department of fertilizer and industry </li></ul><ul><li>Indian fertilizer companies joined hands with Jordan, Senegal, Oman, Morocco, Egypt etc </li></ul><ul><li>The demand for fertilizer has increased by 5% (21 June 2010, Rashtriya Chemicals and fertilizer) </li></ul><ul><li>10% increase in Urea price in April 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer subsidy has taken largest share for 58.7% of total subsidies in 2008-09 </li></ul>
  19. 26. source-green rating project,2009 center for science and environment(New delhi)
  20. 27. Fertilizer subsidy <ul><li>In both developed and developing countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives- </li></ul><ul><li>Self sufficiency </li></ul><ul><li>making available fertilizers to farmers at affordable prices and to promote balanced application of three main fertilizer nutrients viz. nitrogen, phosphorus and potash. </li></ul><ul><li>To encourage domestic production by allowing fertilizer producer a reasonable returns. </li></ul>
  21. 28. Trends in fertilizer subsidies <ul><li>Retention price cum subsidy scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer control order,1985 </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 1977-nitrogenous fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 1979-complex fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>To encourage green revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Subsidy=retention price*-notified sale price </li></ul><ul><li>Retention price-normative cost of production of the urea as determined by the Government plus 12 per-cent post tax return on net worth. </li></ul><ul><li>Freight subsidy </li></ul>
  22. 29. <ul><li>Farm gate price of urea is amongst the lowest in the region and is heavily subsidised. </li></ul><ul><li>Retention price of controlled fertilizers is fixed in every 3 years. </li></ul><ul><li>1992-govt. decontrolled import of complex fertilizers (DAP & MOP). </li></ul><ul><li>For each decontrolled fertilizer, the Maximum Retail Price (MRP) is indicated by Central Government except for Single Super Phosphate, the MRP of which is indicated by each State/UT Government. </li></ul>
  23. 30. New fertilizer pricing policy <ul><li>Started from 1 April 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Objective- encouraging efficiency based fertilizer pricing </li></ul><ul><li>High Powered Fertilizer Pricing Policy Review Committee (HPC) </li></ul><ul><li>At present, the maximum retail price (MRP) of urea is Rs. 483 a quintal, while DAP costs Rs. 935 a quintal and MOP Rs. 445.50 a quintal. </li></ul><ul><li>First 2 stages-prices was decided on the basis of energy consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Third stage(2006-10)-conversion of all farms into natural feed stock. </li></ul>
  24. 31. LIST OF RECENT POLICIES <ul><li>concession scheme for SSP,DAP,MOP,SSP,TSP & indigenous Ammonium Sulphate. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Policy for encouraging production and availability of fortified and coated fertilizers. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Nutrient based pricing of subsidized fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>4. Policy on P & K fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>5. Policy for uniform freight subsidy on all fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>6. Policy for new investments in urea sector and long term </li></ul><ul><li>off take of urea from joint ventures abroad </li></ul>
  25. 32. NUTRIENT BASED SUBSIDY <ul><li>NBS policy on decontrolled Phosphoric and Potassic fertilizer w.e.f 1 st April ,2010. </li></ul><ul><li>Fix subsidy on N,P,K,S for 2010-11 </li></ul><ul><li>Additional per ton subsidy for subsidized fertilizer carrying other secondary nutrients and micronutrients.eg in Zn,Boron. </li></ul><ul><li>Constitute an Inter Ministerial Committee under chairmanship of Secretary of fertilizer. </li></ul><ul><li>Retail prices fixed by companies at farm gate level </li></ul><ul><li>10% increase in price of urea (Rs 4830 to Rs 5310) </li></ul>
  26. 33. <ul><li>source-government of India </li></ul>
  27. 34. source-Government of India(2008)
  28. 35. source-fertilizer statistics(G.O.I)
  30. 37. <ul><li>Source-department of fertilizers (government of India) </li></ul>
  31. 38. source-department of fertilizer(government of india)
  32. 39. <ul><li>Fertilizer regulations: </li></ul>
  33. 40. Fertilizer control order <ul><li>Compulsory registration of fertilizer makers, importers and sellers. </li></ul><ul><li>Specifications for all fertilizers produced, imported or sold in India. </li></ul><ul><li>A set of regulations on the manufacture of fertilizer mixtures. </li></ul><ul><li>Packing and labelling of fertilizer bags. </li></ul><ul><li>Appointment of enforcement agencies and creation of quality control laboratories. </li></ul><ul><li>Banning of the manufacture or import and sale of non-standard, spurious or adulterated fertilizers. </li></ul>
  34. 41. Central fertilizer quality control and training institute <ul><li>Undertaking inspection and analysis of imported and indigenous fertilizers </li></ul><ul><li>Standardization and development of method of analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Training of fertilizer enforcement officers and analysts. </li></ul><ul><li>Acting as a referee laboratory </li></ul><ul><li>Providing technical guidance to the Central and State governments on Fertilizer Quality Control Laboratories. </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer movement control order(1973) </li></ul>
  35. 42. STRATEGIES FOR INDUSTRY EXPANSION <ul><li>Modernization and revamping of existing fertilizer units. </li></ul><ul><li>Reviving some of the closed fertilizer units </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative sources for urea production </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of joint ventures where cheaper raw materials can be procured </li></ul><ul><li>Joint ventures for phosphoric acid procurement </li></ul>
  36. 43. THANK YOU