According to Fred Luthans
” Personality means how a person affects
others & how he understands & views
himself as well as the pattern of inner
& outer measurable traits and the
5. Bonner provides 6 propositions
to classify the nature of
personality within the context
of change & development .
6. Human behaviour is composed of acts.
Personality visualized as a whole
actualises itself in a particular
It is distinguished by self consistency.
It forms a time-integrating structure.
It is a goal oriented behaviour.
It is a process of becoming.
Heredity plays an important role in
determining an individual’s personality.
We generally refer to the traits like
physique , intelligence etc...the importance
of heredity varies from one personality trait
to another. if all personality traits are
determined by heredity , they would not be
changed through out the life.
Environment also plays a very
important role in the development of
personality of a person .Environment
It is a unique system of perceptions ,beliefs ,values ,norms and
code of conduct the influences the behaviour of individuals in
a given society.
Family Influence the behaviour of a person in the early
stages. The nature of such influence will depend upon
the factors like family size , race , religion ,parent’s
educational level etc..
Contacts with the others of the family and social groups
influence his socialisation process. It includes school mates,
friends ,colleagues etc..
Every individual goes through different type of experiences
& events in his life. some events and experiences can serve
as important determinants of his personality.
Persons with introvert orientation are
primarily oriented to the subjective world.
such people look inward & experience &
process their thoughts & ideas within
themselves. they also avoid social contacts &
initiating interactions with others
Extroverts are just contrary to introverts.
Extroverts are friendly ,lively , sociable ,
aggressive and express their feeling and
ideas open .They are more suitable and
successful for the positions that require
considerable interaction with others ..
15. Extrovert Introvert
• Like variety and action. • Like quite for
• Like to have people concentration.
around. • Work contentedly alone.
• Usually communicate • Problems in
• Often act quickly • Think a lot before they
sometimes without act something.
16. Type A & Type B
They are characterised by hardworking
,aggressive high achievement oriented ,
impatient have a sense of time urgency with
competitive drive etc… They tend to be very
hard working and productive. They are work
17. Type B
Easy going , sociable , free from urgency of
time & non competitive are the
characteristics of type B. such people do
better on tasks involving judgments ,
accuracy rather than speed and teamwork.
18. Judging & perspective
People with judging personality types like to
follow a plan, make decisions & need only
that what is essential for their work.
They are people who adopt were to change
,want to know all about a job and at time
may get over committed.
19. Judging vs perceptive
• May decide things too • May have trouble
quickly. making decision.
• Want only essential • Want to know all
things needed to begin
about their work.
• Work best when they
• Adopt well to
can plan & follow the changing situations.
it is clear that personality is a complex
concept that reflects many influences both
from within and outside the individual.