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Open Access to research through OpenAIRE+ and Zenodo

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This presentation was given at Timișoara at Workshop on Intellectual Properties in ICT and e-Infrastructures on 24th of March 2014.

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Open Access to research through OpenAIRE+ and Zenodo

  1. 1. Nicolaie Constantinescu, kosson@gmail.com National Open Access Desk, Romania Information Architect, kosson.ro European Research through OpenAIRE and Zenodo www.kosson.ro
  2. 2. A Innovation Union Realising the European Research Area 2 dissemination for the research findings transfer Points Of Actions use http://ec.europa.eu/research/innovation-union/index_en.cfm?pg=action-points# http://i3s.ec.europa.eu/commitment/5.html By 2015 Member States and the Commission should have been finished or started already more than 60% of all research infrastructures identified by the European Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructures (ESFRI)
  3. 3. an increasingly important forum to advise ministries and funding agencies What are research infrastructures? The term ‘research infrastructures’ refers to facilities, resources and related services used by the scientific community to conduct top-level research in their respective fields, ranging from social sciences to astronomy, genomics to nanotechnologies. RIs may be ‘single-sited’ (a single resource at a single location), ‘distributed’ (a network of distributed resources), or ‘virtual’ (the service is provided electronically). European Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructures 3 http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_MEMO-12-772_en.htm
  4. 4. Horizon 2020 http://ec.europa.eu/research/horizon2020/index_en.cfm Launched in Bucharest on 4th of October in the presence of Máire Geoghegan-Quinn, European Commissioner for Research, Innovation and Science. 4 Financial instrument € 70 mlrd. Ensuring competitivity of Europe A single set of rules
  5. 5. Open Access – What is it? within the context of EU-funded projects, refers to the practice of providing on-line access to scientific information that is free of charge to the end-user and is reusable. In the context of research and innovation, scientific information can refer to (i) peer-reviewed scientific research articles (published in scholarly journals) or (ii) research data (data underlying publications, curated data and/or raw data). Universitatea de Vest, Timișoara, 20145 http://www.iprhelpdesk.eu/node/1960
  6. 6. History of two models 6 Under embargo In institutional repositories
  7. 7. Mandates 7
  8. 8. ERA Survey Half of the organisations support Open Access and 40 % invest in institutional repositories 8 http://ec.europa.eu/research/era/pdf/era_progress_report2013/era_progress_report2013.pdf
  9. 9. Policies 9 http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/search.php
  10. 10. Applied policies 10 http://www.knowledge-transfer-study.eu/home/ Study on monitoring the implementations of the Commision‟s code o practices concerning IPRs in knowledge transfer activities.
  11. 11. Steps on implementing a mandate Preparation and consultation • Establish a working group Adopt the policy • Estblish a regulatory system Initiate the repository • Follow standards Continuous support Monitoring 11 http://medoanet.eu/sites/www.medoanet.eu/files/documents/MED2013_GUIDELine_dp_EN_ws.pdf
  12. 12. ALLEA T h e E u ro p e a n F e d e rat i o n o f N a t i o n a l A c a d e m i e s o f S c i e n c e s a n d H u m a n i t i e s 12 Data are the bedrock on which the scientific edifice is built. More efficient data- sharing and more open access to information and resources will make it easier for observations to be confirmed, experiments to be replicated, hypothesis to be supported, rejected or refined, and, ultimately, for answers to societal challengers to be given. Publications should be made openly available online, as soon and as freely as possible, as should also educational resources and software resulting from publicly funded research.
  13. 13. G8 science ministers meet in London 13 ii. Open scientific research data should be easily discoverable, accessible, assessable, intelligible, useable, and wherever possible interoperable to specific quality standards. iii. We recognise the potential benefits of immediate global access to and unrestricted use of published peer-reviewed, publicly funded research results in line with the necessity of IP protection. iv. We recognise that there are different routes to open access (green, gold and other innovative models) which need to be explored and potentially developed in a complementary way.
  14. 14. FP7 Pilot 14
  15. 15. What that meant authors are to obtain the necessary permission from the participant owning the foreground (even if this participant is the employer of the author) before submitting a paper for publication. Decisions taken with regards to publication should be "carefully" checked against GA and inform the publisher of the obligations abiding GA. And this is the case of Special Clause No. 39 in the GA. Universitatea de Vest, Timișoara, 201415 Guide to Intellectual Property Rules for FP7 projects http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/fp7/89593/ipr_en.pdf
  16. 16. Special Clause 39 in GA The pilot, which will run until the end of FP7, covers approximately 20 % of the FP7 research budget. Under the Open Access pilot, FP7 grant recipients in seven areas (energy, environment, health, information and communication technologies [only cognitive systems, interaction, and robotics], research infrastructures [only e-infrastructures], science in society, and socioeconomic sciences and humanities) are expected to: • deposit peer-reviewed research articles or final manuscripts resulting from their FP7 projects into an online repository; • make their best effort to ensure open access to these articles within either 6 months (health, energy, environment, information and communication technologies, research infrastructures) or 12 months (science in society, socioeconomic sciences and humanities) after publication. 16 6 months embargo (CS39) 12 months In addition to the pilot, FP7 rules of participation also allow all projects to have open access fees eligible for reimbursement during the time of the grant agreement
  17. 17. 2009 An ERA based on a shared responsibility between science, policy and society The ERA Milestones We will know the ERA is a shared responsibility in 2030 when we see: 17 All outputs of public, non-military funded research will be available via „ ‟ to all concerned and interested.
  18. 18. 2010 A Digital Agenda for Europe Knowledge transfer activities should be managed effectively33 and supported by suitable financial instruments34 and publicly funded research should be widely disseminated through Open Access publication of scientific data and papers35 18 35 To this end the Commission will appropriately extend current Open Access publication requirements as stipulated in Commission Decision C(2008) 4408 (more information on this pilot is available at http://ec.europa.eu/research/science- society/index.cfm?fuseaction=public.topic&id=1680)
  19. 19. 2011 Open data: An engine for innovation, growth and transparent governance COM(2011) 882 final 19 5.2. Soft law for open research information Because of the specificities of research data, the Commission will set out in detail and in separate documents its strategy for scientific and research data and associated infrastructures. It intends to adopt in 2012 a Communication and Recommendation on the accessibility and preservation of scientific information. It will work with Member States to step up their activities to provide open access to scientific information on the basis of a concrete set of measures. In parallel, the Commission will detail how it will deal with the results of research funded by the European Union. Open data strategy, key measures Open data for science • Communication and Recommendation to the Member States on scientific information, early 2012; • Expansion of the open access pilot for scientific publications to the whole of Horizon 2020 + pilot with open access to research data
  20. 20. 2012 results In May 2011, the Commission identified the 811 projects designated at the time and sent a questionnaire to all project 20 • less than 50% did not know the possibility • 8 projects out of 194 answers reported they used it • For 72% of respondents, reimbursement of Gold OA is restricted by the fact that most publishing activities occur after the project end • Almost 70% of respondents think it is better to use self-archiving to satisfy the OA requirement in FP7
  21. 21. Future consolidation is based on: Conclusions The dissemination of research results in FP7, including self-archiving and costs related to open access, is often . However, it requires specific measures and sustained investment. Despite its , the implementation of open access remains a challenge. Open access also raises and , linked in particular to how researchers exercise their copyright. Further difficulties are the of researchers and of concrete support for them to practice open access. 21
  22. 22. Bruxelles, 17.7.2012 C(2012) 4890 final 22 Concerning access and preservation of scientific information “[…] publicly funded research should be widely disseminated through Open Access publication of scientific data and papers” to make open access to publications the general principle for projects funded by the EU research Framework Programmes Innovation Union (COM(2010)546 , 06.10.2010), http://eur- lex.europa.eu/LexUri Serv/LexUriServ.do? uri=CELEX:52010D C0546:EN:NOT A Digital Agenda for Europe (COM(2010)245, 19.05.2010), http://eur- lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri= CELEX:52010DC0245(01):EN:NOT
  23. 23. COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION of 17.7.2012 on access to and preservation of scientific information Policies on open access to scientific research results should apply to all research that receives public funds. 23 Open access to scientific research data enhances data quality, reduces the need for duplication of research, speeds up scientific progress and helps to combat scientific fraud.
  24. 24. Then Horizon 2020 came The rules on IPRs in Horizon 2020 are based on the FP7 rules, with some further improvements and clarifications. There are however a few differences, such as: Open access is now a general requirement(specific approaches defined in GAs). In parallel, the Open Research Data Pilot has been launched with the aim to improve and maximise access to and re-use of research data generated by certain specific projects. The new GA model gives access rights to project results for the European Union, and in the field of security research also for Member States. Definition of background has been slightly changed. Universitatea de Vest, Timișoara, 201424
  25. 25. The overall aim of Horizon 2020 is to achieve a well-functioning European Research Area! In the recitals it is mention clearly that Horizon 2020 is about "application of a coherent set of rules“, inherently "rules governing the exploitation and dissemination of results" (Art.33) Article 41 says clearly in its first paragraph that "the results shall be owned by the participant generating them". Universitatea de Vest, Timișoara, 201425
  26. 26. An important key: GA The grant agreement – may lay down time-limits; – sets terms and conditions for open access dissemination; – conditions the eligible costs relating to open access to scientific publications; – is not stipulating conditions concerning open access to publications seeking to cover publication costs after the competition of an action; – terms and conditions under which open access to such results shall be provided [...] taking into consideration the legitimate interests of the participants and any constraints pertaining to data protection rules, security rules or intellectual property rights (the work programme or work plan shall indicate if the dissemination of research data through open access is required). Universitatea de Vest, Timișoara, 201426
  27. 27. EC response: OpenAIRE+ Creating a robust, participatory service for the cross-linking of peer-reviewed scientific publications and associated datasets is the principal goal of OpenAIREplus 27
  28. 28. Meaning?! The project will establish an e- Infrastructure to harvest, enrich and store the metadata of Open Access scientific datasets. Innovative underlying technical structures will be deployed to support the management of and inter-linking between associated scientific data. 28
  29. 29. How it is working? Access to and deposit of linked publications via the OpenAIRE portal are supported by a Help Desk, and OpenAIRE's collaborative networking structure will be extended to promote the concept of open enhanced publications among user communities. Liaison offices in each of the project's 31 European countries work to support the needs of researchers in Europe. 29
  30. 30. A pan-European information structure 30 Zenodo www.zenodo.org offers a one-stop-store for research output. Created by OpenAIRE and CERN, and supported by the European Commission, this new-generation online repository offers its service from the OpenAIRE pan-European initiative, which expands the linking of research output to datasets and funding information, in European and national contexts.
  31. 31. All the tools you need 31
  32. 32. 32
  33. 33. A small reference library For a general overview there is also Fact sheet: Open Access in Horizon 2020 from https://ec.europa.eu/programmes/horizon2020/sites/horizon2020/files/FactSheet_Open_A ccess.pdf Guidelines on Open Access to Scientific Publications and Research Data in Horizon 2020 http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/grants_manual/hi/oa_pilot/h2020-hi-oa-pilot-guide_en.pdf Universitatea de Vest, Timișoara, 201433
  34. 34. IPR issues?! Universitatea de Vest, Timișoara, 201434
  35. 35. Start Acces Deschis România STARTAD.KOSSON.RO 35
  36. 36. Thank you! 36 www.acces-deschis.ro