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Public/Private Spaces: Pulling things together

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St Joseph, 16 Sept 2014

Veröffentlicht in: Internet
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Public/Private Spaces: Pulling things together

  1. 1. Public/Private Spaces: Pulling things together Mathias Klang @klangable mklang@sju.edu
  2. 2. The Average White American’s Social Network is 1% Black Three-quarters of white Americans haven’t had a meaningful conversation with a single non-white person in the last six months.
  3. 3. early examples Athens democracy (late 6th or early 5th century BC) Roman Republic had freedom of speech. In Islam 7th century AD (Rashidun period by the caliph Umar)
  4. 4. Who steals my purse steals trash; 'tis something, nothing; 'Twas mine, 'tis his, and has been slave to thousands; But he that filches from me my good name Robs me of that which not enriches him, And makes me poor indeed. Shakespeare’s Othello (Act 3, scene 3, 155–161)
  5. 5. We hold these truths to be self-evident; that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Declaration (1776) 6
  6. 6. The free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious of the rights of man. Every citizen may, accordingly, speak, write, and print with freedom, but shall be responsible for such abuses of this freedom as shall be defined by law. Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (French Revolution, 1789) Article 11
  7. 7. • Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. • Liberty consists in the freedom to do everything which injures no one else. • Law is the expression of the general will • No punishment without law • Presumtion of innocence • Free opinions, speech & communication The rights of man (1789) 8
  8. 8. Would any politician be against it… Truth (Mill) Tolerance (Bollinger) Democracy (art xix)
  9. 9. Highpoint 1948
  10. 10. Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of UNDHR, 1948, Article 19 frontiers.
  11. 11. - The right to express, or disseminate, information and ideas - The right to seek information and ideas - The right to receive information and ideas - The right to impart information and ideas. John Milton (1608 – 1674)
  12. 12. “What is freedom of expression? Without the freedom to offend, it ceases to exist” Salman Rushdie
  13. 13. Offended stephen fry
  14. 14. Private public Distinction
  15. 15. Surveillance: The rise of the anti-facial recognition movement
  16. 16. “What is actually happening is that you’re creating disinformation” Leo Selvaggio
  17. 17. Public 1. Freely accessible places where ‘everything that happens be observed by anyone’, where strangers are encountered whether one wants to or not, because everyone has free right of entry 2. Places where the spotlight of ‘publicity’ shines, and so might not just be public squares and market places, but political debating chambers where the right of physical access limited but informational access is 3. ‘common goods’ like clean air and water, public transport, so on; as well as more particular concerns like crime or raising of children that vary in their content over time space, depending on the current state of a particular society’s value judgments. 4. Things which are owned by the state or the people in and paid for out of collective resources like taxes: government buildings, national parks in most countries, military bases equipment, and so
  18. 18. 1. Places that are not freely accessible, and have controllers who limit access to or use of that space. 2. Things that primarily concern individuals and not collectives 3. Things and places that are individually owned, including things that are cognitively ‘our own’, like our thoughts, goals, emotions, spirituality, preferences, and so on Private
  19. 19. Private or public?
  20. 20. Public or private?
  21. 21. The law locks up the man or woman who steals the goose from off the common but let the greater villain loose who steals the common from The Commons the goose Anonymous
  22. 22. A commons arises whenever a given community decides that it wishes to manage a resource in a collective manner, with a special regard for equitable access, use and sustainability. It is a social form that has long lived in the shadows of our market culture, but which is now on the rise David Bollier
  23. 23. The Commons & its tragedy
  24. 24. Ostrom on the Myth of the tragedy
  25. 25. Wikipedia Comedy of the commons
  26. 26. Manufacturing public space New York City's 1961 Zoning Resolution introduced the concept of Privately Owned Public Space (POPS), allowing developers bonus floor area in exchange for providing spaces for the public within or outside their buildings. There are more than 80 acres of POPS in 520 locations throughout Manhattan, Brooklyn and Queens
  27. 27. Urban spaces are technology
  28. 28. Personal Private space in public
  29. 29. Public space in Private
  30. 30. Mathias Klang www.klangable.com Image & licensing info in the notes section of slides. Images at www.flickr.com (or specifically stated). This ppt licensed: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA Download presentation www.slideshare.net/klang