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Cities, Suburbs & Design

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Cities Suburbs and Design. St Joseph 4 September 2014

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Cities, Suburbs & Design

  1. 1. Mathias Klang - @klangable – mklang@sju.edu Cities & Suburbs
  2. 2. Urban population in 2005 world map
  3. 3. Excerpt: Hans Rosling: Religions and babies http://www.ted.com/talks/hans_rosling_religions_and_babies
  4. 4. Urban settlements appeared around 3,000 B.C. in ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley
  5. 5. Grow, Store, Transport Surplus
  6. 6. In 1800, only 3% of the world's population lived in cities, a figure that rose to 47% by the end of the twentieth century. In 1950, there were 83 cities with populations exceeding one million; by 2007, this number had risen to 468. Megacities
  7. 7. Power and Organization The City: By Whom and for Whom?
  8. 8. Theocritus’ bucolics in 3rd century bc
  9. 9. inner zone: coextensive with the boundaries of the old industrial city. Suburbia (1920s), designed for the automobile
  10. 10. Creating Suburbia: Moses et al
  11. 11. William J. Levitt – creator of suburbia
  12. 12. Levitt & Sons’ 26-step assembly line building method. Construction workers moved from house to house performing one task. Levitt's workers to produce a finished house every 16 minutes.
  13. 13. Levittown Highly Regulated
  14. 14. “For a man who owns his home acquires with it a new dignity… He begins to take pride in what is his own, and pride in conserving and improving it for his children. He becomes a more steadfast and concerned citizen of his community. He becomes more self-confident and self-reliant. The mere act of becoming a homeowner transforms him. It gives him roots, a sense of belonging, a true stake in his community and well being.” Sen. Charles Percy (1966)
  15. 15. What’s with the lawn?
  16. 16. Philly, a recent survey of renters conducted by the city found unexpected levels of social engagement. Planners were surprised by how many renters knew their neighbors, participated in neighborhood events and helped maintain the physical environment through volunteer work. Salon Magazine
  17. 17. Rental as norm
  18. 18. The “suburban experiment,” as he calls it, has been a fiscal failure. On top of the issues of low-density tax collection, sprawling development is more expensive to build. Roads are wider and require more paving. Water and sewage service costs are higher. It costs more to maintain emergency services since more fire stations and police stations are needed per capita to keep response times down. Children need to be bused farther distances to school. Charles Marohn
  19. 19. The End of the Suburbs: Leigh Gallagher
  20. 20. Health and Design “Garrick and Marshall report that cities with more compact street networks—specifically, increased intersection density—have lower levels of obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. The more intersections, the healthier the humans.”
  21. 21. The city and it’s users
  22. 22. Unpleasant design
  23. 23. Private Public Space
  24. 24. Private Public Space: Control
  25. 25. Genpei Akasegawa Thomassons
  26. 26. Desire Paths
  27. 27. Mathias Klang www.klangable.com Image & licensing info in the notes section of slides. Images at www.flickr.com (or specifically stated). This ppt licensed: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA Download presentation www.slideshare.net/klang