Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.
HOW (NOT) TO GIVE AN
EFFECTIVE THESIS
DEFENSE (or research talk)
Kimberly A. Nicholas
@KA_Nicholas
Lund University Centre ...
KEY POINTS
A. Content
• Focus on what’s important
B. Presentation Skills
• Addressing your audience
C. Slide Design
• Clea...
Ideal: 1 slide = 2 minutes
Minimum: 1 slide = 1 minute
A. CONTENT
Focus on what’s important!
1. Title Slide 1 Slide
2. Int...
A. CONTENT
Some specific suggestions
TITLE SLIDE (1 Slide)
Title, your name, institution,
and contact info.
Possibly nice ...
Analysis of Urban Air Pollution:
Implication for Global Health
and Mortality in the Developed World
Dr. Jane Doe
Departmen...
URBAN AIR POLLUTION: THE SILENT KILLER
Jane Doe / Department of XYZ / University of ABC
jane.doe@abcde.edu
A. CONTENT
Exam...
A. CONTENT
Some specific suggestions cont.
A B C
TITLE SLIDE (1 Slide)
Title, your name, institution,
and contact info.
Po...
A. CONTENT
Some specific suggestions cont.
Introduction
• Get audience excited
about the "issue”
• Put issue in context
• ...
A. CONTENT
Some specific suggestions cont.
Materials/Methods
• methods employed
• data collected, why?,
how?
• visuals of ...
A. CONTENT
Some specific suggestions cont.
Materials/Methods
• methods employed
• data collected, why?,
how?
• visuals of ...
A. CONTENT
Some specific suggestions cont.
Materials/Methods
• methods employed
• data collected, why?,
how?
• visuals of ...
A. CONTENT
Thesis Defense Reminders
Bring printed or
electronic copy
of your thesis for
reference
Keep answers
short and
c...
B. PRESENTATION SKILLS
Addressing your audience
EYE
CONTACT
PROJECT
VOICE
OPEN BODY
LANGUAGE
FACE
AUDIENCE,
NOT SLDES
FIND...
B. PRESENTATION SKILLS
Excuses
I‘m just a
student…
I did this last night
(or 5 minutes
ago…)
I haven‘t
done this
before…
B...
B. PRESENTATION SKILLS
Excuses
I‘m just a
student…
I did this last night
(or 5 minutes
ago…)
I haven‘t
done this
before…
B...
Common Thesis Presentation or
research talk is 20 minutes
20
MinutesNOT
MORE!
Based on image by:
https://www.shutterstock....
B. PRESENTATION SKILLS
TimingESSENTIALtogetthisright!
Put key points up
front, support
throughout,
summarize at the end
Re...
B. PRESENTATION SKILLS
Know thy Audience
Catch interest at
the beginning
Make relevant
and accessible to
them
Don‘t assume...
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Clear, Consistent Slides
CA B
@KA_Nicholas
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Powerpoint Design
BACKWARD
POINT
S
FOCUS ON YOUR WORK
Minimize
background…
CA B
@KA_Nicholas
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Powerpoint Layout
Minimize txt
One key point
per Slide
Consistency in
font, colors,
stlyle
CA B
@KA_Nichol...
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
@KA_Nicholas
C. SLIDE DESIGN
People remember 10% of
what they hear…
… But 65% of what they
hear and see
CA B
Partly based on pictures b...
The Amazon Rainforest
is being cleared at an alarming rate.
@KA_Nicholas
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
@KA_Nicholas
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
@KA_Nicholas
“The audience will either read your slides
or listen to you. They won’t do both.”
Nancy Duarte, Duarte Design
The slides a...
CA B
http://some.ly/GC2sDr
@KA_Nicholas
Avoid the use of a large block paragraph to
introduce your information. Attendees do not
like to have what is on the scree...
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
C. SLIDE DESIGN
PowerPoint DOs and DONTs - 1
Don’t !
CA B
@KA_Nicholas
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
C. SLIDE DESIGN
PowerPoint DOs and DONTs - 1
Don’t !
CA B
@KA_Nicholas
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
C. SLIDE DESIGN
PowerPoint DOs and DONTs - 1
Don’t !
CA B
@KA_Nicholas
Keep it simple!
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
Do!
@KA_Nicholas
Limit the number of fonts
in your presentation!
• Don’t Sacrifice Readability for Style
• Don’t Sacrifice Readability for ...
Arial
Century Gothic
Verdana
Choose 1 – 2 Sans Serif fonts
for your presentation
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Fonts - 2
CA B
@KA_Nichol...
Good title size (Century Gothic 40
point)
Good subtitle size (Century Gothic 32 point)
• Content text should be no smaller...
Here is what Century Gothic 20 point looks
like …
Here is what Century Gothic 16 point looks like …
Here is what Century G...
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Use a Template!
Use a set font
and color
scheme.
Different
STYLES are
disconcert-
ing to the
audience
You ...
Ideally Use the Same Background
on Each Slide
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Background
CA B
@KA_Nicholas
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Colors
Reds oranges
are high-energy
but can be difficult
to stay focused
on.
Greens, blues,
and browns are...
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Colors in Large Hall Events
Avoid white
Backgrounds!
The white screen
can be blinding in
a dark room.
Dark...
Colors with 2
or 4 degrees
separation
harmonize
(rectangle)
Colors directly
opposite one
another are
complementary
and hig...
This is a good mix of
colors. Readable!
This is a bad mix of
colors. Low contrast.
Unreadable!
This is a good mix of
color...
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Graphs and charts: Use Color Consistently
Decide on a
color for each
unit (country,
group,
treatment…)
Kee...
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Graphs and charts
Make sure that the
audience can
them
CA B
@KA_Nicholas
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Unreadable, busy graphs - 1
Don’t !
CA B
@KA_Nicholas
Don’t !
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Unreadable, busy graphs – 2
CA B
@KA_Nicholas
Don’t !
@KA_Nicholas
Don’t !
@KA_Nicholas
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Graphs and charts
Keep graphs clear and simple
Annotate graphs to help audience
State the main result in s...
Do!
@KA_Nicholas
Do!
@KA_Nicholas
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Graphs and charts
From bad to great
CA B
@KA_Nicholas
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
CA B
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Graphs: How to NOT do it better - 1
@KA_Nicholas
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
CA B
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Graphs: How to NOT do it better - 2
@KA_Nicholas
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
CA B
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Graphs: How to NOT do it better - 3
@KA_Nicholas
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
CA B
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Graphs: How to NOT do it better - 4
@KA_Nicholas
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
CA B
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Graphs: How to DO it better! - 1
@KA_Nicholas
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
CA B
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Graphs: How to DO it better! - 2
@KA_Nicholas
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
CA B
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Graphs: How to DO it better! - 3
@KA_Nicholas
From Todd Reubold, UMinn
CA B
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Graphs: How to DO it better! - 3
@KA_Nicholas
Put key result that graph show...
(This may require you to re-create
text in PowerPoint)
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Resolution - 1
CA B
@KA_Nicholas
Check out
“Search by
image”!
Low res Higher res
CA B
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Resolution - 2
http://some.ly/GC2sDr
@KA_Nicholas
Bam!
Don’t
CA B
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Limit Animation!
Use the same
animation
throughout the
presentation
Using more
than one ca...
Do!
CA B
C. SLIDE DESIGN
Limit Animation!
Use the same
animation
throughout the
presentation
Using more
than one can
be ve...
KEY POINTS
A. Content
• Meet the requirements
• Focus on what’s important
B. Presentation Skills
• Addressing your audienc...
YOU
Do not use the
media to hide
you!
The Audience
came to SEE
you.
If you are only
going to read
from the slides,
then ju...
End with a Final Slide and make the last words you say
“Thank You” so the audience knows when to clap!
THIS IS MY FINAL SL...
THANK YOU!
@KA_Nicholas
Nächste SlideShare
Wird geladen in …5
×

How (not) to give a thesis defense (or research talk)

How to clearly present your research for a graduate defense seminar (or any research talk)- content, presentation & design.

  • Loggen Sie sich ein, um Kommentare anzuzeigen.

How (not) to give a thesis defense (or research talk)

  1. 1. HOW (NOT) TO GIVE AN EFFECTIVE THESIS DEFENSE (or research talk) Kimberly A. Nicholas @KA_Nicholas Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies, Sweden With input from Weston Dripps Slides and all graphics designed by Theo Aalders, if not indicated otherwise. NOT @KA_Nicholas
  2. 2. KEY POINTS A. Content • Focus on what’s important B. Presentation Skills • Addressing your audience C. Slide Design • Clear, consistent slides @KA_Nicholas
  3. 3. Ideal: 1 slide = 2 minutes Minimum: 1 slide = 1 minute A. CONTENT Focus on what’s important! 1. Title Slide 1 Slide 2. Introduction/Motivation 1 Slide 3. Research Questions 1 Slide 4. Materials, Methods, Field Sites 2 Slides 5. Results (1 per research question) 3-5 Slides 6. Discussion 2-4 Slides 7. Conclusion 1 Slides A B C @KA_Nicholas
  4. 4. A. CONTENT Some specific suggestions TITLE SLIDE (1 Slide) Title, your name, institution, and contact info. Possibly nice p A B C @KA_Nicholas
  5. 5. Analysis of Urban Air Pollution: Implication for Global Health and Mortality in the Developed World Dr. Jane Doe Department of XYZ, University of ABC jane.doe@abcde.edu A. CONTENT Example one A B C @KA_Nicholas
  6. 6. URBAN AIR POLLUTION: THE SILENT KILLER Jane Doe / Department of XYZ / University of ABC jane.doe@abcde.edu A. CONTENT Example two @KA_Nicholas
  7. 7. A. CONTENT Some specific suggestions cont. A B C TITLE SLIDE (1 Slide) Title, your name, institution, and contact info. Possibly nice p @KA_Nicholas
  8. 8. A. CONTENT Some specific suggestions cont. Introduction • Get audience excited about the "issue” • Put issue in context • Provide statement of hypothesis / question A B C TITLE SLIDE (1 Slide) Title, your name, institution, and contact info. Possibly nice p @KA_Nicholas
  9. 9. A. CONTENT Some specific suggestions cont. Materials/Methods • methods employed • data collected, why?, how? • visuals of your case Introduction • Get audience excited about the "issue” • Put issue in context • Provide statement of hypothesis / question A B C TITLE SLIDE (1 Slide) Title, your name, institution, and contact info. Possibly nice p @KA_Nicholas
  10. 10. A. CONTENT Some specific suggestions cont. Materials/Methods • methods employed • data collected, why?, how? • visuals of your case Introduction • Get audience excited about the "issue” • Put issue in context • Provide statement of hypothesis / question Results and Discussion • show data collected (graphically) • highlight key trends and findings • explain findings A B C TITLE SLIDE (1 Slide) Title, your name, institution, and contact info. Possibly nice p @KA_Nicholas
  11. 11. A. CONTENT Some specific suggestions cont. Materials/Methods • methods employed • data collected, why?, how? • visuals of your case Introduction • Get audience excited about the "issue” • Put issue in context • Provide statement of hypothesis / question Results and Discussion • show data collected (graphically) • highlight key trends and findings • explain findings A B C TITLE SLIDE (1 Slide) Title, your name, institution, and contact info. Possibly nice p Conclusions • summarize key points • Your contribution • Future directions @KA_Nicholas
  12. 12. A. CONTENT Thesis Defense Reminders Bring printed or electronic copy of your thesis for reference Keep answers short and concise Prepare to justify research question, methods, relevance of findings Ask for clarification: “Is your question …?” A B C @KA_Nicholas
  13. 13. B. PRESENTATION SKILLS Addressing your audience EYE CONTACT PROJECT VOICE OPEN BODY LANGUAGE FACE AUDIENCE, NOT SLDES FIND THE „NODDERS“ BA C Face Silhouettes by freepik.com @KA_Nicholas
  14. 14. B. PRESENTATION SKILLS Excuses I‘m just a student… I did this last night (or 5 minutes ago…) I haven‘t done this before… BA C @KA_Nicholas
  15. 15. B. PRESENTATION SKILLS Excuses I‘m just a student… I did this last night (or 5 minutes ago…) I haven‘t done this before… BA C @KA_Nicholas
  16. 16. Common Thesis Presentation or research talk is 20 minutes 20 MinutesNOT MORE! Based on image by: https://www.shutterstock.com/g/Pretty+Vectors @KA_Nicholas B. PRESENTATION SKILLS Timing BA C
  17. 17. B. PRESENTATION SKILLS TimingESSENTIALtogetthisright! Put key points up front, support throughout, summarize at the end Rehearse fully at least 3 times Rehearse fully at least 3 times Rehearse fully at least 3 times Have minute goals for slides NO EXCUSE TO GO OVER TIME! BA C @KA_Nicholas
  18. 18. B. PRESENTATION SKILLS Know thy Audience Catch interest at the beginning Make relevant and accessible to them Don‘t assume overly specialized knowledge BA C @KA_Nicholas
  19. 19. From Todd Reubold, UMinn C. SLIDE DESIGN Clear, Consistent Slides CA B @KA_Nicholas
  20. 20. C. SLIDE DESIGN Powerpoint Design BACKWARD POINT S FOCUS ON YOUR WORK Minimize background… CA B @KA_Nicholas
  21. 21. C. SLIDE DESIGN Powerpoint Layout Minimize txt One key point per Slide Consistency in font, colors, stlyle CA B @KA_Nicholas
  22. 22. From Todd Reubold, UMinn @KA_Nicholas
  23. 23. C. SLIDE DESIGN People remember 10% of what they hear… … But 65% of what they hear and see CA B Partly based on pictures by freepik.com@KA_Nicholas
  24. 24. The Amazon Rainforest is being cleared at an alarming rate. @KA_Nicholas
  25. 25. From Todd Reubold, UMinn @KA_Nicholas
  26. 26. From Todd Reubold, UMinn @KA_Nicholas
  27. 27. “The audience will either read your slides or listen to you. They won’t do both.” Nancy Duarte, Duarte Design The slides are meant to support the narration of the speaker, not make the speaker superfluous. C. SLIDE DESIGN Powerpoint Layout CA B @KA_Nicholas
  28. 28. CA B http://some.ly/GC2sDr @KA_Nicholas
  29. 29. Avoid the use of a large block paragraph to introduce your information. Attendees do not like to have what is on the screen, read to them verbatim. So, please use short, bulleted statements and avoid typing out your whole presentation on to the slides. It is difficult for some to listen and read a large amount of text at the same time. C. SLIDE DESIGN Avoid the “All Word” Slide! CA B @KA_Nicholas
  30. 30. From Todd Reubold, UMinn C. SLIDE DESIGN PowerPoint DOs and DONTs - 1 Don’t ! CA B @KA_Nicholas
  31. 31. From Todd Reubold, UMinn C. SLIDE DESIGN PowerPoint DOs and DONTs - 1 Don’t ! CA B @KA_Nicholas
  32. 32. From Todd Reubold, UMinn C. SLIDE DESIGN PowerPoint DOs and DONTs - 1 Don’t ! CA B @KA_Nicholas
  33. 33. Keep it simple! From Todd Reubold, UMinn Do! @KA_Nicholas
  34. 34. Limit the number of fonts in your presentation! • Don’t Sacrifice Readability for Style • Don’t Sacrifice Readability for Style • Don’t Sacrifice Readability for Style C. SLIDE DESIGN Fonts - 1 CA B @KA_Nicholas
  35. 35. Arial Century Gothic Verdana Choose 1 – 2 Sans Serif fonts for your presentation C. SLIDE DESIGN Fonts - 2 CA B @KA_Nicholas
  36. 36. Good title size (Century Gothic 40 point) Good subtitle size (Century Gothic 32 point) • Content text should be no smaller than Century Gothic 24 point Remember, your slides must be readable, even at the back of the room. C. SLIDE DESIGN Font Size - 1 CA B @KA_Nicholas
  37. 37. Here is what Century Gothic 20 point looks like … Here is what Century Gothic 16 point looks like … Here is what Century Gothic 12 point looks like … You won’t be able to read these from a distance: C. SLIDE DEISN Font Size - 2 CA B @KA_Nicholas
  38. 38. C. SLIDE DESIGN Use a Template! Use a set font and color scheme. Different STYLES are disconcert- ing to the audience You want the audience to focus on what you present, not the way you present. CA B @KA_Nicholas
  39. 39. Ideally Use the Same Background on Each Slide C. SLIDE DESIGN Background CA B @KA_Nicholas
  40. 40. C. SLIDE DESIGN Colors Reds oranges are high-energy but can be difficult to stay focused on. Greens, blues, and browns are mellower, but not as attention grabbing. Reds and Greens can be difficult to see for those who are color blind.HIGH ENERGY ! CA B @KA_Nicholas
  41. 41. C. SLIDE DESIGN Colors in Large Hall Events Avoid white Backgrounds! The white screen can be blinding in a dark room. Dark Slides with Light Colored Text Work Best. CA B @KA_Nicholas
  42. 42. Colors with 2 or 4 degrees separation harmonize (rectangle) Colors directly opposite one another are complementary and highly contrasting Contrasting colors provide readability: Orange on Blue C. SLIDE DESIGN The Color wheel Do! CA B @KA_Nicholas
  43. 43. This is a good mix of colors. Readable! This is a bad mix of colors. Low contrast. Unreadable! This is a good mix of colors. Readable! This is a bad mix of colors. Avoid bright colors on white. Unreadable! C. SLIDE DESIGN Background Colors Remember: READABILITY, READABILITY, READABILITY! CA B @KA_Nicholas
  44. 44. C. SLIDE DESIGN Graphs and charts: Use Color Consistently Decide on a color for each unit (country, group, treatment…) Keep the same throughout Explain what the colors represent in the first slide Have a key that shows it visually for every single slide CA B @KA_Nicholas
  45. 45. C. SLIDE DESIGN Graphs and charts Make sure that the audience can them CA B @KA_Nicholas
  46. 46. C. SLIDE DESIGN Unreadable, busy graphs - 1 Don’t ! CA B @KA_Nicholas
  47. 47. Don’t ! C. SLIDE DESIGN Unreadable, busy graphs – 2 CA B @KA_Nicholas
  48. 48. Don’t ! @KA_Nicholas
  49. 49. Don’t ! @KA_Nicholas
  50. 50. C. SLIDE DESIGN Graphs and charts Keep graphs clear and simple Annotate graphs to help audience State the main result in slide title CA B @KA_Nicholas
  51. 51. Do! @KA_Nicholas
  52. 52. Do! @KA_Nicholas
  53. 53. C. SLIDE DESIGN Graphs and charts From bad to great CA B @KA_Nicholas
  54. 54. From Todd Reubold, UMinn CA B C. SLIDE DESIGN Graphs: How to NOT do it better - 1 @KA_Nicholas
  55. 55. From Todd Reubold, UMinn CA B C. SLIDE DESIGN Graphs: How to NOT do it better - 2 @KA_Nicholas
  56. 56. From Todd Reubold, UMinn CA B C. SLIDE DESIGN Graphs: How to NOT do it better - 3 @KA_Nicholas
  57. 57. From Todd Reubold, UMinn CA B C. SLIDE DESIGN Graphs: How to NOT do it better - 4 @KA_Nicholas
  58. 58. From Todd Reubold, UMinn CA B C. SLIDE DESIGN Graphs: How to DO it better! - 1 @KA_Nicholas
  59. 59. From Todd Reubold, UMinn CA B C. SLIDE DESIGN Graphs: How to DO it better! - 2 @KA_Nicholas
  60. 60. From Todd Reubold, UMinn CA B C. SLIDE DESIGN Graphs: How to DO it better! - 3 @KA_Nicholas
  61. 61. From Todd Reubold, UMinn CA B C. SLIDE DESIGN Graphs: How to DO it better! - 3 @KA_Nicholas Put key result that graph shows in title Highlight key results
  62. 62. (This may require you to re-create text in PowerPoint) C. SLIDE DESIGN Resolution - 1 CA B @KA_Nicholas
  63. 63. Check out “Search by image”! Low res Higher res CA B C. SLIDE DESIGN Resolution - 2 http://some.ly/GC2sDr @KA_Nicholas
  64. 64. Bam! Don’t CA B C. SLIDE DESIGN Limit Animation! Use the same animation throughout the presentation Using more than one can be very distracting The audience will only see the animation and not the message. @KA_Nicholas
  65. 65. Do! CA B C. SLIDE DESIGN Limit Animation! Use the same animation throughout the presentation Using more than one can be very distracting The audience will only see the animation and not the message. @KA_Nicholas
  66. 66. KEY POINTS A. Content • Meet the requirements • Focus on what’s important B. Presentation Skills • Addressing your audience C. Slide Design • Clear, consistent slides @KA_Nicholas
  67. 67. YOU Do not use the media to hide you! The Audience came to SEE you. If you are only going to read from the slides, then just send them the slides! The media should ENHANCE the presentation; not BE the presentation Remember, only you can prevent “Death by PowerPoint” @KA_Nicholas
  68. 68. End with a Final Slide and make the last words you say “Thank You” so the audience knows when to clap! THIS IS MY FINAL SLIDE @KA_Nicholas
  69. 69. THANK YOU! @KA_Nicholas

×