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one of the literature period which we encountered with later periods of english literature.

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  1. 1. Neo classical literature A.M.CK.ABEYSEKARA SSH/11/12/006 SH/2656 UNIVERSITY OF RAJARATA SRILANKA
  2. 2. NEO CLASSICAL AGE • The Renaissance (c. 1485-1660) • Neo classical (c.1660-1790) • Romantic era. (c. 1790-1830)
  3. 3. NEO CLASSICAL (1660-1790) • “Neo” + “classical” (New) (Roman & Greek classics) • Thus the combination of the terms 'neo,' which means 'new,' and 'classical,' as in the day of the Roman and Greek classics.  period of enlightenment  age of reason  era of logic
  4. 4. Three stages • Three distinct stages : (1).Restoration period (2).The Augustan period (3).Age of Johnson
  5. 5. Restoration Period • 1660 to 1700 - the period of Restoration. • Because restoration of monarchy in England. • Its symptoms include the dominance of French & classical influence on literature (poetry & drama)
  6. 6. Famous Writers of Restoration Age. • John Dryden It is called the Age of Dryden, because Dryden was the dominating and most representative literary figure of the Age. • John Milton
  7. 7. Absalom and Achitophel • "Absalom and Achitophel" is one of Dryden's great political satires. • In "Absalom and Achitophel," Dryden comments on (a) the Popish Plot (1678: an alleged plot by Catholics to kill the king and make England Catholic again) -the Exclusion Crisis (to keep Charles' Catholic brother, James, from inheriting the throne after Charles' death) (b)Monmouth Rebellion (1685: an attempt to put the king's illegitimate son James, Duke of Monmouth on the throne)
  8. 8. Cont. • He frames these contemporary events in terms of the biblical story of King David and his rebellious son Absalom. • Biblical narratives would have been very familiar to contemporary audiences.
  9. 9. Augustan Age • literary period of Virgil, Horace and Ovid under the Roman emperor Augustus. • self-conscious imitation of the original Augustan writers • has been called, - the Augustan Age -the Neoclassical Age -the Age of Reason.
  10. 10. Famous Writers • Alexander Pope • He is the dominant figure who associated with the epoch known as the Augustan Age, • Jonathan Swift Gulliver’s travel A modest proposal • Daniel Defoe
  11. 11. Pop’s Literary Work • The Rape of the Lock (1714) • translated the Iliad and the Odyssey • Essay on criticism • Prologue of wife of bath
  12. 12. The Rape of the Lock • Mock –heroic Masterpiece (1714) – = speaks of a trivial matter – epic poems → the effect is comical. A nobleman cut a lock of hair from the head of Lady Arabella Fermor. This caused an argument between the two respective families and Pope, who was a friend of both of them wrote this poem to make them laugh and reconcile. 15
  13. 13. Robinson Crusoe By De-Foe • form of fictional autobiography or diary • who manages to survive for years without any human companionship. • different ways that men cope with reality when hardship comes. • creating his own reality, rescuing a savage. 16
  14. 14. The Age of Johnson • “The Age of Sensibility” • middle of the eighteenth century until 1798. • Samuel Johnson (1709-1784)- poet, critic, and author of fiction,
  15. 15. Cont. • William Collins • William Cowper • Thomas Gray • Christopher Smart are also attributed to the Age of Sensibility.