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Reported speech

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Reported speech

  1. 1. ÁREA: Ingles GRADO: Once TEMA: Reported Speech DURACIÓN EN DÍAS: 25 days PUNTO DE PARTIDA Y PUNTO DE LLEGADA Actividades Recomendadas Starting point 1. Do you remember anything about Reported speech? What? 2. Write 5 examples of reported speech 3. Write something that you remember your parents or your friend told you this morning __________________________________________________________ 4. Write a small report about ONE NEW of the last year that you remember
  2. 2. Competencias a desarrollar 1. Recognize the grammar structure of reported speech. 2. Produce sentences in affirmative, negative and questions using reported speech. 3. Describe a conversation between two people using reported speech. 4. Listening and understand concepts related to reported speech. 5. Listen and write a report using grammar structure related to reported speech. INVESTIGACIÓN Actividades a desarrollar Research: Now it’s time to search more about reported speech, go and search the link, have fun and learn!!! Recursos recomendados 1. Reported speech( structure) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c6MX3k0iwVs 2. Reported speech(Sentences) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zz3QSjBFdug 3. Reported speech( Examples) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mvgJ1OAxruw Read the following information and create a chart where you explain the reported speech. Uses Structure Examples Reported Speech Direct Speech Indirect Speech Example Simple present Present continuous Past simple
  3. 3. Past continuous Present perfect Past perfect Will Could Must Today Tonight This week/month/year DESARROLLO DE LA HABILIDAD Desarrollo de la habilidad Skill development Do you like the videos and activities? 1.Think about one topic that is important research in your city (politic, social, cultural, education, public health etc.). 2.Choose one person for the interview 3.Develop the interview with 10 questions 4.Write the report of this interview, use 100 or 150 words to write them. RELACIÓN Actividades recomendadas Relating Reporting back – famous interview
  4. 4. Materials Peace of paper Video Pen Instructions 1. For this activity, watch the next videos of famous interview (Choose one of them). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NrZjdi6y0mE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XSSu0xYc0kE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkQc_tby16s https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ggL5TRbQ_4U 2. When you watch the video, take some notes and ideas. 3. When you have finished to take notes of the report , talk about the report with your teacher , you have 10 minutes 1. Read the next conversation and write what the teacher tells his student Teacher: Kamesh, do you know how to operate? Student: Sir, I am learning. Teacher: When did you start training? Student: Only two days back. Sr. Teacher: Be confident, don’t be shy. Can you see the programmer? Student: Yes, sir, it is well planned. Teacher: There is your friend Mugesh. Look at him. Student: He is also having training under Mr. Gopal only from yesterday. Teacher: How much time will you take? Student: I will take only 30 minutes, sir. Teacher: Our H.M. will go round all the computer classes today. Student: Yes sir. We are happy to meet him. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________
  5. 5. ___________________________________________________________________ _____________________________. Statements 1) If the introductory sentence starts in the present (Susan says), there is no backshift of tenses in Reported speech. Example: Direct speech: Susan: "I work in an office." Reported speech: Susan says (that) she works in an office. 2) If the introductory sentence starts in the past (Susan said), there is often backshift of tenses in Reported speech. (See: Note) Example: Susan: "I work in an office." Susan said (that) she worked in an office. Backshift of tenses From to Simple Present Simple Past Simple Past Past PerfectPresent Perfect Past Perfect Will would Progressive forms am/are/is was/were was/were had beenhas been had been Backshift of tenses From to
  6. 6. Peter: "I work in the garden." Peter said (that) he worked in the garden. Peter: "I worked in the garden." Peter said (that) he had worked in the garden.Peter: "I have worked in the garden." Peter: "I had worked in the garden." Peter: "I will work in the garden." Peter said (that) he would work in the garden. Peter: "I can work in the garden." Peter said (that) he could work in the garden. Peter: "I may work in the garden." Peter said (that) he might work in the garden. Peter: "I would work in the garden." (could, might, should, ought to) Peter said (that) he would work in the garden. (could, might, should, ought to) Progressive forms Peter: "I'm working in the garden." Peter said (that) he was working in the garden. Peter: "I was working in the garden." Peter said (that) he had been working in the garden. Peter: "I have been working in the garden." Peter: "I had been working in the garden." If the sentence contains an expression of time, you must change it as well. Peter: "I worked in the garden yesterday." Peter said that he had worked in the garden the day before. Shifting/Conversion of expressions of time this (evening) that (evening) today/this day that day these (days) those (days) now Then (a week) ago (a week) before last weekend the weekend before / the previous weekend here There next (week) the following (week) tomorrow the next/following day
  7. 7. Note: In some cases the backshift of tenses is not necessary, e.g. when statements are still true. John: "My brother is at Leipzig university." John said (that) his brother was at Leipzig university. or John said (that) his brother is at Leipzig university. or Mandy: "The sun rises in the east." Mandy said (that) the sun rose in the east. or Mandy said (that) the sun rises in the east. 3. Finish the sentences using Reported speech. Always change the tense, although it is sometimes not necessary. Toggle example 1) John: "Mandy is at home." John said that _________________________________________________________ 2) Max: "Frank often reads a book." Max told me that ______________________________________________________ 3) Susan: "I'm watching TV." Susan said to me that ___________________________________________________ 4) Simon: "David was ill." Simon said that _______________________________________________________ 5) Peggy: "The girls helped in the house." Peggy told me that _____________________________________________________ 6) Richard: "I am going to ride a skateboard." Richard said to me that _________________________________________________ 7) Stephen and Claire: "We have cleaned the windows." Stephen and Claire told me that __________________________________________ 8) Charles: "I didn't have time to do my homework."
  8. 8. Charles remarked that _________________________________________________ 9) Mrs Jones: "My mother will be 50 years old." Mrs Jones told me that _________________________________________ 10) Jean: "The boss must sign the letter." Jean said that ________________________________________________ 4. Finish the sentences using Reported speech. 1) Emily: "Our teacher will go to Leipzig tomorrow." Emily said that ______________________________________. 2) Helen: "I was writing a letter yesterday." Helen told me that ______________________________________. 3) Robert: "My father flew to Dallas last year." Robert told me that ______________________________________. 4) Lisa: "Tim went to the stadium an hour ago." Lisa said that ___________________________________________. 5) Patricia: "My mother will celebrate her birthday next weekend." Patricia said that ________________________________________. 6) Michael: "I am going to read a book this week." Michael said to me that __________________________________________. 7) Jason and Victoria: "We will do our best in the exams tomorrow." Jason and Victoria told me that ____________________________________. 8) Andrew: "We didn't eat fish two days ago." Andrew remarked that ________________________________________. 9) Alice: "I spent all my pocket money on Monday." Alice complained that ______________________________________.
  9. 9. 10) David: "John had already gone at six." We use reported speechwhen we are saying what other people say, think or believe.  He says he wants it.  We think you are right.  I believe he loves her.  Yesterday you said you didn't like it but now you do!  She told me he had asked her to marry him.  I told you she was ill.  We thought he was in Australia. When we are reporting things in the present, future or present perfect we don't change the tense.  He thinks he loves her.  I'll tell her you are coming.  He has said he'll do it. When we tell people what someone has said in the past, we generally make the tense 'more in the past'.  You look very nice. = I told him he looked very nice.  He's working in Siberia now. = She told me he was working in Siberia now.  Polly has bought a new car. = She said Polly had bought a new car.  Jo can't come for the weekend. = She said Jo couldn't come for the weekend.  Paul called and left a message. = He told me Paul had called and had left me a message.  I'll give you a hand. = He said he would give me a hand. 
  10. 10. However, when we are reporting something that was said in the past but is still true, it is not obligatory to make the tense 'more in the past'. The choice is up to the speaker. For example: "The train doesn't stop here." o He said the train doesn't stop here. o He said the train didn't stop here. When we are reporting what was said, we sometimes have to change other words in the sentence. We have to change the pronoun if we are reporting what someone else said. Compare these two sentences. In each case the person actually said "I don't want to go."  I said I didn't want to go.  Bill said he didn't want to go. We have to change words referring to 'here and now' if we are reporting what was said in a different place or time. Compare these two sentences. In each case the person actually said "I'll be there at ten tomorrow."  (If it is later the same day) He said he would be there at ten tomorrow.  (If it is the next day) He said he would be there at ten today. Now compare these two sentences.  (If we are in a different place) He said he would be there tomorrow at ten.  (If we are in the place he is coming to) He said he would be here at ten tomorrow.
  11. 11. 1. Read and pay attention of tense changes when using Reported Speech Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." She said that she was tired. The changes are shown below: Simple present Simple past "I always drink coffee", she said She said that she always drank coffee. Present continuous Past continuous "I am reading a book", he explained. He explained that he was reading a book Simple past Past perfect "Bill arrived on Saturday", he said. He said that Bill had arrived on Saturday Present perfect Past perfect "I have been to Spain", he told me. He told me that he had been to Spain Past perfect Past perfect
  12. 12. "I had just turned out the light," he explained. He explained that he had just turned out the light. Present perfect continuous Past perfect continuous They complained, "We have beenwaiting for hours". They complained that they had been waiting for hours. Past continuous Past perfect continuous "We were living in Paris", they told me. They told me that they had been living in Paris. Future Present conditional "I will be in Geneva on Monday", he said He said that he would be in Geneva on Monday. Future continuous Conditional continuous She said, "I'll be using the car next Friday". She said that she would be using the car next Friday. NOTE: 1. You do not need to change the tense if the reporting verb is in the present, or if the original statement was about something that is still true, e.g. • He says he has missed the train but he'll catch the next one. • We explained that it is very difficult to find our house. 2. These modal verbs do not change in reported speech: Might, could, would, should, ought to, e.g. • We explained that it could be difficult to find our house. • She said that she might bring a friend to the party. 2. Complete the sentences in reported speech. Note whether the sentence is a request, a statement or a question and whether you have to change the tenses or not. 1. "I was very tired," she said. → She said 2. "Be careful, Ben," she said. → She told Ben
  13. 13. 3. "I will get myself a drink," she says. → She says 4. "Why haven't you phoned me?" he asked me. → He wondered 5. "I cannot drive them home," he said. → He said 6. "Peter, do you prefer tea or coffee?" she says. → She asks Peter 7. "Where did you spend your holidays last year?" she asked me. → She asked me 8. He said, "Don't go too far." → He advised her 9. "Have you been shopping?" he asked us. → He wanted to know 10. "Don't make so much noise," he says. → He asks us

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