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Arabic gsm

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GSM system description in arabic language basic for beginers

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Arabic gsm

  1. 1. ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬GSM ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﻡ‬:- ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫رآ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ی‬ ‫وان‬ ‫اﺱ‬ ‫اذآ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ه‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ی‬ ‫وان‬ ‫ا‬. ‫أ‬ ‫ﺱ‬‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﻥ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫وﻡ‬ ‫ری‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫اﻥ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫اﺱ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫وﻡ‬ ‫ری‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ت‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫وﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬GSM ‫او‬:‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﻥ‬ ANALOG MOBILE TELEPHONY SYSTEM ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﻥ‬‫ﻥ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬‫ددى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺕ‬FM ‫او‬FREQUANCY MODULATION ‫ددی‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫آ‬‫ﻡ‬ UPLINK:‫ل‬ ‫رﺱ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫وه‬ DOWNLINK:‫دد‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫وه‬‫ل‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫وآ‬‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ددات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬‫ت‬‫ى‬ ‫ﺥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬EARLY MOBILE SYSTEMS 1- NORDIC MOBILESYSTEM (NMT): ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫اور‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫دول‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﻥ‬ ‫ا‬1981 ‫م‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ول‬ ‫آ‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ك‬ ‫اﻥ‬ ‫وا‬ ‫وی‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رى‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﻡ‬ 2- ADVANCED MOBILE PHONE SYSTEMS (AMPS) ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﻥ‬ ‫ری‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫اﺕ‬ ‫اﻥ‬ ‫ول‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ت‬‫ﺱ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬١٩٨٣ 3- TOTAL ACCESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS(TACS) ‫دی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫او‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﻥ‬‫اآ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ت‬١٩٨٥‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﻥ‬ ‫ول‬ ‫آ‬‫وﺕ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ری‬‫م‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬AMPS
  2. 2. ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫آ‬‫ﺕ‬ANALOG‫وﻡ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬: 1-‫اﻥ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫رﺽ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬INCOMPITIBLE‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ددات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬DIFFERENT FREQUANCY BANDS‫ﻡ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫اﻥ‬ ‫م‬ ‫وﺕ‬ MODULATION TECHNIQUES‫رات‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ق‬ ‫و‬SIGNALING ‫ال‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺱ‬NMT‫ی‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﺝ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ام‬ ‫اﺱ‬ ‫م‬TACS 2-‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫وه‬ ‫ا‬‫م‬ ‫ا‬CAPACITY: ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫او‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ن‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ACCESS IS DENIDE ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬‫ت‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ١٩٨٢‫ی‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ی‬‫ب‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ی‬: GLOBAL SYSTEM MOBILE (GSM) ‫اﻥ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺕ‬GSM‫دد‬ ‫ﺕ‬٩٠٠MHZ)٨٩٠-٩٦٠)MHZ
  3. 3. ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫اﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذا‬GSM ‫اه‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬: 1-‫دی‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫وﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ددى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ 2-‫ة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬(NOISE)‫وا‬‫ا‬(INTERFERANCE)‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وﺕ‬ (DISTORTION)‫ﺙ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫وا‬‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬GSM GSM ACCESS METHODS ‫ه‬ TIME DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS (TDMA) ‫اء‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫آ‬٨‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫و‬ ‫وا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬GSM 1-‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وﻥ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫وا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ 2-‫ﻡ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫دی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬(PSTN)‫وﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬(ISDN)‫ﺹ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫اد‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ 3-‫ﺵ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﻡ‬GSM‫ل‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬‫ت‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫اى‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ﺏ‬GSM‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺏ‬
  4. 4. 4-‫اﻥ‬GSM‫اﻡ‬ ‫اءات‬ ‫اﺝ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺕ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫وﺕ‬‫ظ‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وه‬ERICSSON‫ت‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫وا‬GSM
  5. 5. ‫ت‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ددات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وه‬ GSM Error! ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬GSM‫آ‬: SUBSCRIBER SERVICES FOR GSM SYSTEMS ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬: 1-‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫دی‬ ‫ا‬TELEPHONY SERVICES 2-‫ارىء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬EMERGENCY SERVICES 3-‫ﻡ‬‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬SHORT MESSAGE SERVICES (SMS) 4-‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬FAX SERVICES ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬:‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫دی‬ ‫ا‬
  6. 6. ‫ارىء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬:‫اء‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ارىء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬١١٢GSM‫او‬ ٩١١‫ت‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬:‫م‬ ‫وار‬ ‫وف‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ی‬ ‫او‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬١٦٠ ‫ف‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬:‫وی‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬‫ت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬
  7. 7. ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬SUPLEMENTARY 1-‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬CALL FORWARDING :‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬‫ا‬ ‫دﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬–‫ل‬ ‫ﻡ‬–‫رد‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ی‬ 2-‫ت‬ ‫ا‬CALL BARRING :‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ار‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫او‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ار‬ 3-‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬MULTIPARTY :‫ﺵ‬GSM‫ان‬ ‫ی‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫د‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ی‬‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ه‬ 4-‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬CALLER ID
  8. 8. ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬INTELLEGENT NETWORK SERVICES (IN) ‫ﺕ‬: 1- CALLING PARTY PAYS :‫اء‬ ‫اﺝ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ای‬ ‫وی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رﺹ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ﺝ‬‫ا‬ 3-‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬PREPAID SERVICES
  9. 9. ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ﺏ‬CELLULAR NETWORK ARCHETECTRURE ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ه‬‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﻥ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫ی‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﻥ‬SWITCHING SYSTEMS (SS) : 2-‫رﺽ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﻥ‬BASE STATION SYSTEMS : 3-‫ﻥ‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﻡ‬OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE SYSTEM : ‫ت‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ا‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬: ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬MOBILE STATION : ‫اء‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ی‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ه‬‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﻥ‬ 1-‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬HAND HELD PHONE 2-‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬PORTABLE PHONE 3-‫اﺕ‬ ‫ه‬‫ت‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬CAR PHONE ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬FUNCTION OF CELLULAR NETWORK : ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ 1-‫اﺕ‬ ‫ه‬‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ 2-‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺵ‬ 3-‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺵ‬PUBLIC SWITCH TELEPHONE NETWORK(PSTN) 4-‫ا‬ ‫رﺽ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺵ‬PUBLIC LAND MOBILE NETWORK
  10. 10. ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬GSM‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ل‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺵ‬‫ی‬
  11. 11. ‫ی‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﻥ‬SWITCHING SYSTEM ‫و‬‫ا‬ 1-‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ 2-‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رات‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫وا‬ 3-‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ 4-‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ا‬‫رﺽ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫وا‬ ‫رﺽ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﻥ‬BASE STATION SYSTEM ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫وﺕ‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺥ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬: 1-‫رﺽ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ات‬ ‫و‬BASE STATION CONTROLLERS 2-‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ANTENNAS 3-‫ل‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫اﺝ‬TRANSMITTERS & RECIEVERS ‫ﻥ‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﻡ‬OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE CENTER ‫ی‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ی‬ ‫و‬: 1 –‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺕ‬WHERE IS THE FAULT 2 –‫ا‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺕ‬SOFTWARE OR HARDWARE 3 –‫ی‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﺱ‬WHAT MUST BE REPLACED
  12. 12. ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫و‬FUNCTION OF NETWORK NODES ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ﺱ‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬(‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬(‫ﻡ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫وو‬SS,BSS AND OMC ‫او‬:‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫اء‬ ‫اﺝ‬‫ی‬ ‫وا‬SWITCHING SYSTEM NODES 1-‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬GATEWAY MOBILE SWITCHING CENTER(GMSC) ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ی‬‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ 2-‫ﺕ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫و‬GSM THE GSM INTERNETWORKING UNIT (GIWU) : ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫وواﺝ‬DATA TRANSFERE INTERFACE (DTI): ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وﻡ‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﺕ‬PC‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ای‬ ‫وه‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ء‬ ‫اﺙ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ 3-‫ﺙ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﻡ‬AUTHENTICATION CENTER (AUC) : ‫ی‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬
  13. 13. 4-‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺏ‬THE HOME LOCATION REGISTER (HLR) ‫آ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ة‬‫ﺏ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫وه‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ﻡ‬: ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫اﻥ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ر‬ 5-‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬INTERNETWORKING LOCATION REGISTER(ILR) ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ة‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﺕ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻡ‬GSM‫و‬AMPS 6-‫ی‬ ‫ه‬‫ز‬ ‫ا‬REGISTER (EIR) THE EQUEPMENT IDENTITY ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ة‬‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ه‬ 7-‫آ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬MOBILE SERVICE CENTER(MSC) ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ی‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫رﺽ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ 8-‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬THEVISITOR LOCATION REGISTER (VLR) ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ة‬‫ى‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬MSC‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﺕ‬ VLR :‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫دا‬‫ﻡ‬MSC‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫وه‬ VLR :‫ﻡ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ی‬‫ﻡ‬MSC 9-‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﻡ‬MESSAGE CENTER (MXE)‫ی‬‫م‬‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬(SMS) ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬(VOICE MALE) ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬(FAX) 10-‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬MOBILE INTELLEGENT NETWORK (MIN) ‫م‬ ‫ﺕ‬: ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬
  14. 14. ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺙ‬:‫رﺽ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬BASE STATION SYSTEM NODES 1-‫رﺽ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬BASE TRANSRECIEVER STATION (BTS) ‫ة‬ ‫اﺝ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫رادی‬ ‫ة‬ ‫اﺝ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﺕ‬TRANSRECIEVER‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وﺕ‬‫ن‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ای‬ ‫اﻥ‬RADIO BASE STATION (RBS) 2-‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫و‬‫رﺽ‬ ‫ا‬BASE STATION CONTROLLER (BSC) ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ی‬‫ﺏ‬ ‫دی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫وا‬MSC‫ﻡ‬ ‫د‬ ‫و‬BTSs BSC :‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ی‬‫اء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫واﺕ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺏ‬ 3-‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫وﻡ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ﻡ‬TRANSCODER AND RATE ADAPTER (TRC) ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ی‬: ‫ﻡ‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫اﺝ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫او‬ ‫و‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ی‬BSC‫او‬MSC ‫ﺙ‬:‫ﻥ‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﻡ‬THEOPERATION AND MAINTENANCE CENTER 1-‫وا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﻡ‬THEOPERATION AND SUPPORT SYSTEM (OSS)‫م‬ ‫وی‬: ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬PLANNING ‫ﺕ‬‫ا‬OPERATING ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺹ‬MAINTAINING ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ا‬SUPERVISING ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬DEVELOPING 2-‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻡ‬SERVICE ORDER GATEWAY (SOG) ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫واﺝ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ی‬‫ﺏ‬ ‫اك‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬HLR,AUC and EIR 3-‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﻡ‬THEBILLING GATEWAY (BGW) ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺏ‬ ‫ن‬MSCs‫ا‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬
  15. 15. ‫ﻡ‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬GEOGRAPHIC NETWORK AREAS ‫ت‬ ‫ﺵ‬GSM‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺥ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ﺕ‬ 1-‫ا‬CELL : ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫اﺹ‬ ‫ه‬‫ا‬ 2-‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬LOCATION AREA : ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫وه‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دون‬ ‫دا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫او‬ ‫ة‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫وا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫و‬ ‫رﺽ‬ ‫ا‬MSC ‫ر‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وه‬‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬
  16. 16. 3-‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬MSCVLR ‫وا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫وﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﺕ‬ 4-‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬PUBLIC LAND MOBILE NETWORK ( PLMN ) ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﺕ‬MSCVLR ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫وی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫وه‬ !
  17. 17. ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬:‫ﺕ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬GSM‫ﻡ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬MOBINIL‫و‬VODAFONE ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ى‬ ‫ی‬PLMN‫اآ‬ ‫او‬ ‫وا‬ PLMN‫دول‬ ‫ة‬ ‫او‬ ‫دو‬ ‫م‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ی‬‫ة‬ ‫ﺹ‬ 5-‫ﻡ‬GSM :‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬PLMN‫ی‬ ‫وا‬‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬
  18. 18. ‫ا‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬: ‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬‫ت‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫ی‬ ‫ادی‬ ‫ا‬DIGITAL RADIO TRANSMISSION ‫او‬:‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ا‬ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERSION ‫ت‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫رات‬ ‫اﺵ‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻡ‬GSM‫م‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ن‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫را‬ ‫اﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رات‬ ‫اﺵ‬‫ر‬ ‫ت‬‫ت‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ی‬GSM [color="navy"]‫ا‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬ 1-‫ىء‬ ‫ا‬SAMPLING 2-‫رﺏ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬QUANTIZATION 3-‫ا‬CODING
  19. 19. 1-‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ىء‬ ‫ﺕ‬CODING ‫ا‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ىء‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ی‬٨٠٠٠‫ء‬ ‫ﺝ‬‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ 2-‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫رﺏ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ی‬QUANTIZATION ‫ت‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫د‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫وی‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫اء‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬٨،١٩٢‫ى‬ ‫ﻡ‬ 4-‫ا‬CODING ‫اء‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬‫ﺙ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ﺏ‬BINARY CODE‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬‫ﺙ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫رة‬ ‫اﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ى‬ ‫ا‬
  20. 20. ‫ی‬‫ل‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬TDMA TIME DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCES ‫ء‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫رة‬ ‫اﺵ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫وﺕ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫وا‬‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ح‬ ‫وی‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ Error!
  21. 21. ‫اﺝ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ا‬‫ی‬ ‫ادی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ RADIO TRANSMISSION PROBLEMS ‫اآ‬‫ه‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ادی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬: 1-‫ا‬‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬PATH LOSS 2-‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ذﺏ‬ ‫او‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫او‬ ‫ل‬ ‫اﺽ‬FADING 3-‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬TIME DISPERSION 4-‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬TIME ALIGNMENT 1-‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬PATH LOSS ‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ی‬‫ة‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫رﺽ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ Error! ‫ا‬(A)‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اآ‬(B)‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ﺕ‬
  22. 22. 2-‫او‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ذﺏ‬‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫اﺽ‬FADING ‫ل‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺕ‬: LONG – NORMAL FADING ( SHADOW FADING ) ‫ث‬ ‫ی‬‫ﺏ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬‫رﺽ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫آ‬ Error! ‫رات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫د‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫اﺽ‬MULTI PATH FADING ‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫اﻥ‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ی‬‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫رات‬ ‫اﺵ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ن‬PHASE‫ﺕ‬‫ى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫او‬ Error!
  23. 23. 3-‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬TIME DISPERSION ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫اﻥ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬‫ل‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬‫رات‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ IMTER –SYMBOL INTERFERENCE (ISI) ‫ان‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وه‬‫او‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬ ‫وا‬ ‫رات‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ Error! 4 –‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬TIME ALIGNMENT ‫رﺽ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ی‬‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫و‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫زﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ازا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬
  24. 24. ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫آ‬‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ح‬‫ء‬ ‫ا‬: ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬‫ی‬ ‫دی‬ RADIO TRANSMISSION SOLUTIONS 1 –‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬SPEECH CODING 2-‫ﺕ‬‫ات‬ ‫ا‬CHANNEL CODING 2-‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬INTERLEAVING 4-‫دد‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ا‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬FREQUANCY HOPPING 5-‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬DIVERSITY 6-‫واة‬ ‫ا‬‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫رﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬QUANTIZATION 7-‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬TIME ADVANCE 8-‫ﺽ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬CIPHERING 1-‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬SPEECH CODING ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬: ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫د‬ ‫ی‬‫ال‬BITS‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ءة‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دون‬ ‫زﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ 2-‫ة‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬CHANNEL CODING ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وﺕ‬ ‫ف‬ ‫اآ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬‫ﺽ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫وذ‬ ‫ا‬BIT‫م‬ ‫ا‬
  25. 25. 3-‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬INTERLEAVING ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬‫ا‬ ‫ث‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ی‬ 4-‫ﺝ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺙ‬ ‫ا‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬FREQUANCY HOPPING ‫ال‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬FADING‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺝ‬‫رة‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ 5-‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬DIVERSITY ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫اع‬ ‫اﻥ‬ ‫ارﺏ‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ه‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬FREQUANCY DIVERSITY ‫ی‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وه‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ددی‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ی‬‫ددى‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ DOUBLED BAND WIDTH ‫زﻡ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ل‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ا‬TIME DIVERSITY ‫زﻡ‬ ‫ﺹ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺕ‬∆ t
  26. 26. ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬SPACE DIVERSITY ‫ﻡ‬ ‫زوج‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫و‬ ‫ع‬ ‫رﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫دد‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺕ‬POLARIZATION DIVERSITY ‫ﻡ‬ ‫زوج‬ ‫م‬ ‫ی‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫دى‬ ‫ی‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬)-٣db) 6-‫ی‬ ‫ا‬EQUALIZATION ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫م‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وا‬ ‫زﻡ‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ONE TIME SLOT‫ﺕ‬BURST ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ی‬‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬TIMING SEQUANCE‫ال‬ ‫ﻡ‬EQUALIZER ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫رﻥ‬ ‫وﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وض‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ی‬ 7-‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬TIME ADVANCE ‫ه‬‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رﺽ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫زﻡ‬ ‫وی‬‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫وﺹ‬ ‫رﺽ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫رة‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫او‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬
  27. 27. 8-‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫او‬ ‫ا‬CIPHERING ‫ه‬‫او‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺽ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ا‬ ‫وال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ام‬ ‫ﺏ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺹ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺕ‬ ‫ﺥ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ﺝ‬ ‫ی‬ ‫ﺵ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ com.hotmail@22104Msj com.jeeran.newmsj://http ‫ل‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ار‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫وﺝ‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ري‬ ‫و‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﻡ‬ ‫وآ‬ ‫اﻡ‬ ‫اﻡ‬ ‫اﻡ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬

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