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End of the Civil War

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Chronicles the closing stages of the Civil War (1864-1865), including the end results.

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End of the Civil War

  1. 1. 1864-1865
  2. 2.  Siege begins in July of 1864  Captured by Sept. 1864  Burned & evacuated  Starts “March to the Sea” • Promises to make “Georgia Howl”
  3. 3. 300 miles long & 60 miles wide Pure destruction; total war • Bridges, factories, rail lines, plantations, etc.  “War is cruelty. There is no use trying to reform it. The crueler it is, the sooner it will be over.” Increases bitterness between North & South
  4. 4.  Sherman’s success in GA helped Lincoln win re-election • Lincoln thought he was likely to lose • Lincoln & GOP picked a southerner as VP: Andrew Johnson Sherman reaches Savannah by Dec. 21 • “I beg to present to you, as a Christmas gift, the city of Savannah”
  5. 5.  From GA he moved northward to SC & NC • Faced little opposition
  6. 6.  13th Amendment passes in Feb. 1865  Took much work to get it through Congress  Have you seen the movie Lincoln?
  7. 7. “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”
  8. 8. March 4, 1865  Hope to “bind up the nation’s wounds”  “..It may seem strange that any men should dare ask a just God’s assistance in wringing their bread from the sweat of other men’s faces, but let us judge not that we be not judged.”
  9. 9.  “With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God Gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.”
  10. 10. Confederate army was dwindling due to casualties & desertions • 35K defended the capital of Richmond  Finally, Grant was able to capture Lee’s men in northern VA • Lee “There is nothing left for me to do but go and see General Grant, and I would rather die a thousand deaths.”
  11. 11. Lee surrenders to Grant at Appomattox, VA April 9, 1865 • Met in private home of Wilmer McLean CSA soldiers would NOT be punished as traitors
  12. 12. Nearly all CSA soldiers had surrendered w/in a few weeks of Lee’s surrender JW Booth shot him in the head at a play in Ford’s Theater on April 14, 1865 • Booth was a Confederate sympathizer & a famous actor Lincoln died the next morning
  13. 13. 620K Dead 4 Million Slaves Freed South in Shambles Union Preserved  Bitter Hatred Between North & South What Else????