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Stores management

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Functions of store management,
Types of storage,
Store location

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Stores management

  1. 1. Stores MANAGEMENT BY, S.Kavya Ravali
  2. 2. Functions Of Stores Department:- 1) Planning:- Space layout Handling equipment
  3. 3. 2) Receiving and issuing materials:-
  4. 4. 3) Maintenance of stores:- Safety of goods. Good house keeping Physical verification
  5. 5. 4) Maintaining records:- Receipts Stock registers
  6. 6. 5) Store keeping:-  Storing in proper conditions  Removal of obsolete
  7. 7. Types of storages:-  Raw material stores:- This is where raw materials used in the factory are stored. Usually, this is the largest kind and the location should be such that it is situated alongside a railway, canal or river. Where the deliveries are by road, there must be adequate space for trucks to move, turn and park. If sufficient provision is not made for quick and easy loading or unloading, heavy demurrage can result.
  8. 8. Production Store:-  Production also requires a large number of materials, generally called "consumables", - eye-shields, cutting oils, abrasives, gloves, aprons, jigs, small tools etc. A store stocking such items is called a Production Store
  9. 9.  Refrigerated stores:-  This type of store is used for storage of perishable items like fruit, meat, chemicals, medicine, vegetable, etc. it further comprises: Chilled space store, where the temperature can be controlled between 32 F and 50 F. Freeze space store, where the temperature can be controlled below 32 F
  10. 10.  Salvage stores:- Here materials rejected on the factory floor are stored either with a view to salvage them or to sell them as scrap. Steel scrap is usually kept separately, preferably in the open. Some metal scrap like copper can be very costly and should, therefore, be kept safely in covered stores.
  11. 11.  Flammable materials store:-  This is used for the storage of highly combustive material like oil, paints, etc. this store consists of separate compartments partitioned by fire walls, which is done with a view to prevent movement of flames from one area to another in the event of a fire. These fire walls will normally have a four hour fire resistance rating. The main dependence for fire protection is placed on an automatic deluge type sprinkler system connected to an adequate water supply.
  12. 12. Stores location:-  Centralized stores:- A centralized store is that store which receives materials for and issues them to all departments, divisions and production floors of the company. Such a store is only one in the company which receives materials for and issues to all who need them. The materials required for all the departments and branches are stored and issued by only one store.
  13. 13.  Decentralized store:-  A decentralized store is that type of store which receives materials for and issues them to only one department and not to the whole company. The decentralized store may be in many numbers in the company, as each department has its own such store. Purchasing and handling of materials are undertaken by each and every department separately. If the volume of material activities is large, this type of store is suitable because each and every branch has their own store for facilitating smooth operations of their production activities.
  14. 14. Centralization with sub-stores:-  This is a mixed store system, a mix of centralized and decentralized stores. Under this store system, sub-stores are established in different departments according to the requirement of the company. Sub-stores are maintained at each department when the central store is at a distance from the production department. Such sub-stores are managed and controlled by the central store itself.