Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Graduate Studies – College of Education
Sta. Mesa, Manila
THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT OF CURRICULUM PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT
CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL FORCES INFLUENCING THE CURRICULUM AND ITS DEVELOPMENT
DEM 737 Management of Curriculum and Instruction
Kathleen C. Abaja
Doctor in Educational Management Student
Dr. Nilo E. Colinares
• Social diversity including religion, culture and
social groupings affect curriculum
development because these characteristics
influence the types of topics and methods for
teaching information. Developing relevant
curriculum takes into account society's
expectations, accommodating group traditions
and promoting equality.
• Economics influences curriculum
• Curriculum developed for in house training in
corporations focuses on educating
employees for promotions that bring better
returns in profits.
• Nations financing education expect an
economic return from educated students
contributing to the country's economy with
global competition abilities in technical fields
• Technology driven curriculum development is the norm of
the 21st century.
• The computer technology of the 21st century influences
curriculum development at every level of learning. Learning
centers and classrooms increasingly provide computers as
requisite interaction for studies among students.
Technological multimedia use influences educational goals
and learning experiences among students.
• Undergraduate and graduate degrees in computer
technology increases in popularity.
• The developmental psychology curriculum
examines the changes in personality,
cognitive ability and behavior throughout the
lifespan. Therefore, in addition to preparing
themselves for a rewarding career, students
enrolled in developmental psychology
curricula will also learn and understand more
about themselves as they study the scientific
conclusions made by experts in the field .
Hinweis der Redaktion
The DepEd shall formulate the design and details of the enhanced basic education curriculum. It shall work with the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) to craft harmonized basic and tertiary curricula for the global competitiveness of Filipino graduates. To ensure college readiness and to avoid remedial and duplication of basic education subjects, the DepEd shall coordinate with the CHED and Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA).
Several social science concepts affect all curriculum development in meeting the needs of 21st century learners in both organized academic settings and corporation learning centers. Concepts affecting curriculum development include government rules, which in turn brings other factors into the process. Valid curriculum development requires awareness of the diversity of the target community socially, financially and psychologically.
Society has its own expectations about the aims and objectives that should be considered when designing the curriculum. It also has a perception of what the product of the school system should look like. It is therefore necessary for curriculum designers to take in to account these societal considerations. Subjects which has gender education and political economy have proved difficult to include in the curriculum because of the resistance from some religious groups.
How politics influences curriculum design and development starts with funding. Both private and public educational institutions rely on funding for hiring personnel, building and maintaining facilities and equipment. All aspects of curriculum depend on local, state and national political standards.