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DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF
MINI HYDROELECTRIC POWER
GENERATOR
Presented by
A.KANNAN (510812114042)
M.PREMKUMAR (51081211406...
ABSTRACT
• As energy becomes the current catchphrase in business,
industry, and society, energy alternatives are becoming
...
INTRODUCTION
• Most machines that make electricity need some form of
mechanical energy to get things started. Mechanical e...
TYPES OF TURBINES
1. According to the action of the water flowing:
a. Impulse turbine e.g. Pelton wheel
b. Reaction turbin...
WORKING PRINCIPLE
The water is collected into the tank ,so it serves as a water reservoir. The
potential energy for furth...
BLOCK DIAGRAM
PHOTO GRAPHY
SIDE VIEW
COMPONENTS DETAILS
DC Motor:
• Almost every mechanical movement that we see around us is
accomplished by an electric motor...
DC MOTOR
FIBER
 Multiple definitions of total fiber are recognized;
however, the most recently accepted definition is that
Total F...
Need Fiber
 Eating foods with fiber is important for proper bowel
function and can reduce symptoms of chronic
constipatio...
DESIGN CALCULATION
P=2πNT/60
T=L×F
T=33×0.006
T=0.1961
P=2×π×1000×0.1961/60
P=20.52watts
NOMENCLATURE
P= power in watts
T= Torque in N-m
N= Speed of the motor in rpm
L= Length of shaft m
F= Force of water N
RESU...
LITERATURE SURVEY
1. HYDROELECTRIC POWER GENERATION AND
HUMAN DIMENSION
Mohinder Kumar Slariya
In the era of rapid industr...
2.ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MICRO
HYDRO POWER :Arun Varughese, Prawin Angel
Michael
The most important problem faced b...
ADVANTAGE
• No Fuel Required.
• No Air pollution is required.
• Long Life in omparison with the thermal &
nuclear power pl...
COST ESTIMATION
S.NO MATERIALS AMOUNT
1 FIBER BALDE 350
2 FIBER BOX 825
3 DC MOTOR 350
4 PIPE 1M 50
5 BUSH 100
TOTAL 1675
CONCLUSION
 After investigating the various impacts of a hydroelectric
plant, we were able to determine the feasibility o...
REFERENCES
• Bhattacharjya, R. K., and Satish, M. G., “Optimal Design
of a Stable Trapezoidal Channel Section Using Hybrid...
THANK YOU
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Design and fabrication of hydro electric power

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Design and fabrication of hydro electric power

  1. 1. DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF MINI HYDROELECTRIC POWER GENERATOR Presented by A.KANNAN (510812114042) M.PREMKUMAR (510812114062) Guided by Mr.A.VINOTH KUMAR. ME., AP/Mech
  2. 2. ABSTRACT • As energy becomes the current catchphrase in business, industry, and society, energy alternatives are becoming increasingly popular. • Hydroelectricity exists as one option to meet the growing demand for energy and is discussed in this paper. • The hydro-powered generator uses fast-flowing warer that are usually located on storage tank • A small-scale system is comprised of an intake, a pipeline, a turbine and a generator. The water is collected via an intake area then transferred from the stream through a long pipe (also known as a penstock).
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION • Most machines that make electricity need some form of mechanical energy to get things started. Mechanical energy spins the generator to make the electricity. • In the case of hydro electricity, the mechanical energy comes from large volumes of falling water. The simplest way to produce the volumes of falling water needed to make electricity. • In this activity, we will use fiber blade to build a model of a simple micro-hydro system. It generates surprising amounts of electricity, provided you have a supply of pressurized water, such as from a lab sink.
  4. 4. TYPES OF TURBINES 1. According to the action of the water flowing: a. Impulse turbine e.g. Pelton wheel b. Reaction turbine eg .Francis and Kaplan turbine. 2.According to the main direaction of flow of water a.Tangentional flow e.g. Pelton wheel b.Radial flow e.g . Old francis turbine. c.Axial flow turbine e.g Kaplan turbine. d.Mixed flow turbine e.g . Modern francis turbine.
  5. 5. WORKING PRINCIPLE The water is collected into the tank ,so it serves as a water reservoir. The potential energy for further work is generated by the water level Difference between the tank and the turbines because the water level in the is very high. Tank also control the water flow through penstocks. The hydroelectric power generator working principle is nothing but the water force applied on the blade then the blades are rotated in rotary motion. The shaft is rotated by applying of water force then the shaft is rotated into clockwise rotation. After that power will produced.
  6. 6. BLOCK DIAGRAM
  7. 7. PHOTO GRAPHY
  8. 8. SIDE VIEW
  9. 9. COMPONENTS DETAILS DC Motor: • Almost every mechanical movement that we see around us is accomplished by an electric motor. Motors take electrical energy and produce mechanical energy. • A direct current (DC) motor is a fairly simple electric motor that uses electricity and a magnetic field to produce torque, which causes it to turn • At its most simple, it requires two magnets of opposite polarity and an electric coil, which acts as an electromagnet. • The repellent and attractive electromagnetic forces of the magnets provide the torque that causes the motor to turn.
  10. 10. DC MOTOR
  11. 11. FIBER  Multiple definitions of total fiber are recognized; however, the most recently accepted definition is that Total Fiber is the sum of Dietary Fiber and Functional Fiber.  Dietary Fiber, also called roughage , bulk, and viscous fiber, include non-digestible carbohydrates and lignin most commonly found in plants.
  12. 12. Need Fiber  Eating foods with fiber is important for proper bowel function and can reduce symptoms of chronic constipation, diverticulosis, and hemorrhoids.  Populations with low intakes of dietary fiber may have more heart disease, obesity, and some cancers.  Fiber is associated with are duced incidence of these chronic health problems, although the precise protective factor is yet unknown.
  13. 13. DESIGN CALCULATION P=2πNT/60 T=L×F T=33×0.006 T=0.1961 P=2×π×1000×0.1961/60 P=20.52watts
  14. 14. NOMENCLATURE P= power in watts T= Torque in N-m N= Speed of the motor in rpm L= Length of shaft m F= Force of water N RESULT Pmax= 20.52 watts
  15. 15. LITERATURE SURVEY 1. HYDROELECTRIC POWER GENERATION AND HUMAN DIMENSION Mohinder Kumar Slariya In the era of rapid industrialisation consciously or unconsciously he unscientifically utilize the natural resources and resulting into the major problems of 21st century including environmental pollution and global warming on the one hand and creating more problems to the human beings by ignoring human dimensions. .
  16. 16. 2.ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MICRO HYDRO POWER :Arun Varughese, Prawin Angel Michael The most important problem faced by a country like India is that of rural electrification. This paper proposes a permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based micro power plant, which is used for a standalone micro hydro power generation.
  17. 17. ADVANTAGE • No Fuel Required. • No Air pollution is required. • Long Life in omparison with the thermal & nuclear power plant. • No ash & fuel gas problem & does not pollute with the atmosphere
  18. 18. COST ESTIMATION S.NO MATERIALS AMOUNT 1 FIBER BALDE 350 2 FIBER BOX 825 3 DC MOTOR 350 4 PIPE 1M 50 5 BUSH 100 TOTAL 1675
  19. 19. CONCLUSION  After investigating the various impacts of a hydroelectric plant, we were able to determine the feasibility of implementing a hydroelectric plant.  Since most environmental concerns stem from construction of the tank, this location would not be greatly affected by the installation of a hydropower generating facility.  Also, taking into the consideration that this is a highly scenic site of recreational value, we will only partially disrupt the volume of water over the tank, using about 19 percent of the flow.  Most environmental concerns are mitigated by the fact that the area is already partially developed for a project
  20. 20. REFERENCES • Bhattacharjya, R. K., and Satish, M. G., “Optimal Design of a Stable Trapezoidal Channel Section Using Hybrid Optimization Techniques,” ASCE Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, vol. 323, Jul. 2007. • “ObrasCiviles de BajoCostoparaMicrocentralesHidroeléctricas,” HIDRORED – La Red Latinoamericana de Micro Hidroenergía, vol. 2006, pp. 18-23, Feb.2007. • ITDG, Manual para la evaluación de la demanda, recursoshídricos, diseño e instalación de microcentraleshidroeléctricas, Lima: SolucionesPrácticas - ITDG, Aug.2009.
  21. 21. THANK YOU

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