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Ppt electricity

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Electricity
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Ppt electricity

  1. 1. GENERATING ELECTRICITY AT HOME USING VARIOUS METHODS SUBMITTED BY, M.RINCY JULIET M.SURIYA
  2. 2. ELECTRICITY DEFICIENCY IN TAMILNADU • For one week 16,000MW electricity is generated in tamilnadu.But the consumption level is more when compared to the rate of generation of electricity,Now tamilnadu is reeling under a 4,000Mw shortage at present.Reaserch says our people are wasting around 500-600Mw.
  3. 3. METHODS TO MINIMIZE THE USAGE OF ELECTRICITY 1.Generating electricity using candles 2.Electricity generation using toy motors 3.Electricity generation using pencil lead 4.Waste CDs can be used as a fan
  4. 4. GENERATING ELECTRICITY USING CANDLES: • First take the nails and insert them into each candles make sure it does not come out the other • side. Next you will need the magnet rub the surface of the magnet again with the nail to magnetize it. Do the same with the other nail to magnetize it. Next attach each lead with each candles then you can power up almost anything here we are using a bulb now light up each candle the bulb will glow.
  5. 5. Electricity generation using toy motors: •put a foam between two CDput a foam between two CD then using bold and nuts connectthen using bold and nuts connect that CD to a wooden stand withthat CD to a wooden stand with an arm then place a bobbin asan arm then place a bobbin as flat washer place a pulley lockflat washer place a pulley lock with nuts pulley must rotatewith nuts pulley must rotate freely. Fix 9 volt toy motor infreely. Fix 9 volt toy motor in the wooden stand then connectthe wooden stand then connect the toy motor and pulley usingthe toy motor and pulley using rubber band on pulleys ensurerubber band on pulleys ensure smooth rotation. Fix led to motorsmooth rotation. Fix led to motor ,then rotate thus led will glow,then rotate thus led will glow when motor spins.when motor spins.
  6. 6. GENERATING ELECTRICITY FROM PENCIL LEAD: HB-HB pencil pair was firstly dipped to NaCl vial and then NaCl we rinsed the leads by deionized water to clean the surface of the pencil leads. The output current boomed to about 100 nA and showed the same downtrend as observed. The current decreased to about 10 nA after about three days. We also rinsed the leads by 0.1 M HCl, but found that the effect was not as good as DI water, which might due to that the presence of Cl- weakened the effect of the washing process. Different ions were studied to investigate this phenomenon. All the concentration of cations was 3 M and all the measurements were performed at room temperature. All the data was generated at the rate of 1 data/second, and was collected after the pencil leads had been exposed to the solution for 10 minutes. The 220 Kohm resistor was loaded to the circuits during all the measurements. The, NiCl and finally CuCl2 vial. The results showed that Cu2+ exhibited better ability to produce electricity comparied with K+,
  7. 7. WASTE CDs CAN BE USED AS FAN NEAR PC: •insert a cork at the centre of another CD attach the first CD with the cork attached CD. And fix a small engine with the CD another end is connected to the CPU of the personal computer then automatically the it starts rotating thus it serves as a fan when we working in the personal computer.
  8. 8. •ADVANTAGES: 1. We can minimize the usage of electricity. 2 .The methods which discussed above is eco Friendly. 3. Pollution free. 4. We can generate electricity at any place even at the forest. 5. Low cost. 6. Time required for generating electricity is less. 7. We can implement within short duration.
  9. 9. •REFERENCES: 1. Dr Anders Brandt & MSc Johan Granlund, Swedish Road, Administration (2008). "Bus Drivers’ Exposure to Mechanical Shocks Due To Speed Bumps". Society for Experimental Mechanics, IMAC XXVI Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics. 2. Hindman Sanchez, Smart' Stopping Speeders in the Community. Smart speed bumps reward safe drivers". New Scientist. 3. Shirley (November 11, 2005). "Smart' road hump will smooth the way for safe drivers"
  10. 10. •REFERENCES: 1. Dr Anders Brandt & MSc Johan Granlund, Swedish Road, Administration (2008). "Bus Drivers’ Exposure to Mechanical Shocks Due To Speed Bumps". Society for Experimental Mechanics, IMAC XXVI Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics. 2. Hindman Sanchez, Smart' Stopping Speeders in the Community. Smart speed bumps reward safe drivers". New Scientist. 3. Shirley (November 11, 2005). "Smart' road hump will smooth the way for safe drivers"

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