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Photographic Techniques

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Composition techniques for use in magazine photography.

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Photographic Techniques

  1. 1. Photography and Composition Techniques
  2. 2. Photography and Composition Techniques Lesson Outcomes: To identify effective photographic techniques. I don’t know any photographic techniques. I can identify some of the photographic techniques used in magazine photography. I can identify photographic techniques and explain their effect. I can apply effective photographic techniques to my own magazine. I have creative ideas of how I can use photography in my magazine.
  3. 3. Composition Techniques
  4. 4. Composing your shot:  The way everything is arranged in your shot is called the composition. By paying attention to the framing of your shots, you can improve and enhance them.  Be clear on your subject. What story are you trying to tell with the shot?  Imagine you're painting a picture. You can decide exactly what you want the painting to look like: Which people or objects are in the painting, where they are located on the canvas, and what kind of background is in place.
  5. 5. Rule of Thirds:  Points of interest (the focus of your image) should be placed at the intersections of these lines for the most visually appealing shot.  Basically, the important stuff should be kept along the lines and the focus should be at one of the four crosses.
  6. 6. Examples:
  7. 7. Shot Type
  8. 8. Consider these: Look at this guy…what has he done wrong? If there’s an idea you like, recreate it…
  9. 9. You don’t have to follow the ‘rules’ – so long as you justify if in your evaluation…
  10. 10. Student’s example:
  11. 11. Composition: Near or far?
  12. 12. Experiment!
  13. 13. Activity 3:  Can you recognise any of the compositional techniques used in this image?  What effect do these techniques have on the image?
  14. 14.  Can you recognise any of the compositional techniques used in this image? Background is vital in telling your story… What effect does the road in the background of this image have on the audience? Tip: When positioning your subject, always consider your Background
  15. 15.  Can you recognise any of the compositional techniques used in this image? Background is vital in telling your story… What effect does the road in the background of this image have on the audience? Using leading lines attracts the viewer’s focus where you want it to go. This type of shot is particularly nice in your double page spread…
  16. 16.  Can you recognise any of the compositional techniques used in this image? Background is vital in telling your story… What effect does the road in the background of this image have on the audience? Using leading lines attracts the viewer’s focus where you want it to go.
  17. 17. Consider these…
  18. 18. This student managed it… But then…
  19. 19.  Can you recognise any of the compositional techniques used in this image? Background is vital in telling your story… What effect does the road in the background of this image have on the audience? Use of diagonal lines: Tip: When positioning your subject, always consider your Angle, and the effect it creates.
  20. 20. Angles
  21. 21. Focus:  Adjust the settings on the camera to alter the depth of field.  Be thinking about shot composition – what is in the frame, what are you revealing to the audience and what are you keeping hidden?  Experiment!
  22. 22. Depth of Field:
  23. 23. Depth of Field:
  24. 24. Depth of Field:
  25. 25. Examples:
  26. 26. Tip – Mise-en-scene Consider everything you put in your frame (mise-en-scene)  Props  Costume  Background/setting  Make-up/hair  Lighting  Colour
  27. 27. Three golden rules… Camera Position (location) Lighting Framing
  28. 28. People Positioning
  29. 29. People Positioning - tips 1. Heads together 2. Limit empty space 3. Diamonds 4. Triangles 5. Perspective
  30. 30. Triangles:
  31. 31. Rows:
  32. 32. Rows with perspective:
  33. 33. Rows with diagonals:
  34. 34. Direction:
  35. 35. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
  36. 36. 1.Rule of Thirds 2.Leadroom/Noseroom 3.Distracting Backgrounds 4.Positioning 5.Headroom
  37. 37. Rule of Thirds Leadroom/Noseroom Distracting Backgrounds Positioning Headroom
  38. 38. Rule of Thirds Leadroom/Noseroom Distracting Backgrounds Positioning Headroom
  39. 39. Rule of Thirds Leadroom/Noseroom Distracting Backgrounds Positioning Headroom
  40. 40. Rule of Thirds Leadroom/Noseroom Distracting Backgrounds Positioning Headroom
  41. 41. Rule of Thirds Leadroom/Noseroom Distracting Backgrounds Positioning Headroom

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