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History of the Learning
Management System
IP&T 692R
Fall 2013
Jon Mott
Chief Learning Officer, Learning Objects
Visiting I...
http://
1996
1997
cms=erp?
the cms in the
broader
infrastructure
a brief history
learners
learners
schools
educational institutions.
the end of learning as usual?
integrations,
customizations &
standards
Learning
Activity,
Lesson, or
Course
SCORM
Compliant
Package
LMS
common
cartridge
proprietary
integrations
TOOLS
TOOL
A
TOOL
B
TOOL
C
TOOL
XYZ
EVENT
NOTIFICATION
LAUNCH
• SESSION
• RESOURCE LINK
• MANAGEMENT
• TOOL SETTINGS
• OUTCOMES
...
qti
lis
epub
sif
tin can api
case study
Blackboard @ BYU
• Launched CourseInfo in 1999
• 1,683 Unique Courses Fall 2008
• ≈ 5,457 Course Sections Fall 2008
• 48,8...
the
“quiz crisis”
Feature Percentage
Course Materials / Documents 85.9%
Gradebook 78.0%
Announcements 68.9%
Email 68.1%
Assessments / Quizze...
EXTERNAL
APPLICATIONS
SIS CMS
GRADEBOOK
CONTENT
ASSESSMENT
COMMUNICATION
COLLABORATION
APIs
CUSTOM
INTEGRATION
REDUNDANT &...
50%
25%
14%
11%
25%
CMS Only
CMS+
Other Only
None
Online Technology Usage
BYU Faculty Survey, April 2009 (n=254)
cms usage
studies
“Faculty use the CMS primarily as an
administrative tool.” – Morgan
The CMS is “fundamentally a conservative
technology.” ...
limits of
the LMS model
“Teaching and learning are not
fundamentally transactional.”
- Lanny Arvan
The Web is “a
world of pure
connection, free
of the arbitrary
constraints of
matter, distance
and time.”
David Weinberger
TIME
CMS v. PLN
End of the Semester
LearningNetworkSize
TIME
LearningNetworkSize
SEMESTER 1 SEMESTER 2 SEMESTER 3 SEMESTER 4 SEMESTER 5 SEMESTER 6
CMS
PLN
CMS v. PLN
Data Funnels  Learning Webs
- Steve Wheeler
“Pointing students to data buckets and conduits
we’ve already made for them won’t do.”
- Gardner Campbell
The original design of the LMS was transactional
and largely administrative in nature, hence the “M”
in “LMS.” The functio...
: “School communities will need to
develop strategies for building
resilience into their systems and
for creating
lightwei...
Love / Hate
Users Who
Love Their
CMS
Users Who
Hate Their
CMS
Users Who
Want to Switch
plns
the new landscape
University
Support Services
Bookstore
IT Infrastructure
Libraries
Academic Departments
Faculty Students
University
Support Services
Bookstore
Libraries
IT Infrastructure
Academic Departments
Faculty Students
Web 2.0 Apps
Socia...
University
Portal
CONTENT
Gradebook
Assessment
Web PagesWeb PagesWeb PagesWeb Pages
Portfolios
NEW
TOOLS
the vle of the fu...
Open
Participatory
Learning
Ecosystem
Brown & Adler
2009
“and”
models
private
secure
reliability
integrated
teachers
efficiency
structured
OR public
OR open
OR flexibility
OR modular
OR learne...
olns
THE CLOUD
STUDENT
CONTEN
T
UNIVERSITY NETWORK
An Open (Institutional) Learning Network
OPEN
CONTENT
SIS SECURE
ONLINE
ASSE...
Blackboard is trying to keep up.
Michael L. Chasen, the company's chief executive, has
told The Chronicle that the latest ...
moocs
(& oocs)
=
the new lms?
http://www.slideshare.net/jonmott
thejonmott@gmail.com
http://jonmott.com
@jonmott
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS
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IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS

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IP&T 692R: Week 2-History of the LMS

  1. 1. History of the Learning Management System IP&T 692R Fall 2013 Jon Mott Chief Learning Officer, Learning Objects Visiting Instructor, Brigham Young University
  2. 2. http://
  3. 3. 1996
  4. 4. 1997
  5. 5. cms=erp?
  6. 6. the cms in the broader infrastructure
  7. 7. a brief history
  8. 8. learners learners schools educational institutions. the end of learning as usual?
  9. 9. integrations, customizations & standards
  10. 10. Learning Activity, Lesson, or Course SCORM Compliant Package LMS
  11. 11. common cartridge
  12. 12. proprietary integrations TOOLS
  13. 13. TOOL A TOOL B TOOL C TOOL XYZ EVENT NOTIFICATION LAUNCH • SESSION • RESOURCE LINK • MANAGEMENT • TOOL SETTINGS • OUTCOMES TOOL PROVIDERS TOOL CONSUMERS PROFILE WEB SERVICES TOOL PROXY RUNTIME ADMINISTRATOR USER LTI SERVICES
  14. 14. qti lis epub sif tin can api
  15. 15. case study
  16. 16. Blackboard @ BYU • Launched CourseInfo in 1999 • 1,683 Unique Courses Fall 2008 • ≈ 5,457 Course Sections Fall 2008 • 48,878 Active Users (Provo, Hawaii & LDSBC Campuses) • 17,767 Avg Daily Unique User Logins Fall 2008 • ≈ 16 Mbps Bandwidth Usage • 2,137 GB Storage (1,369 GB Content, 768 GB Database) • 2,279,255 Completed Assessments Fall 2008 • 14,296 Avg Monthly Discussion Board Posts Fall 2008
  17. 17. the “quiz crisis”
  18. 18. Feature Percentage Course Materials / Documents 85.9% Gradebook 78.0% Announcements 68.9% Email 68.1% Assessments / Quizzes 30.7% Discussion Board 13.5% Other (e.g., Reserve, Dropbox) 12.2% Virtual Classroom 2.0% Lightweight Chat 0.4% Bb Feature Usage @ BYU
  19. 19. EXTERNAL APPLICATIONS SIS CMS GRADEBOOK CONTENT ASSESSMENT COMMUNICATION COLLABORATION APIs CUSTOM INTEGRATION REDUNDANT & NON-INTEGRATED APPLICATIONS
  20. 20. 50% 25% 14% 11% 25% CMS Only CMS+ Other Only None Online Technology Usage BYU Faculty Survey, April 2009 (n=254)
  21. 21. cms usage studies
  22. 22. “Faculty use the CMS primarily as an administrative tool.” – Morgan The CMS is “fundamentally a conservative technology.” – Milligan
  23. 23. limits of the LMS model
  24. 24. “Teaching and learning are not fundamentally transactional.” - Lanny Arvan
  25. 25. The Web is “a world of pure connection, free of the arbitrary constraints of matter, distance and time.” David Weinberger
  26. 26. TIME CMS v. PLN End of the Semester LearningNetworkSize
  27. 27. TIME LearningNetworkSize SEMESTER 1 SEMESTER 2 SEMESTER 3 SEMESTER 4 SEMESTER 5 SEMESTER 6 CMS PLN CMS v. PLN
  28. 28. Data Funnels  Learning Webs - Steve Wheeler
  29. 29. “Pointing students to data buckets and conduits we’ve already made for them won’t do.” - Gardner Campbell
  30. 30. The original design of the LMS was transactional and largely administrative in nature, hence the “M” in “LMS.” The function of the traditional LMS is to simplify how learning is scheduled, deployed, and tracked as a means to organize curricula and manage learning materials. - Lou Pugiese
  31. 31. : “School communities will need to develop strategies for building resilience into their systems and for creating lightweight, modular infrastructures.”
  32. 32. Love / Hate Users Who Love Their CMS Users Who Hate Their CMS Users Who Want to Switch
  33. 33. plns
  34. 34. the new landscape University Support Services Bookstore IT Infrastructure Libraries Academic Departments Faculty Students
  35. 35. University Support Services Bookstore Libraries IT Infrastructure Academic Departments Faculty Students Web 2.0 Apps Social Networks Open Content Mass Collaboration etc. the new landscape
  36. 36. University Portal CONTENT Gradebook Assessment Web PagesWeb PagesWeb PagesWeb Pages Portfolios NEW TOOLS the vle of the future
  37. 37. Open Participatory Learning Ecosystem Brown & Adler 2009
  38. 38. “and” models
  39. 39. private secure reliability integrated teachers efficiency structured OR public OR open OR flexibility OR modular OR learners OR creativity OR authentic
  40. 40. olns
  41. 41. THE CLOUD STUDENT CONTEN T UNIVERSITY NETWORK An Open (Institutional) Learning Network OPEN CONTENT SIS SECURE ONLINE ASSESSMENT GRADE BOOK LEARNING OUTCOMES WIKI PORTAL UI STUDENT LEARNING EPORTFOLIO PERSONAL PUBLISHING SPACE SOCIAL NETWORKING APPS COLLABORATIO N TOOLS UNIVERSITY CONTEN T
  42. 42. Blackboard is trying to keep up. Michael L. Chasen, the company's chief executive, has told The Chronicle that the latest version of the software integrates some Web 2.0 tools and still offers plenty of features that blogging packages can't match, like online gradebooks.
  43. 43. moocs (& oocs) = the new lms?
  44. 44. http://www.slideshare.net/jonmott thejonmott@gmail.com http://jonmott.com @jonmott

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