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SharePoint Backup And Disaster Recovery with Joel Oleson

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This walks through the various options around backup and restore with SharePoint. This deck was presented at Tech Ed South East Asia 2008 by Joel Oleson

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SharePoint Backup And Disaster Recovery with Joel Oleson

  1. 1. SharePoint High Availability, Backup/Restore and Disaster Recovery Joel Oleson Sr. Technical Product Manager/Sr. Consultant Session Code:
  2. 2. Who is Joel Oleson? <ul><li>7+ Year SharePoint Veteran </li></ul><ul><li>5 Years in MS IT </li></ul><ul><li>2 Years in Product Team </li></ul><ul><li>Independent SharePoint Consultant and Trainer </li></ul><ul><li>3 Years TechEd SEA </li></ul><ul><li>Top SharePoint IT Pro Blogger www.sharepointjoel.com </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook/Linked In </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Backup/Restore Options </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster recovery methods </li></ul><ul><li>High Availability Options </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Third Party Backup & High Availability Products </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Related Sessions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DAT432: Database Recovery for the Paranoid – Edwin Sarmiento (SQL Mirroring/Log Shipping) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SVR327: Bringing Clustering to the Masses – Justin Frances (Windows 2008 Clustering) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MGT334: Continuous Data Protection for your Microsoft Infrastructure – David Foo (DPM) </li></ul></ul>Related Content does NOT cover
  5. 5. SharePoint Components
  6. 6. SharePoint Components
  7. 7. <ul><li>End user errors </li></ul><ul><li>Accidental update or deletion </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent and small-scale </li></ul><ul><li>Farm or database restore </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware failure or disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware migration or replacement </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize downtime </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Data </li></ul><ul><li>Strict SLAs </li></ul><ul><li>Redundancy </li></ul><ul><li>Additional hardware </li></ul>Partial Recovery Catastrophic Recovery High Availability
  8. 8. <ul><li>End user driven </li></ul><ul><li>Accidental update or deletion </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent </li></ul><ul><li>Farm or database restore </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware failure or disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware migration or replacement </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize downtime </li></ul><ul><li>Large amounts of data </li></ul><ul><li>Redundancy </li></ul><ul><li>Additional hardware </li></ul>Partial Recovery Disaster Recovery High Availability
  9. 9. <ul><li>Recycle Bin </li></ul><ul><li>Snapshots </li></ul><ul><li>Web Delete Event </li></ul>Mostly end-user driven and sometimes admin
  10. 10. <ul><li>End user driven </li></ul><ul><li>Supports lists, doc libs, folders, docs, and items </li></ul><ul><li>Security trimmed </li></ul><ul><li>2 stages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>End User </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Admin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Site collection level </li></ul>“ I just deleted my deck and my presentation is in an hour!”
  11. 11. <ul><li>Recycle Bin with 2 levels of recovery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>End-user targeted with access from the site itself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Site Administrator (at the Site Collection) accessible at the second level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Turned on by default through Central Admin </li></ul><ul><li>Configured at the Web Application Level </li></ul>Deleted Items Recovery
  12. 12. <ul><li>SQL 2005 feature </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on preventing end user error </li></ul><ul><li>Not a backup or high availability solution </li></ul><ul><li>Record is changed in current DB, original value for that record is copied </li></ul><ul><li>Allows you to retrieve data from snapshot point </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient space usage </li></ul><ul><li>Recently posted KB Article: http://support.microsoft.com/?id=929649 </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>SharePoint Object Model allows developer to custom build backup solutions at the “web delete” event </li></ul><ul><li>Sample: MS IT Site Delete Capture 1.0 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.codeplex.com/governance </li></ul><ul><li>SPWebEventReceiver.WebDeleting </li></ul>“ There’s no recycle bin for sites!” “ I deleted my site, but now I want it back!” Site owner deletes site Web Deleting event fired Automatically backup the site
  14. 14. <ul><li>Content Migration : replaces smigrate.exe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>STSADM –o export –url <url> -f mysite.bak </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STSADM –o import –url <url> -f mysite.bak </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public file format to represent site </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only migrates site level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not full fidelity: Cannot migrate workflow, alerts, features, solutions, recycle bin state </li></ul></ul>“ I want to move my site to another farm!” “ What happened to Smigrate?”
  15. 15. <ul><li>STSADM –o backup –url <url> </li></ul><ul><li>Pros: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large scale content and security backup at site collection level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New read-only lock to prevent potential inconsistencies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance-sensitive operation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not ideal for frequent large backups on busy site collections </li></ul></ul>“ I want to backup my site collection and migrate it to a different Content Database!”
  16. 16. <ul><li>End user errors </li></ul><ul><li>Accidental update or deletion </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent and small-scale </li></ul><ul><li>Farm or database restore </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware failure or disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware migration or replacement </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize downtime </li></ul><ul><li>Large amounts of data </li></ul><ul><li>Redundancy </li></ul><ul><li>Additional hardware </li></ul>Content Recovery Catastrophic Recovery High Availability
  17. 17. <ul><li>SharePoint Backup/Restore </li></ul><ul><li>SQL backup and restore </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd party solutions </li></ul>Use when hardware fails, and as a last resort for service level agreement.
  18. 18. File Server Farm Central Admin Console SQL Backup/Restore
  19. 19. <ul><li>Out of the Box UI and command line access for Central Administrator </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Hooks up’ SharePoint databases and search index on Restore </li></ul><ul><li>Supports Full and Differential backup </li></ul><ul><li>Backs up the search index </li></ul><ul><li>Extensible framework for 3 rd party applications </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Use the command line with Windows Task Scheduler for scheduled backups </li></ul><ul><li>Backs up content databases and search index </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You must manually backup front end files </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We recommend you keep images of your web front ends </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High restore time  Low availability </li></ul>
  21. 21. SharePoint Backup/Restore
  22. 22. <ul><li>Pros: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reuse existing technology and processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-application specific </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Post-restore reattachment and clean up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search index must be backed up separately via SharePoint backup </li></ul></ul>“ My SQL servers are managed by a separate organization or data center from my SharePoint installations.”
  23. 23. <ul><li>For Disaster Recovery: </li></ul><ul><li>To create a mirror farm: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use stsadm –o backup/restore </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To migrate a site collection: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use stsadm –o backup http://server/site </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To migrate a site: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use stsadm –o export/import for sites </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>AvePoint – DocAve 4.5 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enterprise Backup – data compression, item level restore </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content Manager – copy live contents across sites, servers, and farms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quest LiteSpeed and Site Administrator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast compressed backup </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Settings Management </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Uses SharePoint VSS writer, Import/Export to backup and restore SharePoint </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.microsoft.com/systemcenter/dpm/default.mspx </li></ul>
  26. 26. Up to Every 15 minutes Fast Disk-based Recovery Long-term Tape Archive Active Directory® System State Windows Server 2003 Windows Server 2008 file shares and directories Exchange Server SQL Server Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 Virtual Server 2005 R2 <ul><li>DPM 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous data protection for Windows application and file servers </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid & reliable recovery from disk </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced technology for enterprises of all sizes </li></ul>Windows XP Windows Vista DPM 2007 DPM 2007
  27. 27. Why choose DPM to protect SharePoint <ul><li>No more failed recoveries </li></ul><ul><li>Zero data loss </li></ul><ul><li>Restore entire farm, site collection, site, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Restore a single document </li></ul><ul><li>Recoveries within minutes instead of hours </li></ul><ul><li>Very efficient and network-friendly backups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only sends changed data and compresses it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specify preferred NIC to isolate backup traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Application recovery direct from backup UI – no pre-staging </li></ul><ul><li>Support for MOM and Operations Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Data protection from the application vendor – single point of support </li></ul><ul><li>Seamless Disk-to-Disk-to-Tape backups </li></ul><ul><li>Offload tape backup workload from production servers </li></ul><ul><li>Superior reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Fast SAN hardware-based restores </li></ul>
  28. 28. DPM Considerations <ul><li>Requires a Restore farm – could be a virtual machine – for item-level restore </li></ul><ul><li>SQL Server Instance name and instance drive configuration must be the same as when the restore point was created </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For a full farm recovery, databases cannot be restored to new locations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enhancements for Search component restores with DPM 2007 SP1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>White paper on how to restore Search from DPM 2007 RTM backups coming soon </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Clean out the SQL Server 2005 databases from the previous install </li></ul><ul><li>New Central Administration </li></ul><ul><li>New Config Db Unless Complete SQL Failure </li></ul><ul><li>Restore the SharePoint servers from the DPM 2007 backup </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure all SharePoint components are included </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Restore databases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SSP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SSP Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WSS Search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SSP Search </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Update router/DNS to switch traffic to the newly built farm </li></ul>Farm Rebuild Process
  30. 30. 3 rd Party Backup Tools <ul><li>What to look for in a 3 rd party solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does it require post-restore manual work?** </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will it backup/restore All SharePoint resources? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does it back up & restore the Search Index? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SharePoint integration with VSS framework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance and Availability gains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backup/Restore all farm components </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easier for 3 rd parties to write custom backup/restore tools </li></ul></ul>“ I want to use a custom or 3 rd party tool to backup/restore my farm! Does SharePoint support that?”
  31. 31. 3 rd Party Backup Tools <ul><li>AvePoint ( http://www.avepoint.com/products ) </li></ul><ul><li>Quest: ( http://www.quest.com/documents/landing.aspx?id=5153 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Commvault ( http://www.commvault.com/solutions/sharepoint ) </li></ul><ul><li>Neverfail ( http://www.neverfailgroup.com/products/app-modules/sharepoint.aspx ) </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>End user errors </li></ul><ul><li>Accidental update or deletion </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent and small-scale </li></ul><ul><li>Farm or database restore </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware failure or disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware migration or replacement </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize downtime </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Data </li></ul><ul><li>Strict SLAs </li></ul><ul><li>Redundancy </li></ul><ul><li>Additional hardware </li></ul>Partial Recovery Catastrophic Recovery High Availability
  33. 33. High Availability Solutions <ul><li>SQL 2005/2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SQL Database Mirroring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SQL Log Shipping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SQL Clustering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Database Recovery for the Paranoid – Edwin Sarmiento - Wed at 11:30am </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clustering for the Masses </li></ul></ul></ul>
  34. 34. <ul><li>Built on long time validated MSCS (Windows Server 2003 or Windows Server 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>SQL is Clustering Aware </li></ul><ul><li>Active/Passive SQL Clusters are common </li></ul><ul><li>Easiest HA Solution to Administer </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic Failover </li></ul><ul><li>Multi Instance is “Ok” </li></ul><ul><li>Downsides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LAN only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes Single Points of Failure </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. SQL Failover Clustering <ul><li>Hot backup: short recovery time </li></ul><ul><li>Unattended application availability: automatic failover capability without administrator intervention </li></ul>“ If my SQL server blows up (hardware failure), how do I keep my SharePoint farm running?” Server Cluster SharePoint Servers Shared Disk Array Node A Node B Heartbeat
  36. 36. <ul><li>Backup/Restore based technology that relies on transaction log files </li></ul><ul><li>Need to have a shared folder that contains the log file backups </li></ul><ul><li>Configure the frequency of backups and shipping </li></ul><ul><li>No automatic failover </li></ul><ul><li>Allows you to replicate data to several databases (one to many) </li></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>Mirror / failover farm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Warm backup for quick content recovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Replicate primary farm on secondary system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SQL log shipping transfers content DB data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On disaster, router switches traffic in minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Limitations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must manually replicate configuration changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Errors will be log shipped to mirror farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires additional hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search indexer must run separately on mirror farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary farm must be read-only </li></ul></ul>“ I want the minimal delay when my data center goes down!” “ I need another farm to test my solutions before I put them into production!”
  38. 38. Log-shipping Mirror Farm
  39. 39. Log-Shipping vs. Clustering Failover Clustering Log Shipping Mirror Farm The secondary node takes over immediately (hot) A delay occurs before the secondary node takes over (warm); some manual intervention Failure is automatically detected Failure detected automatically (if using a witness) Failover is automatic Failover is automatic Protects against failed service Protects against failed service Does not protect against failed storage Protects against failed storage All databases protected Only log-shipped databases are protected Transactionally consistent Transactionally consistent Transactionally concurrent Not transactionally concurrent Limited distance (Win 2003) Unlimited distance Short time to recovery (seconds/minutes) Longer time to recover
  40. 40. <ul><li>Implemented on a per database level </li></ul><ul><li>Transaction logs sent from principle to mirror </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a “warm” standby in case of failure </li></ul><ul><li>Principal and mirror must be separate SQL 2005 SP1/2008 servers (Enterprise or Standard) </li></ul><ul><li>Optional “witness” server to monitor primary and mirror to ensure both are working </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic failover - on failure the witness will turn the mirror into the principle </li></ul></ul>
  41. 42. <ul><li>Compressed transactions in memory </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic Page Recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic Application Mirroring Failover </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(SQL 2005 needed NET 2.0 special connection string to provide name of secondary. WSS/MOSS are not “Mirroring Aware.”) </li></ul></ul>
  42. 43. Supported Topology Supported Topology Unsupported Topology
  43. 44. Witness Server Principal Mirror Encrypted channel Everything ok? Everything ok? Principal Down! I’m OK! New Principal
  44. 45. <ul><li>When failover occurs need to notify SharePoint </li></ul><ul><li>Need to tell these DBs that a new server is now the principal: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Configuration Database, Admin Content Database </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Content Database </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shared Service Provider Database (MOSS) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search Database (MOSS) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Content DBs attach then add </li></ul><ul><li>Config DB and admin content DB </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>stsadm.exe -o renameserver -oldservername <oldServerName> -newservername <newServerName> </li></ul></ul></ul>
  45. 46. Advanced Disaster Recovery Drill Down
  46. 47. SQL Server 2005 Mirroring within a Single Farm (Intra-Farm)
  47. 48. SQL Server 2005 Mirroring to a Stand-by Farm (Inter-Farm)
  48. 49. <ul><li>Database mirroring between data centers using SAN solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Solution equivalent to High Performance SQL Server 2005 mirroring </li></ul>Hardware-level Mirroring SharePoint Farm 2 SharePoint Farm 1 SharePoint Farm Data Center 1 Data Center 2 SQL Server or Cluster SharePoint Farm SQL Server or Cluster Replication Across LAN/WAN
  49. 50. <ul><li>Ensure the distance between the data centers is supported by the hardware vendor you select </li></ul><ul><li>Do not stretch a SharePoint farm across data centers across a “WAN” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For more information on geographically distributed configuration: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DM 306 High Availability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DM 310 Planning and Deploying SharePoint Products and Technologies and Solutions in Geographically-Distributed Scenarios </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Plan for data corruption in the replication if it is a possibility </li></ul>Hardware-level Mirroring Considerations
  50. 51. Disaster Recovery Architectures
  51. 52. DR Scenario Solution Components <ul><li>SQL Server 2005 Mirroring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High Performance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Warm backup for quick content recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduce primary farm on a secondary system </li></ul><ul><li>Update router/DNS to switch traffic to secondary farm on disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Databases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SSP databases (SSP and Content DB) </li></ul></ul>
  52. 53. DR Scenario Considerations <ul><li>Must manually duplicate configuration changes </li></ul><ul><li>Errors will be mirrored to mirror farm </li></ul><ul><li>Requires additional hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Search indexer must run separately on secondary farm </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary/standby farm must be read-only </li></ul><ul><li>Unsupported Databases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Configuration Database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search Database (1 of the 3 SSP DBs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central Admin Content Database </li></ul></ul>
  53. 54. Standby Farm; Mirroring Example Two SSP Model
  54. 55. Configuring Mirroring – SQL Steps
  55. 66. Resources <ul><li>TechNet – Backup and Restore an Entire Farm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With Built in SharePoint Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With SQL Server </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With DPM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc262412.aspx </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Way more resources than I could put on one slide: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.sharepointjoel.com/Lists/Posts/Post.aspx?ID=74 </li></ul></ul>
  56. 67. Thank YOU!!!
  57. 68. Q & A
  58. 69. Notes <ul><li>In addition to the Walk-in and Title slides, the following slides are required </li></ul><ul><li>Please add to your content and include these in your final presentation </li></ul>NEXT: <next slide title>
  59. 70. Resources <ul><li>www.techedsea.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Event photos, presentation slides </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.microsoft.com/ malaysia/technet/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation licenses, pre-released products, and MORE! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.microsoft.com/malaysia/msdn/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developer’s Kit, Licenses, and MORE! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://blogs.msdn.com/malaysia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MSDN Malaysia Blog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://blogs.msdn.com/tolong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blog about all things .NET </li></ul></ul>Required slide
  60. 71. Participating Microsoft Certified Partners for Learning Solutions <ul><li>VISIT the MS Learning Pavilion & MS Press booth for great Training & Certification offers </li></ul><ul><li>SIGN-UP for Training, MS Press & Certification offers and enjoy the following </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check-out the MS Learning Offer Pack in your event kit for EXCLUSIVE offers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FREE MeasureUp Practice Test worth US$50 each </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daily lucky draws of prizes worth RM2,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ATTEND Microsoft Learning sessions and win mystery prizes : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ New Generation of Certification Track” @ 2:15 – 3:00pm | 12 August | Room 302-303 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Light & Easy” with Microsoft Learning on 11-13 August | Tech•Ed After Hours </li></ul></ul>
  61. 72. Download presentation slides Required slide Presentation slides will be available for download at the Tech · Ed Internet Café or after the event at: www.techedsea.com
  62. 73. Did you like this session? Required slide Please complete the track evaluation form and return it to the track managers on your way out… You may be a lucky winner of some cool prizes!
  63. 74. We value your feedback! Required slide <ul><li>Please remember to complete the overall conference evaluation form (in your bag) and return it to the Handout Counter on the last day in return for: </li></ul><ul><li>Windows Server 2008 Evaluation kit </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Studio 2008 Evaluation kit </li></ul><ul><li>** Evaluation kits will be given out on a first-come-first-serve basis, while supplies last </li></ul>
  64. 75. © 2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
  65. 76. Demo Title Name Title Company demo
  66. 77. Slide for Showing Software Code <ul><li>Use this layout to show software code </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The font is Consolas, a monospace font </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The slide doesn’t use bullets but levels can be indented using the “Increase List Level” icon on the Home menu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To use straight quotes &quot; instead of smart quotes ”, do this: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click on the Office Button in the upper left corner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At the bottom of the menu, choose PowerPoint Options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From the left pane, select Proofing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click on the AutoCorrect Options button </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Select the AutoFormat As You Type tab, and deselect “Straight quotes” with “smart quotes”. Then Click OK. </li></ul></ul>
  67. 78. Table Format Table Title Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
  68. 79. Bar Chart Example
  69. 80. Pie Chart Example

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