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WHAT’S THAT HOUSE?
Architectural Styles of Minnesota
Early Settlements 1700’s
Northern Minnesota
• Trading Posts,
• Grand Portage – the great carrying place
French Colonial
The Grand Portage Depot 1784  Vertical heavy timber logs with infill
 Steep roof, many with dormers
 St...
• Henry Sibley House - 1836
Mendota - Meeting of Waters
Local limestone
Colonial – German/Georgian - Mendota
 Thick walls...
Colonial Styles
Emphasis on the front door
French – flared hipped roofs, dormers
German – half timbering Spanish
Dutch – g...
Style Begins in Minnesota
Greek Revival - Minneapolis
• Ard Fodfrey House – 1849
• Symmetrical façade
• Gable front roof
• Heavy cornice, wide band ...
Roof Shapes
Pediment
Greek Revival – Fairmont
• Orville P. Chubb House - 1867
Greek Revival
Cornice
Frieze
Architrave
Dentil
Greek Revival – Nicollet Island
Greek Revival
Greek Revival – St. Paul
• Parker-Marshall House - 1852
Greek Revival - Faribault
• Alexander Faribault House - 1853
Federal Style – St. Paul
• Simpson-Wood House - 1853
• Classical details
• Two story rectangular
• Raised foundations
• Lo...
Queen Anne Victorian – St. Paul
• Murray-Lanpher House – 1886
• Edward Bassford
• Asymmetrical façade
• Steeply pitched ro...
• Queen Anne Victorian - Mankato
• Lorin P. Cray House -1897
• Frank Thayer
Shingle Style – Minneapolis
• Harry Wild Jones House – 1887
• Harry Wild Jones
• Similar to Queen Anne
• Less extravagant
...
Harry Wild Jones 1859-1935
Exhibited a unique brand of versatility and creativity – style of the times
Brought Shingle Sty...
• Shingle Style – St. Paul
• Cass & Julia Gilbert House – 1889
• Cass Gilbert
Cass Gilbert 1859-1934
Architecture should reflect historic traditions and the established social order.
MN State Capitol
...
United States Supreme Court
Woolworth Building, NY
Cass Gilbert - nationally
French Second Empire / Mansard Victorian - Mankato
• Hubbard House - 1887 / 1905
• Mansard roof
• Patterned shingles
• Iro...
French Second Empire / Mansard - Victorian – St. Paul
• Alexander Ramsey House – 1872
• Monroe Sheire
Gothic Revival - Hastings
• William G LeDuc -1865
• AJ Downing plan book
• Pointed arches – decorative
• Front facing gabl...
Andrew Jackson Downing 1815-1852
The Father of American Landscape Architecture
Every American deserved a good home
Richardsonian – St. Paul
• Chauncey Griggs House – 1884
• Clarence Johnson
• Henry Hobson Richardson
• Romanesque
• Strong...
Clarence Johnston 1859-1936
1909 Minnesota State Architect until 1931 – responsible for all state institutions
Northrop Au...
• Richardsonian – St. Paul
• W.H. Lightner House (Summit Ave) – 1893
• Cass Gilbert
Inspired by Venetian Renaissance
• C. Livingston House (Summit Ave) – 1898
• Cass Gilbert
Italianate - Winona
• Huff-Lamberton House - 1857
Classical 16th-Century
Italian Renaissance Architecture
Picturesque Aest...
Italianate
Large brackets
Square cupolas
Italianate and Greek Revival - Chatfield
• George Haven House - 1874
Italianate
• Wide roof eaves
• Eave brackets
• Window...
Jacobean – Duluth
• Glensheen Historic Estate – 1905
• Clarence Johnson
• Second phase of Renaissance after Elizabethan – ...
Tudor
• St. Paul - Summit Avenue. - 1906
• Clarence Johston
• Steeply pitched cross-gabled roofs
• Decorative half-timberi...
Tudor
• Hewitt House – Minneapolis, Franklin Ave E. - 1906
• Edwin Hewitt
Tudor
• St. Paul – Summit Avenue - 1907
• Reed and Stem
• Two and ½ stories high
• Simple boxed shape
• Roomy interiors for compact city lot
• Low hipped roof with overhang
• Lar...
Foursquare
Home plan catalogs
between 1900 and 1935
Foursquare
The North Shore - Swedish Influence
• Edwin Lundie
• Lutsen
The North Shore - Swedish Influence
• Edwin Lundie
• Cottages
20th Century Architectural Styles In Minnesota
Colonial – 2/3 scale replica of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
• Longfellow House – 1907
American Arts and Crafts 1910-1930
• Encourage originality
• Simplicity of form
• Local natural materials
• Visibility of ...
William Morris
The Craftsman – Gustav Stickley
The Craftsman Bungalow 1900’s – 1930’s
 One and a half stories
 Living spaces on the ground floor
 Cluster kitchen, din...
Bungalow – a form not a style
 One - one and a half stories
 Lower to the ground
 Simple style
 Natural materials
 Qu...
Prairie Style
• Indigenous North American style of Architecture
Midwest prairie
wide, flat, horizontal, uninterrupted expa...
Prairie Style
• Purcell-Cutts House - 1913
• Purcell and Elmslie
Prairie Style
• Willey House - 1934
• Frank Lloyd Wright
• Low pitched roof
• Overhanging eaves
• Horizontal lines
• Centr...
Prairie Style
• Edina House
• SALA Architects
Spanish Revival 1915’s -1940’s
• Asymmetrical façade
• Low pitched roof, red tiles and small overhangs
• Stucco exterior w...
Tudor Revival 1930’s -1940’s
• Steeply pitched roof - cross-gabled roofs
• Massive chimneys
• Decorative half-timbering
• ...
Tudor Revival
Medieval style
Modernism
• Lippencott House – 1938
• Winston and Elizabeth Close
• Form follows function
• Simplicity and clarity of form...
Modernism
• Winston and Elizabeth Close House (Win and Lisl) - 1953
Modernism
 Starkey House – 1954, Duluth
 Marcel Breuer
Usonian Style
 Neils House – 1951, Cedar Lake
 Frank Lloyd Wright
• L-shaped
• Connected with landscape
• Native materia...
Usonian Style
 Elam House – 1951, Austin, MN
 Frank Lloyd Wright
Levittown – post war 1950’s
• The New American Suburb
• Affordable housing
• Cape cod
• Ranch /Rambler
Cape Cod 1920’s – 1950’s
• Sub-style of Colonial
• Asphalt shingle roof
• Wood clapboard siding
• Shallow eaves
• Central ...
Rambler / Ranch 1950’s – 1980’s
• Long close-to-the-ground profile
• Shingle roof, wood siding
• Minimal decoration
• Low ...
Post War
• The Lustron
Mid-Century Modern
• Ralph Rapson
Ralph Rapson 1914-2008
Head of the University of MN 1954-1984
What’s that house?
What's That House
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What's That House

Housing Styles of Minnesota

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What's That House

  1. 1. WHAT’S THAT HOUSE? Architectural Styles of Minnesota
  2. 2. Early Settlements 1700’s
  3. 3. Northern Minnesota • Trading Posts, • Grand Portage – the great carrying place
  4. 4. French Colonial The Grand Portage Depot 1784  Vertical heavy timber logs with infill  Steep roof, many with dormers  Steps leading to a porch
  5. 5. • Henry Sibley House - 1836 Mendota - Meeting of Waters Local limestone Colonial – German/Georgian - Mendota  Thick walls – sandstone  Medium pitched roof  Minimum overhang  Paired chimneys  Georgian after King George III
  6. 6. Colonial Styles Emphasis on the front door French – flared hipped roofs, dormers German – half timbering Spanish Dutch – gambrel roof Georgian - brick with wood trim Federal Cape Cod
  7. 7. Style Begins in Minnesota
  8. 8. Greek Revival - Minneapolis • Ard Fodfrey House – 1849 • Symmetrical façade • Gable front roof • Heavy cornice, wide band trim • Plain frieze • Bold, simple moldings • Columns / pilasters in corners • Front columns and porch – high style
  9. 9. Roof Shapes
  10. 10. Pediment
  11. 11. Greek Revival – Fairmont • Orville P. Chubb House - 1867
  12. 12. Greek Revival Cornice Frieze Architrave Dentil
  13. 13. Greek Revival – Nicollet Island
  14. 14. Greek Revival
  15. 15. Greek Revival – St. Paul • Parker-Marshall House - 1852
  16. 16. Greek Revival - Faribault • Alexander Faribault House - 1853
  17. 17. Federal Style – St. Paul • Simpson-Wood House - 1853 • Classical details • Two story rectangular • Raised foundations • Low pitched roof w/ balustrade • Elaborate door surrounds • Dentil molding in cornice
  18. 18. Queen Anne Victorian – St. Paul • Murray-Lanpher House – 1886 • Edward Bassford • Asymmetrical façade • Steeply pitched roof • Gabled irregular shaped roof • Elaborate chimney • One story porch - might wrap around • Towers, turrets, bays, overhangs • Entrance door with stained glass • Complex trim
  19. 19. • Queen Anne Victorian - Mankato • Lorin P. Cray House -1897 • Frank Thayer
  20. 20. Shingle Style – Minneapolis • Harry Wild Jones House – 1887 • Harry Wild Jones • Similar to Queen Anne • Less extravagant • Less fanciful • Irregular building forms • Naturally weathers shingles • Shows natural shadows • Unified shape and color • Towers blend rather than defined
  21. 21. Harry Wild Jones 1859-1935 Exhibited a unique brand of versatility and creativity – style of the times Brought Shingle Style to Minnesota Worked with HH Richardson Chapel at Lakewood Cemetery Washburn Park Water Tower
  22. 22. • Shingle Style – St. Paul • Cass & Julia Gilbert House – 1889 • Cass Gilbert
  23. 23. Cass Gilbert 1859-1934 Architecture should reflect historic traditions and the established social order. MN State Capitol Endicott Building – St Paul U of MN Campus Plan
  24. 24. United States Supreme Court Woolworth Building, NY Cass Gilbert - nationally
  25. 25. French Second Empire / Mansard Victorian - Mankato • Hubbard House - 1887 / 1905 • Mansard roof • Patterned shingles • Iron roof crest • Window surrounds • Eaves with brackets • One story porch • Tower • Balustrades
  26. 26. French Second Empire / Mansard - Victorian – St. Paul • Alexander Ramsey House – 1872 • Monroe Sheire
  27. 27. Gothic Revival - Hastings • William G LeDuc -1865 • AJ Downing plan book • Pointed arches – decorative • Front facing gables • Lacey trim • Steep pitched roofs • Decoration over windows • Castle like towers
  28. 28. Andrew Jackson Downing 1815-1852 The Father of American Landscape Architecture Every American deserved a good home
  29. 29. Richardsonian – St. Paul • Chauncey Griggs House – 1884 • Clarence Johnson • Henry Hobson Richardson • Romanesque • Strong, picturesque massing • Short columns • Recessed entrances • Richly varied rustication • Cylindrical towers, conical caps
  30. 30. Clarence Johnston 1859-1936 1909 Minnesota State Architect until 1931 – responsible for all state institutions Northrop Auditorium Walter Library MN State Fair Granstand
  31. 31. • Richardsonian – St. Paul • W.H. Lightner House (Summit Ave) – 1893 • Cass Gilbert
  32. 32. Inspired by Venetian Renaissance • C. Livingston House (Summit Ave) – 1898 • Cass Gilbert
  33. 33. Italianate - Winona • Huff-Lamberton House - 1857 Classical 16th-Century Italian Renaissance Architecture Picturesque Aesthetic • Wide roof eaves • Eave brackets • Window hood moldings • Arched windows • Milled porch columns • Painted doors
  34. 34. Italianate Large brackets Square cupolas
  35. 35. Italianate and Greek Revival - Chatfield • George Haven House - 1874 Italianate • Wide roof eaves • Eave brackets • Window hood moldings • Arched windows • Milled porch columns • Painted doors Greek Revival • Symmetrical façade • Heavy cornice, wide band trim • Gable front roof • Columns / pilasters in corners
  36. 36. Jacobean – Duluth • Glensheen Historic Estate – 1905 • Clarence Johnson • Second phase of Renaissance after Elizabethan – named after King James of England • Free and fanciful • Classic orders
  37. 37. Tudor • St. Paul - Summit Avenue. - 1906 • Clarence Johston • Steeply pitched cross-gabled roofs • Decorative half-timbering • Rounded bays and turrets • Massive chimneys
  38. 38. Tudor • Hewitt House – Minneapolis, Franklin Ave E. - 1906 • Edwin Hewitt
  39. 39. Tudor • St. Paul – Summit Avenue - 1907 • Reed and Stem
  40. 40. • Two and ½ stories high • Simple boxed shape • Roomy interiors for compact city lot • Low hipped roof with overhang • Large central dormer • Full width porch Foursquare - Stillwater • Frank Linner houses (contractor) - 1906
  41. 41. Foursquare Home plan catalogs between 1900 and 1935
  42. 42. Foursquare
  43. 43. The North Shore - Swedish Influence • Edwin Lundie • Lutsen
  44. 44. The North Shore - Swedish Influence • Edwin Lundie • Cottages
  45. 45. 20th Century Architectural Styles In Minnesota
  46. 46. Colonial – 2/3 scale replica of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow • Longfellow House – 1907
  47. 47. American Arts and Crafts 1910-1930 • Encourage originality • Simplicity of form • Local natural materials • Visibility of handcraft
  48. 48. William Morris The Craftsman – Gustav Stickley
  49. 49. The Craftsman Bungalow 1900’s – 1930’s  One and a half stories  Living spaces on the ground floor  Cluster kitchen, dining, bedrooms and bathroom around a central living area  Low pitched roof, overhanging eaves, exposed rafters  Tapered or square columns  Exposed rafters  Hand crafted stone or woodwork  Mixed materials modest homes for a rapidly expanding American middle class
  50. 50. Bungalow – a form not a style  One - one and a half stories  Lower to the ground  Simple style  Natural materials  Quality craftsmanship
  51. 51. Prairie Style • Indigenous North American style of Architecture Midwest prairie wide, flat, horizontal, uninterrupted expanses of land extending to the horizon
  52. 52. Prairie Style • Purcell-Cutts House - 1913 • Purcell and Elmslie
  53. 53. Prairie Style • Willey House - 1934 • Frank Lloyd Wright • Low pitched roof • Overhanging eaves • Horizontal lines • Central chimney • Open floor plan • Clerestory windows • Discipline in the use of ornamentation
  54. 54. Prairie Style • Edina House • SALA Architects
  55. 55. Spanish Revival 1915’s -1940’s • Asymmetrical façade • Low pitched roof, red tiles and small overhangs • Stucco exterior walls • Arches above doors and windows
  56. 56. Tudor Revival 1930’s -1940’s • Steeply pitched roof - cross-gabled roofs • Massive chimneys • Decorative half-timbering • Rounded bays and turrets • Narrow windows
  57. 57. Tudor Revival Medieval style
  58. 58. Modernism • Lippencott House – 1938 • Winston and Elizabeth Close • Form follows function • Simplicity and clarity of forms • No unnecessary details • Visual expression of structure • Machine aesthetic • Horizontal and vertical lines
  59. 59. Modernism • Winston and Elizabeth Close House (Win and Lisl) - 1953
  60. 60. Modernism  Starkey House – 1954, Duluth  Marcel Breuer
  61. 61. Usonian Style  Neils House – 1951, Cedar Lake  Frank Lloyd Wright • L-shaped • Connected with landscape • Native materials • Large overhangs • Clerestory windows • Division of public and private
  62. 62. Usonian Style  Elam House – 1951, Austin, MN  Frank Lloyd Wright
  63. 63. Levittown – post war 1950’s • The New American Suburb • Affordable housing • Cape cod • Ranch /Rambler
  64. 64. Cape Cod 1920’s – 1950’s • Sub-style of Colonial • Asphalt shingle roof • Wood clapboard siding • Shallow eaves • Central chimney • Gabled dormers • Panel door
  65. 65. Rambler / Ranch 1950’s – 1980’s • Long close-to-the-ground profile • Shingle roof, wood siding • Minimal decoration • Low pitch roof • Overhangs • Prominent picture window in front • Open space
  66. 66. Post War • The Lustron
  67. 67. Mid-Century Modern • Ralph Rapson
  68. 68. Ralph Rapson 1914-2008 Head of the University of MN 1954-1984
  69. 69. What’s that house?

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