Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

Information organization and hypertext

956 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

A few slides for a lecture for DIKULT104 at UiB on the history of hypertext and information organization.

Veröffentlicht in: Bildung
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

  • Gehören Sie zu den Ersten, denen das gefällt!

Information organization and hypertext

  1. 1. Informasjonsorganisering og hypertext DIKULT104 (våren 2011)
  2. 2. Major shifts in communication• Writing (early writing existed 2-3000 years B.C.; writing was still controversial to Plato)• Printing press (China, 11 th century, Gutenberg, c. 1439)• Broadcast media (20 th century)• Internet (late 20 th century)
  3. 3. Writing will destroy memoryPlato: Phaedrus
  4. 4. Plato: Written texts are unresponsive SOCRATES: I cannot help feeling, Phaedrus, that writing is unfortunately like painting; for the creations of the painter have the attitude of life, and yet if you ask them a question they preserve a solemn silence. And the same may be said of speeches. You would imagine that they had intelligence, but if you want to know anything and put a question to one of them, the speaker always gives one unvarying answer. And when they have been once written down they are tumbled about anywhere among those who may or may not understand them, and know not to whom they should reply, to whom not: and, if they are maltreated or abused, they have no parent to protect them; and they cannot protect or defend themselves. PHAEDRUS: That again is most true.Plato: Phaedrus
  5. 5. 1450s: The printing press http://encarta.msn.com/media_461532797/Early_Printing_Press.html
  6. 6. Qualities of print that led tocultural change: 1. Dissemination 2. Standardisation 3. Reorganisation 4. Data collection 5. Preservation 6. Amplification and Reinforcement
  7. 7. The “Wicked Bible” of 1631Typo: printers forgot the word “not” “Thou shalt commit adultery.” (= Du skal bryte ekteskapet.) (standardization)
  8. 8. Ortelius: Theatrum orbis mundum (1570-1598) Collaboration, revisions, data collection.
  9. 9. Qualities of print that led tocultural change: 1. Dissemination 2. Standardisation 3. Reorganisation 4. Data collection 5. Preservation 6. Amplification and Reinforcement
  10. 10. “Freedom of the press is guaranteedonly to those who own one.” Abbott Joseph Liebling, 1960
  11. 11. Technological determinism Technology causes our behaviour, our society and our culture to change.Cultural determinism Culture causes us to develop certain technologies.Co-construction Technology and culture develop together – they are mutually dependent.
  12. 12. There is a new profession of trailblazers, those who find delight in thetask of establishing useful trails throughthe enormous mass of the commonrecord. The inheritance from the masterbecomes, not only his additions to theworlds record, but for his disciples theentire scaffolding by which they wereerected.Vannevar Bush, ”As We May Think”
  13. 13. Hypertext”Well, by”hypertext” Imean non-sequentialwriting – textthat branchesand allowschoices to thereader, bestread at aninteractivescreen.”
  14. 14. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=En_2T7KH6RA 16

×