9. Multiple subjects joined by “and”
• If there are two or more subjects joined
by and, the subject must be plural, so
the verb will not get an “s”.
• The boy and the girl dance.
(= They dance.)
No –S on
10. Multiple subjects joined by “or”
If there are two or more subjects joined by
or, the verb agrees with the part of the
subject closest to it.
• The professor or the students walk the
• The students or the professor walks the
11. Indefinite Pronouns
•Some indefinite pronouns are always singular. Here
are some examples: anyone, everyone, someone, no
•Others can be either singular or plural (all, some)
• Everybody loves grammar!
• Some people love grammar.
12. Relative Pronouns
Relative Pronouns (who/which/that) can be
either singular or plural, depending on the
word they refer to.
• The student who works hard will succeed.
• The students who work hard will succeed.
13. Helpful hints
Sometimes, several words come between the subject
and the verb. Just take out the phrase in the middle
to see whether or not the subject and verb agree.
The student, though she had lots of problems in
other schools, finds/find (?) her new class easy.
The student, though she had lots of problems
in other schools, finds her new class easy.
The student finds her new class easy.
15. In the sentences below, do the
subjects & verbs agree?
• They goes to the gym after class to work out.
• Harry and his friends wants to see the new movie
coming out this weekend.
• The cat who is meowing at my door wants in.
• Neither the cat nor the dogs likes the new food.
• The mayor as well as his brothers are going to jail.
• Nobody wants to dance.
• The paper or the ruler are in the desk.