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Ancient Greece
Ancient Greece   Learning Points     The Greek views of government, law, and reason     The development of the Greek po...
Ancient Greece   The Greeks were an    ancient farming and    fishing culture whose    development gave rise to    modern...
Ancient Greece          Geography forced           Greeks to form city-           states – small “nations”           the ...
Ancient Greece   Which culture is considered the founders of               Western civilization?
Ancient Greece   Life in a city-state:       Honored Greek Gods        (Zeus, Hermes, Poseidon)       Ruled by kings, l...
Ancient Greece          When iron-making is           discovered, warfare           changes too.          The Phalanx is...
Ancient Greece
Ancient Greece
Ancient Greece   Sparta: The Warrior State   Practiced fighting from    the time of children.   Ignored farming in orde...
Ancient Greece   What was the main weapon used by the Greeks?
Ancient Greece          Athens: The Political State          First democracy          Outlawed slavery, gave more      ...
Ancient Greece   The ultimate enemy of all    Greeks was the Persian    Empire   Athens stopped an invasion    at Marath...
Ancient Greece          479 BC – The Persians           return by land and are           defeated at Thermopylae        ...
Ancient Greece   What were the two most important city-states?
Ancient Greece   Athens came out on top    – money is power   Led by Pericles   All citizens directly    participated i...
Ancient Greece          Athens spent lots of money           on temples and works of           art.          Some Greeks...
Ancient Greece   Peloponnesian War 431    BC – 404 BC   With Persia gone, the    two Greek giants squared    off – Athen...
Ancient Greece          A group of philosophers,           called “Sophists” said           that goodness and truth      ...
Ancient Greece   Socrates:   “Use self-examination to    determine what can a    person do that will work    for the gre...
Ancient Greece          Plato:          Socrates’ brightest student.          Hated democracy for what           it did...
Ancient Greece   Plato’s brightest student    was Aristotle   Argued for a constitutional    government ruled by the    ...
Ancient Greece   Who was Socrates’ best student?
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Ancient greece

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Ancient greece

  1. 1. Ancient Greece
  2. 2. Ancient Greece Learning Points  The Greek views of government, law, and reason  The development of the Greek political ideas
  3. 3. Ancient Greece The Greeks were an ancient farming and fishing culture whose development gave rise to modern day politics, literature, warfare, and art. Founders of Western civilization Classical Era – 500 BC
  4. 4. Ancient Greece  Geography forced Greeks to form city- states – small “nations” the size of a city.  Desire for more land led Greeks to emigrate to other lands.  This spread Greek civilization to the known world.
  5. 5. Ancient Greece Which culture is considered the founders of Western civilization?
  6. 6. Ancient Greece Life in a city-state:  Honored Greek Gods (Zeus, Hermes, Poseidon)  Ruled by kings, later democracy  Built bronze weapons  Held slaves, mainly captured in war
  7. 7. Ancient Greece  When iron-making is discovered, warfare changes too.  The Phalanx is the Greeks prime weapon.  Rows of men, armed with spears trying to push the other side off the field  All citizens required to train in the Phalanx
  8. 8. Ancient Greece
  9. 9. Ancient Greece
  10. 10. Ancient Greece Sparta: The Warrior State Practiced fighting from the time of children. Ignored farming in order to train, so their diet was bland. Only males over 30 who had proved themselves in battle could be citizens
  11. 11. Ancient Greece What was the main weapon used by the Greeks?
  12. 12. Ancient Greece  Athens: The Political State  First democracy  Outlawed slavery, gave more people citizenship  “Tyrants” took advantage of the new democracy, favoring only the merchants and poor (because of numbers)  Created a legislature
  13. 13. Ancient Greece The ultimate enemy of all Greeks was the Persian Empire Athens stopped an invasion at Marathon, 490 BC 480 BC - The Persians returned and burned Athens, but a combined force of Spartans and Athenians sunk the Persian Navy
  14. 14. Ancient Greece  479 BC – The Persians return by land and are defeated at Thermopylae  300 Spartans stood against 300,000 Persians.  Athens’ navy again defeated the Persian navy.  Now, Greece was safe from Persians
  15. 15. Ancient Greece What were the two most important city-states?
  16. 16. Ancient Greece Athens came out on top – money is power Led by Pericles All citizens directly participated in government Established juries Pericles said citizens in a democracy have rights, but also responsibility
  17. 17. Ancient Greece  Athens spent lots of money on temples and works of art.  Some Greeks turned away from the gods and began to think that the universe was regulated by natural laws.  These “philosophers” believed in the reason of the human mind to understand human existence.
  18. 18. Ancient Greece Peloponnesian War 431 BC – 404 BC With Persia gone, the two Greek giants squared off – Athens and Sparta. Sparta won and Athens’ power was diminished.
  19. 19. Ancient Greece  A group of philosophers, called “Sophists” said that goodness and truth were just opinions not something that needed to be followed.  They trained politicians to use their ideas to become powerful.  But one man disagreed…
  20. 20. Ancient Greece Socrates: “Use self-examination to determine what can a person do that will work for the greatest good.” Rejected the Sophists and said that their teachings were destructive Socrates arrested and refused to escape. Executed by poison.
  21. 21. Ancient Greece  Plato:  Socrates’ brightest student.  Hated democracy for what it did to his teacher.  Said the government should control everyones life.  Said all were born equal, but by their actions showed their true level.  Workers, soldiers, thinkers
  22. 22. Ancient Greece Plato’s brightest student was Aristotle Argued for a constitutional government ruled by the middle class. Rulers should be subject to their own laws. Aristotle’s most famous student was a young boy named Alexander.
  23. 23. Ancient Greece Who was Socrates’ best student?

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