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  1. 2. Tiananmen Square Massacre A Fight for Democracy 1989 By: Landy Sun Dec. 4, 2007 - Music: the official "theme song" of the June 4 Movement
  2. 3. <ul><li>The Tiananmen Square Massacre has many names including… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Beijing Massacre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>June Fourth Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Six-four </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They all refer to a mass Chinese citizen movement in Tiananmen Square to promote democracy. </li></ul>Background
  3. 4. <ul><li>Tiananmen Square is in Beijing, the capital city of China. It’s located south of the Forbidden City. </li></ul>Background Tiananmen Square Forbidden City Beijing
  4. 5. <ul><li>China started as a monarchy , then it became communist country. </li></ul><ul><li>What next? </li></ul><ul><li>Well, the people hoped for a democracy . The current communist system had no freedom of speech, press, or voting. You also couldn’t open your own business. </li></ul><ul><li>The government had no plans in becoming a democracy, so the people decided to do something. </li></ul>Orgins
  5. 6. <ul><li>Deng Xiaoping had the most power as the Chairman of the Central Military Commission. </li></ul><ul><li>He made many industrial reforms, making China’s economy more capitalist. </li></ul><ul><li>However, he didn’t make any political reforms. </li></ul>Orgins- Deng Xiaoping 1904-1997 Deng Xiaoping
  6. 7. <ul><li>Hu Yaobang was the General Secretary China. </li></ul><ul><li>He made many political reforms and was favored by the people. </li></ul><ul><li>He was forced to resign in 1987 by Deng Xiaoping for being too liberal. </li></ul><ul><li>His death in April 15, 1989 began the June Fourth Movement. </li></ul>Orgins- Hu Yaobang 1915-1989 Hu Yaobang
  7. 8. Beginnings <ul><li>The start of a mass gathering was on April 18, 1989, where 10-thousand came to mourn the death of Hu Yaobang. </li></ul><ul><li>By April 22, there were over 100,000 in Tiananmen Square. </li></ul><ul><li>At this time, it was mainly just to protest the bad views of Hu imposed by the government, but would grow to demand democracy. </li></ul>Hu Yaobang
  8. 9. <ul><li>On May 13, many students began stating their determination with hunger strikes. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 1,000 people participated with considerable support from the public, numbering later on to a million. </li></ul><ul><li>In all, the hunger strike lasted for a few weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, during the hunger strike, Gorbachev, the Soviet Union’s leader, visited China. </li></ul>Hunger Strikes Scenes From the Hunger Strike
  9. 10. Goddess of Democracy <ul><li>The Goddess of Democracy, standing 33 feet high, was set up on May 30, after only four days of building. </li></ul><ul><li>It was made by Beijing art university students to symbolize their commitment for the fight. </li></ul>Goddess of Democracy Statue next to Mao's portrait
  10. 11. The Massacre Begins <ul><li>Zhao Ziyang had become General Secretary in place of Hu Yaobang, and was the one thing preventing the government from using military force. </li></ul><ul><li>Some time during the protests, however, he was dismissed from his position. </li></ul><ul><li>With Zhao gone, the use of force was officially permitted on May 20, but the army was blocked by the protestors. </li></ul>
  11. 12. The Massacre <ul><li>On June 3, the government had sent around 200,000 troops to surround Beijing. </li></ul><ul><li>Civilians blockaded the streets with buses and barricades. </li></ul><ul><li>The army managed to break through on June 4, using armed vehicles. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tanks ran over the tents and even the people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soldiers shot into the crowds. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. “The Tank Man” <ul><li>On June 5, a man carrying two bags and wearing a plain white shirt stood in front of a line of tanks to stop their advance into the city. </li></ul><ul><li>He’s also been called the “Unknown Rebel” for his unknown identity. </li></ul><ul><li>Reports have said that he was captured and executed, but nobody knows for sure. </li></ul><ul><li>He has become a symbol of the revolution </li></ul>Top: the line of tanks Bottom: &quot;Tank Man&quot; up close
  13. 14. Aftermath- Media <ul><li>The government tried to hide the event from the media and the world by banning all independent media. This prevented detailed reports on the event. </li></ul><ul><li>Still, the news reached the world and there were reportedly somewhere around 300 to 4,000 deaths, with thousands more injured and even more arrested. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Aftermath <ul><li>The protests did not have any effects on China’s government, but it did have an impact others. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It symbolized that the Chinese people were willing to fight for democracy, although the Chinese government would do anything to prevent that. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The movement led to the downfall of communism in Russia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>That downfall helped lead to the end of the Cold War. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Aftermath <ul><li>Still, the government denies responsibility and states that no one died. </li></ul><ul><li>It has erased all evidence possible within China, even internet sites. </li></ul><ul><li>If anyone in China speaks about it, they risk being arrested and even executed. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Timeline 1987 - Hu Yaobang forced to resign April 15- Hu Yaobang dies April 18- 10,000 people at Tiananmen mourn Hu’s death. 1987 1989 April 22- Over 100,000 are at the square May 13- students begin hunger strike May 15- Gorbachev visits China in Beijing May 20- Martial law is declared by the government, but troops are blocked by protestors. May 30- The Goddess of Democracy finished. May 27- Goddess of Democracy started. June 3- Military starts to advance with armored vehicles and soldiers. June 4- Military enters Tiananmen Square and opens fire. Massacre starts June 5- “Tank Man” steps in front of tanks.
  17. 18. <ul><li>&quot;Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989.&quot; Wikipedia . 8 Nov. 2007. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 8 Nov. 2007 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiananmen_Square_protests_of_1989v </li></ul><ul><li>Carter, Alden R. China Past- China Future . New York: Franklin Watts, 1994. </li></ul><ul><li>Tian, Duan. Personal interview. 18 Nov. 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;1989: Massacre in Tiananmen Square.&quot; Bbc.Co.Uk . BBC News. 18 Nov. 2007 <http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/4/newsid_2496000/2496277.stm>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Tiananmen, April-June 1989.&quot; Christus Rex Et Redemptor Mundi . 4 June 1999. Christus Rex, Inc. 18 Nov. 2007 <http://www.christusrex.org/www1/sdc/tiananmen.html>. </li></ul>Bibliography