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ILA Slides Personal Digital Inquiry Coiro Dobler Pelekis

Presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Literacy Association, New Orleans, LA 2019

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ILA Slides Personal Digital Inquiry Coiro Dobler Pelekis

  1. 1. Fostering Curiosity & Deep Learning Through Personal Digital Inquiry Julie Coiro, Ph.D. University of Rhode Island, RI jcoiro@uri.edu Beth Dobler, Ph.D. Emporia State University, KS edobler@emporia.edu Karen Pelekis Scarsdale Public Schools, NY kpelekis@yahoo.comCompanion Website: Bit.ly/PDInquiry
  2. 2. Overview: Key Ideas • Why Personal Digital Inquiry (PDI)? • What is PDI? Four sets of core values, classroom culture, and varied levels of supports • PDI Planning Guide and Questioning Tool … to inform development of inquiry plans • PDI Reflection Tool … to promote goal setting and teacher agency • Ultimately, move from teaching with intent to students learning with intent • Think, Talk, & Share Coiro, J, Dobler, E., & Pelekis, K. (2019). From Curiosity to Deep Learning: Personal Digital Inquiry in Grades K-5. Stenhouse.
  3. 3. Gallup Poll (2012) - 500,000 US students, Gr. 5-12 Center for Education Policy (2012) The Challenge: Connecting Learners in Ways That Matter Gallup Poll (2016) - 910,000 US students, Gr. 5-12
  4. 4. Gallup Poll (2016) – 910,000 US students, Gr. 5- 12 Percentage who strongly agreed with the statement: “The adults at my school care about me, “ declined from 67% (Grade 5) to 23% (Grade 11)… Many students don’t feel individually known or cared for at school. THIS is the PERSONAL we need to focus on!
  5. 5. Why Personal Digital Inquiry? Sense of Belonging – Do I fit in? Am I relevant? Do people care about me? OECD PISA 2015 Students’ Well Being (April 2017)
  6. 6. PERSONAL emphasizes the significance of the personal relationship between teachers and students, and the roles that students have in the learning process. DIGITAL reflects the important role that digital texts and tools have come to play in both learning and teaching with inquiry. INQUIRY lies at the core of PDI, because learners grow and change with relevant and authentic opportunities to identify problems and generate solutions What is Personal Digital Inquiry?
  7. 7. Learning is social and part of a mutually constructive process that involves face-to- face talking, listening, and consensus building. Creative learners make personal connections and take action to raise awareness and/or foster change. “I belong and I can make a difference” What might inquiry look and feel like in a digital age? (Four sets of core values/practices) Generating questions and lived experiences with real issues is personally fulfilling; Inquiry can happen on several levels. True inquiry involves critical analysis, reflection & self-monitoring, which leads to more questions.
  8. 8. Garden Inquiry (Grade 1)
  9. 9. Why focus on culture as part of inquiry? • Teacher beliefs, social dynamics, and institutional culture play a critical role in shaping how teachers integrate technology into their classroom practices (Windshitl & Sahl, 2002; Cuban, 2018) • Valued qualities and dispositions (e.g., curiosity, collaboration, creativity, critical and reflective thinking) are learned through immersion in a culture (Ritchart, 2015) that creates a “story of learning”
  10. 10. Adapted from Ritchhart (2015) 8 Cultural Forces to Transform Schools What do we mean by culture?
  11. 11. Imagine one of these learning environments… • What does it look like or sound like? • How does it make you feel? • What is valued and how do you know? • What are students doing and how do they interact with peers and adults? • What do students and visitors remember most when they step out of this space into the real world?
  12. 12. PDI Self-Reflection Tool (for Teachers) bit.ly/PDIReflect • Closely analyze the details of these eight forces and how they interact in your learning environment • Reflect on your own values and actions – Acknowledge your accomplishments – Identity points of challenge – Decide where to focus your energy next and why – What did you notice? Is this useful and why/how/not? – Next steps
  13. 13. Analyze & Reflect: What does the culture of PDI look like in your learning environment? Proud of… Not likely to be noticed... Focus on next…
  14. 14. Varied Levels of [Digital] Inquiry • Modeled inquiry: Learners observe models of how the leader asks questions and makes decisions. • Structured Inquiry: Learners make choices which are dependent upon guidelines and structure given by the leader (may vary). • Guided Inquiry: Learners make choices during inquiry that lead to deeper understanding guided by some structure given by the leader. • Open Inquiry: Learners make all of the decisions. There is little to no guidance. Alberta Inquiry Model of Inquiry Based Learning (2004)
  15. 15. Purposeful and Flexible Decision Making About When and How To Empower Learners to Engage in PDI
  16. 16. Designing Opportunities for Personal Digital Inquiry with the PDI Planning Guide Learning Outcomes Student-Centered Inquiry Practices (modeled > prompted > guided > open) Knowledge Outcomes: (subject- specific or multidisciplinary) Action Outcomes: (join partners, start conversations, raise awareness, take action, change minds) Standards: Digital Competencies: Wonder & Discover: Collaborate & Discuss: Create & Take Action: Analyze & Reflect: [Digital] Experiences to Deepen Learning & Increase Engagement Acquire Knowledge Build Knowledge Express Knowledge Reflect On Knowledge Act On Knowledge 1 2> 3 >
  17. 17. Access Knowledge Build Knowledge Express Knowledge Reflect On Knowledge Act On Knowledge Learners passively receive [digital] information given or modeled by others Learners [use technology to] connect new information to prior knowledge Learners [use technology to] share their new knowledge with others Learners [use technology to] reflect on and evaluate their inquiry processes and products Learners [use technology to] translate their knowledge into action for real-world purpose Lower Order Thinking Higher Order Thinking Purposeful Technology Use How can technology support or enhance learning? …to enrich Knowledge Building (more teacher guided) …to enrich Knowledge Creation (more learner guided)
  18. 18. Two Examples
  19. 19. Garden Inquiry (Grade 1) Hey, why does that radish plant look different? Wonder & Discover… Collaborate & Discuss
  20. 20. Analyze & Reflect; Create & Take Action (Gr. 1) I belong to this community by increasing awareness
  21. 21. Knowledge Outcomes Action Outcomes
  22. 22. Varied Purposes for Using Technology to Support Personal Inquiry Access Knowledg e Build Knowledge Express Knowledge Reflect On Knowledge Act On Knowledg e Teachers shows online resources & videos to build background ; teachers and students take photos in garden to Students use Pebble Go for research to build knowledge & vocab; Research about how to stop insects from eating garden plants; students use online resources and decide what info. to include in posters Student pairs create poster on selected plant topic using creativity software (Pixie) Collaborative pairs evaluate content on digital posters (accuracy, detail, layout, clarity) and make changes as needed Students share digital posters with buddy classes (K and Gr. 5) to teach others and answers questions about plant topics Lower Order Thinking Higher Order Thinking Gr. 1 Garden Inquiry Project
  23. 23. Open Inquiry (Gr. 12) Gr. 12: How can I make a difference? Wonder & Discover… Collaborate & Discuss What global issue would you like to advocate for on a local level?
  24. 24. Blue Pride: Collected 500 signatures to ban plastic bags and use reusable shopping bags Next Steps: Class has ended but on to legislators… I belong to this community and I can make a difference! Inquiry Question: What global issue would you like to advocate for on a local level? Analyze & Reflect; Create & Take Action (Gr. 12)
  25. 25. Knowledge Outcomes Action Outcomes
  26. 26. Access Knowledge Build Knowledge Express Knowledge Reflect On Knowledge Act On Knowledge Teachers point learners to specific websites (UN, CNN) and these have additional links with resources Learners locate online sources & use Google Docs to create source analysis documents; Use email, Hangouts, Twitter to contact experts in fields related to their topic. Learners use Google Slides Presentations to pitch initial findings; present from websites, infographics, Twitter, and YouTube in Community Showcase Technology not used in this capacity in this project. Learners use technology to communicate suggested action steps to stakeholders and raise awareness for the causes. Lower Order Thinking Higher Order Thinking Gr. 12 Global Advocacy Project Varied Purposes for Using Technology to Support Personal Inquiry
  27. 27. PDI Planning Triangle Three questions to guide efforts to intentionally teach toward a culture that values all four sets of personal digital inquiry practices while paving the way for self-directed learners of any age to have voice, choice, and agency in their learning.
  28. 28. If you’d like to learn more... Free Companion Website and Study Guide Bit.ly/PDInquiry From Curiosity to Deep Learning: Personal Digital Inquiry in Grades K-5 Julie Coiro, Elizabeth Dobler, & Karen Pelekis
  29. 29. Possibilities: Using Inquiry and Technology to Enhance Wondering, Discussion, Creation & Reflection in Kindergarten