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The simple present

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The simple present

  1. 1. The Simple Present:3 Affirmative and Negative Statements Cultural CustomsFocus on Grammar 2Part III, Unit 8By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ WellsCopyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. International Pen PalsDear Ali, I am very happy at the English LanguageInstitute. Every day, I meet so many interestingstudents with different customs. For example, myclassmates from Thailand bow to the teacher. Myroommate, Lia, doesn’t wear shoes inside ourroom.My classmates from Mexico don’t call the teacherby her first name. This is a great experience!Your friend,Kadesh
  3. 3. The Simple Present 1 Use the simple present to tell about things that happen again and again (habits, regular occurrences, customs, and routines).Ahmed drinks coffee every afternoon. Many American children wear costumes on Halloween.
  4. 4. The Simple Present 2 Use the simple present to tell facts. Peru is in South America.“I think we needsweaters.” Water freezes at 32° Fahrenheit.
  5. 5. The Simple Present 3 Use the simple present with non-action verbs.Marian and Cara know Arabic. Roberto likes bullfights.
  6. 6. Practice 1 Match each statement to its use in the simple present. STATEMENT 2. “He goesExample: “They usually dancing“They usually celebrate Regular every Fridaycelebrate New New Year’s night.”Year’s Day with Occurrence Day with aa big party.” big party.” Fact 3. “Triangles have three1. “They sides.”believeeverything Non-Actionshe says.” Verb
  7. 7. Affirmative Statements Use the base form of the verb for all persons except third person singular. Put –s or –es on the third person singular. Daniel dances in the Chinese New Year Parade each year.Ted dresses up like a lion.
  8. 8. Use the verbs in the box to Practice 2 describe what these people do every day. make take watch play Example: He makes pizza.1. 2. 3. She plays soccer. He watches soccer. They take a bath.
  9. 9. Negative Statements 1 Use does not or do not before the base form of the verb. She does not takes off her shoes. take enjoySome people do not enjoys sushi.
  10. 10. Negative Statements 2 Use the contractions doesn’t and don’t for negative statements in speaking or in informal writing.Italians don’t use chopsticks. Luis doesn’t like bullfights.
  11. 11. Change the affirmative Practice 3 statements to negative statements.Example: Many Chinese eat noodles. Many Chinese don’t eat noodles.1. Sheila likes to eat spicy food. Sheila doesn’t like to eat spicy food.2. Some nomadic people live in tents. Some nomadic people don’t live in tents.3. Monica watches fireworks on the 4th of July. Monica doesn’t watch fireworks on the 4th of July.
  12. 12. Irregular Forms Third person singular affirmative forms of have, do, and go are not regular.Subject Have Do Go I You We have do go They He She has does goes It
  13. 13. Complete the sentences with Practice 4 the correct form of have, do, or go. goesExample: She __________ shopping every Friday. does1. Luis __________ his homework every night. have2. Leticia and Janet __________ backpacks. go3. I always __________ to the movies on Thursdays. has4. Shaun __________ a biology class on Mondays.5. They always __________ the dishes after dinner. do
  14. 14. ReferencesCopyright © 2006 Pearson Education andits licensors. All rights reserved.