SlideShare ist ein Scribd-Unternehmen logo
1 von 17
Downloaden Sie, um offline zu lesen
Problems Lead to Political Machines
• Problem: Cities grow so fast their gov’t
(municipal) can’t keep up with needs of people
• Solution: Political Machine steps in and provides
services in exchange for votes and money
• Goal of Pol. Mach: work to get their candidates
elected
Transit, water & sewage systems, sanitation, protection
The Political Machine
Cities
City governments
Didn’t provide:
jobs, financial
aid, protection,
sanitation etc.
Political
Machine
steps in
Provided services
and business help
in exchange for
votes and money
precinct captains
precinct workers
ward bosses
city
boss
organized group that controlled
things for a political party
Political Machines:
All work together
To elect their
Candidates &
Ensure the success
Of the machine
The City Boss: top man in a political machine
• Got votes & $ for political party in return for providing
services or favors
• Controlled city jobs, business licenses, influenced the
courts
Examples:
Roscoe Conkling - boss of the
NY Republican pol. mach.
William Tweed-boss of the
infamous pol. mach. Tammany
Hall
Immigrants and the Political Machine
- Constituents (voters) are often immigrants
- Bosses and precinct captains often 1st or 2nd
generation immigrants themselves
Knew the language,
culture, and what was
needed
Immigrants taken
advantage of
Corruption in the Machines
Fraud: cheating to win elections
ex: voting more than once
Graft: using political influence for personal gain
ex: Bribes - businesses offered money to get
city contracts
“Boss Tweed”
* William M. Tweed was City Boss of Tammany Hall,
the Democratic Pol. Mach. in NY
Led ring of corrupt politicians who defrauded New
York City 1869-1871
Received large fees
for interests
(*kickbacks) from the
Erie Railroad
Tweed Ring milked
the city with false
leases, padded bills,
false vouchers,
unnecessary repairs
and over-priced
goods
*Return of a portion of the
money received in a sale or
contract often illegal and
corrupt in return for special
favors.
One example:
the courthouse scam
Charged taxpayers
$13,000,000 for project
that cost $3,000,000
Estimated Tweed stole from $30 million to $300 million
Eventually indicted on (charged with) 120 counts of fraud
and extortion
Tammany’s Corruption:
Exposed for his
corruption by
cartoonist and
editor, Thomas Nast
 Tweed Ring fell
and 1873 Tweed
convicted of
embezzlement
Later Tweed was
arrested on a civil
charge and jailed in
NYC, later died there
Political Cartoonists Raise Alarm
• Political Cartoonists = expressed their
concern about the damaging effects of
corruption and big money.
• Thomas Nast = exposed the illegal activities
of William Marcy “Boss” Tweed.
• Boss Tweed was eventually arrested, but
escaped and fled to Spain where he was
recognized by one of Nast’s cartoons.
The “Spoils” System (or patronage) in Politics
• The winning party in an election got to hand out
these jobs to their supporters
• Government jobs were the “spoils”
• This system is replaced with civil service
Jobs for the Homies?!
Hmm… this reminds
me of…
Andrew Jackson!
How was it patronage ended
• The law passed by Congress that brought an
end to patronage (the spoils system) and led
to the creation of the Civil Service
Commission was the Pendelton Act
• Under the Pendleton Act, people now had
to Pass a civil service exam to qualify for a
government job.
• (section 3 #’s 44-45)
Civil Service
• a system by which the most qualified people are
hired for gov’t jobs
• system based on a candidates’ performances on an
examination (& interview?)
Urbanization
- Influx of immigrants & migrants causes a population boom in cities
- City services (housing, h2O, sanitation) are stretched to the limit
- Reformers try to fix urban problems through ed., training, charity, and
political action
Immigration & Migration
-Poverty & persecution cause millions of pple to leave Europe, China,
Japan, Mexico for the U.S.
-Immigrants forced to adapt to new language & culture
-Changes in agri. cause pple. to migrate from rural U.S. to urban U.S.
-Many immigrants and migrants face discrimination in jobs & housing
Politics
-Pol. Mach. Develop to take advantage of the needs of immigrants &
urban poor
- City politicians use graft & fraud to maintain political power
-Corruption in politics causes civil service system to be developed

Weitere ähnliche Inhalte

Ähnlich wie How Political Machines Rose in Response to Growing City Needs

Politics in the gilded age 1
Politics in the gilded age 1Politics in the gilded age 1
Politics in the gilded age 1mswhitehistory
 
Politics in the gilded age
Politics in the gilded agePolitics in the gilded age
Politics in the gilded agefrufruninja
 
4 local government in texas
4 local government in texas4 local government in texas
4 local government in texasMayank Sharma
 
Oct. 15 Notes (City Politics)
Oct. 15 Notes (City Politics)Oct. 15 Notes (City Politics)
Oct. 15 Notes (City Politics)Ed McGovern
 
Chapter 19 section 1
Chapter 19 section 1Chapter 19 section 1
Chapter 19 section 1summersmn
 
C:\Fakepath\Chapter 19 Section 1
C:\Fakepath\Chapter 19 Section 1C:\Fakepath\Chapter 19 Section 1
C:\Fakepath\Chapter 19 Section 1summersmn
 
Gilded age part 1 a
Gilded age part 1 aGilded age part 1 a
Gilded age part 1 azia learning
 
(4) the progressive era
(4) the progressive era(4) the progressive era
(4) the progressive erareghistory
 
Topic 8 urbanazation Industrial Revolution
Topic 8 urbanazation Industrial RevolutionTopic 8 urbanazation Industrial Revolution
Topic 8 urbanazation Industrial Revolutionurbachc
 
Staar 04 the progressive era1
Staar 04 the progressive era1Staar 04 the progressive era1
Staar 04 the progressive era1rpoolmhs
 
Political Machines
Political MachinesPolitical Machines
Political Machinesatrantham
 
Presentation Citiesc Ommunities
Presentation Citiesc OmmunitiesPresentation Citiesc Ommunities
Presentation Citiesc Ommunitiesguest8fdd57
 
PO 397 Intro Political Machines
PO 397 Intro Political Machines PO 397 Intro Political Machines
PO 397 Intro Political Machines atrantham
 
2312 10 Ground Progressive Movements and Reforms
2312 10 Ground Progressive Movements and Reforms2312 10 Ground Progressive Movements and Reforms
2312 10 Ground Progressive Movements and ReformsDrew Burks
 
Chapter 15.3 poliitcs in the gilded age
Chapter 15.3 poliitcs in the gilded ageChapter 15.3 poliitcs in the gilded age
Chapter 15.3 poliitcs in the gilded ageBenheather10
 
Chapter 7 immigration review sections 1 3 [autosaved]
Chapter 7 immigration review sections 1 3 [autosaved]Chapter 7 immigration review sections 1 3 [autosaved]
Chapter 7 immigration review sections 1 3 [autosaved]Heidi Rosenberger-Lewis
 
10 urban imm gilded age
10 urban imm gilded age10 urban imm gilded age
10 urban imm gilded agestacey12130
 
Urbanization & political machine 2011
Urbanization & political machine 2011Urbanization & political machine 2011
Urbanization & political machine 2011Joseph Fuertsch
 

Ähnlich wie How Political Machines Rose in Response to Growing City Needs (20)

Politics in the gilded age 1
Politics in the gilded age 1Politics in the gilded age 1
Politics in the gilded age 1
 
Politics in the gilded age
Politics in the gilded agePolitics in the gilded age
Politics in the gilded age
 
4 local government in texas
4 local government in texas4 local government in texas
4 local government in texas
 
Oct. 15 Notes (City Politics)
Oct. 15 Notes (City Politics)Oct. 15 Notes (City Politics)
Oct. 15 Notes (City Politics)
 
Urbanization ppt
Urbanization pptUrbanization ppt
Urbanization ppt
 
Chapter 19 section 1
Chapter 19 section 1Chapter 19 section 1
Chapter 19 section 1
 
C:\Fakepath\Chapter 19 Section 1
C:\Fakepath\Chapter 19 Section 1C:\Fakepath\Chapter 19 Section 1
C:\Fakepath\Chapter 19 Section 1
 
Gilded age part 1 a
Gilded age part 1 aGilded age part 1 a
Gilded age part 1 a
 
(4) the progressive era
(4) the progressive era(4) the progressive era
(4) the progressive era
 
Topic 8 urbanazation Industrial Revolution
Topic 8 urbanazation Industrial RevolutionTopic 8 urbanazation Industrial Revolution
Topic 8 urbanazation Industrial Revolution
 
Staar 04 the progressive era1
Staar 04 the progressive era1Staar 04 the progressive era1
Staar 04 the progressive era1
 
Political Machines
Political MachinesPolitical Machines
Political Machines
 
Presentation Citiesc Ommunities
Presentation Citiesc OmmunitiesPresentation Citiesc Ommunities
Presentation Citiesc Ommunities
 
PO 397 Intro Political Machines
PO 397 Intro Political Machines PO 397 Intro Political Machines
PO 397 Intro Political Machines
 
2312 10 Ground Progressive Movements and Reforms
2312 10 Ground Progressive Movements and Reforms2312 10 Ground Progressive Movements and Reforms
2312 10 Ground Progressive Movements and Reforms
 
Chapter 15.3 poliitcs in the gilded age
Chapter 15.3 poliitcs in the gilded ageChapter 15.3 poliitcs in the gilded age
Chapter 15.3 poliitcs in the gilded age
 
Chapter 7 immigration review sections 1 3 [autosaved]
Chapter 7 immigration review sections 1 3 [autosaved]Chapter 7 immigration review sections 1 3 [autosaved]
Chapter 7 immigration review sections 1 3 [autosaved]
 
10 urban imm gilded age
10 urban imm gilded age10 urban imm gilded age
10 urban imm gilded age
 
Progressives 1
Progressives 1Progressives 1
Progressives 1
 
Urbanization & political machine 2011
Urbanization & political machine 2011Urbanization & political machine 2011
Urbanization & political machine 2011
 

Mehr von jaysonroxas2

Chapter-8-Power-Point.ppt
Chapter-8-Power-Point.pptChapter-8-Power-Point.ppt
Chapter-8-Power-Point.pptjaysonroxas2
 
fires-explosions.ppt
fires-explosions.pptfires-explosions.ppt
fires-explosions.pptjaysonroxas2
 
Role_Models-Katelyn_Grinder_and_Mandy_Brown.ppt
Role_Models-Katelyn_Grinder_and_Mandy_Brown.pptRole_Models-Katelyn_Grinder_and_Mandy_Brown.ppt
Role_Models-Katelyn_Grinder_and_Mandy_Brown.pptjaysonroxas2
 
2016.04.24_concern_fstp_6th_qrm_-_rvsd_0.pptx
2016.04.24_concern_fstp_6th_qrm_-_rvsd_0.pptx2016.04.24_concern_fstp_6th_qrm_-_rvsd_0.pptx
2016.04.24_concern_fstp_6th_qrm_-_rvsd_0.pptxjaysonroxas2
 
gangsters_and_fallen_women.ppt
gangsters_and_fallen_women.pptgangsters_and_fallen_women.ppt
gangsters_and_fallen_women.pptjaysonroxas2
 
Untitled Story (2).pdf
Untitled Story (2).pdfUntitled Story (2).pdf
Untitled Story (2).pdfjaysonroxas2
 
Untitled Story (1) (1) (1).pdf
Untitled Story (1) (1) (1).pdfUntitled Story (1) (1) (1).pdf
Untitled Story (1) (1) (1).pdfjaysonroxas2
 

Mehr von jaysonroxas2 (9)

Chapter-8-Power-Point.ppt
Chapter-8-Power-Point.pptChapter-8-Power-Point.ppt
Chapter-8-Power-Point.ppt
 
fires-explosions.ppt
fires-explosions.pptfires-explosions.ppt
fires-explosions.ppt
 
Role_Models-Katelyn_Grinder_and_Mandy_Brown.ppt
Role_Models-Katelyn_Grinder_and_Mandy_Brown.pptRole_Models-Katelyn_Grinder_and_Mandy_Brown.ppt
Role_Models-Katelyn_Grinder_and_Mandy_Brown.ppt
 
Faith.ppt
Faith.pptFaith.ppt
Faith.ppt
 
2016.04.24_concern_fstp_6th_qrm_-_rvsd_0.pptx
2016.04.24_concern_fstp_6th_qrm_-_rvsd_0.pptx2016.04.24_concern_fstp_6th_qrm_-_rvsd_0.pptx
2016.04.24_concern_fstp_6th_qrm_-_rvsd_0.pptx
 
hope.pptx
hope.pptxhope.pptx
hope.pptx
 
gangsters_and_fallen_women.ppt
gangsters_and_fallen_women.pptgangsters_and_fallen_women.ppt
gangsters_and_fallen_women.ppt
 
Untitled Story (2).pdf
Untitled Story (2).pdfUntitled Story (2).pdf
Untitled Story (2).pdf
 
Untitled Story (1) (1) (1).pdf
Untitled Story (1) (1) (1).pdfUntitled Story (1) (1) (1).pdf
Untitled Story (1) (1) (1).pdf
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen

Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...
Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...
Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...Emancip8 Project
 
Get the World Health Day 2024 action toolkit!
Get the World Health Day 2024  action toolkit!Get the World Health Day 2024  action toolkit!
Get the World Health Day 2024 action toolkit!Christina Parmionova
 
World Energy Council: Issues Monitor 2024- Full_Report
World Energy Council: Issues Monitor 2024- Full_ReportWorld Energy Council: Issues Monitor 2024- Full_Report
World Energy Council: Issues Monitor 2024- Full_ReportEnergy for One World
 
RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.
RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.
RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.Christina Parmionova
 
UPDATED_SARO_march_3_2024 to april 6, 2024 for the goverbment.PDF
UPDATED_SARO_march_3_2024 to april 6, 2024 for the goverbment.PDFUPDATED_SARO_march_3_2024 to april 6, 2024 for the goverbment.PDF
UPDATED_SARO_march_3_2024 to april 6, 2024 for the goverbment.PDFssuser4a14dc
 
Introduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget Office
Introduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget OfficeIntroduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget Office
Introduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget OfficeCongressional Budget Office
 
GOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATION
GOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATIONGOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATION
GOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATIONShivamShukla147857
 
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processes
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure ProcessesItem # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processes
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processesahcitycouncil
 
Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...
Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...
Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...Christina Parmionova
 
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1KelleyWasmund
 
In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.
In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.
In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.Christina Parmionova
 
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdfCristal Montañéz
 
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...Christina Parmionova
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 232024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23JSchaus & Associates
 
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...Christina Parmionova
 
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdfPPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdfahcitycouncil
 
Madison Cat Project Foster Training - Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project Foster Training - Lesson 1Madison Cat Project Foster Training - Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project Foster Training - Lesson 1KelleyWasmund
 
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, IndiaISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, IndiaTrinity Care Foundation
 

Kürzlich hochgeladen (20)

Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...
Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...
Blood in the Batteries: The Tragic Cost of Child Exploitation in Our Renewabl...
 
Get the World Health Day 2024 action toolkit!
Get the World Health Day 2024  action toolkit!Get the World Health Day 2024  action toolkit!
Get the World Health Day 2024 action toolkit!
 
World Energy Council: Issues Monitor 2024- Full_Report
World Energy Council: Issues Monitor 2024- Full_ReportWorld Energy Council: Issues Monitor 2024- Full_Report
World Energy Council: Issues Monitor 2024- Full_Report
 
RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.
RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.
RIGHT TO HEALTH - OHCHR & World Health Organization report.
 
TransitionZero: Data for modelling early retirement of coal plants
TransitionZero: Data for modelling early retirement of coal plantsTransitionZero: Data for modelling early retirement of coal plants
TransitionZero: Data for modelling early retirement of coal plants
 
UPDATED_SARO_march_3_2024 to april 6, 2024 for the goverbment.PDF
UPDATED_SARO_march_3_2024 to april 6, 2024 for the goverbment.PDFUPDATED_SARO_march_3_2024 to april 6, 2024 for the goverbment.PDF
UPDATED_SARO_march_3_2024 to april 6, 2024 for the goverbment.PDF
 
Introduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget Office
Introduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget OfficeIntroduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget Office
Introduction to the Role of the Congressional Budget Office
 
GOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATION
GOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATIONGOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATION
GOVERNMENT OF NCT OF DELHI DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATION
 
PPCA: Coal Transition Commission - Next Steps and Deliverables
PPCA: Coal Transition Commission - Next Steps and DeliverablesPPCA: Coal Transition Commission - Next Steps and Deliverables
PPCA: Coal Transition Commission - Next Steps and Deliverables
 
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processes
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure ProcessesItem # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processes
Item # 7 - Demolition & Replacement Structure Processes
 
Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...
Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...
Actions to take at the global, national and local levels to realize the right...
 
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project - Foster Training: Lesson 1
 
In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.
In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.
In War and conflict, health workers, facilities and supplies are off limits.
 
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
1- Phase 8 Hope For Venezuelan Refugees Soup Program-Periods 4-6.pdf
 
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...
World Health Day 2024 - Zero Discrimination, Affordable treatments, Respectfu...
 
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 232024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23
2024: The FAR, Federal Acquisition Regulations - Part 23
 
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...
World Leader Summit of Love and Peace - 5th International day of conscience -...
 
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdfPPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
PPT Item # 4&5 - 415 & 423 Evans Ave. Replat.pdf
 
Madison Cat Project Foster Training - Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project Foster Training - Lesson 1Madison Cat Project Foster Training - Lesson 1
Madison Cat Project Foster Training - Lesson 1
 
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, IndiaISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
ISEIDP in Chikkaballapura, Karnataka, India
 

How Political Machines Rose in Response to Growing City Needs

  • 1. Problems Lead to Political Machines • Problem: Cities grow so fast their gov’t (municipal) can’t keep up with needs of people • Solution: Political Machine steps in and provides services in exchange for votes and money • Goal of Pol. Mach: work to get their candidates elected Transit, water & sewage systems, sanitation, protection
  • 2. The Political Machine Cities City governments Didn’t provide: jobs, financial aid, protection, sanitation etc. Political Machine steps in Provided services and business help in exchange for votes and money
  • 3. precinct captains precinct workers ward bosses city boss organized group that controlled things for a political party Political Machines: All work together To elect their Candidates & Ensure the success Of the machine
  • 4. The City Boss: top man in a political machine • Got votes & $ for political party in return for providing services or favors • Controlled city jobs, business licenses, influenced the courts Examples: Roscoe Conkling - boss of the NY Republican pol. mach. William Tweed-boss of the infamous pol. mach. Tammany Hall
  • 5. Immigrants and the Political Machine - Constituents (voters) are often immigrants - Bosses and precinct captains often 1st or 2nd generation immigrants themselves Knew the language, culture, and what was needed Immigrants taken advantage of
  • 6. Corruption in the Machines Fraud: cheating to win elections ex: voting more than once Graft: using political influence for personal gain ex: Bribes - businesses offered money to get city contracts
  • 7. “Boss Tweed” * William M. Tweed was City Boss of Tammany Hall, the Democratic Pol. Mach. in NY Led ring of corrupt politicians who defrauded New York City 1869-1871
  • 8. Received large fees for interests (*kickbacks) from the Erie Railroad Tweed Ring milked the city with false leases, padded bills, false vouchers, unnecessary repairs and over-priced goods *Return of a portion of the money received in a sale or contract often illegal and corrupt in return for special favors.
  • 9. One example: the courthouse scam Charged taxpayers $13,000,000 for project that cost $3,000,000 Estimated Tweed stole from $30 million to $300 million Eventually indicted on (charged with) 120 counts of fraud and extortion Tammany’s Corruption:
  • 10.
  • 11. Exposed for his corruption by cartoonist and editor, Thomas Nast  Tweed Ring fell and 1873 Tweed convicted of embezzlement Later Tweed was arrested on a civil charge and jailed in NYC, later died there
  • 12. Political Cartoonists Raise Alarm • Political Cartoonists = expressed their concern about the damaging effects of corruption and big money. • Thomas Nast = exposed the illegal activities of William Marcy “Boss” Tweed. • Boss Tweed was eventually arrested, but escaped and fled to Spain where he was recognized by one of Nast’s cartoons.
  • 13.
  • 14. The “Spoils” System (or patronage) in Politics • The winning party in an election got to hand out these jobs to their supporters • Government jobs were the “spoils” • This system is replaced with civil service Jobs for the Homies?! Hmm… this reminds me of… Andrew Jackson!
  • 15. How was it patronage ended • The law passed by Congress that brought an end to patronage (the spoils system) and led to the creation of the Civil Service Commission was the Pendelton Act • Under the Pendleton Act, people now had to Pass a civil service exam to qualify for a government job. • (section 3 #’s 44-45)
  • 16. Civil Service • a system by which the most qualified people are hired for gov’t jobs • system based on a candidates’ performances on an examination (& interview?)
  • 17. Urbanization - Influx of immigrants & migrants causes a population boom in cities - City services (housing, h2O, sanitation) are stretched to the limit - Reformers try to fix urban problems through ed., training, charity, and political action Immigration & Migration -Poverty & persecution cause millions of pple to leave Europe, China, Japan, Mexico for the U.S. -Immigrants forced to adapt to new language & culture -Changes in agri. cause pple. to migrate from rural U.S. to urban U.S. -Many immigrants and migrants face discrimination in jobs & housing Politics -Pol. Mach. Develop to take advantage of the needs of immigrants & urban poor - City politicians use graft & fraud to maintain political power -Corruption in politics causes civil service system to be developed