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College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
COMMON ERRORS IN WRITING APPLICATION LETTER OF
THIRD YEAR TEACHEREDUC...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
APPROVAL SHEET
This research proposal entitled, “COMMON ERRORS IN WRI...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Acknowledgement
The researchers express their heartfelt gratitude and...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Dedication
To our Family, thank you for the love, understanding and s...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
TABLE OF CONTENTS
APPROVAL SHEET-------------------------------------...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Research Instrument--------------------------------------------------...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Chapter 1
Background of the Study
Introduction
A letter plays a vital...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
spelling which are unprofessional can damage the reputation of both y...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Conceptual Framework
This study will be conducted to identify the Com...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Research Paradigm
Independent Variable Dependent Variable
Figure 1: T...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Statement of the Problem
Generally, this study aimed to survey “Commo...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
The Researchers, they will be able to share information to the concer...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Definition of Terms
Addition – adding unnecessary verbs, prepositions...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Chapter II
Review of Related Literature and Studies
Related Literatur...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
An application letter should also include a concluding paragraph that...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Parts of Application Letter
The following is an explanation of the pa...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
The body consists of three or four paragraphs; the important thing is...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Many college students and recent grads destroy their resumes by accom...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Making Unsupported Claims
Too many cover letters from college student...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
one or two-sentence "here's my resume" cover letter, while others att...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
CHAPTER III
Methods and Procedure
This chapter consists of the descri...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Locale of the Study
This study will be conducted at Cagayan State Uni...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Data Gathering Procedure
The researchers sought permission from the C...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Chapter IV
Discussion of Findings
This chapter discussed the results ...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Classification of Errors
a. Subject-Verb Agreement
The number of erro...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
d. Tenses of Verbs
B. Spelling
Spelling errors. One applicant said he...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
C. Abbreviation
Abbreviating Cir., Ave., Dec., and all other words. T...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
E. Using the word "I" too much
Some letters are filled with 10 or 20 ...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Chapter V
Summary, Conclusions and Recommendation
This chapter presen...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
all inter-related to its other regarding the common errors of applica...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Recommendation
On the basis of the finding and conclusions, the resea...
College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University
Bibliography
 Al-haysoni, 2012
 letterwritingguide.com
 Mark Braun...
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COMMON ERRORS IN WRITING APPLICATION LETTER OF THIRD YEAR TEACHER EDUCATION STUDENTS AT CAGAYAN STATE UNIVERSITY, LASAM CAMPUS SY 2014-2015

An Action Research
Presented to the Faculty
College of Teacher Education
Cagayan State University
Lasam, Cagayan
In Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirements for the degree
BACHELOR IN SECONDARY EDUCATION
Major in English
Lord Mark Jayson B. Ilarde
Jackielen B. Romero
Novie Joy T. Molina
2014

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COMMON ERRORS IN WRITING APPLICATION LETTER OF THIRD YEAR TEACHER EDUCATION STUDENTS AT CAGAYAN STATE UNIVERSITY, LASAM CAMPUS SY 2014-2015

  1. 1. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University COMMON ERRORS IN WRITING APPLICATION LETTER OF THIRD YEAR TEACHEREDUCATION STUDENTS AT CAGAYAN STATE UNIVERSITY, LASAM CAMPUS SY 2014-2015 An Action Research Presented to the Faculty College of Teacher Education Cagayan State University Lasam, Cagayan In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the degree BACHELOR IN SECONDARY EDUCATION Major in English Lord Mark Jayson B. Ilarde Jackielen B. Romero Novie Joy T. Molina 2014
  2. 2. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University APPROVAL SHEET This research proposal entitled, “COMMON ERRORS IN WRITING APPLICATION LETTER OF THIRD YEAR TEACHER EDUCATION STUDENTS” prepared and submitted by LORD MARK JAYSON B. ILARDE, JACKIELEN B. ROMERO and NOVIE JOY T. MOLINA in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the course Language Research. Approved by the Tribunal on Oral Examination with a grade of _____________. ___________________________________ _____________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ __________________ DATE i
  3. 3. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Acknowledgement The researchers express their heartfelt gratitude and sincerest appreciation to those who extended their assistance and encouragement in the accomplishment of this study. They feel to mention their facilitation to the following. Mrs. Dolores C. Quebral., our Campus Executive Officer for her motherly motivation and encouragement; Mrs. Janilete R. Cortez, our Adviser for all the insights, recommendation and most of all her sincere support during the crucial period of accomplishing this study; Mrs. Judelyn Cantor, Dean of the College of Teacher Education for her constructive critics and suggestions; Mrs. Catherine Salva, Campus Librarian for her unselfish assistance in lending some references needed throughout the process of the study; Dr. Gilbert C. Magulod Jr., for his untiring efforts and invaluable guidance and assistance; To their loving family, for all the years of patience and endurance provided them, to their love and support especially on financial matters; Above all to our Almighty Father for His bountiful blessings and graces He showered to us. ii
  4. 4. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Dedication To our Family, thank you for the love, understanding and support. To our friends and classmates, who are always there for us if we need their help and ideas. Above all, to our Almighty God, who has been and always been the source of all that they have. This humble work is lovingly dedicated. RESEARCHERS, Jayson Jackie Novie
  5. 5. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University TABLE OF CONTENTS APPROVAL SHEET----------------------------------------------------------------- i ACKNOWLEGEMENT------------------------------------------------------------ ii DEDICATION---------------------------------------------------------------------- iii TABLE OF CONTENTS------------------------------------------------------------ iv - v CHAPTER PAGE 1. INTRODUCTION---------------------------------------------------------- 1 - 2 Conceptual Framework------------------------------------------------ 3 Research paradigm----------------------------------------------------- 4 Statement of the Problem---------------------------------------------- 5 Significance of the study---------------------------------------------- 5 - 6 Research Hypothesis--------------------------------------------------- 6 Scope and Delimitation of The Study-------------------------------- 6 Definition of Terms----------------------------------------------------- 7 2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES Review of Related Literature and Studies-------------------------- 8 - 14 3. METHODS AND PROCEDURE Research Design------------------------------------------------------- 15 Locale of the Study---------------------------------------------------- 16 iv
  6. 6. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Research Instrument--------------------------------------------------- 16 Respondent and Sampling Procedure--------------------------------16 Data Gathering Procedure---------------------------------------------17 4. DISCUSION OF FINDINGS------------------------------------------- 18- 22 5. SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Summary------------------------------------------------------------- 23 Conclusions---------------------------------------------------------- 24 Recommendations--------------------------------------------------- 25 Bibliography--------------------------------------------------------- 26 v
  7. 7. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Chapter 1 Background of the Study Introduction A letter plays a vital role in applying to any job. The way you present the letter is your first introduction to the person who could be your new employer. The purpose of these written texts is to persuade the admissions committee to accept the writer’s application (Callaghan, 2004). Researchers interested in error analysis observed that errors are advantageous for both learners and teachers. It provides information to the teachers on students’ errors. This helps the teachers in three ways, firstly to correct their errors, secondly to improve their teaching and thirdly to focus on those area that need reinforcement (Al-haysoni, 201G2). Moreover, application essays give you an opportunity to explain -- through narrative, example, and analysis -- aspects of your personal, educational and professional history that may have led you to pursue an advanced degree at a particular institution. Admissions committees rely heavily on these essays to put a face on impersonal test scores and grade point averages. (UW-Madison Writing Centre, 2004) Furthermore, in composing good letter writing, you should notice some aspects and one of the important aspects that should be mastered in getting a well- structured writing is the use of a high-standard English grammar. Poor grammar and 1
  8. 8. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University spelling which are unprofessional can damage the reputation of both you as the writer and the school you came from. In regard to the writing skill, it cannot be denied that writing in English Language is not always as easy as writing in your own language since there are some different rules in the writing systems sometimes causing you to write many errors in sentences. Generally, most institution will ask you to write a job application letter accompanied by resume as a requirement for taking one of the positions offered. Your attractive letter with its resume can do much to help you secure the job of your choice. 2
  9. 9. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Conceptual Framework This study will be conducted to identify the Common Errors in Writing Application letter of third year Teacher Education students at Cagayan State University, Lasam Campus SY 2014-1015. The researchers conceptualized that common errors in writing application letter are related to the instructional program done by the language teachers the aforementioned theories of writing application letter, error analysis theory and the rest reached a common point in supporting the variables indicated. As mentioned, instructional program of the school and the teacher is determined by the writing ability of the students. 3
  10. 10. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Research Paradigm Independent Variable Dependent Variable Figure 1: The research paradigm shows the relationship between the independent variable and dependent variable. Common Errors in Writing Application Letters Proposed/ Revised Instructional Program 4
  11. 11. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Statement of the Problem Generally, this study aimed to survey “Common Errors of Third Year Education students in Writing Application Letter of CSU-Lasam.” Specifically, it sought to: a. discover the language, grammatical, and letter-form errors of third year Education students of CSU-LASAM; b. suggest remedial instructions needed in teaching writing letters of application Significance of the Study The result of this study would provide information about the common errors of third year teacher education students. Therefore, this research study will likewise be advantageous to the following groups of people. The School Administrators, the result of this study would somehow help them think for the betterment of the school which will affect the writing skills of the students in Writing in the Discipline subject. The Dean, the result of this study will be a great basis in improving programs and techniques which will test the writing abilities of the students. The Teachers, the result of this study will give them the idea on what are the things to provide that could help the students, this study will also help them know the best teaching strategies for more effective teaching process. 5
  12. 12. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University The Researchers, they will be able to share information to the concern officials and faculty through the findings of their study. The researcher who will conduct a similar study could base from its results. Students, having ideas on the interest of students in studies, learners shall place in higher level of their learning tasks and motivates them accepts greater responsibilities for learning. Research Hypotheses 1. There is no significant difference on the errors in writing application letters among third year students. 2. There is no relationship between language instructions and the writing ability of the students. Scope and Delimitation of the Study This study will mainly concern on the Common Errors of the selected Third Year students in Writing Application Letter. This proposed research will serve as a basis for language teachers on what remedial instruction would be needed in teaching writing letters of application. Moreover, the assessment of the corpus will be limited on the grammar and format. There are many kinds of grammatical errors found in their work but the researchers just take four highest numbers of total errors namely: prepositions, verb, article and tense. 6
  13. 13. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Definition of Terms Addition – adding unnecessary verbs, prepositions, articles. Application letter - it is used to show your intent on applying for a certain job/position. Articles - a determiner that may indicate the specificity of reference of a noun phrase. Complimentary Close - is the term prior to your signature in an application letter. Corpus – a collection of writings of a specific kind or on a specific subject. Errors - a deviation from accuracy or correctness; a mistake, as in action or speech. Layout - the visual structure for a user interface. Mis-formation – the incorrect formation of words in a sentence. Mis-ordering – the wrong order of words in a sentence Omission – words that not included or forgot to put in a sentence. Salutation - is a greeting used in a application letter. Tense - is a category that locates a situation in time, to indicate when the situation takes place. Verb - A content word that denotes an action, occurrence, or state of existence. 7
  14. 14. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Chapter II Review of Related Literature and Studies Related Literature An application letter is a formally written one-page letter that accompanies a resume and other requested documentation in application for a job or academic program. Application letters are often synonymous with cover letters, and in addition to describing what materials are included in the application, an application letter should also take time to highlight the qualifications that prepare the writer for acceptance into the job or academic program. Application letters typically begin with an introductory paragraph that states the position being applied to, reveals how the minimum qualifications for the position are met and asks the reader to continue reading to learn more about the applicant's qualifications. Paragraphs that follow the introduction paragraph typically highlight the top reasons the applicant should be considered. For experienced applicants, these paragraphs typically highlight work experience and workplace projects of significance. For less experienced applicants and new graduates, these paragraphs might highlight academic experience, such as classes taken that would be useful in this position or any particular academic projects or honors received. 8
  15. 15. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University An application letter should also include a concluding paragraph that express appreciation to the receiver for taking the time to consider the application. The final sentence should convey that the applicant looks toward the future by asking for a formal interview in-person, online or by phone. © letterwritingguide.com Format of Application Letter As a formal letter, at least there are three format styles used in business letter, they are fully block, blocked, and semi blocked style. In fully blocked style all letter parts begin at the left margin, except for the printed letterhead; the body of the letter is not indented, and double spacing is used to separate the paragraphs. While blocked style, like fully blocked, all letter parts begin at the left margin, except the dateline, complimentary closing, company signature with the writer’s name are placed up to the right-hand margin. The next style is semi-blocked, the date, complimentary close and signature with the writer’s name are set to the right-hand margin, and the body is indented for each paragraph. Open punctuation is often used; this reduces typing time as there is no need for any unnecessary full stops and commas. Whichever layout, enclosure usually appears below the signature element and flushes with the left margin. It is important to know that whichever format you adopt, you have to be consistent, do not mix styles. It is stated by Taylor (2004) explaining that whichever layout you use for business documents, the most important rule is consistency, i.e. ensuring that all documents are displayed in the same format. A well-displayed, easy- to- read letter will attract attention at once and create a favorable first impression. 9
  16. 16. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Parts of Application Letter The following is an explanation of the parts of the application letter. (Geffner, 1995) Sender address, at the minimum, contains the street address, the city, the state, and the code. The sender’s name does not appear at the top of the letter. Date is typed a few lines below the sender. It should not be written in figures as they can be confusing; (i.e. 11.1.12 means 11th January 2012 in the UK but 1st November 2012 in the USA) it is better 11 January, 2012. Inside Address typed begins with flush with the left margin. If you know the surname you are writing, the appropriate courtesy title (Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms) should be shown. It is written on the first line of the address. If you do not know the name you can write The Personnel Manager or HRD Department or Carroll & Associates, Inc. Salutation is a kind of greeting to open letter. There are several types of salutations, as shown below. a. Dear Sir opens a letter written to a man whose name you do not know. b. Dear Sirs is used to address a company. c. Dear Sir or Madam is used to address a person of whom you know neither the name nor the sex. d. Dear Madam is used to address a woman, whether single or married, whose name you do not know. e. Dear (name) is used when you know the name of the person you are writing to, for example: Dear Mr Smith, not Dear Mr J Smith or Dear Mr John Smith. 10
  17. 17. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University The body consists of three or four paragraphs; the important thing is you must be consistent in writing the body. a. The first paragraph/opening must attract favorable attention. b. The second paragraph consists of personal data, educational background, experience and qualification, c. The third paragraph/closing, you close your application letter with a specific request for action and give the reader a good reason for inviting you for an interview. Complementary Close placed below the last line of a letter’s body has two most common complimentary closes, they are Yours faithfully and Yours sincerely. If the letter opens with Dear Sir or Dear Madam, then close it with Yours faithfully while it opens with Dear Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms Smith then close it with Yours sincerely. Seven Application Letter Mistakes By Peter Vogt, Monster Senior Contributing Writer The student's resume was impressive. The formatting was impeccable, the content was excellent, and he did a great job of focusing on accomplishments instead of job duties. If I were an employer, I would have been impressed. Then I looked at his cover letter and imagined the employer tossing that perfect resume into the trash bin. 11
  18. 18. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Many college students and recent grads destroy their resumes by accompanying them with halfhearted or downright terrible cover letters. While some employers don't bother reading cover letters, most do. And they will quickly eliminate you if you make these cover letter mistakes: Using the Wrong Cover Letter Format The student's cover letter looked more like a cut-and-paste email than a business letter. It had no recipient information, no return address and no date. The letter screamed unprofessional. Be sure your cover letter uses a standard business-letter format. It should include the date, the recipient's mailing address and your address. Making It All about You It may seem counterintuitive, but your cover letter, like your resume, should be about the employer as much as it's about you. Yes, you need to tell the employer about yourself, but do so in the context of the employer's needs and the specified job requirements. Not Proofing for Typos and Grammatical Errors Employers tend to view typos and grammatical errors as evidence of your carelessness and inability to write. Proofread every letter you send. Get additional cover letter help by asking a friend who knows good writing double-check your letter for you. 12
  19. 19. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Making Unsupported Claims Too many cover letters from college students and recent grads say the applicant has "strong written and verbal communication skills." Without evidence, it's an empty boast. Give some examples for each claim you make. Employers need proof. Writing a Novel A good cover letter should be no longer than one page. Employers are deluged with resumes and cover letters, and their time is scarce. Make sure your cover letter has three or four concise but convincing paragraphs that are easy to read. If your competitor's letter rambles on for two pages, guess which candidate the employer will prefer. Using the Same Cover Letter for Every Job and Company Employers see so many cover letters that it's easy for them to tell when you're using a one-size-fits-all approach. If you haven't addressed their company's specific concerns, they'll conclude you don't care about this particular job. It's time-consuming but worthwhile to customize each cover letter for the specific job and company. Not Sending a Real Cover Letter Some job seekers -- college students, recent grads and even those with years of work experience -- don't bother sending a cover letter with their resume. Others type up a 13
  20. 20. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University one or two-sentence "here's my resume" cover letter, while others attach handwritten letters or sticky notes. There is no gray area here: You must include a well-written, neatly formatted cover letter with every resume you send. If you don't, you won't be considered for the job. 14
  21. 21. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University CHAPTER III Methods and Procedure This chapter consists of the description of the design, locale of the study, research instrument, and gathering of data, and data analysis, data use in the study. Research Design This study will use the descriptive qualitative design. The design is the most appropriate since it helps determine the extent which the different variables are related to each other. The design will be made possible in the description of the students’ common errors in knowledge, skills and attitudes in the language subjects. 15
  22. 22. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Locale of the Study This study will be conducted at Cagayan State University at Lasam Centro 02 Lasam, Cagayan for S.Y. 2014-2015. Cagayan State University at Lasam is one of the Campuses of Cagayan State University System. Considering the fact, that there are no studies conducted in error analysis on writing application letter in CSU-Lasam particularly in the College of Teacher Education. The researchers have chosen Cagayan State University-Lasam as the study area in conducting this study to be able to determine the waterloo of the respondents and it’s implication to their writing skills. Research Instrument The research instrument to be used in gathering data is the Application Letters written by selected Third Year Education Students. This instrument provides valid and reliable information to be gathered from the respondents. Respondent and Sampling Procedure The respondents of this study were the Third Year Education Students at Cagayan State University at Lasam Campus. The respondents were selected through “Fish bowl Picking”. 16
  23. 23. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Data Gathering Procedure The researchers sought permission from the Campus Executive Officer of Cagayan State University at Lasam to conduct the study. Furthermore, permission was likewise sought from the Associate Dean of College of Teacher Education to allow us to float the survey. The researchers personally administered the survey to the respondents to ensure the reliability of the study. After retrieving the survey, the data was analyzed, classified, tallied, summarized, and tabulated. 17
  24. 24. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Chapter IV Discussion of Findings This chapter discussed the results of the data gathered in this study. A. Grammatical Errors Grammatical errors occur when the patterns of arrangement of words in sentences are not appropriate with the patterns and roles that have been in language being used. The grammatical errors made by the students could be caused by lack of understanding of the target language rules as stated by Brown (2000:208). The 30 students who have made application letters have been chosen randomly as the subject of this study. There are many kinds of grammatical errors found in their work. The total of 72 grammatical errors has been found. The writers just take four highest numbers of total errors; subject-verb agreement, redundancy, preposition and tenses of verb. Table 1: Shows the type and number of errors Type of Errors The Number of Errors Subject-Verb Agreement 29 Redundancy 12 Preposition 18 Tenses of Verbs 13 Total 72 18
  25. 25. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Classification of Errors a. Subject-Verb Agreement The number of errors in Subject-Verb Agreement is 29. The errors committed are mostly in the Form and Use. Some example in this category as follows: In this example, the respondent commits error in infinitive because the rule says the format should be “to” plus the base form of the verb. He also omits the verb “am”. b. Redundancy The number of errors in Redundancy is 12. Example: Repetition of same sense in different words. c. Preposition The number of errors in this part is 18. Some example in this category as follows: 19
  26. 26. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University d. Tenses of Verbs B. Spelling Spelling errors. One applicant said he was well suited for "writting and editing chores... contac t (sic) me at the adrwss (sic) below." Would you give him your editing work? Another writer said she would enjoy "hearing form (sic) us." Some write “I here many good things” and another write “For the shake of my Family”. Word processing spell checkers make mistakes; so proof everything. We found 22 misspelled words in this category. 20
  27. 27. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University C. Abbreviation Abbreviating Cir., Ave., Dec., and all other words. Take time to spell words out. It looks so much better. We have found 6 abbreviated words in the gathered data. D. Forgetting the Date Date is very important in a letter, so that the recipient of the letter may know when to act upon the said application letter. 10 respondents forgot to write the date. 21
  28. 28. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University E. Using the word "I" too much Some letters are filled with 10 or 20 I's. Make sure yours aren't. Advertising is about "you." Emphasize "you" rather than "I." 2 letters were found to commit errors in this part. F. No Punctuation Some respondents forgot the act of inserting standardized marks or signs in written application letter to clarify the meaning and separate structural units. We found 29 unpunctuated statements. 22
  29. 29. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Chapter V Summary, Conclusions and Recommendation This chapter presents the summary of findings, conclusions and recommendation of the study based on the gathered data. Summary The study was conducted to determine the common errors of Third year Teacher Education students of Cagayan State University at Lasam SY 2014-2015. The total of 30 students was used as the respondents of this study, from the three sections of third year education students of Cagayan State University at Lasam Campus. The respondents were selected through “Fish Bowl Picking”. The researcher sought permission from the Campus Executive Officer of Cagayan State University at Lasam to conduct the study. Furthermore, permission was likewise sought from the Associate Dean of College of Teacher Education to allow us to float the survey. The researcher personally administered the survey to the respondents to ensure the reliability of the study. After retrieving the survey, the data was analyzed, classified, tallied, summarized, and tabulated. On the level of significant of common errors in writing application letter of third year education students such as the teachers, students and researchers, all were significant. So the result revealed that they are all significant which means they are 23
  30. 30. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University all inter-related to its other regarding the common errors of application letter of third year education students. Conclusions Having analyzed those thirty data, the conclusions were drawn. Firstly, the subject has produced 72 grammatical errors in four categories, the subject-verb agreement, redundancy, preposition and tenses of verbs. Based on the gathered data, the researcher finds the highest number of grammatical errors in Subject –Verb agreement with 29 errors, followed by errors in prepositions (18), then tenses of verbs (13), and the least is redundancy (12). It is revealed that a large portion of errors results due to difficulty in mastering the rules of English Language. So, there is a relationship between language instructions and the writing ability of the students. Second, with regard in letter layouts, errors are plentiful in misspelled words (22), abbreviation (6), letters with no date (2), using “I” too much (7) and unpunctuated sentences (29). The errors found in writing application letter are probably caused by the lack of mastery of the parts of application letter and the proper writing of a letter. And there is a significant difference on the errors in writing application letters among third year students. Finally, the writer sincerely hopes that this study would be beneficial for English teachers and the learners. For English teachers especially Language teachers, they could use the result of this study as an input to prepare teaching materials. 24
  31. 31. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Recommendation On the basis of the finding and conclusions, the researchers recommended that there are two things should be done by them. Firstly, the teachers should put an emphasis on teaching application letter especially the rules how to organize a good application letter by giving more practicing and homework and check them together with the students. Secondly, relating to writing competence to support writing letter, the teachers should also pay more attention to writing to help learners to develop skills in constructing sentences. The error patterns made by the students could help the teachers in focusing the materials. In connection to this the library should be provided more updated books, magazines and instructional materials with regards to writing application letter. While for the students, they should not be careless anymore in their work. Reading more English books, newspapers, and magazines is one of the ways to overcome their problems besides doing some practicing themselves. 25
  32. 32. College of Teacher EducationCagayan State University Bibliography  Al-haysoni, 2012  letterwritingguide.com  Mark Braund, Chief Executive Officer at InterQuest Group PLC  Parks, C., "An Analysis of Language, Grammatical, Punctuation, and Letter-Form Errors of Fourth-Grade Children's Life Letters" (1938). Master's Theses. Paper 314.  Peter Vogt, Monster Senior Contributing Writer  Ragam Jurnal Pengembangan Humaniora Vol. 12 No. 3, December 2012  Taylor, Shirley. (2004). Model Business Letters, E-mails & Other Business Documents. Great Britain: Pearson Education Limited.  UW-Madison Writing Centre, 2004  WordWeb Dictionary 26

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